2 - TheMichigan Daily -- Friday, April 9, 1999
AROUND THE NATION
LOS ALAMOS, N.M. - Down a
long corridor inside the physics build-
ing at Los Alamos National Laboratory,
past an open workshop crawling with
robotic insects and a "clean room" for
assembling unclassified satellite instru-
ments, the free flow of science stops at
a black metal grate.
Only those with nuclear Q clear-
ances can go any farther, passing into
the secret world of nuclear weapons
through a heavy, subway-like turnstile
activated by a high-tech sensor pro-
grammed to read palms. Straight out of
a spy novel, the checkpoint looms large
as a symbol of the tension here between
open scientific exchange and national
security, tension that lies at the heart of
a highly partisan Washington debate
over China's possible theft of warhead
design secrets from Los Alamos.
The allegations of Chinese espionage
at U.S. weapons labs, and accusations
that the Clinton administration was slow
to respond, are likely to figure in a nine-
day visit to the United States by Premier
Zhu Rongji that began Tuesday with his
arrival in Los Angeles and got down to
business yesterday in Washington.
Reacting to the charges, the admin-
istration shut down classified computer
networks this week at Los Alamos and
two other nuclear weapons labs for a
security review and soon plans to start
polygraphing nuclear scientists about
ASSEMBLY OF GOD
Evangel Temple - 769-4157
2455 Washtenaw (at Stadium)
Sunday Worship: 8am, 10:30am
LUTHERAN CAMPUS MINISTRY
Lord of Light Lutheran Church (ELCA)
801 S. Forest (at Hill St.) 668-7622
Sunday worship 10 am. student supper 5
Wednesday 7 p.m. listening for God
Fridays 7 p.m. Friday nite at movies
John Rollefson and Donna Simon
UNIVERSITY LUTHERAN CHAPEL, LCMS
1511 Washtenaw, mear Hill
Sunday Worship 10:30 a.m.
Pastor Ed Krauss, 663-5560
their handling of classified materials.
Some Republican critics have proposed
going further, including a moratorium
on foreign exchanges with "sensitive"
countries such as China.
But here in the laboratories, scien-
tists and security officials say they are
afraid polygraphs and restrictions on
foreign exchange could damage nation-
al security far more than a possible leak
of sensitive warhead data a decade ago.
"To hear people say Los Alamos
National Laboratory is a 'sieve,' it's a
ridiculous statement," said physicist
Geoffrey Reeves. "People are really
concerned. We don't know what's going
Los Alamos scientists who have pio-
neered "lab-to-lab" contacts with their
counterparts in Russia and China say
they are worried that a crackdown on
foreign exchanges could jeopardize del-
icate, evolving relationships aimed at
safeguarding nuclear materials and
stopping the transfer of "loose nukes"
to terrorists or countries hostile to the
"I can't imagine standing on the
crater of what used to be an American
city and explaining the timidity we hadin
dealing with this issue," said retired Air
Force Col. Houston Hawkins, a former
military intelligence official who now
directs Los Alamos' division of nonpro-
liferation and international security.
Continued from Page I
agencies about the fate of tens of thou-
sands of Kosovo civilians who were
blocked from leaving Yugoslavia
Wednesday and marched back into
Kosovo to an unknown fate. "We don't
know what has happened to these peo-
ple, who seem to have been forced back
NATO spokesperson Jamie Shea said.
"We are very concerned about their
safety and well-being."
The plight of more than 400,000
Kosovo civilians who have fled the
province or been driven out by Yugoslav
security forces appeared to be alleviated
Relief agencies established tent cities
with food, water and sanitation in the
neighboring countries of Macedonia
and Albania, where the refugees flooded
Reno urges 'racial profiles' examination
WASHINGTON - Attorney General Janet Reno made an impassioned plea
yesterday for local police and other law enforcement officials to deal with cit-
izen complaints about searches based on "racial profiles."
"We can't duck this issue," Reno said, adding that the Justice Department has
had "a number of investigations under way" of specific cases, trying to deter
mine if police are violating individual rights by targeting people based on thee
While recognizing organized police opposition to such inquiries, Reno said
"hard facts" are needed to determine if the practice is widespread. "And let's
- where we see the problem - do something about it," she said.
A proposal to require a national study of why police stop and search
motorists died in Congress last year but will be taken up again.
Meanwhile, the U.S. Customs Service said it was establishing an inde-
pendent review panel to evaluate complaints of racial bias from airline pas-
sengers who have been strip-searched by inspectors looking for smuggled
The agency is facing at least a dozen lawsuits over body searches, includi
a class-action complaint by 100 black women in Chicago who claim they we
singled out because of their race and gender.
Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji bows after a press conference with President Clinton
in the Old Executive Office Building in Washington, D.C. yesterday.
He and other top scientists here can
only theorize that politicians in
Washington have a hard time visualiz-
ing the home of the atom bomb, a cam-
pus spread across 43 square miles of
mountain plateau that has many open
buildings interspersed with some of the
most heavily guarded pieces of real
estate in the world.
Since the end of the Cold War, the
number of foreign scientists visiting
and working at this fabled lab has sky-
rocketed as the borders of science
expanded far beyond the boundaries of
countries. More than 10,600 have come
in the last four years, including 3,600
from sensitive countries such as China,
Russia and India.
But none of those foreigners, offi-
cials say, ever gets "behind fence" and
into classified nuclear weapons facili-
ties, where computer hard drives are
across the border seeking safety
But the relief teams were hampered
by bad roads, spotty electricity sup-
plies, the sheer numbers of people
needing help and the traumatized
state of many of the refugees, aid
Relief agencies geared up for
what may be a long-term program
because NATO has decided that the
refugees must return to their homes
in Kosovo and there is little prospect
of such a development in the near
Despite signs Yugoslavia might be
preparing an overture, there are no
serious efforts under way to end the air
war through diplomacy, State
Department spokesperson James
The only method the NATO alliance
is using to pursue its goal of getting
the refugees home safely, free of
intimidation by Yugoslav security
forces, is continuation of the air war
until Milosevic accepts the alliance's
terms, he said.
Yugoslavia's state-run media said
government security forces have ended
their offensive in Kosovo, designed to
put down a 13-month-old secessionist
rebellion, and peace has been restored in
placed in safes at night, computer sys-
tems are separated from the Internet by
an impenetrable "air gap," and e-mail
heading for the outside world is now
Such rigid control contrasts with a
highly informal atmosphere prevalent
across much of the lab, where neckties
are a rarity and scientists wearing jeans
and hiking boots arrive at work in four-
wheel-drive vehicles. Helping Russia
safeguard plutonium is only a sideline at
Los Alamos pursued as the lab sought
new frontiers once the end of the Cold
War brought to a close nuclear testing
and new weapons development. The
lab's primary mission - certifying that
aging nuclear warheads remain function-
al and safe, without nuclear testing - is
even more dependent on interaction with
top scientists from around the world,
Hawkins and other top lab officials say.
Continued from Page 1.
my thoughts and my feelings."
Still, she said, some religious
extremists are going to far.
DeGeneres cited several examples,
such as ads that interpret sexual ori-
entation as something that can be
changed. She said that this type of
thinking only perpetuates hatred.
DeGeneres also said she wanted
to make it clear that she was not
attacking religion. "I believe in
"I don't want to change," she said.
"I'm happy with who I am."
DeGeneres spoke against those
who fear the "gay lifestyle."
"We don't have a lifestyle. We
have a life."
Everybody has a purpose in life,
DeGeneres said, adding that she
believes she was meant to be gay,
that she was meant to be ashamed
and she was meant to finally over-
come that shame.
She also said she believes she was
meant to be famous because this
would allow her to finally reach
people and try to reshape social
That is the only reason to be
famous, DeGeneres said.
Many members of the audience
said they admired DeGeneres'
courage for coming out in the public
"I admire what she's doing," said
LSA sophomore Sarah Winstein,
adding that it was "better for her to
be happy and honest than staying in
Former Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual
and Transgendcr Affairs administra-
tive assistant John Vasquez, who
coordinated a reception that fol-
lowed DeGeneres' speech, said
DeGeneres gives legitimacy to the
"She's a prominent lesbian
woman on television and media. It's
important to have that kind of repre-
sentation from etr community,"
FAA to test Y2K
DENVER - Tomorrow night, the
Federal Aviation Administration plans
to try the first live test of its Year 2000
air-traffic-control computer fixes.
Officials hope for a better debut than
the Denver airport's bag-shredding
computerized luggage system.
Late tomorrow and early Sunday,
the agency plans to split the computers
controlling air traffic around the airport
and spin the clock ahead to Jan. 1,
2000, in half of the systems.
The radar systems will track both
commercial flights and an FAA Lear
Jet flying over Grand Junction, in west-
ern Colorado; Denver, on the eastern
side of the Rocky Mountains; and
Colorado Springs, located to the south.
During the four-hour test, techni-
cians will check computer software
changes designed to solve the Y2K
problem. Early computer programs
used a two-digit format to read dates,
and there has been widespread concern
about problems when the year changes
from "99" to"00," which unrepaired
computers may construe as 1900
instead of 2000.
For safety's sake, the FAA plane and
the small amount of commercial traffic
expected during the midnight hours will
be tracked by air traffic control systeng
not participating in the exercise.
Gasoline prices may
peak next month
WASH INGTON - Rebounding
crude oil prices, sparked by recent cuts
in world production, are expected to
cause gasoline prices to be about a
dime a gallon higher this summer than
last, the Energy Information
Administration said yesterday. 4
The agency predicted the average
price for regular, self-service gasoline
will peak at $1.18 a gallon in May and
average $1.13 a gallon during the sum-
The price jump was attributed to an
expectation of a continuing upward
track in crude oil prices because of
recent agreement among world produc-
ers to reduce production. ___
AROUND THE WORLD
The University of Michigan
School of Music
Friday, April 9
Joshua Major, director
" Leonard Bernstein: Trouble In Tahiti
McIntosh Theatre, E. V. Moore Bldg., Sp. m.
Choreographic and Design Performance
Betty Pease Studio Theatre, Dance Bldg., 8p.m.
H. Robert Reynolds, conductor
Donald Sinta, saxophone
* Bolcom: Concert Suite for Saxophone and Band (world premiere)
* music by Bernstein, Benson and Torino
Hill Auditorium, 8 p.m.
Saturday, April 10
Yizhak Schotten, viola
Lorna McGhee, flute
Lynne Aspnes, harp
* music by Debussy, Jan Bach and Bax
Britton Recital Hall, E. V. Moore Bldg., 8p.m.
Stephen Shipps, violin; Katri Evarmaa, cello
Lorna McGhee, flute; Edward Parmentier, harpsichord
Lindsay Ann Shipps, soprano
* music by J. S. Bach
Britton Recital Hall, E. V. Moore Bldg., 4 p.m.
Campus Band and University Band
Hill Auditorium, 4p.m .
UM Percussion Ensemble and Steel Band
Michael Udow and Michael Gould, directors
* Music of Harison, Abe, Udow, Miki, Rouse, Grissom
McIntosh Theatre, E.V. Moore Bldg., 8 p.In.
Monday, April 12
Britton Recital Hall, E. V. Moore Bldg., 6:30 p.m.
Tuesday, April 13
Small Brass Ensemble
Charles Daval, director
McIntosh Theatre, E. V. Moore Bldg., 8p.m.
Thursday, April 15
Jazz Lab Ensemble
Aaron Flagg, director
Rackham Auditorium, 8 p.m.
MEXICO CITY - In one of the
biggest narcotics corruption cases in
Mexican history, authorities here
ordered the arrest Tuesday night of a
former state governor and more than
100 public officials and others on
charges that they worked for the coun-
try's most powerful drug cartel.
Mexico's attorney general ordered
the arrest of Mario Villanueva on alle-
gations of drug trafficking and involve-
ment in organized crime just 24 hours
after his term ended as the governor of
the southern state of Quintana Roo and
10 days after Villanueva apparently
went into hiding.
Attorney General Jorge Madrazo
Cuellar said the arrest order against the
former governor is part of a wide-rang-
ing investigation into the activities of
the country's most powerful drug
mafia, the Juarez cartel, which has
been using Quintana Roo as its prima-
ry gateway for importing cocaine from
Arrest warrants for involvement in
drug trafficking also were issued
against more thanI100others, including
federal police and prosecutors working
in Quintana Roo "who provided prote
Lion to narco-traffickers, often with the
complicity of local officials," accord-
ing to a ;engthy statement issued by the
attorney general's office.
Malaysia killer virus
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia -- A
tropical virus that has killed dozen
of people in Malaysia is the first
its kind and virologists are stumped
as to how it spreads, U.S. health offi-
cial said yesterday.
Nine scientists from the United
States and other experts from
Australia, Taiwan and Japan arrived
in Malaysia several weeks ago to
help the Southeast Asian country
determine the nature of the virus
believed to be spreading from pigs to
- Comniled from Daily wire reports.
display advertising department
would like to thank all of the
business who have donated
merchandise over the past year.
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