2A -- The Michigan Daily - Thursday, November 12, 1998NR
.,ing oexplore ' man a en s'
WASHINGTON (AP) - On his way out of
Congress, Newt Gingrich is promising to explore
"many avenues for a public life," a phrase that has trig-
gered speculation that he might be heading for the
road to the White House.
Gingrich isn't saying whether he will run for presi-
dent in 2000. His closest advisers say he won't decide
for weeks or months. But as he ponders his future,
picking up the pieces from disappointing midterm
elections, Republicans are debating whether Gingrich
could be a serious contender.
Supporters argue that Gingrich is still a top party
fund-raiser and a leader with "big ideas" who ener-
gizes audiences like no other Republican, including
poll-topping Gov. George W. Bush of Texas.
"I'm a big fan of George W Bush, but it's a long
way to go between now and ... 2000, said longtime
Gingrich adviser Rich Galen.
Gingrich "has such incredible energy and intellect
that he would have the ability to drive the race by his
very presence," said Tom Rath, a New Hampshire
party leader who is helping former Tennessee Gov.
Lamar Alexander position for the 2000 race.
Others say Gingrich is too scarred by the wars of
Washington to make a serious run.
"It would defeat everything he's achieved with his
graceful exit from the House," said Republican media
consultant Alex Castellanos of Alexandria, Va. He said
Gingrich has been the GOP "point man" for too long.
"The good news is the point man gets to blaze the
trail. The bad news is you get shot full of bullet holes
doing it," Castellanos said.
Exit polls on Nov. 3 showed that nearly six of every
10 voters nationwide viewed Gingrich unfavorably.
Even in his home state of Georgia, he could muster
only a 47 percent favorable rating.
"His negatives are just too high," said Tom Slade,
chair of the Florida GOP, though he called Gingrich the
party's most articulate spokesperson and fund raiser.
Gingrich's chances also might be hurt by percep-
tions among conservatives that he capitulated too
often in negotiations with President Clinton.
"I think Newt did a lot of good things early on but
as a leader he got away from our message and that
resulted in what happened in the elections;' said Tim
Lambert of Texas, a leading conservative voice among
Republican National Committee members.
As for the midterm elections, Steve Grubbs, chair
of the Iowa Republican Party, said, "I think the loss of
five House seats was a very serious setback for a
Gingrich presidential run. ...There is a lot of disap-
pointment among the rank and file."
Critics and supporters alike say Gingrich's chances
might be helped by his decision to leave the House. He
could soon begin retooling his political image, free of
the bickering that helped cement his reputation as a
"The run is easier, if he decides to make it, by not
being burdened with the responsibility of speaker,"
said Slade, the Florida GOP chair. "But the fact that he
had to resign as speaker in order to prevent a very divi-
sive situation in the House kind of speaks for itself ...
He's a polarizing figure."
Said Gingrich ally Galen: "He's got more time to
think about what he wants to say and how he wants to
say it because he's not spending 18 hours a day in
meetings ... in the Capitol"
Advisers say that while being House speaker was
his lifelong goal, Gingrich may be looking for a new
place in history.
In a Monday night speech to GOPAC, a political
action committee he helped form, Gingrich sprinkled
his remarks with comments that raised questions
about his presidential ambitions. "There are many
avenues for a public life beyond the speakership," he
said. "As I leave pubic office and rejoin the ranks of
active citizenship the venue changes and the cause
Will a new venue be the campaign trail? Not now,
Advisers expect Gingrich to spend the next several
weeks thinking about the future while earning
$50,000 or more making speeches. He still believes he
can wait until next summer to get in the race.
Or, said Galen, noting that Gingrich's interests
include studying dinosaur bones, the speaker may
simply say, "I want to go dig rocks."
AROUND THE NATION
Livingston plays favorites with funding
WASHINGTON - Bob Livingston, the person in line to become House speaker,
has gotten more financial support from defense companies than any other source ovur
the years, even though his Louisiana district has no major Pentagon installations.
That's because in the Washington money game, where you sit matters more than
where you're from. And for the- last four Years, Livingston has sat atop the
Appropriations Committee, deciding where billions of federal dollars are spent.
And the defense industry, a big suitor before Livingston's committee and one he*
helped spare from harsher spending cuts, accounted for as much as S1 in every $5 he
raised during his 1996 re-election bid. The defense contractors are hardly alone. .
A review of Livingston's federal campaign records shows that when spending
recommendations cross his desk, related special interest money is never far behind.
The drug company Schering-Plough contributed S10,370 to Livingston's re-
election committee and a separate leadership political action committee he formed
in the last year. Livingston ultimately backed the company's unsuccessful efforts in
the closing weeks of the congressional session to gain a patent extension for its
anti-allergy drug Claritin. Schering-Plough lobbyist Robert Lively also provided
$448 worth of tickets to a Baltimore Orioles game to assist a Livingston relate
from AIDS virus
WASHINGTON - Michigan law-
makers are criticizing the Clinton
administration's decision to sign a
global warming agreement, saying that
developing nations also should be
required to cut greenhouse gas emis-
Administration officials were con-
sidering signing the agreement,
reached last year in Kyoto, Japan, to
give a boost to a climate conference
this week in Argentina. Diplomats from
some 160 countries were at the confer-
ence, working on achieving the agree-
ment's goals of reducing heat-trapping
The treaty requires industrialized
countries to reduce greenhouse emis-
sions by 2012 to levels some 5 percent
below what they were in 1990.
Administration officials said the agree-
ment would be signed before March,
but could be signed as early as this
The likelihood the treaty would be
signed soon prompted U.S. Rep. John
Dingell (D-Detroit), to pull out of
attending the climate conference it-
Cigarette tax prop.
gets late approv
SACRAMENTO-A ballot measure
by actor-director Rob Reiner increasing
state cigarette taxes by 50 cents per pack
to fund children's programs wad,:
approved yesterday on a count of late'
ballots from the Nov. 3 election.
In one of the closest races of the
general election, the initiative to help
finance various health care and educa-
tion services for children was=F
approved by a margin of 57.070 vot
among more than 7.6 million ball
About one-third of the estimated
850,000 late absentee and provisional,
ballots remain uncounted. But the ini-
tiative's lead has been growing steadi-,
lv since the election night count con-
cluded with it leading by just 13,000
* r w w
mothers with AZT early
in pregnancy reduces
chances of passing virus
BOSTON (AP) - The drug AZT
appears to protect babies from
catching the AIDS virus from their
mothers, even if treatment begins
only after birth.
AZT is already the standard med-
icine to prevent maternal transmis-
sion of the AIDS virus. Typically,
doctors give the medicine to moth-
ers during their last 14 weeks of
pregnancy as well as to babies for
six weeks after birth.
Sometimes the full course of
treatment cannot be given, often
because HIV-infected women do not
seek prenatal care.
So doctors at the New York State
Department of Health in Albany
reviewed medical records to see
what happened when AZT was start-
Assad Brothers Sequentia
and Badi Assad Hildegard von Bingen's
(play of the Virtues)
Thu, Nov 128 P-M. A fully-staged sacred-musical drama
Rackham Auditorium Fri, Nov 13 8 PM.
St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Church
Central Campus Rush Outlet
Michigan Union Ticket Office
on the day of the event, 9 A.MW-
5 P.M., Monday through Friday
(Friday for weekend events).
North Campus Rush Outlet
At Pierpont Commons next to
Little Caesar's on Thursdays,
11 A.M.-1:30 P.m. (for Thursday
through Wednesday events).
Bring your valid student
ID. There is a two ticket
limit per student. Tickets
are subject to availability
Unvesiy' 0 * ocet 7342613
Opening November 12 at Briarwood Mall in Ann Arbor.
They found that even the shorter
treatment cuts the risk substantially.
Even if treatment began only at
birth, this reduced the chance of
catching the virus by two-thirds.
The study, directed by Nancy
Wade, was published in today's issue
of the New England Journal of
Similar to other studies, this one
found a 27 per risk that HIV-infect-
ed mothers would pass the virus to
their babies if no AZT was given.
The study found that the risk was:
6 percent if treatment was start-
ed before birth.
9 percent when started within
the first two days of life.
18 percent if started after three
days of life.
An editorial by Kenneth McIntosh
of Children's Hospital in Boston
said the results "add weight to the
argument that HIV infection can be
prevented after exposure."
The researchers said they still rec-
ommend that the full course AZT be
given when possible.
Continued from Page 1A
contributed to the ceremony with the
question, "What is a hero?" She
answered her question by mentioning
qualities the military values.
A hero is "someone who volunteers
and swallows their fear ..: in many
cases these are ordinary people who
found extraordinary courage."
Hammond welcomed Rivers and
Sheldon to the ceremony. "They have
always been supportive of veterans in
the area," Hammond said.
The ceremony also featured four vet-
erans who conveyed messages of honor
and esteem for the men and women
involved in the ROTC.
"We see ourselves in you;" said
Korean War Marine Corps veteran
Victor Stevens. "We know that through
you, our efforts are undiminished"
Vietnam War Marine Corps veteran
Bill Lowe focused on his experience
after the war. Lowe said he underwent
taunting that caused him to doubt his
"Speaking at ceremonies such as this
has been a therapy," Lowe said. "I owe
you guys. The veteran pride I feel now
is due to you"
The two final speakers offered more
words of wisdom to the men and
women in the audience entering the
"You will be asked to defend our
country at the will of our president and
congress," Vietnam War Navy veteran
Gary Lillie said. "The best preventa-
tive medicine we have for war is a well-
Persian Gulf War Army veteran
Wesley Bollman spoke about the need
for preparation in the armed forces.
"You never know what the future
will bring," Bollman said.
The morning's events evoked an
emotional response fiom members of
"It made me feel really nervous on
one hand, to uphold the tradition and
standard they set; dHammond said.
"And on the other hand, it filled me
wih a tnt of nrde to be a nart of the
Russia looks for
funding from IMF
MOSCOW - Prime Minister
Yevgeny Primakov, seeking aid from
the International Monetary Fund, said
yesterday he will not bring back so-
called "reformers" from Russia's previ-
ous government to handle negotiations
because they have lost credibility in the
Speaking to members of
Parliament, an irritated Primakov
aimed his comments at Anatoly
Chubais, a former aide to President
Boris Yeltsin, who said after negoti-
ating a huge IMF bailout this sum-
mer that Russia had "conned" inter-
national financial institutions out of
Since Chubais' remark - first
reported by the Kommersant Daily
newspaper and then by the Los Angeles
Times - Russia's efforts to secure a
much-needed $4.3 billion installment of
the IMF loan have been unsuccessful.
Russia also has faced difficulty in
securing foreign loans because it
squandered the $4.8 billion it received
ROUND TH E WO. ..
from the IMF in the first installment of
the $22.6 billion loan package negotiat-
ed by Chubais.
The money, largely spent to prop up
the ruble, disappeared into the hands of
bankers and investors within weeks.
entina agrees to,
he p protect climate
BUENOS AIRES - Argentine
President Carlos Menem reinvigorat-
ed foundering climate negotiatiops
yesterday by committing his country,
to cutting "greenhouse gas" emis-
sions in the first such pledge by, a
developing country since last yea
global warming treaty.
Menem's announcement, delivered
in a speech to ministers from 180 coun-
tries, electrified the 10-day talks
because it undercut one of the biggest
obstacles to an international strategy
for fighting global warming - gett}g.
developing countries to participate.
The move was hailed a breakthrouglh
by the Clinton administration, which is
pressing developing countries to shire
more of the burden for protecting, th
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