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October 24, 2000 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 2000-10-24

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-____ _____ _____ _____ ____The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 24, 2000 -9
Violence continues in Palestinian-Israeli conflic =

JERUSALEM (AP)-With the peace process on
e, embattled Prime Minister Ehud Barak attempted
esterday to cobble together a coalition government
hat would include hard-liners and further diminish
rospects for a peace treaty with the Palestinians.
Street clashes persisted yesterday, and Israeli secu-
#torces clamped down on Palestinian areas, clos-
ag the airport in the Gaza Strip and sealing off a
Vest Bank town that has been the source of shooting
n Gilo, a Jewish neighborhood of Jerusalem.
Barak, who announced an indefinite "time-out"
rom the disintegrating peace process Sunday,
rned his focus to salvaging his shrunken coalition
efore parliament returns from a three-month
cess Sunday.
To keep his government from collapse and avoid
arly elections, Barak was wooing the leader of the
i t-wing opposition, Ariel Sharon - the man
tinians blame for provoking the current spasm
f violence. Barak and his negotiators met Sharon
nd planned additional talks today.
Meanwhile, the death count grew. Two Palestinian
zen-agers died yesterday from head wounds suffered
earlier clashes in the West Bank town of Nablus,
nd a Hebron man died during a firefight on last night.
The deaths on the 26th day of fighting brought the

overall toll to 124, all but eight of them Arabs. The
clashes erupted after Sharon made a controversial
Sept. 28 visit to the most contested religious shrine
in Jerusalem, sacred to both Jews and Muslims.
Fighting raged for a second night on Jerusalem's
periphery yesterday when Palestinian gunmen in
Beit Jalla opened fire on the Jewish neighborhood
of Gilo. Israeli police responded with machine-gun
fire and tank shells. In a first, police ordered a
"lights-out" for those Gilo homes facing Beit Jalla.
Three Palestinians were slightly injured in the
shelling. ,
The army also reported firefights at other friction
points in the West Bank as well as a number of fire-
bomb incidents. An Israeli soldier was wounded in
one firebomb attack at Rachel's Tomb, an Israeli
enclave in Bethlehem. Earlier, Palestinian stone
throwers clashed with Israeli soldiers at two chronic
trouble spots in the Gaza Strip, with 36 Palestinians
wounded, according to hospital doctors.
"The situation is really deteriorating. The worst
hasn't happened yet," said Saeb Erekat, a senior
Palestinian negotiator.
Brig. Gen. Benny Ganz, the commander in the
West Bank, said that Israeli forces had yet to "lift the
lid" in the response to the Beit Jalla shooting. "If we

"The situation is really
deteriorating. The worst
hasn't happened yet."
- Saeb Erekat
A senior Palestinian negotiator

need something more drastic, we will know how to
do this too," he said. He said he was still in touch
with his Palestinian counterparts, but that he no
longer trusted them to rein in the gunmen.
In the hills surrounding Hebron, residents said the
Israeli army used tank shells against areas where
gunmen had fired on the Jewish enclave in the city.
One man died during the shelling, they said. The
army denied using tanks in Hebron.
The regular use of Israeli tank fire would mark a
serious escalation in the fighting, which until now
has mostly been limited to gunfire exchanges.
Elsewhere, a police jeep traveling past the Rocke-
feller Museum junction outside Jerusalem's walled Old
City was hit by a fire bomb. The jeep swerved into a
telephone poll, and four troops were slightly injured.

1Iinton passes law
to set a new limit
For drunk drivers

Carving faces

An Israeli solider is positioned near a mound of dirt as a tank is manned in frontof
apartment buildings in the Jerusalem Jewish neighborhood which borders the
Palestinian town of Belt Jalla yesterday.
Analysts divided
about possible
AT&T break

WASHINGTON (AP) - President
-@on signed a bill yesterday setting
tough national standard for drunken
riving, saying the new legal limit of
.08 percent will save 500 lives a year
nd force Americans to take more care
ehen they drink.
States that refuse to impose the stan-
krd by 2004 will lose millions of dol-
ars in federal highway construction
oney. Nineteen states and the District
f olumbia have a 0.08 percent limit.
-one states define drunken driving
s0.10 limit blood alcohol content or do
o1 set a specific standard.
"This is a very good day for the
Inited States," Clinton said. He called
e new standard "the biggest step to
ughen drunk driving laws and reduce
cohol-related crashes since a nation-
I minimum drinking age was estab-
shed a generation ago."
Clinton was joined in a Rose Garden
* ony by Millie Webb, national
resident of Mothers Against Drunk
tiving and MADD members who have
tSt relatives in alcohol-related crashes.
ebb lost her daughter and nephew and
affered a broken neck and burns over
percent of her body 28 years ago in
accident caused by a drinking driver
The bill signing climaxed a fierce
ree-year battle in Congress.
' e American Beverage Institute,
,sociation of restaurant operators,
lied the new law "an attack on social
tinkers." It said a 120-pound woman
'ho drinks two 6-ounce glasses of
ine over a two-hour period could
ice arrest and mandatory jail or loss
fher license.
"This law will arrest people who are
>t part of the drunk driving problem,"
tokesman John Doyle said.
"But more, this law in a lot of ways
1v ing many Americans to believe
h he drunk driving problem has
cen addressed and nothing could be
rther from the truth,"
Arguing for the law, MADD said a
70=pound man would have to have
ur drinks in an hour on an empty
omach, and a 137-pound woman
ree drinks in an hour, to reach 0.08.
oth MADD and the American Bev-
age Institute cited National Highway
W Safety Administration studies.
MADD also said that alcohol is justas
toxicatine, in beer, wine or hard liquor

It said a 12-ounce can of beer, a
five-ounce glass of wine and a 12-
ounce wine cooler all contain the same
amount of alcohol and have the same
intoxicating potential as 11/2 ounces
of hard liquor.
NHTSA cautioned that factors such
as sleep and food consumption could
affect blood alcohol levels.
Clinton called efforts to pass
national drunken-driving standard an
uphill battle. It was approved 344-50
by the House and 78-10 by the Senate.
The provision was part of a S58 billion
transportation spending bill loaded
with pre-election highway, mass transit
and aviation projects for every state.
To accommodate them, the measure
was S7.3 billion higher than last year's
level, S3.3 billion more than Clinton
requested and nearly S3 billion larger
than earlier versions passed by the
House and Senate. "We can't veto every
bill because there is pork in it," said
presidential spokesman Jake Siewert.
Clinton said alcohol is the single
greatest factor in motor vehicle deaths
and injuries. "Lowering the limit will
make responsible Americans take even
greater care when they drink alcohol
in any amounts, if they intend to
drive," he said.
States that fail to adopt the 0.08
standard by 2004 would lose 2 percent
of their highway money. The penalty
would grow by an additional 2 percent
each year up to 8 percent by 2007.
States that adopt the standard by 2007
would be reimbursed for any lost
In 1999, 15,786 Americans were
killed in alcohol-related crashes, includ-
ing over 2,200 children. Clinton cited
estimates that the new standard would
save at least 500 lives a year. "How
often do we get a chance to begin a
good morning and a good week by sav-
ing 500 lives a year,"he said.
The White House said 19 states have
a 0.08 limit: Alabama, Califomia, Flori-
da, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Ken-
tucky, Maine, New Hampshire, New
Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon,
Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont,
Virginia and Washington. Massachu-
setts does not have a per se law making
it illegal to drive at a specified blood
alcohol level, the White House said. The
other 30 states have 0.10 limits.

RC freshmen Margeurite Maiville and Karl Hinbern carve pumpkins in the East
Quad Residence Hall courtyard yesterday.
Actorspraise deal
that could end6
month long strike

who appear in TV and radio commer-
cials praised a deal yesterday that
would end their six-month strike
against the advertising industry, the
longest talent walkout in Hollywood
"This is a great bit of news. ... My
head hurts from bumping on the ceil-
ing," actor Richard Dreyfuss said yes-
terday at a boisterous New York rally
for the Screen Actors Guild and the
American Federation of Television &
Radio Artists.
If a joint union board endorses the
contracts Oct. 28, actors could be back
at work two days later while ratifica-
tion by the rank-and-file takes place by
Exact terms of the three-year
deals were not disclosed. But both
sides confirmed that the payment
structure - the biggest source of
friction during negotiations - will
be largely unchanged after Holly-
wood's first major walkout in 12
SAG rebuffed an industry demand
that actors give up the payments
they receive every time a commer-
cial runs on network television,
union negotiator John McGuire said.
And the union dropped its demand
to spread the residual system to
cable TV, meaning actors will
receive a flat fee for cable ads
instead of "pay-for-play."
Advertisers also agreed that union
members should be used in online ads,
though no pay rates were negotiated.
"It's a win-win. It's a fair compro-
mise from both sides. We're pleased

with it," said Ira Shepard, an industry
The strike, which began May 1,
cost the Los Angeles-area economy
an estimated S125 million in lost
production, drove commercial work
to Canada and Europe and illustrat-
ed the increasing strain of labor
relations in the entertainment indus-
try. Next year, actors and writers
will negotiate separately with the
major Hollywood studios, producers
and TV networks.
SAG and AFTRA claim a com-
bined membership of 135,000. Their
members lost untold millions in
commercial payments during the
"I believe we can hold our heads
high, as can the industry," AFTRA
President Shelby Scott said. "I think
the industry will be happy they can
begin shooting good commercials
The industry, represented by the
American Association of Advertis-
ing Agencies and the Association
of National Advertisers, was hit by
boycotts and high-profile protests
that increasingly involved marquee
celebrities, including Paul New-
man, Rosie O'Donnell and Tom
Although some commercials were
shot internationally during the strike,
the union said it didn't expect the U.S.
industry to suffer a longterm loss as a
"I'm enormously relieved the strike
is over," said Todd Susman, who has
appeared as a tutu-clad "tooth fairy" in
a TV ad.

NEW YORK (AP) - Analysts
were divided yesterday over whether
AT&T Corp., the nation's largest long-
distance telephone and cable TV
provider, will break itself into four
freestanding companies.
The plan, dubbed Project Grand
Slam, was reportedly under discussion
yesterday by company board members.
A company spokeswoman declined
comment on the reports, in The New
York Times and The Wall Street Jour-
nal, but analysts who follow AT&T
said sonicm ajor change was immi-
"I expect AT&T to announce some-
thing big on Wednesday and I hope'
that they go through with, yes, Project
Grand Slam," said Patrick Comack of
Guzman & Co.
Others said AT&T was more like-
ly to separate its consumer long-
distance division from the rest of
its business.
"That's the most likely scenario,"
said Drake Johnstone of Davenport &
Co. "There are possibilities they may
consider something more dramatic,
but I wouldn't put a high probability
on that right now."
The proposed plan would be the
second time the company has been
broken up since the federal govern-
mettt supervised the breakup of the
Bell system in 1984. AT&T spun
off Lucent Technologies and its
NCR computer unit in 1996.
Rumors have swirled for several
weeks about the future of AT&T,
whose stock price has languished as
the company struggles under the
demands of a sweeping overhaul. Its
market value has dropped by about
S70 billion since January, partly
because of falling prices it the long-
I a
1 HM
I rgi

"I expect AT&T to
something big on
Wednesday and I
hope that they go',.
through with, yes,
Project Grand
- Patrick Comack
Official from Guzman & Co.
distance industry.
Under the split-into-four propos-'
al, AT&T's wireless and cable TV
operations would become separate
companies over the next one to two
years. The company's more than 60,
million telephone users would not
feel much immediate impact from
the plan.
The separate companies reported
ly would specialize in business ser-
vices, wireless, consumer
long-distance, and "broadband"
delivery of TV, Internet and phone
services over cable lines.
The companies would be able to
concentrate on their own strategies
and grow more quickly. The largest
and most profitable unit, Business
Services, would become the new
AT&T and would create brand-
licensing and commercial agree-.
ments with the three other

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