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November 24, 1998
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colors were plain old maize
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By As=a Raeoq
Daily Staff Reporter
While Michigan's actual school
colors have never changed, the
exact shades of azure blue and
maize have been debated and
researched for more than 80 years.
"U of M is just one of those
unique places where these things
are prone to change," said Liene
Karels, University director of infor-
Because of uncertainties about
the exact shades, school colors have
swung between pale and vibrant
over the years in the University's
banners, flags and uniforms.
But thanks to color engineering
technology and the efforts of sever-
al people over the years, Michigan's
true hues have been discovered.
The story begins when a group of
literary students in 1867 selected
the University colors. Only verbal
descriptions from the time, howev-
er, record exactly what was meant
by "azure blue and maize," Karels
search she was inspired by the
understanding of aesthetics shown
by Lombard, who was also a pen
and ink artist.
"I have such respect for him," Karel
said. "When you read his notes, you
really feel the presence of a human
Lombard's committee made a
valiant effort to preserve the colors in
a lasting form, even considering the
enamel work of artisans in New York
But the project was ahead of its
time. None of the permanent work sat-
isfied Lombard as being the exact
The committee eventually voted on
the official colors from various shades
As the years passed, the school
colors grew increasingly lighter. In
official circles, pale yellow and baby
blue was common. But these shades
proved too meek for the Athletic
Department, which unofficially
adopted its own vibrant shades of
dark blue and gold.
"It's an interesting phenomena,"
Karels said. "The two together very
nicely represent both ends of the spec-
trum - subdued and vivacious."
The ribbons the 1912 committee
had selected remained tucked away in
an envelope in University archives
until Karels discovered them in 1996.
See COLORS, Page 2
By Erin Holmes
Daily Staff Reporter
In the area of research, the University
is keeping with two traditions - record
setting and number one rankings.
The University's research expendi-
tures for the 1997-98 fiscal year sky-
rocketed 7.2 percent to a record breaking
$4.5 million - reflecting an increase in
expenditure of nearly half a billion dol-
lars that Vice President for Research
Neidhardt told the University Board of
Regents last week was "probably suffi-
cient to assure retention of the number
one position in the nation"
The figure represents a total of 1,619
grants received for research. Katterman
said 3,063 proposals were submitted.
Coordinator Lee Katterman said the
number of grants received was not rela-
tive to the number of proposals,
because in some cases grants were
awarded before the fiscal year ended. In
other instances, some grants were given
to fund projects that had been proposed
several years ago.
"This money means the ideas of the
faculty are worthy of getting support,"
Katterman said. "It is one of the indica-
tors we have to reflect our faculty and
Katterman added that the increase in
research expenditures was greater than
the 3.9 percent increase in 1996-97.
"The dollar amount is not so special,
but the way we get these grants is,"
Scholars from other institutions must
review the proposals submitted by the
units of the University and agree that the
suggested projects should be funded in
order for the University to receive the
"The number of proposals that actu-
ally receive funding is one in 10,"
Katterman said. "We're competing very
well in a world of ideas"
Of the University's total research
expenditures, 65 percent came from
federal agencies including the
Department of Health and Human ser-
vices, the National Science Foundation,
the Department of Defense and the
Department of Energy.
Support from University funds
accounted for 13 percent of the expen-
ditures, and money from non-federal
sources accounted for the remaining 22
Two dollars out of every $100 the
federal government spends on basic
research comes to Ann Arbor,
Neidhardt was all smiles at the
regents meeting last Thursday as he
explained how the money was used,
demonstrating that quality research
can bestow honor on the University.
"Why am I so happy?" he asked.
His reason for his grin, he said, was
the record-breaking research expen-
"We are No. 1 because our faculty
has an enormous capacity for sharing
and for helping each other out,"
One in every eight funded proposals
involves the collaboration of faculty
members from various disciplines,
Neidhardt said, and one-third of the
money awarded to the University is for
interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary
As an example of an unusual multi-
disciplinary project, Neidhardt cited
Seven Enigmas - a work of seven
dances that expressed how humans are
affected by the enigmatic.
The art combined the talents of a
choreographer, set designer, film
maker, space physics scientist, neurobi-
ologist and synthesizer musician -all
of whom are faulty or students at the
"This work across disciplines is very
exciting," Neidhardt said. "We are still
organized by disciplines; it brings mul-
tiple disciplines together."4
See RESEARCH, Page 7
Upper left: The new scoreboard boasts bright blue and yellow. Upper right:
Colorful team apparel represents the University's recognized colors. Above:
These old ribbons (left) were used as official documentation of the school
colors in 1912 and at graduation ceremonies throughout the early 1900s.
So for years the University relied
on dictionary definitions, said
Karels, who spent two years digging
into the mystery as the University
president's director of market com-
The 1888 Oxford Dictionary
declared azure blue "the clear blue
color of the unclouded sky, or of the
sea reflecting it."
Maize was "a delicate pale yel-
low" in the 1909 Webster's New
International Dictionary, but the
1895 Century Dictionary defined it
as the color of "the sodium salt of
the disulphonic acid of azoxy-stil-
In 1912, the University appointed
a committee headed by a physiology
professor named Warren Lombard
to find a consistent representation
of the colors.
Karel said that throughout her
Iwo committees examine Code
By Katie Plona
Daily Staff Reporter
Two groups representing different constituencies on
campus have taken different approaches to scrutinize
the same subject - the Code of Student Conduct, a
document that primarily affects students' lives.
The nine-member, University-led committee, which
.bmitted its final report to Vice President for Student
!Wffairs Maureen Hartford about one month ago, tack-
led the task of evaluating how well the Code has been
implemented since it took form nearly three years ago.
The student-led group, organized by Michigan
Student Assembly members, broadened its scope of
review to include a full evaluation of the Code itself
and not just the procedures.
Rackham Rep. Olga Savic, chair of MSA's Student
Rights Commission and one of three students to sit on
the University's committee, said MSA took on the
*avy task of reviewing the Code in its entirety
because it thought the University Code
Implementation Review Committee's analysis was
"There was a certain level of analysis that didn't
happen because it wasn't
supposed to happen,' Savic
said, adding that the assem-
bly's Student Code Review
Committee went a step fur-
ther by asking such question
as, "What would students
want in a code of conduct?" ,
"The charge of the
University committee was
very narrow" Savic said. "So
we were only able to look at
Was very a
two different committees will be reflected in their
reports to the University Board of Regents, which are
scheduled to begin at the board's meeting next month.
"They'll find stuff. They find what they're looking
for" Reich said. "But, that's
not good enough for our
;S of the purposes"
committee which mirrored those of
Savic's, said the student-
led committee sought to
include more students in
- Olga Savic its review.
ghts Commission chair "If we can prove that
there is a need for a com-
plete rewrite of the Code,
that's what we're going to do," Reich said. Because of
the narrower scope of CIRC's review, a recommenda-
See CODE, Page 7
MSA Student Rig
the Code in terms of a few questions"
LSA sophomore Brian Reich, public information
director for the MSA committee, said the tasks for the
Marsh fire rages in
Michigan * Y &
country ~ r
CLAY TOWNSHIP, Mich. (AP) -
A fire in dried out marsh land spread
over 120 acres last night and forced the
*acuation of about 10 houses in St.
The fire covered parts of Clay
County, Algonac and Algonac State
Park, Clay Township Fire Chief Rick
Edler said. He said there was some dam-
age to homes, although he had no infor-
mation about how many or how badly
the houses damaged. WPHM-AM
reported three homes were damaged.
Emergency personnel at the scene
ported that three firefighters had
received treatment, two for smoke
inhalation and one for minor injuries
sustained when the fire burned over him.
Firefighters were working late last
night to put the fire out and keep it
away from nearby houses. Bob
Un:+-;-.a ia e hn .a o...v . lre-
pointing to pine trees next to his
garage. The flames that shot up to 30
feet' into the sky could be seen from
Michigan Highway 29 and the glow
from the fire could be seen in the sky
from miles away.
Attempts to put out the fire were
hampered by the 20 mph winds, the
terrain which made it difficult to get
equipment to the scene and the dry-
ness of the brush, Edler said.
"We've got heavy brush that's been
dry all summer. With the wind, it
makes it tough to fight."
Rick Furtah, a retired Marine City
firefighter who was called onto duty
last night because of the size of the
fire, said that it was mostly grass and
brush that were burning, along with
some wood piles. He said the fire was
so strong that it burned over a 20-foot-
wi11t- hievh- ath an d a rainat; ditch-
- By Mark Francescutti
Daily Sports Writer
T= LAWRENCE, Kan. In her last
season, her last cross country race and
her last opportunity to become a cham-
pion, Katie McGregor struck gold.
The senior, in one of the toughest
tests of her Michigan career, now can
add 'first Michigan cross country
national champion' to her resume after
taking first place in the NCAA
Championship race yesterday in 16:47.
McGregor, trailing throughout much
of first the two-thirds of the race, kept
pion said. "It was a good race, and there
was a lot of good competition, but I had
my team here with me.
McGregor earned her title by keep-
ing her focus, even though she fell back
to thin and fourth place early in the
"There was Stanford, Arizona, and a
few people up there," McGregor said.
"I felt OK. I ran my own pace for the
whole race. I didn't go out extremely
fast. I just stayed up with the people I
knew who were going to finish up in
the front and let them pull me along.