-2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, Se
WASHINGTFON (AP) -- Vowing to
pursue the "dark questions" of the
Waco siege, former Republican Sen.
John Danforth opened an independent
inquiry yesterday into whether the FBI
started the deadly fire and later tried to
cover its actions. He pledged a thor-
ough inquiry that could include ques-
tioning of Attorney General Janet Reno
and FBI Director Louis Frech.
President Clinton, talking to
jeporters at the White House, applaud-
ed the selection of Danforth, calling
him "an honorable man and an intelli-
gent and straightforward man. The only
thing I would ask is that he conduct a
through and prompt investigation"
Clinton added that "I certainly don't
think there's any reason" for Reno
resign as several Republican leaders
At a news conference in the Justice
Department, where Reno announced
she had appointed him, Danforth said
the country can survive bad judgment,
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eptember 10, 1999
th to op
"but the thine that really undermines
the integrity of government is whether
there were bad acts, whether there was
a cover-up and whether the government
"I think my job is to answer the dark
questions,"D anforth said. "How did
the fire start? Were there shootings ?"
He said his inquiry would include
whether false statements were made to
Congress and the Justice Department.
Danforth, who said he has authority
to question both Reno and Frech, will
hold the title special counsel and is
empowered to use a federal grand jury
for his investigation. He said he hoped
to get voluntary cooperation for what
will start as an administrative, not a
Reno said Danforth also will investi-
gate whether there "was any illegal use
of the armed forces" in the final
assault. Members of the Pentagon's
Delta Force commandos were at Waco
the day of the assault.
Frech, who spoke with Danforth
briefly this week, said in a statement
that he welcomed the selection, and
Reno called Danforth "a man of impec-
As the former senator made a round
of courtesy calls on Capitol Hill, con-
"I want to know it all."
- Rep. Dick Armey (R-Texas)
House Majority Leader
gressional leaders said they envision
Congress' own Waco investigations
will be more wide-ranging than
"I want to know it all,' said House
Majority Leader Dick Armey (R-
Reno said she had no plans to resign.
despite calls from some Republicans to
do so. "I don't run from controversv,"she
said, removing herself entirely from the
Waco matter from now on.
"I will obviously be a witness" in the
investigation, Reno explained. With
that, Deputy Attorney General Eric
Holder would be the top person
Danforth consults at Justice.
Reno has said that before the April
19, 1993, FBI assault on the Branch
Davidian compound, she directed that
only non-incendiary tear gas be used, to
avoid the possibility of triggering a fire
that might endanger lives.
She has been under renewed criti-
cism since revelations that the FBI.
contradicting a position it had taken for
six years, had used some incendiary
devices on the last day of' the 51-day
standoff, which ended in a fire and the
deaths of David Koresh and about 8()
followers. Reno and the FBI maintain
that the devices did not cause the dead-
ly fire, which they insist was set by the
Senate Judiciary Committee chair-
man Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, said
Congress should not defer to the exec-
utive branch in delving into Waco
because "after all, Congress was mis-
led by the executive branch."
"I would hope that they would do it
in the broadest possible way," Senate
Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-Miss.)
said of the investigation.
Among the questions Danforth said
he would leave for Congress: whether
it was a good idea for the FBI to have
assaulted the compound on the final
day and for the Bureau of Alcohol,
Tobacco and Firearms to have raided it
three months earlier, beginning the
AROUND THE NATION
U.S. says missile sales a'growing threat'
WASHINGTON -The U.S. intelligence community warned yesterday thatpro-
liferation of medium-range ballistic missiles, driven primarily by sales from X il
Korea, presents an "immediate, serious and growing threat" to U.S. forces and allies
and has "significantly altered" the strategic balances in the Middle East and \s%1:
"The unexpectedly dire assessment by the National Intelligence Councilalt
warns for the first time that rogue nations developing ballistic missiles will seek to
build systems to jam, evade or overwhelm potential U.S. anti-missile defense 5y5-
tems. It adds that Russia and China "probably" will sell their own counter-measure
technology to other countries.
.The report thus provides strong ammunition to both sides in the contentious
political debate over whether the United States should build national or reiional
anti-missile systems. Missile-defense supporters cite the threat from North Korea
as justification, while critics predict the systems will never work and could spark
a new arms race.
Although the number of nuclear-armed missiles capable of striking the United
States has decreased since the Cold War, the report says the world has grown lc
secure because missile technology has spread to unpredictable regimes such as
North Korea and Iran. Such states may threaten to use missiles as a means of diplo-
matic blackmail, rather than for warfare
GOP adopts more wouldbe politically risky to engage
nton in complicated eleventh-hour,
modest tax Cut negotiations, as they have in the past
with often disastrous results. Instead.
WASHINGTON -- With limited Republicans have concluded they will
public appetite for their number one be better otfgetting out of town as so
priority, congressional Republican as possible and preparing for next
leaders Thursday conceded defeat in year's election.
their nmt fn b io txrtthi na
tecir quest or a 'ig tax cut f nis Vear
and shifted to a more modest strategy
aimed at keeping spending down and
taking credit for reducing the national
Faced with a certain veto of their
S792 billion tax cut plan, GOP leaders
indicated they have little interest in try-
ing to negotiate a compromise package
with President Clinton in which they
would trade an increase in spending for
Medicare and other domestic programs
for a smaller tax cut.
Instead they said they will focus
largely on passing routine spending
bills and locking in future budget sur-
pluses to protect Social Security and
begin paying down the S5.6 trillion
accumulated national debt.
This change in strategy reflects a
calculation by Republicans that it
Drug could aid in
No Service Fees Exnires 91311199 C6
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-- = i
Continued from Page 1
The idea for the ad, which appears
today in The New York Times and The
Wall Street Journal among other news-
papers, sprouted at Penn State.
Penn State President Graham
Spanier, who developed the idea for the
ad, found that many alumni and other
university presidents didn't understand
his concern about the binge drinking
problem on campuses, MacCarthy said.
"They were asking him why he was
making such a big deal about it,"
MacCarthy said. "There are huge dif-
ferences inter-generationally. The mag-
nitude of the problem today far exceeds
what it used to be"
According to a national survey
released by the Higher Education
Center for Alcohol and Other Drug
Prevention, between 75 percent and 90
percent of all violence on college cam-
puses is alcohol-related.
About 300,000 of today's college
students will eventually die from alco-
hol-related causes including drunk dri-
ving accidents, cirrhosis of the liver,
various cancers and heart disease, esti-
mates the Core Institute, an organiza-
tion that studies college drinking.
The University's Binge Drinking
Task Force plans to discuss parental
notification, in which the University
would send notices to the parents or
guardians. of minors who receive alco-
hol violations, as a strategy to reduce
binge drinking, said Vice President for
Student Affairs E. Royster Harper.
Harper said the ad campaign is
aimed more toward parents of high
school and junior high students than
those of college students.
Citing recent studies, Harper said
many pre-college students begin drink-
ing earlier "K through 12 has implica-
tions for college," she said.
Money from the Robert Wood
Johnson Foundation, Barnes & Noble,
Inc. and 113 universities around the
country funded the ad campaign.
Other university presidents who
financially supported the ad campaign
include M. Peter McPherson of
Michigan State University and William
Kirwan of Ohio State University.
C. , ,
WASHINGTON - An experimen-
tal drug may relieve some of the miser-
able side effects of cancer treatment
allowing stronger doses of chemotherat
py and radiation, researchers 'sag
Ironically, the drug works by briefly
blocking a gene that is a natural
defense against cancer.
Although the drug has been 6sled
only in mice, researchers at the
University of lliinois at Chicago are
preparing to test it in baboons and hope
to have it read, for human tests in
about a year.
A report on the drug study in mic
appears today in the journal Scienc.
HE ALL NEW
RTS AND CRAFTS
ICH OF ANN ARBOR
and writing by
aber 12, 1999
Continued from Page 1
all," he said
University alum Jeremy Majchrzak
called 911 at 10:36 p.m. when he
smelled smoke and saw flames while
walking past the east side of the library.
Beryl Goldtweis, a first year law stu-
dent, said she was in the lower floors
.n State and Division
n, phone 663-9376
when she smelled smoke, heard the fire
alarm and was told to evacuate.
AAFD Dispatcher Ingram Davis said
six fire trucks had been sent to the
scene and Huron Valley Ambulance
had also been notified.
"We just had a lot of people here just
to be safe,' Breslin said. No one was
reported injured during the incident, he
Continued from Page 1
tebrate in his back, making him capable
of performing such a stretch. But for
Whittmore, who possesses all verte-
brate in his back, practice is
Along with a tall, feather topped hat
and a baton, the job comes with an
immense responsibility. Besides lead-
ing a week of marching workshops for
all band members in the fall,
Whittmore serves as a teacher, leader
and mentor to the band.
"This position is an extreme honor
and something I take very seriously,"
Whittmore said. "I want to use my
given position to do what I can to help
other people out:'
As not only a showman, but a leader
to the Michigan Marching Band,
Whittmore's new job holds great
"The drum major is the on-field
commander," Tapia said. "He is
inspiring and motivated; his heart
and soul is always a part of it. He
embodies what the band is thinking
at all times."
Although this is Whittmore's only
year as drum major before he goes
on to conducting high school bands.,
there are still five more home game
opportunities to witness Whittmore's
motivation lead the Michigan
Marching Band to musical perfec-
U.S., China to discuss
AUCKLAND, New Zealand - The
United States and China agreed
Thursday to launch fresh negotiations
on Beijing's bid to join the World Trade
Organization, talks suspended after
NATO's bombing of the China
embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in
Speaking at a Pacific Rim economic
conference that has been overshadowed
by violence in Indonesia and the China-
U.S. initiative, U.S. Trade
Representative Charlene Barshefsky
said "substantive"WTO negotiations
will resume shortly.
Getting the world's most populous
nation into the club of trading nations is
a long-standing goal of the Clinton
administration as well as of the
Chinese. But any such proposal will
face a colossal battle in the U.S.
The agreement to resume talks,
reached in a late meeting with
Barshefsky and her Chinese counter-
part, Trade Minister Shi Guangshcg,
set the stage for Saturday's one-on-dniY
meeting here between President Clink*
and Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
The Clinton-Ziang meeting will taIZ
place on the sidelines of the annuAi
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
forum in Auckland .
Moscow blast called
a terrorist attack
MOSCOW - Moscow's may4
blamed Islamic militants Thursday fofatn
early-morning explosion that ripped
through a nine-story apartment building.
With other Russian officials contri-
dieting Mayor Yuri Luzhkov's state-
ment, the cause of the explosron
remained unclear last night.
The explosion on the capital's south-
eastern edge killed at least 32 people,
including three children, injured '249
and was believed to have left dozers
more buried in the debris.
- Compiled jiom Daily wire tepbrts.
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Monday through Friday during the fall and winter terms 6&b ,
students at the University of Michigan. Subscriptions for fail term, starting in September, via U.S. mail are
$85. Winter term (January through April) is $95, yeariong (Septemoer through April) is $165. On-campussub
scriptions for fall term are $35. Subscriptions must be prepaid.
The Michigan Daily is a member of the Associated Press and the Associated Collegiate Press.
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111 ( N _-AAr .., IArM -iliiS
w vn na.. nrr 17Cd i1CI !ldH11115r Ga1 Qf ID LIa4
NEWS Jennifer Yachnin, Managing Edith-
EDITORS: Nikita Easley. Katie Plona. Mike Spahn. Jamie Winkler.
STAFF: Lindsey Alpert, Phil Bansal. Angela Bardoni. Jeannie Bauman. Risa Berrn. Marta Brill. Nick Bunkley, Adam Brian Cohen. Gerard
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CALENDAR: Adam Zuwerink.
EDITORIAL Jeffrey Kosseff, David Wallace, Editors
ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Emily Achenbaum. Nick Woomer ,
STAFF: Chip Cullen. Ryan DePietro. Jason Fink. Seth Fisher. Lea Frost. Jenna Greditor. Scott Hunter. Thomas Kullurgis. Mike Lopez. Steve
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ARTS Christopher Cousino, Jessica Eaton, Editors.
WEEKEND. ETC. EDITORS: Amy Barber, Toyin Akinmusuru
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STAFF: Matthew Barrett, Jason Birchmeier. Alisa Claeys. Jeff Druchniak. Cortney Dueweke. Brian Egan. Steven Gertz. jewel Gopwam.
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PHOTO Louis Bro
ASSOCIATE EDITOR: David Rochkind
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GRAPHICS STAFF: Alex Hogg.
awn, Dana Linnane, Editors
Satadru Pramanik, Editer