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December 07, 2000 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 2000-12-07

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LOCAL/STATE

(ESEARCH

No need to dream for a white Christmas

The Michigan Daily - Thursday, December 7, 2000 - 3A
SOLE holds vigil
for dead workers

en, not women
'e longer when
ighly satisfied
t en who have high levels of satis-
aetion in their lives are more likely to
ivelonger, according to a study pub-
ished in the American Journal of Epi-
eniology.
Researches at the University of
urku in Finland, led by Heli Koivu-
aa-Honkanen, studied more than
2,000 adults in Finland to find how
heirlevel of satisfaction affected their
iveS.:
& tisfaction was defined in terms of
ncrest in life and feelings of happi-
less and loneliness.
Men not satisfied were more than
wice as likely to die of all causes than
atisfied men, and more than three
ines as likely to die from disease.
There was no link between
romen's satisfaction and mortality.
Researchers believe this is because
en are more likely to reach out to
ds or professional help, while
ien are more likely to abuse alcohol,
'mold and not exercise.
They also found that men were less
atieiid than women in terms of their
nteest in life, and feelings of happi-
css and loneliness. Men were also
ore likely to smoke and drink alco-
ol
Marriage, exercise, high social
las, not smoking and drinking mod-
amounts of alcohol decreased
isk of death in men, but the asso-
iatdn between feeling satisfied and
ivin g longer still remained.
rozac found to
e more effective
n %smaller doses
esearchers have found that small-
ses of the antidepressant Prozac
re not only effective, but is more tol-
rable to its users.
The study, published in a recent
ssues of the Journal of Clinical Psy-
hiatry, found that a dose of 20 mil-
igtiis a day was just as effective as
he-raditional dosae of 60 mil-
igrams a day, which was common in
he mid-1980s.
Researchers from Eli Lilly and
puny, the manufacturer of Prozac,
xined 417 patients, 245 of which
ere taking 20 milligrams of Prozac a
ay,"and the rest were taking an inac-
tve placebo.
Fifty-nine percent of the patients on
rozac responded e=ctively to the
rug and 40 percent experienced a
asting response, while 34 percent of
atient taking placebos responded. 22
~ei iwithi a lasting response.
e proportion of patients who
topped taking the drug due to side
ffectswas six percent in both groups.
Prozac users stopped due to nausea
nd insomnia.
Side effects such as anxiety, nausea,
lervousness, tremor, dizziness and
stomach upset were about the same in
oth the Prozac group and the placebo
group.

By Tiffany Wfaggard
Daily Stalf Rep srter
Wind chills below zero degrees blew out their
candles, but members of Students Organizing for
Labor and E'conomic Equality said last night that
the harsh winter weather was a small sacrifice com-
pared to the suffering endured by those they hon-
ored in a can dlelight vigil.
Twenty st udents and members of SOLE gath-
ered on the steps of the Michigan Union yesterday
evening to ;mourn 46 women and children who
died after buing burned, electrocuted and asphyxi-
ated by smoke in a fire that occurred at the Chowd-
hury Knitware and Garmets factory in Bangladesh
on Nov. 25.
During the ceremony, students expressed disgust
in the fact tlhat the workers in the factory - some
as young as 10-years-old - could have survived
the incident if they were not forced to work over-
time and if the Chowdhury factory had not pad-
locked its doors to prevent their escape, LSA senior
Michelle Rudy said.
SOLE nmmbers used the Chowdhury example
to iflustrater circumstances they said they believe
are all too common in the world today.
"Tonight we are here to remember those 46 peo-
ple, but also to remember that this is not an isolated
incident. Tihings like this happen a lot," said LSA
freshman Jackie Bray, a member of SOLE.
Rudy, a :SOLE member who organized the vigil,
said she agtpecd.
"In reality, the disaster in Bangladesh could have
occurred art anyone of a thousand factories. In fact
a similar fire occurred at the Esschem Factory in

South Africa" on Nov. 17, Rudy said.
Rudy said workers at the Chowdhury factory
earn S9.00 per month, work from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
and occasionally work overtime on the weekends.
"We are here to stand in opposition to human
rights abuses in sweatshops throughout the world.
We must fight with thousands of workers currently
struggling to create a more just and humane
world' Rudy said.
Students for Social Equality president Joe Tanni-
ra, an LSA junior, said he believes the working
conditions associated with problems like those in
Bangladesh are part of a broader societal ills which
he said include problems within economic and
social relationships.
"We live in a society in which every aspect of
production is organized to make as much profit as
possible ... The way profits are made forces (work-
ers) behind closed doors and to work overtime.
"It's not going to change by pressuring corpora-
tions, but by changing the social conditions," Tan-
nira said.
SOLE will further its fight against similar inhu-
man working conditions by pressuring corpora-
tions to change their practices, by supporting 600:
local nurses who are on strike at the McLearn Hos-
pital in Flint and by approaching Kohl's department
store this Saturday to address the store's exploita-
tion of factories similar to the Chowdhury factory.
Today SOLE members await a decision from the
University's Standing Committee on Labor Stan-
dards and Human Rights as to whether it will
honor a code of conduct that would set the labor
standards required for apparel factories that license
the University's logo.
c

AP PHOTO
Keith Desjardin blows four inches from his yard in Lake Linden yesterday. Houghton County has
reported 25.3 inches of snow this year.

Economics professor dies of* heart atta

By David Enders
Daily StaffReporter
University researcher Lee Lillard died at his
Ann Arbor home Saturday, at the age of 57, fol-
lowing a heart attack.
Lillard was the director of the University's
Retirement Research Center, a senior research
scientist at the Institute for Social Research and
an economics professor.
University economist Robert Willis helped
bring Lillard to Ann Arbor in 1998.
"I was a colleague of his and friend for almost
30 years," Willis said. "We were together at the
National Bureau of Research - we wrote our
first paper together in 1978. That paper talked
about earnings mobility over the life cycle, and
that was something he was an authority on."

Willis said Liillard was an exceptional
researcher and devoted friend and father At the
time of Lillard's death, the two were studying
what types of people were most likely to manage
a successful investment portfolio.
"He was an extroadinarily productive scholar
he had a high level of intelligence and energy," he
said. "He tended to do a lot of his work in kind of
a team setting, and while he was-here lie assem-
bled a very productive team."
"1 think the people who knew him best he was
intensely loyal to them and they were intensely
loyal to him," lie said. "He we primarily responsi-
ble for rearing his daughter, and he was very
devoted to her
Lill ard studied a variety of' subjects .from
social security reforni and the implications of an
aging society on public policy. Lillard also stud-

Prof. Lee Lillard worked in the University's
Institute for Social Research, studying effects of
marrage on health.

ied the effects of marriage on health.
"He oft en did work in a multidisciplinary set--
ting- - his work really spanned much of social
science," Willis said. "His work on earnings has
remained very important and influential."
Lillard was born in Arlington, Texas, and
received a. B.S. in mathematics from the Univer-
sity of Temas at Arlington, aii M.A. in economics
from Southern Methodist University, and an M.S.
and Ph. ID. in economics and statistics from
North Carolina State University.

Lillard is survived by his daughter, Jennifer, of
Los Angeles; father, Lee Lillard Jr., of Granbury,
Texas; grandmother, Lucille Li llard of Arlington,
Texas. He was preceded in death by his mother,
Harriet LiIiard.
Lillard will be buried in Arlington, Texas. A
memorial service is planned for January in Ann
Arbor. and contributions in his memory may be
made to the American Diabetes Association,
170 I North Beauriegard St., Alexandria, Va.,
22311.

Ballot problems halt
8th District recount

W I

Tis' the season
to' be generous!

expectancy
reases in US

The life expectancy rate has
incrgased by more than 50 percent
in the.20th century. according to a
report in the December issue of
Pediatrics.
Researchers at the John Hopkins
School of Public Health, led by
B ard Guyer, also found that there
has been an enormous decline in
deat's among US children.
Atthe turn of the last century, 10 to
20 percent of infants died in their first
year of life, mainly due to infectious
diseses.
F1r children more than a year old,
death .rates dropped by 90 percent
between 1900 and 1998. Data taken
in (998 found mortality rates of
0.6 percent of white infants, and
I crcent of black infants, mainly
dui to chronic diseases such as
heart disease and cancer.
Compiled htly Dailr StaffReporter
,;-Pndsey Al /pe fiom hire rep~orts.

Election officials find
ballot problems in 13
districts
MASON (AP) -Inghlam County
will recount ballots from 10 contested
precincts in the close election of
Republican Mike Rogers and Democ-
rat Dianne Byrum for Michigan's 8th
District congressional seat, the state
ruled yesterday.
The ruling was a small victory for
Byrum, who is hoping to pick up votes
from recounts in heavily Democratic
Last Lansing and Lansing. The Board
of State Canvassers last week certified
Rogers the winner by 160 votes, but
that margin has narrowed as Ingham
County recounts proceed.
As of last night, Ingham County's
recount showed Byrum with a net gain
of 29 votes. That drops Rogers' lead,
which was 147 as of Tuesday evening,
to I18.
Elections officials had declared
some Ingham County ballots unre-
countable because of clerical errors on
ballot boxes from seven precincts in
East Lansing and three in Lansing.
Byrum's attorney, Michael Hodges,
appealed that decision yesterday to the
Ingham County Canvassing Board, a
board usually made up of two Republi-
cans and two Democrats. Yesterday,
Democrat Alan Fox didn't attend, so
three members heard testimony.

I lodges said the errors were sim-
ply recording problems that didn't
affect the security of the ballots. In
Last Lansing, for example, numbers
on the seal on the metal ballot box
didn't match numbers in a poll book
because a computer problem forced
workers to have to run the numbers
two different times.
"We need to show the discrepancy
and explain it to your satisfaction,"
Hodges said. "If you are satisfied that
the security of the ballot is OK, we ask
for a recount."
John Pirich, who was representing
Rogers, argued that state law doesn't
allow recounts when recording prob-
lems exist.
"Statute clearly says that the seal
has to have the same number as the
poll book," lie said. "We've had testi-
mony that I don't think explains the
discrepancy."
The board considered testimony
from state and local election officials
before deciding, in partisan 2-1 votes,
not to recount the disputed ballots.
Hodges then appealed directly to rep-
resentatives of the Board of State Can-
vassers, who overruled lngham
County and said the recounts should
proceed.
Lisa Estlund-Olson, the lone
Democrat on the Ingham County
board attending yesterday's meeting,
said the state's action was appropri-
ate.

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THE CALENDAR
What's happening in Ann Arbor today

EVYENTS
U Athol Fugard Reading, Sponsored by
the Department of English and
the Office of the Provost, 7:30
;.; p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre,
647-6471

Arab Anti-Discrimination Commit-
tee, the Arab Students Associa-
tion and the Muslim Students
Association, 7:30 p.m., Angell
Hall, Auditorium C
U "The Meaning of Amae: Presumed
Acceptance of Inappropriate
Behavior,," Sponsored by the

naw Bicycling and Walking
Coalition, 7:00 p.m., Ecology
Center, 117 N. Division Street,
487-9058
SERVICES

The Michigan Daily
is holding a food drive

1w

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