The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, December 8, 1999 - 7
d iscuss use of
fees, for stripper
Continued from Page 1
easily spot raccoons and other preda-
tors. It's where they keep safe during the
Michael Gaubatz, University
Grounds and Waste Management
Services interim manager, attributed the
amount of droppings on the sidewalks
to the lack of precipitation last autumn.
"It's been kind of a dry fall, which
makes it more noticeable, more pro-
nounced," he said.
Gaubatz said grounds workers have
not made efforts to remove the drop-
pings because the amount of work
involved would exceed the abilities of
the department and require additional
"We don't have the resources to clean
up after birds on a daily basis. Power-
washing sidewalks is very expensive,"
Gaubatz noted his department
does not usually maintenance side-
walks, but they have occasionally
hired contractors to perform ser-
"We usually do building entrances as
it's warranted. It's tough to keep up with
the Museum of Art," he said.
But Hodgson said to alleviate some
of the problem, he has scared away
crows by shooting a flare gun into the
air in the evenings for the past three
years. This year, he said he has been
shooting the guns every night since the
The flare gun "is noisy and designed
specifically to scare the birds off',"
Hodgson said, adding that the gun does
not harm the birds. "The crows are so
wary and don't like to be harassed. I just
have to be really persistent."
Students who live near that area have
expressed disgust with the birds.
"It's quite nasty," said LSA first-year
student and Betsey Barbour resident
Rana Irby. "I walk through praying that
they won't crap on me."
LSA sophomore Alaina Powell, who
lives at Helen Newberry Residence
Hall, said she feels more concerned
about the droppings at night.
"I think something needs to be
done because it's gross, but I haven't
y Mike Hall
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (U-WIRE) -
Should residents of a residence hall be
forced to fund activities to which they
Reflecting national discussion over
funding in U.S. universities, residents
of East Campus raised this question fol-
lowing a stripper party held in Talbot
*ounge last month.
Under East Campus's social pro-
gram, each of the hall's 10 floors is
asked to host a party, in Talbot Lounge
during the term.
Each floor receives funds collected
from East Campus' mandatory house
tax. Funds are allocated by the East
Campus house government.
East Campus's Second West floor
took its turn hosting on Friday, Nov. 19.
*embers of Second West, continuing a
hall tradition, decided to rent strippers
for the party. Benjamin O'Connor, for-
mer chair of Second West, stated that,
although support for the party was not
unanimous, "it was a foregone conclu-
sion that (the stripper party) was going
A total of four female strippers were
present at the party: two purchased by
Second West, one that came free with
urchase, and an apprentice stripper
nt to learn the trade.
At first, the strippers avoided
extreme physical contact with the audi-
ence and each other.
Later, audience members offered tips
to the strippers and suggested more
intimate performances. Before com-
mencing, the strippers warned the audi-
ence that they were beginning explicit
sexual acts and advised those objecting
leave Talbot Lounge.
The strippers then performed lap
dances and simulated intercourse with
Segments of the audience were
uncomfortable with the intensity of the
strippers' performance. The strippers
"were a little more hardcoee than I
expected," said Kristin Raven, a Second
O'Connor added that Second West
residents did not know exactly what
acts the strippers would perform.
Other party attendees who declined
to be named said that the show was
more intense than in prior years.
Last month, the U.S. Supreme Court
heard Board of Regents of the
University of Wisconsin System vs.
Southworth, a case stemming from the
University of Wisconsin-Madison's
mandated student activities fees.
In 1996, three Wisconsin law stu-
dents sued the board of regents, claim-
ing that the university used their activi-
ties fees to support groups they
opposed, including the Amnesty
International and the International
Socialist Organization. The regents
countered by arguing that funding an
array of student activities allows every
group on campus to have its voice
heard, thus promoting a diverse learn-
Two lower-court decisions supported
the law students, with the 7th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals stating in its
decision that "forcing objecting stu-
dents to fund private organizations ...
violates the First Amendment."
While the Wisconsin case does not
directly apply to private universities,
it may influence MIT's system of dis-
tributing of mandatory activities fees.
Second West's stripper party received
funding from the dorm's house tax,
and since all residents of East
Campus contributed to the fund
regardless of their support for the
party, the party raises the larger issue
of compulsory funding.
Court looks at states' authority
in environmental standards
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme Court used cases
involving air bags and oil spills yesterday to debate the ques-
tion of when U.S. rules can override state authority to set
environmental and safety standards.
Rulings expected by next summer could further clarify the
balance of power between federal and state governments,
which the justices have increasingly tipped toward the states
in recent years.
The air bag case asks whether millions of Americans can
sue automakers for not installing air bags in vehicles at a time
when federal regulations did not require them.
Federal rules allowed such lawsuits as one way "to drive
manufacturers to the right decision" - installing the most
effective safety equipment - said Arthur Bryant, the lawyer
for a woman injured in an accident in a 1987 car without air
But Malcolm Wheeler, a lawyer for American Honda
Motor Co., said Congress intended to block such lawsuits
while air bag installation was phased in because it thought
"chaos would occur if all 50 states could regulate indepen-
Clinton administration lawyer Lawrence Wallace also
argued that Honda's compliance with federal rules making air
bags optional in 1987 should immunize it from being sued
under state law.
Alexis Geier suffered severe head injuries when her car
crashed into a tree in the District of Columbia.
A federal appeals court threw out her lawsuit, saying that
holding Honda responsible for failing to install an air bag
would interfere with the government's decision to make them
The regulations have stiffened since the 1980s, and cars
made after 1997 must have air bags for the driver and front-
Justice David Souter suggested the federally ordered
phase-in might have been frustrated if car manufacturers wor-
ried about losing lawsuits had sped up plans to install air
"They can envision future accidents ... and the price goes
up" if juries order automakers to pay large awards, Souter
Justice Sandra Day O'Connor also seemed skeptical about
Bryant's claim that Congress intended such liability.
But Justices John Paul Stevens and Ruth Bader Ginsburg
appeared more dubious about Wheeler's contention that
Congress intended no state-court liability.
In the oil-tanker case, the Clinton administration asked the
justices to rule that federal rules intended to prevent oil spills
override states' authority to set their own standards.
"Congress made it clear it wanted there to be one decision-
maker," assistant solicitor general David Frederick said.
"It would greatly upset uniformity if each state ... were able
to pick and choose which of the federal regulations they
wanted to adopt."
Wash. state's lawyer said state's rules complement federal
regulations. "It's a second set of eyes on the ground, at sea,"
said William Collins. "Working together, we think, will make
the waters safer."
A federal appeals court upheld Washington state's 1994
rules on staffing and operation of oil tankers, although the
federal government said they conflicted with national and
The rules were challenged in federal court by the
International Association of Independent Tanker Owners,
known as Intertanko, which later was joined in the case by the
seen it around in awhile:' she said. "I '
try to walk through without dealing
Gaubatz said this problem has also
occurred at the Forest H1ill Cemetey
near Mary Markley Residence Hall.
"Obviously, we'd love not to have
the birds," Gaubatz said.
He added that the only way to
reduce the problem is to get rid of
the birds, but he absolutely does not
advocate that course of action.
"It's one of the occupational hazards
of living in this town," he said.
Payne said the crows have been con-
vocating in that area for the last few
years, but the trend has been seasonal.
"They'll go away at the end of win-
ter," he said.
Continued from Page 1
in the college textbook market," Kaplan
said. "Varsitybooks.com entered the
textbook market to change all of that?
John Bates, co-founder of
Bigwords.com - a competitor of
Varsitybooks.com - said instead of
advertising its textbooks for up to 40 per-
cent off, it offers its top 40 selling titles at
40 percent off.
D'Angleo said NACS searched the
Varsitybooks.com Website and did not
find any books that were 40 percent
Steve Loyola, president of bestbook-
buys.com, which finds the least expen-
sive books among numerous online and
traditional bookstores, said in September
that Varsitybooks.com did not always
offer the lowest textbook prices.
"We sent much more traffic to
Bigwords;" Loyola said.
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U OF M SEEKS mature adult to work eves.
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