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April 15, 1999 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1999-04-15

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LOCAL/STATE

The Michigan Daily - Thursday, April 15, 1999 - 3A

RESEARCH i
Study finds
doctors ignore
patients' pain
0 A study by the University of Iowa
Medical School found that many
doctors do not prescribe pain med-
ication freely enough in emergency
situations, The Daily Iowan report-
ed.
The study concluded that doctors
should use pain management drugs
more often than they currently do.
The study found that doctors are
reluctant to give pain medication
Iecause they fear patients will be
nable to consent to necessary med-
ical procedures.
Doctors surveyed for the study
also withhold medicine out of con-
cern that it will mask symptoms and
interfere with their ability to cor-
rectly identify the patient's illness.
The study's author, Mark Graber,
an emergency medicine physician,
argued that refusing to give patients
ain medicine is against the doctor's
professional oath.
The study is based on the answers
of 182 surgeons practicing medicine
in Iowa to a questionnaire mailed in
1996.
The study found that 67 percent
of doctors thought drugs interfered
with the ability to diagnose disease
correctly and 53 percent believed
they interfered with obtaining a
medical consent.
%ex discrimination
found at Columbia
A Columbia University study
found that discrimination based on
gender is a problem, revealing this
week that salaries of female profes-
sors are significantly lower than
those of male professors, the
Columbia Daily Spectator reported.
The study also concluded that
women are underrepresented as
tenured professors in certain
Columbia departments, including
mathematics and natural sciences.
None of the 17 tenured Columbia
mathematics professors are female
and of the 25 tenured physics pro-
fessors, only one is female.
These numbers compare unfavor-
ably with the English department,
hich is 25 percent female, and the
art history department, in which
nearly half of tenured professors are
women.
Mathematics officials attribute
the low number of female professor
to the fact that a mere 10 percent of
applicants to the department are
female.
The Columbia study follows a
recently-released MIT report that
Ound widespread sex discrimina-
tion among professors in the areas
of salary, office space and tenure
awards.
Peeps: research
for the mouth
It's too weird not to be true. Two
Emory University students have
spent the past two years delving
deep into the mystery of Peeps -
*e official marshmallow candy of
Easter.
Gary Falcon and Jim Zimring
first came up with the idea to study

Peeps two years ago while coasting
on a sugar high caused by the
bunny-shaped treat, reported The
Daily Free Press.
Falcon and Jimring began their
research by testing the solubility of
e subjects and their reaction to
Weat and cold. The two also exposed
the Peeps to alcohol and cigarettes.
"We disclosed the common side
effects such as mild discomfort,
insomnia, melting, burning, explod-
ing, shattering into thousands of
small pieces and dizziness," Falcon
said of his interaction with the
Peeps.
"We felt we had an ethical obliga-
tion to let the subjects know all the
tential risks of their volunteer
ervice."
The two experimenters' most
recently-published research centers
on the separation of quintuplets.
Another recent trial involved the
submersion of a Peep in ethyl alco-
hol with a lit cigarette in its mouth.
The Peep ended up a charred mess.
- Compiled by Daily Staff
Reporter Gerard Cohen- Vrignaud.

I

Forum
examnes
interracial
By Amy Berber
Daily StaffReporter
Pi Psi fraternity members spon-
sored an event at Trotter House last
night to discuss dating - but it didn't
have anything to do with finding girls
for their next date party.
Instead, the fraternity sponsored an
open forum on interracial dating last
night during which more than 30
University students shared their opin-
ions and experiences on the subject.
The majority of participants who
vocalized their beliefs spoke favorably
about interracial dating.-
"If you're limiting yourself to just
one race when there's so many other
races around, I think there's something
wrong," Medical second-year student
Jonathan Morrow said.
LSA sophomore Monique Plaza
said differences in race should not pre-
vent potential relationships.
"If you're lucky enough to find
someone on this campus who you
click with - which doesn't happen
that often - it doesn't matter what
color you are,"Plaza said. "You should
go for it."
But not everyone promoted interra-
cial dating.
"Something like 44 percent of black
women do not go on to have meaning-
ful relationships in their lives because
so many black men are in jail or play-
ing professional sports," Kinesiology
juniorVanessa Terry claimed. "We just
get mad because white women have
such a huge selection of white men"

Guggenheim
Awards go to 5
faculty members

DHANt JONES/Daily
LSA sophomores Alisa Claeys and Sylvie Reoma, LSA junior Jeremiah Sim and
LSA senior Rajal Pltroda listen during the interracial dating forum last night.

A few students suggested that inter-
racial relationships, particularly those
involving black men and white
women, are not based on love, but on
using the relationships as symbols of
status.
"I get the vibe that most black men
on this campus are not dating white
women because they are in love with
them," Kinesiology junior Channing
Bennett said.
Students who agreed with Bennett
suggested that a surprisingly large
number of powerful, famous black
men date white women.
Somc participants expressed their
beliefs that while black men frequent-
ly seek out and become involved in
relationships with white women, rela-
tionships between white men and
black women are rare.
"You see black guys with white girls
every day," Terry said. "But you only
see a black girl with a white guy every
once in a while. I don't see white men

as an option."
LSA senior Kevin Jones said that
while he supports others who choose
to be in interracial relationships, he
prefers to date women of his own race.
"I'm a black man and I love being a
black man," Jones said. "There's noth-
ing wrong with me just wanting to
date black women.
"Why can't race be a preference just
like height or weight? Some people
prefer tall people or skinny people, so
I don't see why race can't be a prefer-
ence," he added.
Students involved in interracial rela-
tionships said their private lives fre-
quently become public against their
will.
"If you walk down the street with
someone of the same race, you don't
get the stares and the looks," Rackham
student Dorothy Jones said. "But
when you're with someone of a differ-
ent race, everyone all of a sudden has
an interest in your life"

By Risa Berrin
Daily Staff Reporter
University faculty members snared
seven of the 1999 Guggenheim
Fellowship Awards this year, tying the
University with Harvard University for
second-highest number of recipients of
the prestigious awards.
Guggenheim fellows represent more
than 90 colleges and universities nation-
wide, and the University of Chicago is
home to the top number of recipients
with seven.
"I see myself as a
devoted scholar,
writer and teacher.
The chance to make
a bigger contribu- -i'
tion and pursue thisV
work is an honor,"
said English Prof
Alan Wald, one of
the award recipi-
ents. The other fel- MaCor ck
lows are history
Profs. Sabine
MacCormack and
Laura Downs, phi-
losophy Prof. Peter s
Railton and electri-
cal engineering and r '
computer science
Prof. Duncan Steel.
,The Guggenheim
Fellowship Awards
were created to
acknowledge those Wald
individuals who
possess both past-
distinguished
achievement and the
potential of future
accomplishment.w
Foundation assis-
tant secretary Liz
Gurl said the fel-
lowships are intend-
ed to give profes- ons
sors time for
research.
"Having the time off enables the pro-
fessors to perform research without the
restrictions of their teaching obligations,"
Gurl said. "The research then bounces
back to benefit the professor and students
during the following year of teaching."
Downs said she will be taking the
coming academic year off to continue
her research and finish the writing of a
book. For the past two years, she has
been studying the role of summer

camps for working-class children in
France. Downs will be spending her fel-
lowship time to continue research and
finish a book on the working-class
movements of the 1880 to 1960 period.
"When I am talking about the second
World War, I will not only be able to
teach from the textbook, but I will be
able to teach my students about the chil-
dren being evacuated into the country-
side during this period," Downs said.
The University's high number of
recipients - increased from only three
last year - is no surprise to Steel. He
said the University is incredibly strong
intellectually and has been advancing
in the area of research.
Downs said she was convinced by
MacCormack to submit an application
of her own while reviewing
MacCormack's fellowship application.
In March, both professors received
individual notification that they had been
selected as two of the 179 winners of the
1999 Guggenheim Fellowship Awards.
"Because of (MacCormack's) gen-
erosity, I was led to this award. It's a won-
derful thing. I am incredibly lucky. It's
always a matter of luck," Downs said.
Wald said the time he will have to
devote to research will have a positive
impact on the University community.
His area of concentration is radical,
left-wing writers in the United States,
focusing on the time period between
1940 and 1950.
"I am interested in exploring the
roles of individuals such as working
people and dissidents, Wald said. "I
want to bring that culture in to the life
of the University. I want to illustrate
that our own lives can be related to
these activist models."
This year's 75th annual competition
included artists, scholars and scientists
selected from a pool of nearly 2,800
applicants. The total amount of grants
given are worth $6,062,000.
Since its inception in 1925, the
Guggenheim Foundation has granted
more than $185 million in fellowships
to nearly 15,000 individuals. The foun-
dation was created by former U.S. Sen.
Simon Guggenheim and his wife in
memory of their son who died before
he was able to attend college.
The foundation's Website states that
the Guggenheim family established the
foundation to "add to the educational, lit-
erary, artistic and scientific power of this
country, and also to provide for the cause
of better international understanding."

Kevorkian says he's on hunger
stnke, no force feeding to occur

DETROIT (AP) - Jack Kevorkian says he will refuse to the Pontiac news
eat while imprisoned on his murder conviction, and under a But state priso
prison policy as new as his state-issued toothbrush, he won't force feeding Tu
be force-fed. pathologist was
Kevorkian, sentenced Tuesday to 10 to 25 years in prison, Michigan Der
said he would begin a hunger strike immediately, The' Davis said the po
Oakland Press reported yesterday. .and was signed it
Whether he followed through wasn't known yesterday. Davis said the
Kevorkian attorney Mayer Morganroth said he could not release previous policy
that information. hunger strike did
"I know they are going to force-feed me, but my captivity banned prison o
is still enslavement, and I am not going to go along with it," starve himself to
Senators debate to
re lax gun penmt rles

spaper quoted Kevorkian as saying.
n officials said they reversed their policy on
iesday, the same day the 70-year-old retired
sentenced.
partment of Corrections spokesperson Matt
icy change had nothing to do with Kevorkian,
into effect before his sentence was announced.
change came after state lawyers realized the
requiring force-feeding if an inmate is on a
dn't comply with a 1996 state court order that
fficials from feeding a man who wanted to
odeath.

IF -- -- -

400000010"0

LANSING (AP) - State lawmak-
ers yesterday moved toward making it
easier to carry a concealed weapon in
Michigan as a Senate committee
opened debate on legislation to relax
gun permit rules.
"All the (constitutional) rights pale
by comparison with the right to protect
yourself from a violent criminal," said
Sen. David Jaye (R-Mount Clemens)
as his Hunting, Fishing and Forestry
Committee began work on the two
bills.
"I'm looking for prompt action in
the Senate and House;" he said.
Leaders in both chambers, con-
trolled by Republicans, indicated they
favored making it easier to carry a con,
cealed gun.
House Speaker Chuck Perricone
(R-Kalamazoo Township) predicted
passage of of a bill which would man-
date the issuance of gun permits when
they're applied for as long as the appli-
cant qualifies. Now, it is up to county
gun boards whether to issue a con-
cealed weapons permit; backers of
Jaye's bills complain the boards often
reject applications.
A spokesperson for Senate Majority
Leader Dan DeGrow (R-Port Huron)
said he also generally favors standardiz-
ing and relaxing state laws on gun per-
mits.
"He leans toward the concept of
Jaye's bill," said Jennifer Murray, a
DeGrow aide.
Jaye said his committee will consid-
er possible changes to the bills and vote

next week. If approved, it would go to
the full Senate.
A similar House bill, sponsored by
Rep. Michael Green (R-Mayville) is
before that chamber.
A spokesperson for Gov. John
Engler said the administration is work-
ing on Green's bill.
"There is a version of the bill the
governor could support," said John
Truscott.
The Senate committee met yester-
day before an audience dominated by
pro-gun activists.
"When you have a shall-issue state,
criminal are less likely to attack you,"
said Mike Hoban, executive director of
Brass Roots, a group that supports
looser restrictions on concealed
weapons.
"I guarantee you would have a drop
in violent crime."
Hoban said 31 states now have laws
requiring gun permits to be issued to
qualifying people.
"It works and it fights crime" said
Christopher Oswald of the National
Rifle Association ofAmerica.
No opponents showed up to testify,
but law enforcement officials have been
critical in the past, arguing that relaxed
laws will just put more firearms on the
streets.
Jaye's bill would call for the secre-
tary of state, instead of local gun
boards, to issue concealed weapons
permits. It would require an applicant
to show knowledge or training in the
use of a pistol.

No woman should ever run alone,
especially at night.
That's why Nike is holding a
Women's Night Run-an informal
gathering of women to raise
awareness of campus safety
issues-on April 15 at 9:00 PM.

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