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April 06, 2000 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 2000-04-06

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The Michigan Daily - Thursday, April 6, 2000 - 3A


Study to examine campus racism, sexism

Cancer center to
open muscular
inaging center
The Comprehensive Cancer Center
will expand by adding new imaging
equipment and staff.
Funded by two grants from the
National Institutes of Health totaling
S4.2 million, the center will add a
Xenogen bioluminescence scanner, a
high-field 9.4-Telsa rodent magnetic
resonance imaging machine and a
miniature computed machine. The
niversity is the first academic insti-
on in the world to have a Xenogen
The equipment cannot fit human
cancer patients, because it is designed
for the use of lab rats and mice.
Researchers will be able to non-inva-
sively see cancer in the animals using
these new machines.
The University center is one of only
five in the nation to receive funding
m the NIH to create a molecular
imaging center.
The other centers being spon-
sored by the NIH are located at the
University of Pennsylvania, Memo-
rial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center,
Harvard University, Stanford Uni-
versity and Washington University
in St. Louis.
Auto industry will
e rapid change
Researchers at the University have
forecasted that the auto industry will
have to adapt to changes in technolo-
gy, regulation and globalization in the
next decade.
The study, part of the 10th biennial
University Delphi Forecast and
Analysis of the North American
Automotive Industry, was written by
vid Cole, the director of the Office
t r the Study of Automotive Trans-
portation, and Gerald Londal, a
retired General Motors Corp. engi-
neering manager.
The forecast predicts that the fuel
economy standards will be more
restrictive and the Corporate Average
Fuel Economy will increase from 27.5
mpg to 32 mpg for passenger cars,
and 20.7 mpg to 26 mpg for light
the forecast predicts that the
largest improvements in vehicles will
come from increased engine efficien-
cy and vehicle weight reduction.
There will be a 5 percent reduction in
the weight of passenger cars by 2009,
but no decrease in the weight of light
The data was collected examining
the responses of 86 industry experts
is part of a three-volume report
a includes trends in materials and
marketing through 2009.
Scientist discover
longer comet tails
A study published in the British
journal Nature found that the ionized
vapor trails, also known as tails, left
behind by comets, are about half a bil-
lion kilometers long.
he discovery was made by acci-
t when there was a disturbance
in the radio signals sent to earth by
the spacecraft Ulysses in 1996. The
reason for the disturbance, which
lasted for a few hours, was realized
when this study came out.
George Gloeckler, a professor in
the Department of Atmospheric,
Oceanic and Space Sciences, and his

tm l ooked into reasons for the dis-
ance and found that the spacecraft
had flown through the wake of Comet
This discovery is also significant
because this is only the fourth time
anyone has directly sampled the
contents of a comet, which were
found to be mostly carbon and
oxygen, with some nitrogen and
- Compiled bhi Daily Staff Reporiter
Lindsey Alpert.

By Jeannie Baumann
Daily Staff Reporter
The intervenors in the lawsuit challenging
the University Law School's use of race as a
factor in admissions have commissioned a
study to take place this weekend that exam-
ines the racial and gender climates on cam-
The study is being led by Walter Allen, a
sociology professor at the University of Cali-
fornia at Los Angeles.
"This is a major concern of higher educa-
tion across the country," Allen said.
He said some of the research design still
needs to be worked out. But the study will
essentially consist of 10 person focus groups
to analyze the conditions for minority and
women undergraduate students on campus.
The group sessions will last about two-and-a-

half hours and all information will remain
Although the intervenors have commis-
sioned this study, Allen
said the study is objec- Scheduled I
tive and without influ-
ence from the E®Friday: Women OT4
intervenors, students; wht w
"This is the type of students.
research I've been doing N Saturday: Black ur
for the last 20 to 25 dents; Asian AmnericOE
years," he said. 1 Sunday: Native Am
Miranda Massie, legal ates; women of color
counsel for the inter- undergraduates.
venors, echoed Allen's * Other groups may I
thoughts. demand
"The intervenors have
nothing to with designing the study, adminis-
tering the study or anything like that," she

Although Massie said she could not reveal
specific rooms to protect the confidentiality
of the research subjects, she said that prelim-
inary focus groups have
cus group been formed.
Focus groups sched-
]r'undergradute uled for tomorrow are
Adents; Latino Law titled "women of color
undergraduate students"
ergraduate stu and "white Law stu-
AW students, dents." A "Latino Law
ican'undergradu- student group" is
w students; white planned for that after-
added based on "Black undergraduate
students" and "Asian
American Law students"
are scheduled for a Saturday morning group.
"Black Law students," "black undergraduate
students" and "Latino Law students" are

scheduled for Saturday afternoon.
Sunday morning, groups are scheduled for
"Native American undergraduates" and
"women of color Law students." "White
undergraduates" and "Asian undergraduate
students" have focus groups Sunday after-
Massie said additional groups may be
added based on demand.
Similar studies are being conducted at
other universities, Massie said, including
Michigan State University, Harvard Universi-
ty and the University of California at Berke-
"We are also looking at the campus envi-
ronment for undergraduates that are feeder
schools for the law schools," she said.
Massie said students interested in partici-
pating in the study should contact Doel-

A sine of relaxation

Fukuyama discusses book,
examines human relations

By Elizabeth Kassab
Daily Staff Reporter
The title of his lecture was "Great
Disruption: Social Consequences of an
Information Society," but Francis
Fukuyama ended on an optimistic note.
"In general, society as a whole is
more tolerant, but this came at the
expense of bonds between peoplehe
said. The increase in diversity made
common cultural heritage between cit-
izens impossible, but a sense of toler-
ance developed.
Fukuyama, a former senior social
scientist at RAND Corporation and
deputy director of the U.S. State
Department Policy Planning Staff,
based his speech on his third and most
recent book, "The Great Disruption:
Human Nature and the Reconstitution
of Social Order."
"He has a lot of interesting points
and unique views on society," said
LSA sophomore Joseph Koo, a mem-
ber of the Telluride Association, which
sponsored the lecture.
The emphasis is often on the tech-
nological developments of the infor-
mation age, but Fukuyama argued that
its social effects are just as important.
The "Great Disruption" was caused
by the transition from the industrial
age to the "age of dot-coms, IPOs,
start-ups, and 25-year-old million-
aires" - in short, the information age,

Fukuyama said.
The face of business changed after
World War II, he said. There was a
"substitution for mental over physical
labor." This was favorable to the incor-
poration of women into the work force
and furthered an increase in university
education. In addition, the corporate
hierarchy that characterized industry
began to decentralize, he said.
Major casualties of the new infor-
mation age were trust and the tradi-
tional family. An increase in crime
added to the chaos.
"It seems to me that if you have
higher levels of crime, you have higher
levels of individualism," Fukuyama
said. The individualism that inspired
people to break down traditional barri-
ers in the corporate world influenced
others to break the rules that were set
by society, he said.
The sexual revolution of the 1960s
and 1970s liberated men and women
alike, he said. Thanks to the birth con-
trol pill, "shotgun weddings" were
largely a nightmare of the past. Also,
women took great strides in the working
world. But, the ideal family snapshot of
a happily married couple and their chil-
dren was torn to shreds as rates of
divorce rose dramatically, he said.
Technology made social connec-
tions easier to make and maintain, he
said, but they were more specialized
and less likely to share a common

bond with many others. Due to this
specialization, mass culture has frag-
The "Great Disruption" was "good
for democracy," Fukuyama said.
"There is a link between the downfall
of communism and the increase in
technology." Communist countries
controlled the flow of information to
their citizens, but technology made
this difficult by making information
and communication easily accessible,
he said.
The prophecies of dystopian vision-
aries Aldous Huxley and George
Orwell have not materialized, Fukuya-
ma said. Instead of confining them,
technology has "empowered people to
associate and get information."
Fukuyama noted a "backlash
against the excessive individualism of
the 1960s, '70s and '80s." There was a
realization that "personal liberty came
at the expense of the community."
About 100 people gathered in the
Rackham Amphitheater to hear him
The Telluride Association is an
extension of an 89-year-old program at
Cornell University, Michigan Branch
Program Director Tom Hawks said.
The association will open up a student
residence house next fall and plans to
continue the lecture series of promi-
nent Telluride alumni it initiated this

Engineering junior Jason Keefer takes a nap on the grassy North Campus
Wave Field, engineered by University students.
Arnn selected as
Hill1sdale president

By Jacquelyn Nixon
Daily Staff Reporter
Five months after the resignation
of George Roche III, Hillsdale Col-
lege announced its 12th president,
Larry Arnn, at a news conference
"He got a standing ovation before lie
even opened his mouth. Arnn was def-
initely well received by our communi-
ty," Presidential Search Committee
Chairman William Brodbeck said.
Hillsdale spokesman Dan Bisher
said the support from students at the
conservative private college located
south of Jackson was impressive.
"Three-fourths of the student body
were present at the reception to shake
his hand," Bisher said.
Brodbeck said 1,500 students, fac-
ulty, administrators and community
members were present at the recep-
The other finalist for the position
was Gleaves Whitney, Gov. John
Engler's chief speech writer and histo-
rian. Early in the search process,
Whitewater prosecutor Kenneth Starr
was rumored to be a candidate for the
"Bill Buckley wrote an editorial
after Roche retired, but he just threw in
a name without thinking. It was just a
suggestion and Kenneth Starr wasn't a
serious candidate," Brodbeck said.
The search for a president began
after Roche stepped down following
allegations that he had an affair with
his daughter-in-law, Lissa Roche, who
committed suicide in October. The
college chose not to investiopte the

"Only two people (George and Lissa
Roche) really knew the situation. If
there was an investigation, it was inter-
nal and wasn't done by the college,"
Bisher said.
"His resignation didn't have any
serious effect on the student body. Life
went on as usual," Brodbeck said.
Roche's son, George Roche IV, a
professor at Hillsdale, began a tempo-
rary leave of absence following his
father's resignation.
"He hasn't resumed teaching and at
this point no one is sure when he will
return," Bisher said.
Interim President Robert Blackstock
was provost at the time of Roche's res-
"Blackstock seemed to be the natur-
al choice to fill-in for Roche. When
Arnn takes on the presidential respon-
sibilities in May, Blackstock will
resume the position as provost," Brod-
beck said.
A graduate of Arkansas State
University, founding chair of the
California Civil Rights Initiative
and president for the Study of
Statesmanship and Political Philos-
ophy at the Claremont Institute,
Arnn was selected from 80 candi-
"Mr. Arnn is an amazing man and
he ran a sparkling operation at the
Claremont Institute. He has many
things to offer, such as his experi-
ence in academics and fundraising,"
Brodbeck said. "He was received
with great warmth and it is obvious
that lie cares deeply about the stu-
dents and faculty."

Iq W T

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