who work as resea
tants in the nation's
the same rights as ot
and negotiate workin
Labor Relations boa
decision favoring the
year. The board's de
private American un
bargaining with grad
deuts' votes on wh
untallied in a dispute
"We will not depr
gain with their emp
are also students," th
Students and thei
Gore and Texas G
ing to build up th(
tial candidate is pro
to what the militar
In fact, if the n
fund some of his p
programs from the
In recent congres
of Staff said the cui
billion leaves them
short of what they n
They argued tha
devote a large chur
develop and purcha
tary ready for war
missions around th
didate has adopted
The Michigan Daily - Thursday, November 2, 2000 - 7A
Board allows college students to unionizei
(AP) - Graduate students
rchers and teaching assis-
s private universities have
her workers to form unions
ng conditions, the National
rd ruled yesterday.
ruling upholds a regional
1,500 New York University
who voted to unionize this
cision makes NYU the first
iversity subject to collective
luate assistants, but the stu-
hether to unionize remain
with university officials.
ive workers ... of their fun-
rights to organize and bar-
loyer, simply because they
e board said yesterday.
r labor allies immediately
praised the landmark decision, saying it would
help them tackle long hours and poor working
conditions. College officials say the decision
threatens the basic relationship between profes-
sor and student, and threatens academic free-
It does not apply to public universities,
which have some two-dozen bargaining units
nationwide, because the primary labor law
enforced by the board applies to the private
sector. Public university workers fall under
state laws; but there are 21 states with "right-
to-work" laws that allow workers to hold jobs
without joining unions or paying dues.
John Sweeney, president of the AFL-CIO
labor confederation, said the NLRB decision
"underscores what the graduate workers have
known all along: Their long hours spent grad-
ing papers, teaching classes and holding office
hours is real work, done by real employees of
He said in a statement 30,000 graduate
teachers already have joined unions. .
"We are going to be seeing a lot of union
activism at other private universities because of
this decision," said Patrick McCreery a gradu-
ate student in American Studies. "I'm going to
be a partner in this relationship, as opposed to
someone who is simply told what to do."
McCreery said the ruling will put students in
a better position to negotiate pay and other
benefits. Most students in arts and sciences
earn about S13,000 a year, but the university's
own estimates say a student needs at least
SI7,000 to live in New York City.
University response was sharp.
"They have shown a serious lack of under-
standing of graduate education," said John
Beckman, NYU's spokesman. "These graduate
assistants are first and foremost students. They
are admitted as students, not recruited as
Yale University, another private institution
where graduate students have tried to organize,
urged NYU to "carry the case to federal courts
if it has the opportunity."
NYU and others contend the board
excludes graduate students funded by out-
side grants, unnecessarily dividing schol-
ars. The board says its decision covers
students compensated by the university for
services they provide.
"They have created artificial distinctions
between different 'types' of graduate assis-
tants," Beckman said.
The decisions can't be appealed. Beckman
said the university had not decided whether it
would take actions that would "avail ourselves
of the court system."
Sheldon Steinbach, general counsel of thy:
American Council on Education, which file
documents supporting the university, sad
many institutions fear that the NLRB decisig9
could lay the groundwork for a reversal of-'d
1981 Supreme Court decision that precluded)
faculty in general from collective bargaining 'at
"It erodes a relationship between faculty a
students," he said of the NLRB decisio
"From grading to who should graduate to the
curriculum that might be taught, they could al
become subjects of collective bargaining."
The waning influence of the labor movement
has turned unions' eyes to college campuses. In
the mid-1990s, unions began offering summer
tary claims it needs more funds
L either candidate is proposing
A national heat wave
N (AP) - Vice President Al
ov. George W. Bush are promis-
e military, but neither presiden-
oposing to spend anything close
y says it needs.
ext commander in chief wants to
riorities, he may have to cut some
current defense budget.
ssional testimony, the Joint Chiefs
rrent defense budget of about S300
approximately S50 billion a year
eed to modernize their arsenals.
at the next administration should
ik of the federal budget surplus to
ase weapons and to keep the mili-
even as it conducts peacekeeping
e globe. Neither presidential can-
Bush, the Republican candidate, vows in almost
every stump speech to strengthen the armed forces
and improve the life of men and women in uniform.
His running mate, Richard Cheney, a former defense
secretary, contends that U.S. military power has dete-
riorated over the past eight years.
Gore and his Democratic running mate, Sen.
Joseph Lieberman, put less emphasis on defense
matters in campaign appearances. But Gore proposes
to spend more than Bush on defense.
Bush would earmark S45 billion for increased
defense spending over the next decade, compared with
the 5100 billion in Gore's 10-year budget plan. Both
promise improved health care and housing as well as
increased pay for service members. They differ from
each other - and the military leadership - on how
much money would be left over to buy weapons.
Gore's proposal generally adheres to the policy of
the Clinton administration, which has boosted
defense spending over the past four years, though not
as fast as the service chiefs would like. For example,
procurement of weapons and equipment rose from
S43 billion in 1997 to more than S60 billion in the
2001 budget. But the chiefs would have liked to have
hit that mark two years ago.
In a Bush administration, the budget ax probably
would swing at several big-ticket defense programs.
Among the likely targets cited by Bush advisers and
defense experts are plans to modernize the Army's
armored forces, field three new types of tactical air-
craft and build a new fleet of attack submarines.
Bush has frequently stated that he wants to "skip a
generation" of weapons technology, but he has
refrained from explaining what weaponry he would
forgo and how long he would be willing to wait for
science labs to produce the next generation.
Lisa Reagan, of Bethlehem, Pa., takes advantage of yesterday's warm
weather. Reagan does her homework from Northampton Community College.
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Continued from Page 1A
person and candles to help them guide
the way back to you," she said.
Christina Alvers, a Spanish teacher
in the Detroit Public School system,
spoke about the significance of this
holiday and its relationship to Mexican
"All cultures respect their ancestors
as much as we do, except they do it
differently," Alvers said, adding that
Halloween is the American version of
Day of the Dead.
"I think that it's really important that
we as a community learn to preserve.
our customs,' she said.
Alvers said Day of the Dead dates
back to Mayan and Aztec traditions
before the conquest of Central Ameri-
ca by the Spaniards in the 15th Centu-
S TABthE NOW
Continued from Page 1A
versus what a man earns for the same
kinds of responsibilities."
Stabenow's appeal is not limited
only to women.
"She's been a major leader in the
House," said Rep. John Dingell (D-
Dearborn). "For example, with the
Patients Bill of Rights ... in covering
prescription drugs under Medicare the
Continued from Page 1A
paign Committee John Del Cecato
said the Democrats are not necessarily
worried about the effect Traficant
Traficant comes from a Democratic
district that wants a Democratic
Speaker, Del Cecato said.
"We hope he joins us in our effort to
make Dick Gephardt the Speaker of
the House," Del Cecato said.
"We are more confident today than
at any other point in this cycle," he
said. "The political winds are blowing
Del Cecato said he believes people
are tired of the right-wing majority.
"That's why they're no longer talk-
ing about raising (their number of
Continued from Page 1A
"If we catch anyone who is even
closely related to sale or possession,
we would remove them," he said. He
could not comment on whether any-
one had ever been removed from the
bar because of such a problem. Two
people overdosed on the drug
gamma hydroxy butyrate last Sep-
"It's a celebration. It's not a time of
mourning," Alvers said. "We tend to-
make everything happy."
Following thespeaker, students had,
the opportunity to light candles and
speak about friends and family who
LSA freshman Joshua Liss attend-
ed the ceremony to research the hol-
iday for a class presentation.
Liss said he found the ceremony-to.
be both festive and moving.
"It's a-holiday that's not a joke,'.
he said. "This is a holiday that...
many people cherish. It's not Just'
about handing out candy like Hi-ja
La Voz, the University's Minorit y
Affairs commission, the Latino
Task Force, the Multi-Ethnic Stu-
dent affairs Office and the Union
Arts and Programs sponsored the
remarkable level of hard work and.
enthusiasm she brings to the legislative
body is commendable."
Stabenow said she plans to focus on
issues that relate to all members of the.
"There are certainly specific
(women's) issues, but in a broader
sense, it's also important to me on
issues of health care, education, tW
environment ... to bring these to .
table," Stabenow said.
seats), they're talking about protect-.
ing their razor-thin majority," he said.
Ballenger said Congressman Bernieq,;,
Sanders, an independent socialist fmprn
Vermont, could sway the balance
though, as he will vote with th~eL
Democrats on the issue.
If the House ends up split 217 and
217, "Bernie Sanders could be the tie-
breaker," Ballenger said.
Congresswoman Lynn Rivers (D-
Ann Arbor) is running for her fourth
term in Congress and said that if the
Democrats win they would give more
options to Republicans than have been' t
given to the Democrats over the past
"You can't get rid of parties;" Rivers
said. "But I think it could be less paiti-
san ... if we take control we wil
involve the minority."
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Officers purchased te pill 6I
S30 to S35 dollars. All were from
street-level dealers, Sartori said.
The AAPD is running a parallel
investigation into possible direct con-
nection between drug activity and the
Nectarine, Sartori said. The investigaz
tion also included a check into liquor