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September 10, 1998 - Image 8

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The Michigan Daily, 1998-09-10

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8A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 10, 1998

NATION/WORLD

Northwest talks continue

MINNEAPOLIS (AP) - Northwest Airlines and
its pilots continued meeting with a federal mediator
and a Clinton administration official yesterday in day
12 of the pilots' strike.
Transportation Secretary Rodney Slater left
Minnesota on Tuesday night after meeting with rep-
resentatives of both sides, but presidential aide
Bruce Lindsey remained as the parties worked with
a mediator to find a way to end the strike.
The sides have been stalled on issues of pay and
job security.
As the talks continued under a news blackout at a

suburban hotel, two feeder airlines that had sus-
pended service because of the strike were making
plans to resume flying to 17 smaller towns with no
other air service.
The U.S. Department of Transportation gave
Express Airlines I until 6 p.m. today to develop a plan
to serve five markets from Memphis, Tenn., said Phil
Reed, vice president of marketing for Express.
"It allows us the opportunity to develop a plan to
return to some level of flying that's economically
feasible, to provide effective flying, not to simply
operate an airline," Reed said.

Scientist provides
evidence of black
hole in Milky Way

Northwest planes stand immobile at Mineapolls airport as
the pilot's strike nears It thirteenth day.

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MAUNA KEA, Hawaii - Looking
too youthful to be a tenured professor,
she wears a "lucky sweater" in bright
primary colors and munches Oreos and
Chips Ahoy - the standard fuel for
astronomers facing long, cold nights.
At 33, UCLA's Andrea Ghez already
has changed the way astronomers think
about starbirth. Now, she has put 25
years of speculation to an end by pro-
viding the best evidence yet that a mas-
sive black hole sits at the center of the
Milky Way. She presented her results at
a talk in August at Rutgers University
in New Jersey.
Ghez first shook up the astronomical
community with her discovery that
most newborn stars appear to be twins.
Astronomers have known since the
1970s that roughly half the stars in the
universe come in pairs. What was
unclear was whether they were born
double, or teamed up two by two later
in their evolution, like animals on
Noah's ark.
While still a graduate student, Ghez
found that the youngest infants in the
stellar family are more likely than older
stars to be twins. That means, she said,
that stars are probably born double.
The discovery has posed a major
problem for astronomy because it con-
tradicts the prevalent theories of how
stars form. The theories describe a sin-
gle star condensing out of a glob of
interstellar gas. As the gas collapses
under the force of gravity, a star is born.
Those theories do not provide any good

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mechanism to explain the frrnation of
double stars.
"The (current theory) -ry nicely
produces our sun and planet" she said.
"But it only produces sigle stars.
Nature produces doubles. 'ngle stars
might be harder to finc than we
thought."
Her discovery also raisecthe ques-
tion of what happens to all te missing
partners of the solitary sta like our
sun? "That, we don't undersind,"Ghez
said.
It is to figure out puzzles f this sort
that astronomers come to Kck.
But this sky-high lookout omes with
a downside. At 13,800 feet, tere's only
half the normal supply of oygen, and
human brains don't functin at full
speed.
"I don't think as well up hre," Ghez
said. "If I'm working on the ittrument,
conversations in the backgrond annoy
me. I can't do two things at oce.'
Adding to the problm, the
astronomers don't get much leep. At
dawn, they'll drive downhilito their
mid-mountain base, turning irfor some
rest just after breakfast. Ty wake
around 2 p.m., analyze dataand get
ready for the next night's worl Dinner
at 4. Then back to the summit,
"You put together a diverse roup of
people," Ghez said. "And if omeone
(makes you angry), you can'tgo out-
side to cool off." Not when theemper-
ature on the summit is well belo freez-
ing on the balmiest nights.
Missile
defense 111.
falls short
of launch
WASH INGTON (AP) - By aingle
vote, Senate Republicans failed yeerday
in their effort to speed work on a ation-
al missile defense system. The irrow
victory for the Clinton adminisation '
came despite GOP warnings that irtabil-
ity in Russia and missile tests by orth
Korea are posing new security risk
The 59-41 vote was one short f the
60 needed to overcome Demoratic
delaying tactics. It was identicalto a
May 13 roll call.
The legislation would order iiple-
mentation of a national missile dernse
system as soon as it is technologially4
feasible.
A similar version is likely ti be
debated in the House later this mnth,
where it is expected to win apprval.
House Speaker Newt Gingrich reitrat-
ed his support for the bill.
The legislation embraces a sced-
down version of the space-bsed
defense shield that President Regan
proposed in 1983 and which Democats
have long derided as "Star Wars"
The existing Pentagon program 7ro
vides for three years of lead time ace
a potential threat has been identifiel.
Gen. Henry Shelton, chairpersorof
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, made a vipr-
ous plea on the eve of yesterday's vte
for the neasure's rejection - oppisi-
tion both sides suggested was a facor
in helping to keep it bottled up.
All 55 senate Republicans voted br
the legislation. Four Democrats as
supportedthe program, the same ores
who votedfor it in May: Sens. Danel
K. Akaka aid Daniel Inouye of Hawaii,
Ernest F. lollings of South Carolina,
and Josepi Lieberman of Connecticut.
Senate Najority Leader Trent Lott (R-

Miss.) has nade the bill a top item on his
1998 agena, and Republicans view the
measure asa good issue for the upcom-
ing midten congressional elections.
"We areyutting (the nation's) securi-
ty at risk uder the current policy," sai
Sen. Thac Cochran (R-Miss.) chie
sponsor oThe bill. And Senate Armed
Services Committee Chairperson
Strom Thumond (R-S.C.) asked, "Can
we afford ot to do this?"
Cochrar and other GOP sponsors
cited recet nuclear tests by North
Korea andran, and the political insta-
bility in Russia, as lending new
urgency tcassing such a program.
Critics i a national missile defense:
system sa§50 billion has been wasted
so far on plan that may never work
because c the difficulty of shooting
missiles ct of the sky. Threats from
terrorists r rogue nations are more
likely to (me in the form of suitcase
nuclear b~nbs or biological weapons,

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