NAT ON!XVO LDThe Michigan Daily- WedesdaOtobr 13. 1999- 9
Supremecutdcie t eiincasesQ
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme Court turned its
back on three church-state disputes yesterday, a triple dose of
bad news for those who favor more government help for reli-
gious schools and enterprises.
Far from settling anything, the rejected appeals are likely to
0 the national debate over tuition vouchers and other finan-
cial help. One immediate result: Maine can continue subsi-
dizing children who attend some private schools xyhile deny-
ing such vouchers for those who go to religious schools.
The justices also refused to let Pennsylvania exempt reli-
gious publications from sales taxes and rejected New York's
effort to revive a public school district in a community of
The court's actions set no legal precedent, but drew imme-
diate reaction from partisans.
"It certainly appears the justices are in no mood to use the
curent term to move the boandary markers on church-state
,aration, said Barry Lynn of Americans United for
Separation of Church and State.
Lynn said the court's denial of review in the Maine case
pleased him most. "It's a victory of sorts because it establish-
es that the taxpayers of Maine do not have to fund religious
schools," he said. "Parents can create religious schools but
"Parent can create religious schools but cannot get
everyne to py for them."
- Barry Lynn
Americans United for the Separation of Church and State
cannot get everyone to pay for them."
Dick Komer of the pro-voucher Institute for Justice voiced
disappointrent but added. "We have no doubt (the court) will
ultimately vindicate the rights of parents to secure high-qual-
ity educational opportunities for their children regardless of
whether the school they select is religious or not"
Indeed, the court's signals to date have been mixed. Just
last week, the justices let Arizona give tax credits to peo-
ple who donate money for scholarships at religious
schools. The court previously had declined to strike down
a voucher program that aids religious-school students in
The justices have one church-state dispute on the 1999-
2000 term's decision docket. They will decide, sometime by
late June, whether computers and other instructional materi-
als paid for with taxpayer money can be used by religious
In the Maine case, the justices rejected without comment
an appeal in which parents of religious-school students said
the state violates their rights by refusing them the same finan-
cial help given to parents whose children attend private, non-
Many of Maine's public school districts in sparsely popu-
lated areas do not operate schools for all grades but instead
pay tuition to send some children to nearby public or private
schools of their choice.
Since 1981, the state has barred tuition vouchers for chil-
dren attending religiously affiliated schools. Five families
from Raymond who send their children to such schools chal-
lenged the state policy in state court, while three families
from M'inot went to 1..dera curi
The Maine Spreme diia Cur and the 1st U.S. Circuit
Court oft Appeals both uphed the state policy. Those deci-
sions were lei tm
In the Pensa n ca ou let sund rulings that
barred th s tater nd lo p ications and
articles"- interas peiIo i~te ae.Those nil-
ings may leave others staes h sIiu tax laws vulnerable
Pennsvlania law exemp e o riCV of items from the
state's 6 percent sales . o O n wpaper and magazine
subscriptions One cathe sale ... or use of reli-
gious publications soldar u roups and Bibles and
Two state residentx u ch exemptions violated
the constitutionaly ren nton of church and state.
Pennsylvania courts ;ir va' them.
The court split I in ret.ecn w N ork's attempt to rein-
state a public school rt t.: sene disabled children who
live in a Hasidic Jewi'h comru
Justices Sandra ( o nnr. Atonin Scalia and
Clarence Thomas von 'a to ctargumens in the case but four
votes are needed to ortnt sh !evew.
1J.N. employee killed after
SYou are my sunshine
PRISTINA, Yugoslavia (AP) - A
U.N. employee killed on his first day in
Kosovo was mobbed, beaten and then
shot in the head after enraging a group
of ethnic Albanian teenagers by speak-
ing Serbian, international police said
olice officials showed a black silk
jacket inscribed with "United States,
New York," found near the body of 38-
year-old Valentin Krumov. They said
the garment had traces of blood on it -
but could not immediately say whose
-and it was left by one ofthe suspects
fleeing the busy main street of Pristina.
Krumov, of Bulgaria, was shot
onday evening on Mother Teresa.
et in Kosovo's capital after arriv-
ing for duty earlier in the day.
"It seems like he was speaking
Serbian, maybe Bulgarian," Lt. Col.
Dmitry Kapotsev said. "A crowd of
local citizens assaulted him. He was
taken by a mob ... and shot dead."
Another U.N. police official,
Inspector Gilles Moreau, said Krumov
was beaten before being shot with a
single bullet after a group of teen-
agers asked for the time - apparently
in Serbian. He responded in Serbian.
"One individual proceeded to hit
him with his fist, and others kicked
him," Moreau said. "A large crowd
gathered around the altercation. All of
a sudden a shot was heard, the crowd
dispersed and the body ... was on the
He said the assailants were believed
to be about 16 or 17 years old.
Krumov, who in May received his
doctorate in political science from the
University of Georgia, was shot near
the Grand Hotel, the base for many
employees of international organiza-
tions in Kosovo.
Police said a suspect escaped on
foot, apparently helped by other resi-
dents crowding the street, which is
turned into a pedestrian mall for sev-
eral hours each night.
Two other U.N. employees who
arrived in Pristina with Krumov on
Monday were with him, but were not
hurt, Moreau said.
Bernard Kouchner, the chief U.N.
civilian administrator in Kosovo,
called the killing "unspeakable, bar-
baric and disgusting."
"It is proof of the distance that sep-
arates us from ... reconciliation," he
said during a visit to the European
Parliament to appeal for support in
rebuilding Kosovo. "The mentalities
need to change. It will take years.
Krumov, believed to be the first U.N.
staffer killed since the United Nations
began running Kosovo in June, was
shot just days before the first visit by
U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
Coup against government
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (AP) -
Pakistani troops staged a coup agaibst
the democratically elected government
yesterday, seizing state-mn media and
confining the prime minister to his
home in a lightning move that raised
tensions in the world's newest nuclear
In a televised address, Army Chief
General Pervaiz Musharraf accused the
democratically elected government of
"systematically destroying" state insti-
tutions and driving the economy toward
"You are all well aware of the kind
of turmoil and uncertainty that our
country has gone through in recent
times," Musharraf said. "Not only
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - The glossy two-
page ad in this month's Woman's Day
magazine promises arthritis pain relief
from a new prescription drug. The
patient is portrayed as pain-free, run-
ning unencumbered through a grassy
, blond hair buffeted by the wind.
"but this drug is different from most
arthritis medicines. And the patient is a
The pharmaceutical industry has
unleashed - pun intended - a range
of new prescription drugs not only for
man, but also for man's best friend.
Companies are especially interested
in discovering and selling drugs for ail-
ments in dogs and cats that, like their
nan equivalents, often strike in old
a7e: arthritis, heart failure, anxiety dis-
order and cognitive dysfunction, the
canine version of Alzheimer's.
The profit potential for pet drugs is
Developing drugs for household pets
has become the most rapidly growing seg-
have all the institutions been played
around with and systematically
destroyed, the economy too is in a
state of collapse."
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was
under apparent house arrest in
Islamabad hours after he tried to fire
Musharraf as army chief and replace
him with his ally, General Zia Uddin,
former head of Pakistan's secret ser-
As troops moved through the main
cities, many Pakistanis danced in the
streets and waved flags, celebrating the
ouster of a prime minister who has
become increasingly unpopular.
Sharif has been accused of trying to
consolidate his power by wakening
institutions like the judiciary, provin-
cial governments and the opposition,
and of using heavy-handed tactics to
quell opposition protests in recent
Word of the coup led the army of
nuclear rival India to go on high
alert along the border between the
two countries, a senior officer in
India's northern command in
In New Delhi, Indian Prime Minister
Atal Bihari Vajpayee held a crisis meet-
ing with his top security and foreign
policy advisers. The reports from
Pakistan "are causing grave concern,"
said Vajpayee's spokesperson, Ashok
ISA junior Sarah Carson sits on the steps of Angell Hall to study and to take in some sun yesterday, when tempera-
tures reaches a comfortable 70 degrees.
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