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November 11, 1998 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1998-11-11

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LOCAL/STATE

The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 11, 1998 - 7

Smoking may cause impotence

The Assodated Press
Are you willing to give up your sex life for cigarettes?
For years, scientists have been warning that smoking
can contribute to impotence as well as fertility problems
in men. Now anti-smoking forces have seized on that
finding as a potentially powerful new way to get people
to kick the habit.
In California, a $21 million campaign launched in
June includes a commercial showing a cigarette droop-
ing limply. The message: "Cigarettes. Still Think
They're Sexy?"
In Thailand, the health ministry ordered the nation's

tobacco monopoly to print a new warning on cigarette
packs: "Cigarette smoking causes sexual impotence."
In England, public health activists are lobbying for a
similar warning label.
The impotence risk - and strategy - are attracting
media attention, too. Last Sunday, CBS's "60 Minutes"
devoted a segment to the subject.
Activists are hoping the message will get through to
people who weren't deterred by the generations of warn-
ings about slow-developing threats such as cancer,
emphysema and heart disease, which altogether kill
400,000 smokers in the United States annually.

"What a terrible problem for the man because he is so
physically addicted," said Elizabeth Whelan, director of
the American Council on Science and Health, which
opposes tobacco companies. "It will be interesting to see
if this motivates men - especially young men - to dis-
associate themselves from that image of impotence."
Statistician Steven Milloy, who regularly contradicts
what he regards as "junk science" and frequently sides
with the tobacco industry, said anti-smoking forces are
distorting a 1994 study by the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention that concluded that smokers are
twice as likely as nonsmokers to be impotent.

AP PHOTO
*world War II veteran Elizabeth Gussak poses In her Clinton, Iowa home yesterday
with a photo from her days In the U.S. Army. Today Is Veteran's Day.

MEDICINE
Continued from Page 1.
Chinese practice called Qi Gong.
The center also will research whether
the herb Hawthorne helps treat heart
failure and whether religious or spiritu-
al beliefs assist in patient recovery after
surgery.
Skepticism of alternative medicine
methods abound, but cardiac surgery
Prof. Steven Bolling, co-director of the
center, said he's keeping an open mind
about the therapies.
"I'm not a believer, not a disbeliever
or a nonbeliever, Bolling said. "The
question is - do these techniques
help? Yes or no?"
Gillespie, a co-investigator in the
study on the effectiveness of Reiki
energy healing helping diabetic
patients, said the idea of using her spe-
cialty to treat diabetic neuropathy, a
condition in which nerves in a patient's
legs are damaged, came to her about a
year ago.
Working as a research assistant in
endocrinology, Gillespie said she won-
dered whether the Reiki she practiced
on the side could help the diabetic
patients with whom she worked.
"Reiki is based on the idea that the
body has an energy field," Gillespie
said. "In case of chronic pain, it can be
extremely effective where drugs are
not."
While Gillespie's experience is anec-
dotal, the center will establish scientifi-
cally whether Reiki is medicine or
humbug.

But the studies presented in the
nation's capital yesterday show some
alternative medicine therapies do work.
One of the studies found that burning
certain herbs during a woman's preg-
nancy increased the odds that the baby
would be born in the correct head-first
position.
Another study determined that a
Chinese herbal medicine improved the
symptoms of patients afflicted with irri-
table bowel syndrome. Both treatments
have been used in China for hundreds
of years.
Other studies suggested that two
popular alternative medicine therapies
were not effective.
One report found that a widely
available herbal medicine did not pro-
duce weight loss as claimed. The
researchers tested 14 over-the-counter
products containing Garcinia cambo-
gia and concluded they did not lead to
weight loss.
Another study showed spinal manip-
ulation - a specialized form of back
massage - did not help ease frequent
headaches resulting from tension.
Patients are increasingly switching to
alternative medicine therapies to treat
chronic ailments unaffected by standard
medical practices, said family medicine
research fellow Sara Warber, co-direc-
tor of the center.
"We've had all these great technolog-
ical advances but people have found
that medicine can't solve all their prob-
lems," Warber said. "So they're turning
to methods that have been around for
thousands of years."

Qw
k ,it I

It's not
easy being
Black & White!
NO 'Co1o1

EDUCATION
Continued from Page 1
University Associate Vice President
for Government Relatiops Tom Butts sin-
gled out Rep. Lynn Rivers (D-Ann
Arbor) for using her position on the
3udget and Science and Research com-
mittees to help bring federal dollars
home to Ann Arbor.
The University receives $150 million
in student financial aid funding each year
and is the nation's top recipient of feder-
al research dollars.
Butts said the University has tradition-
ally received-
strong sup-
tromCapito "Its somet
Hill, adding always be
he is not dis-
a p po in t e d interestedj
that all of
I\4ichigan s Rep. Peter Hoek
congression-
al incum-
bents w;ere
re-elcterd.
"They'li be (in Washington) gaining
experience z.nd seniority." Butts said.
aThe Republican party's shakeup fol-
lowing House Speaker Newt Gingricli's
resignation may increase the influence : f
Michigan's congressional delegation
even more than pundits predicted prior to
last Tuesday's election.
Rep. Peter Hoekstra (R-Holland), a
School of Business and Administration
alumnus, announced this past weekend
that he is vying for vice chair of the
louse Republican Conference, the sixth
ranking position in the Republican dele-
gation. The vice chair holds a seat at the
table where Republican leaders determine
the party agenda.
Jon Brant, Hoekstra's press secretary,
said Hoekstra is running against Rep.
Tillie Fowler (R-Florida) for the post, and
spent yesterday calling colleagues for

support.
's something he's always been inter-
in" Brant said. "What he wants to
use this position as a platform for
ng develop the positions of the
iblican party."
-p. Joe Knollenberg (R-Bloomfield
), one of the first Republicans to
: out in support of Bob Livingston's
ouisiana) strong bid for speaker of
House, also will become a higher
le member of Congress.
iollenberg, who served on the
opriations Committee last term with
zgston, will likely be rewarded for
his support with
a subcommittee
She'!S chair, said Paul
W e d a y,
Knollenberg's
chief of staff.
Political
Science Prof.
preo secrHa Vincent
wesssecrtary Hutchings said

thing
sn
cstra's g

Struggle for top spots
continues for GOP

that despite
optimistic ges-
tures from Republicans and Democrats,
he does not expect the fierce partisanship
that has marked Congress since the 1994
Republican takeover to disappear in a
Livingston-led House.
Livingston "appears to have a different
style than the last speaker," Hutchings
said. "He's less combative, less abrasive.
"But it's clear that Republicans may
have an interest in changing their style,
but not in changing substance," he said.
Hutchings said Democrats will
never support a conservative
Republican platform, adding that
Congress will continue to accomplish
very little. "I expect it to be much of
the same," Hutchings said.
Kildee, however, said Livingston,
on certain issues, may be able to build
bi-partisan support and characterized
Livingston as a moderate conserva-
tive.

CONGRESS
Contlned from Page 1
Majority Leader Dick Armey of
Texas is seeking a new term as No. 2
in the Republican leadership, but
faces challenges from Rep. Jennifer
Dunn of Washington and Steve
Largent of Oklahoma. Outwardly,
Armey's staff projected confidence
during the day, and Largent issued a
statement declaring that Armey's
claim of 100 or more votes is greatly
exaggerated.
"I know a head fake when I see
one," said Largent, a retired Hall of
Fame pro football player.
Retorted Michele Davis,
spokesperson for Armey, "We know
how to count votes."
For her part, Dunn made calls to
colleagues after an early morning
annearance on television. "I think we

have a bright opportunity right now to
rearrange the top leadership of the
House of Representatives, to pull in
somebody like me who has been a
leader, who understands teamwork,
who is a communicator and can touch
base with a lot of folks out there," she
said on CNN.
The third-ranking member of the
leadership, Rep. Tom DeLay, is
unchallenged for another term as
whip, and has been exerting his influ-
ence behind the scenes. He began
working with Livingston, for exam-
ple, shortly after Gingrich announced
his retirement last Friday, and made it
clear he was backing Rep. Tom Davis
of Virginia to become the new head of
the GOP campaign committee.
Rep. John Boehner of Ohio,
fourth ranking leader, is under a chal-
lenge from Rep. J.C. Watts of
Oklahoma.

The 'gaji9 L zi0 a classified
section is currently hiring creative,
business-minded freshpersons and
sophomores. Interested students
can apply at:
Students Publications Ruilding
420 Maynard St.
Deadline: November 20
Double
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Just in case you mess up.
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