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March 11, 1999 - Image 2

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, March 11, 1999


Continued from Page JA
it is in its preliminary stages and far
from perfect.
"It has some flaws," Jellema said.
"But is it a good first step? Yes"
Bollinger solicited a funding increase
bf3.5 percent - more than the "woeful-
ly.inadequate" amount currently pro-
I jed but less than the 5 percent request-
"6dby the University Board of Regents in
"It is difficult to see how we can
restrain tuition increases unless we get in
ilie neighborhood of 3.5 percent from
the State," Bollinger said in the letter.
Jellema said Bollinger's reliance on
tuition hikes didn't gather a great deal of
. sympathy from the committee members.
"1 don't think that message resonated
particularly with the committee,"
Jellema said.
The 3.5 percent figure was designed

to match the projected rise in personal
income for 1999. Because the budget
proposal includes at most only a 3 per-
cent increase, tuition increases would
need to offset the extra .5 percent,
Bollinger said.
Rep. Hubert Price (D-Pontiac), the
subcommittee's minority vice chair,
asked Bollinger why the University
would not keep tuition below 3 percent.
"By raising tuition by around 5 per-
cent, you will not access the tuition
restraint funds," Price said.
A tuition hike greater than 3 percent
would mean the University would forfeit
its share of the tuition restraint program
funds, mandating an even greater
Price said the committee is consider-
ing alternate ways of allocating funds to
higher education.
"The Legislature, at the governor's
behest, is looking at another way of dis-
tributing state resources," Price said.

Continued fom Page 1A
But the administration couldn't over-
turn the decision.
"It included a pervasion that allows for
a punitive lawsuit against any administra-
tion that tried to circumvent the
Hopwood ruling;' Montejano said, but
added "we could not just stand still.
"These programs were being disman-
tled right before our eyes," he said. Many
ethnic studies programs also were being
threatened. Montejano said after the
appeal was rejected, his committee came
up with several proposals to modify the
Hopwood decision, all but one of which
were rejected.
"The end result ... was the creation
and passage of the Top 10 Percent
Bill," he said, which was supported by
Texas governor George W. Bush. The
law allows all high school students
who are in the top 10 percent of their
class automatic admission to any uni-
versity in Texas.
"It would reserve the minimum floor
for diversity;" Montejano said. Evidence
shows that the Hopwood ruling had a
negative impact on enrollment, with
steep percentage drops for minorities.
The UT law school admitted 65 black
students in 1996, and only 1ithe follow-
ing year, four of whom actually enrolled.
Enrollment figures for black and
Mexican-American students after pass-
ing the Top 10 Percent law has been
brought up above the 1996 level, before

Hopwood was implemented.
"It still should be addressed that the
enrollment numbers are still low for a
state that's predominantly people of
color," Education graduate student Ines
Casillas said.
Affirmative action, Montejano said, is
not based on the "idealized notion of
individual merit ... it's rather rectifying
instiputional practices that continue to
reproduce white work forces and all
white student bodies."
He added that the Top 10 Percent Law
allows all students to have the opportuni-
ty to go to the UT. "Students should not
be penalized for local conditions," he
said, referring to what he calls "low-per-
formance high schools."
Although he said he doesn't yet know
enough about the demographics of
Michigan, he is conferring with
University officials to see if a similar
plan would work here if affirmative
action were eliminated.
A similar action to the Hopwood case
is possible at the University, Montejano
said, but political mobilization and
involvement could help to circumvent
that possibility.
LSA junior Sarah Smith, who said she
thought the Hopwood case would be per-
tinent to discussions as anintergroup dia-
logue facilitator, said she agreed that stu-
dents should be aware of affirmative
action issues and cases, although she had
never heard of the Top 10 Percent Law.
"It gave me another angle to think
about," Smith said.

GOP hopes surpluses go to tax cuts
WASHINGTON - Eager to offer Americans the biggest possible election-year
tax cuts, Republicans probably will delay writing a tax bill until new budget esti-
mates expected to show more money available from growing federal surpluses.
GOP budget writers preparing spending blueprints for the budget year beginning
Oct. 1 are hemmed in by their promise not to touch Social Security surpluses.
Honoring that pledge has left Republicans scrambling for other ways to pay
next year's tax cut because all of the expected $133 billion surplus in fiscal 2
would come from Social Security.
Lawmakers think they have found about $15 billion worth of savings for 2000,
a modest start for a tax-cutting package they say will total $800 billion during a 10
year period.
But Republicans believe the tax cut could grow by at least $10 billion if they
wait until the summer - and the prospect of an even bigger surplus forecast 'Jfor
the Congressional Budget Office's annual revision.
"I think I'll wait until CBO updates this summer," said House Ways and Means
Chair Bill Archer (R-Texas) when asked if he would write a tax bill.
Senate Finance Committee Chair William Roth (R-Del.) has not decided on his
timetable. His committee usually waits until Ways and Means has approved its

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Oideas Gael Summer 1999
a three week summer program
at the Ulster Cultural Institute
Gleann Cholm Cille, IRELAND
Overseas Programs Office
P.O. Box 413
Milwaukee, WI 53201
EMAIL: overseas@uwm.edu

U.S. may send more
aid to Mitch victims
WASHINGTON - For the victims
of tropical storm Mitch, more U.S. relief
is supposedly on the way to Central
America -but the ball and chain of
American politics is slowing it down.
Although a broad spectrum of
Congress backs a package of disaster
assistance totaling almost $1 billion -
more than triple the amount Washington
already has provided - the bill has
become ensnarled in a thicket of side
issuca that could serve as a field guide to
Capitol Hill's hottest topics.
The budget surplus. Revenues from
state tobacco settlements. Immigration
policy. Farm policy.
Those are just a few of the subjects
that lawmakers are raising as they begin
discussing and amending the bill carry-
ing aid for the portions of Central
America ravaged by the October storm.
It is not unusual for emergency
spending measures to bog down in con-
troversy or become laden with unrelated
amendments. But this bill poses a par-

ticularly difficult political and bud-
getary challenge for Republicans.
Clinton complained about the delay
as he embarked on his trip but said he
was glad that side issues, not the bill
itself, were the problem.
Tribe faces trouble '
for dumping contract
SKULL VALLEY, Utah - For years,
the members of the Skull Valley Band of
Goshute Indians dreamed of economic
development that would bring jobs to
their desolate desert reservation and
keep their young people from leaving.
They signed a contract last year with
a consortium of eight utility companie
to build a temporary storage facility
spent radioactive nuclear fuil rods.
But they had not reckoned with the
opposition they would encounter from
Republican Gov. Mike Leavitt.
He vowed to swap state lands for the
federal property that surrounds the
reservation and create what he called a
jurisdictional "moat" around the
Goshutes' "island.'

.. %o'.~CINA
y nternsh Programg in Shenzhen, China

. 1 . Sev1C e~liernment forces were backed by 10 tanks
M iosevic refuses and two armored personnel carriers.
Kosovo peace deal Holbrooke pressed Milosevic to
accept a peace plan or risk NATO
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia - A top strikes during more than four hours'f
U.S. negotiator failed to persuade face-to-face meetings yesterday U
Yugoslavia's president to sign onto a new instead the hard-line Yugoslav leader
Kosovo peace deal yesterday. Along the declared afterwards: "Foreign troops
border, Yugoslav forces backed by tanks have no business in our country."
torched the homes of ethnic Albanians
and sent hundreds fleeing. New NATO members
Three bodies were found - at least forlifec
two of them men who had been shot prep
in the back in Ivaja, a hamlet near the LODZ, Poland - Language is just
Macedonia border where homes that one of the issues Poland, Hungary and
had been burned still smoldered. the Czech Republic must deal with
Residents said neither was a rebel in they race to be ready when NA
the separatist Kosovo Liberation extends its nuclear umbrella over them.
Army. They are scheduled to formally enter
A neighbor said one of the victims the alliance Friday in a ceremony in
had called on a mobile phone to say Independence, Mo., where President
that Serb police were coming into the Truman announced in 1949 the forma-
village and that residents were going to tion of the Atlantic alliance to defend
make a run for it. Western Europe against the Soviet Bloc.
Fighting on the day that Yugoslav All three countries have done every-
President Slobodan Milosevic met with thing necessary - from upgrading tech-
U.S. peace envoy Richard Holbrooke nology to passing new laws - for NATO
also broke out near Vucitrn, 18 miles to defend them beginning tomorrow.
from Pristina, the provincial capital of
Kosovo. Reporters at the scene said gov- - Compiledfrom Daily wire reports.

Theodore Roszak
Founder ofEco-Psychology and
Luminary Historian of Modern Culture
On "Sustainable P



The U of M Business School's Hale Auditorium. Free and C
Professor of History and Director of the Eco-Psychol si
Wasteland Ends; The Making of a Counter Cultures
recently, America the Wise: The Longevity Rev a
observers and most articulate interpreters of c tempary
"In 1969, Theodore Ro n enei
Counter Culture. Now ar
and the True Wealt a re1
join the rapidly ulation."

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Puj -3-
to ania State University. Author of Where the
: An Exploration of Eco-psychology; and most
e alth of.Nations. Deemed "one of the keenest
sychology, and scientific trends."
ion in his internationally best-selling book The Making of a
k returns with America the Wise: The Longevity Revolution'
aking look at the idealists of that generation, now poised to

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