The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 29, 1999 - 7
hina begins 50th anniversary observance
SH GHAI, China -China has begun a week approved by the Central Committee of the
f festivities marking 50 years of Communist rule Communist party. An example: "Rely on the
y hosting some of the world's wealthiest capital- working class wholeheartedly."
is in the skyscrapers of a new Shanghai business The parade, with dozens of floats including
istrict that evokes the space age world of George oil derricks and pink apartment houses symbol-
.The Fortune Global Forum was designed, in izing modernization, will be closed to normal
se words of Zhou Mingwei, the dapper director of spectators. Half of Beijing will be placed under
hanghai's Foreign Affairs Office, as "a beacon of martial law for the event.
hina's future." The contrasting observances in China's two
A very different celebration has been planned main metropolises display with unusual clarity
>r Friday in Beijing. There, in China's sprawl- two seemingly contradictory strains of Chinese
ig capital 600 miles to the north, a half-million communism today: a desire for reform and
eople, closely screened for their "love of the openness while insisting on a continued dicta-
notherland," will participate in a parade with torship and Marxist ideology. With their clash-
oose-stepping students and soldiers accompa- ing pomp, the ceremonies also dramatize a fun-
ied by tanks, rockets and mobile anti-aircraft damental problem faced by the Communist
veapons, a highly ideological tribute to the party on the eve of the 21st Century: Like many
''s 50 years in power. of the people they command, China's leaders
archers in Beijing will shout 50 slogans, all face a crisis of values.
Two decades of economic reforms have freed
millions of Chinese to create and pursue dreams
the party itself never dared to dream. But the
party has had trouble keeping up, unsure of the
philosophy it wants to implement at home and
represent in the world.
China's Communist government pushed
world revolution and rigid collectivism for 29
years after it was founded in 1949 with Mao
Tse-tung at the helm. But when Deng Xiaoping
came to power in 1978, he switched the focus to
economic development. Since then, the party
has careened around the ideological map, in
search of a new value system to replace the doc-
trinaire Marxism left behind - although never
repudiated - in the drive- for economic
The party leadership flirted with
Westernization in the 1980s and won the back-
ing of most Chinese. One former party chief in
those days even suggested Chinese abandon
chopsticks for a knife and fork. But these ideas
were tossed aside in 1989, when too many peo-
ple wanted democracy too quickly and the party
cracked down on student-led demonstrators in
After the crackdown, the party embraced
patriotism. Students were sent for basic military
training and patriotism was taught in schools.
Ultra-nationalism became a fad. But after a
while, these ideas ran into problems as well.
China could not completely reject the West; it
needed its investment, markets and technology.
Traditional Chinese culture also became a
party favorite. The party encouraged Chinese to
resume martial arts and study ancient sages.
Last year, the party embraced a campaign for
"courtesy and Confucius."
But the retum to China's roots has also proved
dangerous. The massive popularity of spiritual
groups like the Falun Gong movement was a
product of support for traditional culture.
On April 25, 10,000 Falun Gong followers
surrounded the Communist party headquarters,
demanding their organization be legalized. The
party responded by crushing the movement,
"The government is in a bind in China," said
Li Fan, an independent scholar in Beijing,
"Marxism is finished. Westernization means
democracy. But nationalism and traditional cul-
ture open other Pandora's boxes as well."
Most recently, the party launched a new cam-
paign ordering its 60 million members to resume
the study of Marxism and atheism. Many party
members acknowledge they believe in one of
China's many religions; very few admit to being
50 years youngI
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New encephalitis strain
claims 4 New Yorkers
Virus confirmed to be present in 37
cases in boroughs, suburbs
NEW YORK (AP) -A strain of encephalitis never before
reported in the Western Hemisphere - and not the St. Louis
strain blamed earlier - has caused four deaths and sickened
33 people in the city and its suburbs, federal health officials
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reclassi-
fied the cases as West Nile-like fever, a mosquito-borne ail-
ment whose symptoms are similar to those of St. Louis
encephalitis but generally milder.
The two viruses are easily confused in laboratory tests, offi-
Scientists are re-examining 174 more cases - including
eight fatalities - to see whether they also were caused by the
"This is a question of two very, very rare diseases, and there
was just some confusion about it," Mayor Rudolph Giuliani
"If anything, the disease we're dealing with now is some-
what less severe than the one we were dealing with before,"he
Scientists got their first hint that St. Louis encephalitis
might be a misdiagnosis when birds around the Bronx Zop
died and tested positive for West Nile-like fever.
Officials call the new strain West Nile-like because they
have not yet identified it with certainty. A related strain known
as the Kunjin virus is also suspected.
The West Nile strain is found mainly in Africa, the Middle
East and Asia. It would probably enter the United States
through infected birds, said Ned Hayes, a CDC epidemiolo-
Humans can get the virus from mosquitoes that have picked
it up from birds.
Treatment and prevention measures are the same for both
illnesses, Giuliani said.
For several weeks, the city has been spraying pesticides to
kill mosquitoes who carry the "West-Nile-like" virus.
Chinese performers take part in a ceremony to commemorate Confucius' birthday, at the Confucian Temple in Beijing
yesterday. The ceremony involved making offerings to Confucius' foremost philosopher on his 2,550th birthday.
ontinued from Page 1
Despite the fact that the grant runs out at the end
f this month, Zsenyuk said the project will contin-
"I don't know if the grant will be renewed, but we
'ill continue the program either way," Zsenyuk said.
He cited the progress that has been made so far
s-ason to keep the program.
"We'll find the money somewhere," Zsenyuk
"From 1995 to 1998 (AAPD officers) wrote
ree violations per year for minors attempting to
urchase," he said.
Between April and July officers wrote 14 cita-
ons for minors attempting to purchase.
"In fact, we were out last weekend," Zsenyuk said. it's going well."
Campus area bars and liquor stores involved in Zsenyuk also said that a range of locations have
the program have been supportive of the AAPD been targeted, including Central Campus, down-
initiative. town and the outskirts of Ann Arbor.
"We don't have a problem with it," said Gus "We go anywhere we perceive or the business
Batwo, a manager at Campus Corner. people perceive that there are problems," he said.
Dominick's, a local bar, participated in the first Zsenyuk said that there are no other new pro-
two phases of Operation Spotlight and is planning grams planned for the immediate future, even with
on participating in the third. the return of students.
Following training last spring by AAPD offi- There are four types of tickets that AAPD writes
cials, "employees are much better at detecting and under Project Spotlight: Minor in possession, minor
confiscating fake IDs," said Richard DeVarti, a attempting to purchase, possession of forged docu-
manager at Dominick's. ments and furnishing alcohol to a minor.
Mike Bender, the general manager of the The "furnishing alcohol to a minor" charge can
Nectarine Ballroom, said he has been cooperating be given when a legal drinker shares alcohol with a
with the program and believes it's beneficial. minor or buys alcohol from a liquor store for a
"We've had officers in here and we haven't had minor. A first-time offender can serve up to 60
any problems," he said. "From my point of view, days and be fined up to $1,000.
Employee fired for
selling body parts
IRVINE, Calif. (AP) -The medical
school at the University of California
at Irvine has fired a mortician accused
of selling body parts -- another scan-
dal for the institution where fertility
doctors once stole eggs from women.
Christopher Brown was dismissed last
week as director of the College of
Medicine's Willed Body Program, where
his job was to embalm and repair donat-
ed cadavers for research andto dispose of
Besides allegedly selling spines to
a research hospital, Brown also
reportedly mishandled cremated
remains, helped conduct unautho-
rized anatomy courses and abused his
position by cutting business deals
with companies owned by his wife
and a friend.
Brown, who made $33,000 a year,
denied any wrongdoing to the Los
"I've never done anything that would
be deemed unethical and anything that
wasn't done by the university's proce-
dure," he said. "I've done everything
the way I was trained or taught to do .
They can't prove anything."
The scandal comes four years after
three doctors at the university's Center
for Reproductive Health were accused
of taking eggs from a woman without
her consent and transferring them to
another woman, who delivered a baby.
Investigators found later that doctors
stole eggs from 100 women.
Although investigators in Brown's
case have found nothing to suggest the
bodies were used for anything but edu-
cation and research, officials say it is
unclear where some of the 225 cadav-
ers ended up during his three years of
scal beer distributor seeking people to
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Continued from Page 1.
'Iceman' are searching for. What I was
given in that play and what I experi-
enced with it taught me more about fel-
lowship, camaraderie and about work-
ing together as a community than any-
thing else," Spacey said. "I think the
two experiences inform each other. I
walked away to 'American Beauty' with
this feeling, and I know that's the feel-
ing that I had to feel in order to get
where Lester gets"
Just as Lester makes a change in his
career path and life in general, Spacey,
as well, has reached a point in his
career where he wants to branch out
from his established on-screen per-
"I no longer wanted to play the kind
of characters I became known for. I
wanted to start moving in new direc-
tions;" said Spacey. "This film kind of
completes a step that I've been taking
since 'L.A. Confidential.' I began to try
to play characters that were just a little
more ambiguous and perhaps on moral-
ly shifting ground, but nonetheless
Continued from Page :1
the people here combine to make it a
friendly place where students can pur-
sue the best education possible," said
Yale Law associate Dean Barbara
The McKinsey & Co. study showed
that unlike Yale students, Harvard stu-
dents complained of large class size and
inaccessibility of professors, two prob-
lems which plague many large schools.
"I think classes are really large, but
that is a phenomenon prevalent at most
law schools. I personally have had pro-
fessors make themselves readily avail-
able but you have to take the initiative,
something which I feel is not a crazy
thing to ask of students," said Teddy
Kang, a Harvard Law second-year stu-
dent and an Ann Arbor native.
With 341 first-year students, condi-
tions at the University of Michigan Law
School are similar. "This is a big school
and we struggle with a high
student/faculty ratio. In order for good
interaction outside class, it takes stu-
moving toward characters that werejust
much more affected by events. It
allowed me to go to a place that's more
vulnerable than I've been able to show
Thanks to characters like Lester,
Spacey's future appears blessed with
success and security, so much ,so
that he feels confident enough to
turn his attention to smaller projects
by first-time writers and directors.
Not coincidentally, "American
Beauty" is the product of rookie
director Sam Mendes and screen-
writer Alan Ball.
"There's a lot I want to do and there's
a lot I want to help do that I won't act in,
and there's a lot of things I want to help
other people do, Spacey said. "That, to
me, is fantastic to give an opportunity to
people that otherwise wouldn'tget itand
watch them run with the ball and deliver
something that's fantastic."
Spacey himself is clearly poised for a
fantastic run of his own as the great
roles keep getting thrown his way, prov-
ing to us all why it's never too late to get
dent initiative," said Jeffrey Lehman,
dean of the University Law School.
Some law students agree. "It is a tra-
dition to ask a professor to lunch. They
can tell you about their interests,
careers, things you don't learn about in
lectures;" said Jim Griffioen, a Law
Lehman feels that there is little need
for a McKinsey & Co. type study in
Ann Arbor. " I am happy with student
culture and think the impression is that
we are very fortunate," he said.
Students hail the University atmos-
phere as one of the law school's best
qualities. "It's not even as competitive
as I heard law school was going to be.
It's really friendly," said Law first-yea
student Laura Juhnke, who chose the
University over rivals Duke,
Georgetown, Northwestern and the
University of Pennsylvania.
"I heard law school horror stories
about students throwing each other's
books away. Itsis a tremendous relief
to see that doesn't go on here.
Everyone seems really happy,"