TOKAIMURA, Japan (AP) - were in
Nuclear officials scrambled today to ation, e
find a way to stop an uncontrolled the leve
nuclear reaction at a uranium process- receive
ing plant, which seriously injured three Yukio K
kers and possibly contaminated nuclear
dozens. serious i
More than 310,000 people within six A tea
miles of the plant were ordered today to cooling
stay in their homes. The facility, which early to
refines uranium so it can be used to fuel press fu
nuclear power plants, is located in and T
Tokaimura, a town of 33,000 people 70 Eiichiro
miles northeast of Tokyo. Nucle
Government officials said yesterday's trons hi
accident spewed a gas containing alpha, split, rel
beta and gamma radiation into the It is th
I sphere, forcing the evacuation of bomb. V1
I neighbors of the plant. The plant spurring
was not designed to block the escape of At lea
radiation, company officials said. injured
Two of. the three injured workers ble co
Waiting to get in
Chechnyani refugees tine up and wait outside
Nazran, Russia yesterday as 78,000 people h1
C hiana eXpa
rights for ci
HEZE, China - Wang Xingzhou's son will
probably never walk again, not after doctors at a
local hospital botched treatment of his broken leg
First they reset the bone so badly that the splin-
tered ends failed to join up. A second operation
thtfestered, undetected, beneath te cast for near-
y half a year
~e young man was finally sent home with a
ri leg2 inches shorter than the left and unable to
bend at the knee. The 24-year-old now spends most
of his time lying down
But his father refused to take the news that way.
Instead, Wang and his wife, simple farmers in this
provincial outpost, struck back in a manner
Continued from Page 1
All eight cases this weekend appeared to be
9eational use, including the two that occurred in
or outside the Nectarine Ballroom, said University
Clinical pharmacist and University
Pharmacy Prof. Mary Himlin said that part of
the problem is the ease of obtaining the drug.
"It's readily available," she said, citing the
Internet and home laboratories as possible
The Michigan Daily - Friday, October 1, 1999 - 7
radiation may contaminate many
critical condition from the radi-
stimated at about 4,000 times
I considered safe for a person to
in a year, said hospital official
Kamakura. Never before has a
accident in Japan caused such
rm was removing water from the
equipment around the tank
day in hopes that it would sup-
urther nuclear fission, Science
echnology Agency official
ar fission happens when neu-
it uranium, causing atoms to
easing huge amounts of energy.
t principle behind the atomic
Water stimulates the neutrons,
along the reaction.
ast 34 workers other than the
were being examined for possi-
rntamination, said Junichi
Takahashi, an official with JCO, the pri-
vate company that runs the plant. JCO
is owned by Sumitomo Metal Mining
Co., one of Japan's largest business
Five residents were exposed to radia-
tion, a local official said on condition of
"This is something that Japan has
never experienced," government
spokesperson Hiromu Nonaka said late
yesterday. The radiation level outside
the plant does not pose a significant
threat unless the nuclear reaction were
to continue for a long time, he added.
Radioactivity levels - at one point
10,000 times above normal at the plant
- remained high several hours after the
accident. Although no official govern-
ment reading was released, Ibaraki state
officials said radiation levels were
about 10 times above normal 1 1/4
miles from the scene.
Major highways into town were
closed, smaller roads had electronic
billboards asking motorists to pass
through the area as quickly as possible.
Train services were stopped in the area,
Kyodo News service reported.
The three injured workers were mix-
ing uranium with nitric acid to make
fuel when they suddenly saw a blue
flash, JCO officials said. Plant officials
believe they accidentally put too much
uranium in the tank, setting off the
nuclear reaction, which appeared to
continue to this morning.
Tokyo Electric Power Co. delivered
880 pounds of sodium borate, but
authorities were trying to figure out
how to get close enough to dump the
neutron-absorbing powder onto the
radioactive tank to snuff the fission,
company official Kohgo Usami said.
Japanese nuclear reactor workers block the plant that experienced an uncontrol-
lable uranium roaction. Residents for six miles were confined to their homes.
Cohen orders army to begin
investigating Korean killings
a registration office at the Ingush capital of
ave fled from airstrikes.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Defense Secretary William Cohen ordered
a top-level investigation yesterday of accounts of mass killings of
Korean civilians by U.S. soldiers at No Gun Ri in 1950, saying a thor-
ough and quick inquiry was needed to maintain "the confidence of the
American people" in the military.
Accounts by U.S. veterans and South Korean villagers who said they
witnessed killings at the No Gun Ri railroad bridge early in the Korean
War - including six ex-GIs who said they shot civilians - were report-
ed by The Associated Press on Wednesday.
Cohen told Army Secretary Louis Caldera to conduct the review,
which he said also was important to veterans and to U.S.-South Korean
President Clinton gave assurances that the Pentagon "wants to get to
the bottom of it," and South Korea promised its own investigation. Both
countries for years have rejected appeals from survivors and relatives,
telling them the stories could not be verified.
The AP report prompted South Korean villagers to renew their calls
for investigation of the incident in which they said 300 men, women and
children were shot to death under the bridge, which still bears marks
where bullets ricocheted off its cement walls. An additional 100 were
killed in a preceding U.S. air attack, they said.
"These reports are, of course, very disturbing," Caldera said at a news
conference. He said soldiers from the war would be interviewed -
acknowledging that no interviews had been conducted in previous
Pentagon inquiries into the allegations.
"This review will go beyond the documentary records," he said. "It
Continued from Page 1
new four-tiered method of grouping and funding universities,
which was expanded to a five-tiered system in the finalized
budget. The University is one of three universities grouped in
the "research tier," along with Michigan State and Wayne State
"I'm still not totally pleased with the formulas they used and
how they calculate the per-student funding," Brater said.4
Bollinger told the House subcommittee that state appropri-
ations should be determined individually for each university
rather than by arbitrarily grouping them together.
"President Bollinger was very clear on his feelings of the
tiering," Wilbanks said. "He felt pretty strongly that the unique
mission of each institution should be judged on its own."
The University's per-student funding was increased from
$9,042 to $9,472. The research university tier has a funding U m
floor that theoretically guarantees at least $9,000 per student
for each university. Wilbanks said the programs at the o i
University are not conducive to appropriations levels being
dependent on the size of the student body.
"We also believe that per-student funding for the research
universities is not a good way to think about funding,' she said.
Department of Management and Budget spokesperson
Kelly Chesney said the fiscal year 2001 budget should look 26
fairly similar to this year's proposal. B
"We're going through our research and analysis stages,
Chesney said. "Obviously the governor is in favor of develop- INT
ing a funding formula that truly treats universities fairly and
removes some of the political debate from the process."
Chesney said the tier system is almost guaranteed to appear
in the proposal. "That's something that was implemented by the Y<
legislature, so that will serve as our starting point; she said.
unimaginable only a decade ago: They took the
government-run hospital to court.
What is more, they won - even though in suing
the hospital they were essentially fighting the
Chinese state, which has traditionally acted with
impunity throughout its 5,000-year history.
"I didn't know much about the law before,' said
Wang, 52, who called a local legal-aid hotline for
help. Now he thumbs purposefully through rum-
pled leaves of paper bearing official court seals
and points out relevant passages with a dirt-stained
Lawsuits like Wang's are multiplying across
China as ordinary people learn to stand up for their
legal rights in a society long accustomed to not
GHB is known by variety of slang terms
including lemons, liquid ecstasy, cherry meth,
grievous bodily harm and scoop. Possession
of the drug carries a potential five-year jail
term and a felony charge. The drug is
detectable in urine up to 12 hours after inges-
University spokesperson Julie Peterson said that
the Department of Public Safety, who arranged
transport for at least one of the subjects to the hos-
pital, is not carrying out criminal investigation.
The Ann Arbor Police Department is conduct-
ing an investigation.
will be an all-encompassing review" that will take at least a year. He said
it was too early to speculate on compensation to the Koreans.
In Seoul, Foreign Ministry spokesperson Chang Chul-kyun said
officials would "try td verify the truth of all related things con-
cerning this case." He said any further action would be decided
after that inquiry.
Caldera said previous Pentagon reviews, which concluded there was
no evidence of mass killing, also would be examined to evaluate mili-
tary handling of the matter.
He said the AP report "clearly has raised new information that
demanded that it be looked into."
Caldera said the early weeks of the conflict were chaotic and many
U.S. soldiers at that time were ill-trained and ill-equipped. He said that
was "not an excuse" for the reported acts.
Cohen, in a letter to Caldera, said, "This review is important to the
active and retired members of our armed forces, the confidence of the
American people in the finest armed forces in the world, and our rela-
tionship with the people of the Republic of Korea."
He asked Caldera to devote "whatever resources are appropriate to
accomplish this review as thoroughly and as quickly as possible."
Clinton said he was briefed on the AP report yesterday. Asked about
it at a White House question-and-answer session, he responded by
endorsing the inquiry ordered by Cohen.
"He wants to look into this," Clinton said. "He wants to get to the bot-
tom of it. He wants to examine all the available information and evi-
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