The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 21, 2000 - 3A
Buchanan sues for spot on state ballot
A study from Canada shows woman
over the age of 50 who receive compe-
tent physical breast examinations alone
do not have a greater risk of death from
breast cancer than those who receive
annual mammogram screenings.
Breast cancer experts from Canada
have questioned the study's results,
recognizing that the Toronto study is
the only out of seven similar studies in
North America and Europe to produce
The study, published in yesterday's
Journal of the National Cancer Insti-
tute and co-authored by Dr. Cornelia
Baines of the University of Toledo,
said complete annual physical breast
examinations can protect women from
deaths related to breast cancer equally
as well as mammogram screenings.
Between 1980 and 1985, 39,405
*'female volunteers aged 50 to 59 were
divided into two groups. One group
received mammography and careful
'physical examinations. The other group
received only physical examinations.
Initial screening in the mammogra-
phy group found 267 cases of invasive
breast cancer and 148 in the physical-
exam group. At the end of 1993, the
study showed nearly an equal number
of tumors in both groups: 622 invasive
tumors and 71 in-place tumors were
found in the mammography group,
and 610 invasive tumors and 16 in-
place tumors were detected in the
Dr. Robert Smith. director of can-
cer screening at the American Cancer
Society, and Dr. Daniel Sullivan,
head of the biomedical imaging pro-
gram at the National Cancer Insti-
tute, said the advantage of
mammography testing is diseases are
detected earlier because mammogra-
phy spots small tumors.
cause of emotion
Researchers from the University of
Iowa found that feelins come from
0distinctive, measurable patterns of
nerve-cell activity in several specific
egions of the brain.
o The study, published in the October
issue of Nature Neuroscience, found a
pIarge amount of nerve activity in the
"somatosensory' section of the cerebral
cortex in the brain. Previous research
placed the origin of emoions in the
'"imbic system" part of the brain.
" Somatosensory areas monitor exter-
nal senses, such as pain, temperature
and touch, as well as internal condi-
tons of organs and joint positions.
The research team, led by Antonio
Damasio, performed PET-scans on the
brains of41 volunteers. Subjects, which
ranged in age and sex, were asked to
recall events of great happiness, sad-
ness, anger and fear. By using heart rate
sensors and electrical conductance
monitors on the skin, scientists were
able to tell when the desired emotion
was being recalled by the subject and
took the brain scan accordingly.
The emotions showed substantial
changes in activity in brain areas that
" normally receive nerve signals from
the belly area, muscles and skin.
Instances of a rise in blood pressure
and heart rate were also fOund.
Each volunteer was also scanned
while thinking of neutral thou ghts
present in a typical day. The results of
these scans were compared to the
-,scans during periods of emotion. Each
2,kind of emotion was found to produce
a similar pattern in all subjects that
was different from other emotions.
Researchers hope to further explore
the anatomy of human emotion to help
in various other fields of research.
- Conmpiledfiv staff and i re
By Hanna LoPatin
Daily Staff Reporter
After a tumultuous year within the Reform
Party, presidential candidate Pat Buchanan has
found himself without a place on the Michigan
Michigan Secretary of State Candice
Miller denied Buchanan a spot on the ballot
after a rift in the party left two people claim-
ing to be Michigan's Reform Party chair -
each submitting a different nominee for pres-
The decision has been upheld in five Michigan
courts, most recently in a federal court in Flint on
Buchanan staged a protest outside of Miller's
office Tuesday and his lawyer has filed an
appeal in the 6th Federal District Court in
John Hagelin, the other Reform Party candi-
date, will appear on the Michigan ballot as a Nat-
ural Law Party candidate.
Mark Forton, the Reform Party chair on
Buchanan's side, accused Miller of making the
decision to bolster her own nominee; she's co-
chair of Republican nominee George W. Bush's
The decision "limits choices that Michigan
voters have in hopes of electing George Bush,"
he said. It's "nothing but absolute politics at its
But the Secretary of State's office denies that
there were any politics involved.
"It's not Candice Miller that has put Buchanan
in this position," Miller's spokeswoman Liz Boyd
said. "If they want someone to blame, they
should look in the mirror."
The controversy resulted from a split formed
during the Reform Party National Convention in
early August. Forton claims that former Reform
Party chair, Diane McKelvey, was voted out prior
to the convention and was one of 23 Reform
Party members to walk out of the convention -
thereby making their nominations void.
"The National Convention is the highest
authority of the party," he said.
But McKelvey claims that it was actually those
who walked out that formed the true convention.
"The real Reform Party went to one spot and
the Buchananites to another," she said, adding
that the Buchanan convention "wasn't recog-
McKelvey holds fast that she is still the
Reform Party chair in the state.
Hagelin is recognized as the Reform Party
candidate in several other states, she said.
But Forton, who is running for a U.S. senate
seat, said he believes that Miller should have
known that Buchanan was the rightful candidate.
"The whole planet knows it," he said.
Buchanan received 550,000 of campaign
funding from the Federal Election Commission
as the Reform Party candidate, which Forton
argues is further proof that he is the legitimate
"Nothing could be further from what we con-
sider pertinent," Boyd said. Buchanan's team did
not follow the rules involved in getting on the
ballot, she said.
"If you do not follow the rules, then you do not
get on the ballot. (Miller) is above reproach on
the issue," she said.
McKelvey also said she does not think that
politics were involved in Miller's decision.
"Buchanan should not be calling our Secretary
of State corrupt," she said.
"The whole thing would just be a huge come-
dy - a great Vegas show - if it wasn't so seri-
ous," Forton said.
DLETROtIT (AP) - Continuing an
aggressive campaign against illegal
business online, Michigan Attorney
General .ennifer Granholm announced
yesterday 20 criminal charges dealing
with Internet companies that she says
sold cigarettes to minors.
Granholm also accused the compa-
nies, based in Viiginia, Kentucky and
Missouri, of failing to pay tobacco
sales tax to Michigan.
The charges are the result of an
online sting that nabbed superclapci-
solcig ire.eso, minosOke.o and
rasnols.calo, Granhol m said.
"In at least some of these instances,
these retailers appeared to be selling
piroducts that are directly targeted to
children. In one case, they were link-
oin toys like yo-yos and space rockets
Granholm said, "To let a sale to a
minor slip through the cracks is one
ihing, to target children for an addic-
tive product is anotheir"
The eight people and three corpora-
tions ame-d inthe hage ad epe
sentatives or the companies were not
available for comment yesterday. The
charges allege selling tobacco to a
minor, usiig a computer to commit a
crime and filing to report the transfer
ofcigarettes into Michigan.
Annette van der Schalie, a member of the Ann Arbor Women's Club since
1937, peruses a scrapbook before a meeting yesterday.
Club sueres as
fixture for women
By Lisa Hoffman
Daly Staf Reporter
Eyen though she has lived
around the world, 87-year-old Bon-
nie Ackley has always considered
Ann Arbor and the University her
Ackley remembers how her hus-
band Gardner's job as an economic
advisor to President John F.
Kennedy took them in and out of
the city, but they always came
home to Ann Arbor, where he
A large part of her love of the
city. Ackley attributes to her 60-
year membership in the Universi-
tys Faculty Women's Club.
"It's always wonderful to come
home to the University and the
club," Ackley said.
"It satisfies so many interest
groups, and some of my very best
friends are involved,"she said.
Each member of the Faculty
W\omen's Club has either held a
staf' or faculty position at the Uni-
versity or is the spouse of a faculty
member and the group works to
promote acquaintances and fellow-
ships among its members.
In honor of the club's Golden
Members, women who have partic-
ipated for more than 50 years, the
group held a tea yesterday to cele-
brate the "Silver Anniversary."
The Golden Members section
now has 73 members.
In 1975, when the section was
created, the club honored 40 mem-
bers for their support to the group
and the University. About 35 of the
Golden members women were prc-
sent at the tea.. which was held at
the Womcn's City Club in Ann
The Faculty Women's Club
facilitates its members to partici-
pate in 38 interest groups, includ-
ing cooking, quilting. gardening
and athletic activities.
Since more women entered the
workforce. the number of interest
groups has decreased since the
group was founded in 1921 by Nina
Burton. wife of former Lnitersity
President Marion Burton. But it still
provides women a chance to share
their interests with one another and
make close friends.
"The most important thing in
the club are the interesting peo-
ple who belong and the friends
I've made," Golden Members
tea Chairwoman Mary H addad
"The people you meet through-
out the University and getting
acquainted with new University
buildings is a great plus to the
Club," historian Betty Arnett
added. "They are our biggest sup-
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The Senate Advisory Committee on University Affairs will be having a question and answer period for
regental candidates. This was incorrectly reported in Tuesday's Daily.
SACUA has nine members and one secretary. This was incorrectly reported in Tuesday's Daily.
The Michigan Student Assembly did not pass resolutions supporting Victory over Violence Week, Affirmative
Action 102 and a Day of Action. This was incorrectly reported in yesterday's Daily.
What's happening in Ann Arbor today
U Bible Study, Lord of Light Lutheran
Campus Ministry, 8:00 p.m., 668-
SS.H.O.U.T. Mass Meeting, Students
& Violence," Sponsored by the
Philosophy Department, 250
Hutchins Hall, 4:00 p.m., 764-
U "Activating Resistance: Women
and Political Activism in the
United States." Snonsored by
3909, 7:00 p.m., 615-5MSA
"Dick and Janes A capella Con-
cert," Sponsored by Michigan
League Programming, Michigan
League Underground, 8:30 p.m.,
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