Today: Rain. High 58. Low 40. One hundred eght ears o edtoiz1l1eedom
Tomorrow: Showers. High 48. 6' . J
April 15, 1999
....... .. ... ..................... -01 9 T e i - a 4
open doors to
to support exclusive
By Jaimie Winider
D! Staff Reporter
e secret organizations Michigamua
and Adara, traditionally single-sex senior
honor societies, are opening their doors
to members of the opposite sex in com-
pliance with University requests for
equal opportunities for male and female
Single-sex membership in the two
societies has long been taboo at the
University. In the late 1970s,
Michigamua, restricted to male stu-
I since 1902, was challenged to
ir d women.
Women's groups used Title IX, the law
that restricts gender segregation in pub-
licly funded organizations, to argue the
inclusion of women in Michigamua. In
response, Michigamua members created
the Tower Society, an umbrella organiza-
tion that includes Adara, the all-female
Adara officially became a campus
nization in January 1980.
The honor societies have been con-
templating the single-sex issues since
November but did not declare their co-ed
status until recently, after papers had
been filed about the change with the
dean of students.
Associate Dean of Students Frank
Cienciola refused to comment on the
organization's status change.
"One (factor) was the administration
t us we would no longer receive
t.ersity support," said an Adara mem-
ber, who asked that her name not be used.
She added that the society will change its
name to Phoenix to reflect the inclusion
of men into the group.
Group members felt being part of the
all-female Adara was special, the Adara
member said, but added that members
realized their experience with the honor
society could be just as special if it were
"Phoenix will maintain some values
and traditions of Adara but will have no
affiliation with Michigamua or the Tower
Society," she said.
Although the Tower Society is the
umbrella group for the all-male
Michigamua and the all-female Adara,
University officials said it defies the Title
IX doctrine because having one male sub-
group and one female sub-group does not
create a solution to the single-sex prob-
lem, as many members thought it might.
Both Michigamua and Adara sent let-
ters yesterday to alumni to announce the
A Michigamua member who did not
want his name used said the organization
has spent the last eight months exploring
its role at the University and the options
laid out for them: become co-ed or lose
affiliation with the University.
"We came up with what we feel like is
the right decision," he said. "We have
decided to initiate women into our group,
so that for the first time since women
were admitted into the University we can
say that we are a group that represents all
aspects of the University of Michigan."
Michigamua will retain its name.
The 25 original Michigamua mem-
bers founded the society with the help
of former University President James
Angell and chose subsequent members
based on leadership roles and involve-
ment in campus activities. Adara, creat-
ed 78 years later, also held its members
to high standards of community and
Cvihans flee airstrikes
The Washington Post
BELGRADE. Yugoslavia - Scores of ethnic
Albanian refugees were reported killed yesterday when
warplanes struck tractors and wagons at two sites in
southwestern Kosovo. Yugoslavia said NATO jets carried
out the attacks, which it described as the most deadly
assault on civilians in the three-week conflict.
Pentagon officials confirmed that American planes
attacked vehicles on a road near Djakovica but said the
planes hit only military trucks and pilots broke off the
attack when they saw civilian vehicles. The American
officials denied responsibility for the other airstrike,
which occurred further south near Prizren, and suggest-
ed Yugoslav planes may have carried out that attack.
The two incidents both occurred around 2 p.m. (8 a.m.
EDT), according to refugees who arrived later at the
Albanian border. The were part of a new surge in the exo-
dus from Kosovo, amid fresh reports that Serb-dominat-
ed Yugoslav forces had intensified their brutal campaign
against ethnic Albanian civilians in the province.
Refugees who witnessed the scene near Djakovica said
the road was heavily traveled by both civilian and mili-
tary vehicles, but they reported seeing only civilian casu-
alties after two tractor-pulled wagons were hit. They
described a gruesome scene, with the ground around the
wagons littered with body parts.
.' "There were a lot" of people killed, said Sadete
Sadiku, who provided a detailed account in Albania
while halfa dozen other witnesses listened and nodded in
agreement. "I don't know the number but ... there are
nearly 25 or 30 people on (each) tractor, so it was proba-
bly 50 or 60 dead."
The attack near Prizren hit a single tractor and its trail-
AP PHOTO er, leaving three dead and three wounded, according to
Kosovar refugees walt outside a lIne of buses near the Blace boarder crossing between Kosovo and refugees.
Macedonia. Nearly 2,000 people crossed the border yesterday. See BALKANS, Page 9A
Discussion centers on aid to refugees
I New hat, new gown
By Jeannie Bamann
Daily Staff Reporter
Amid student demonstrations
for and against U.S. action in
Kosovo, the University's Program
in Society and Medicine held a
roundtable yesterday with both
medical and non-medical doctors
to provide analysis of the refugee
situation and suggestions for
action for humanitarian aid.
Associate Director for Human
Rights in the Program in Society
and Medicine Jeffrey Sonis moder-
ated the discussion and said there
has been a change in the iiature of
humanitarian relief due to a
change in warfare.
There is a naive belief, he said,
that humanitarian relief will go by
The panelists agreed that prob-
lems arising in humanitarian relief
efforts usually result from improp-
er assessments of people's needs.
"It is pertinent for the organiza-
tions to meet the needs of the peo-
ple while preventing the masses
from de-stabilizing the country
they're going to," said Michele
Heisler, a former program officer
for the Ford Foundation and
Catholic Relief Services.
Lack of coordination among the
organizations is also a problem in
the effort to provide effective
"Coordination exists extensively
on paper, but fictitiously on the
ground," said Barry Stein, a
Michigan State University profes-
sor who teaches a class on
refugees, displaced persons and
But they emphasized that the
larger relief organizations have
done needs assessments and have
networked with each other and the
United Nations, in past situations.
"The Medicin Sans Frontieres
has 85 ex-patriots sent to Albania,
Macedonia and Montenegro, man-
aging relief camps, water supplies
and providing medical and mental
health," said David Kent, a
University physician who went to
Bosnia in 1994 with the MSF.
Stein advised that students who
want to take an active role
See REFUGEES, Page 9A
By Lauren Gibbs
and Cori McAfee
Daily Staff Reporters
LSA senior Diana Orca gets ready to graduate yesterday by trying on her
cap and gown at Michigan Book and Supply.
EMU stude'nt falls
from window ledge
By~~U NiM Scut
After months of discussions and study, the
Interfraternity Council and Panhellenic
Association passed a measure last night to imple-
ment a new alcohol policy for the Greek commu-
Panhel approved the measure by a vote of 14 to
2 and IFC approved the measure by a vote of 16 to
4, with one abstention.
The newly passed policy states that, "The Social
Environment Management Policy aims to provide
the safest possible social atmosphere for the mem-
bers of the Greek community and their guests
while allowing those attendees to exercise the per-
sonal responsibility afforded to college students
within the limit of the law."
Although the policy is completely new, there are
three specific additions that are particularly radi-
cal in contrast to the old policy.
"Friends" parties - guest list parties that are
not co-hosted by a sorority - are outlawed from
May I of each year through the end of fall frater-
nity rush. Fraternities and sororities hosting par-
scale raising for
By P1ii Bansal
For the Daily
The National Association of Colleges and Employers recent-
ly released some promising statistics about the immediate
future of graduating college seniors.
NACE employment information manager Camille
Luckenbaugh said the results of the survey of more than "350
college and university career services offices nationwide" were
an "excellent indication of a vigorous job market."
The statistics show the big winners of the marketplace are
graduates with degrees in economics or finance, information
sciences or management information systems and engineering.
These graduates are finding salary increases of at least 4.5 per-
cent since last September.
Of those students graduating with
a degree in engineering, the chemical
engineering graduates "have seen
their salary offers climb 5.8 percent
since September, with offers averaging $47,705," according to
the report. Computer engineers and electrical engineers
doggedly pursue the chemical engineers with average salaries
of $46,190 and $44,803 respectively. Civil engineers pull up the
rear at $36,030, "a minimal 2 percent increase since
September," the report states.
Economics Prof. Robert Barsky said "skill bias technical
change" could be a reason why graduates in technical fields
can expect relatively high salaries. He said that with tech-
By Nike Schulte
DI Staff Reporter
astern Michigan University first-
year student Chris Mounayyer said it
was difficult to visit his injured floor-
mate, first-year student Nathan
Wilber, at St. Joseph Mercy Hospital
when only a few days ago the two
were celebrating the end of the winter
connected to an adjoining suite, Wilber
hung out of a window in an attempt to
avoid EMU campus officers who had
entered the party. But Wilber eventual-
ly lost his grip, falling four stories to the
"It was pretty disturbing,"
Environment Task Force. The task force was creat-
ed in September by then IFC and Panhel presi-
dents Brad Holcman and Mary Gray in order to
create a safer environment for social events,
Panhel President Cindy Faulk said.
Some members of the 14 person task force, who
are all Greek community members, said they are
glad that the policy passed.
"I am ecstatic that the new policy has been
passed. It is great that the Greek community
pulled together and did something for the commu-
nity," said Sarah Sarosi, task force co-chair.
Although the new policy passed with a resound-
ing majority, there were still a few dissenting opin-