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March 20, 1998 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1998-03-20

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2- The Michigan Daily - Friday, March 20, 1998

NATION/WORLD

BOOKSTORES
Tontinued from Page 1
)rices will rise.
"If Barnes & Noble and Borders are
seeking big discounts (from publish-
.rs), that's exactly the kind of behavior
consumers want and exactly what this
antitrust) law tries to prevent," said
Wiley, a specialist in antitrust law.
"It's surprising to many people to
ind out that discounting by businesses
s something that could violate at least
)ne of our antitrust laws," he said.
But independent booksellers in Ann
arbor said their mission is not to pro-
ide the lowest prices. Some said the
all of independent bookstores has dan-

gerous and widespread implications.
Bernharkt said national bookstores
influence publishers' contract decisions
and are "homogenizing" the literature
market.
"I've heard of publishers showing
books to Barnes & Noble and Borders
to see if they'd sell them before they
give a contract to the writer," she said.
"I think it's a dangerous situation and
threatens freedom of press when book-
stores can dictate what's published."
The lawsuit claims the decrease in the
number of independent bookstores is
correlated with Borders and Barnes &
Noble's rapid expansion and predatory
pricing policies.
Los Angeles lawyer Max Bleacher.

one of the nation's top antitrust litiga-
tors, said basic volume discount levels
for books were negotiated between pub-
lishers and bookstores six years ago. He
said the lawsuit's result will partly
depend on whether the court rules these
book discounts apply on a product-by-
product or on a total title basis.
"The law permits discrimination
based on quantity cost savings,"
Bleacher said. "But two purchasers of
relatively equal status cannot be dis-
criminated against."
If the suit succeeds, Wiley said, the
penalties for the two book chains will be
colossal. Corporations found guilty
under antitrust law must pay damages
equal to three times the profits earned.

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TURNOUT
Continued from Page 1
on the Diag yesterday, handing out flyers
and talking to passersby. Some candi-
dates were clearly worn out after the
intense campaigning of the previous few
days.
"I'm really anxious to head home
and get some sleep," said LSA sopho-
more Albert Garcia, who is running for
MSA vice president on an independent
ticket. "You never know what's going to
happen."
Other candidates said students were
finally understanding the importance
of MSA.
"People are really receptive' said
LSA first-year student Sarah Chopp,
the Students' Party vice-presidential
candidate. "The student body is realiz-
ing we are working for them"
Members of the New Frontier Party
and the Defend Affirmative Action
Party could not be reached for com-
ment yesterday.
Inspectors
picked for
Iraqi sites
GENEVA (AP) - The United
Nations chose 20 diplomats yesterday
to accompany weapons inspectors to
sensitive sites in Iraq, fulfilling a key
provision of a U.N.-brokered agree-
ment that averted a U.S. military strike
on Baghdad.
The team includes representatives
from all but three of the U.N. Security
Council's 15 members and officials
from all five permanent members. The
group was ordered to travel to Bahrain
this weekend.
Jayantha Dhanapala of Sri Lanka,
appointed by U.N. chief Kofi Annan to
organize the group, gave no indication
when the inspections will begin.
The group will accompany U.N.
weapons inspectors to eight Iraqi "pres-
idential sites' The action, included in a
memorandum of understanding Annan
worked out with Iraq on Feb. 23, was
agreed upon in response to Iraq's
demand that the inspectors show respect
for "national dignity and sovereignty
The diplomats won't be trained and
will merely ensure that the procedures
that Iraq agreed upon are implemented
in good faith, Dhanapala said.
"We won't be millstones around any-
body's neck;' he said.
Dhanapala told a news conference
that the timing of visits will be at the
discretion of UNSCOM, the U.N. spe-
cial commission in charge of the
inspections, and the international
Atomic Energy Agency.
The diplomatic group is to submit its
own report on the visit, but it will be
forwarded to Annan via chief arms
inspector Richard Butler.
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AROUND THE WORLD

RALLY

Suicide rises among
black teenagers
WASHINGTON -The suicide rate
of black teenagers has risen sharply
since the 1980s, especially in the South,
and is increasing at a pace much faster
than that of white teenagers, a new study
concludes.
Whiteteenagers are still more likely
to commit suicide than blacks. But the
Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, in a report released today,
says its latest findings suggest that sui-
cide is an "important and growing prob-
lem" among young African Americans
and may be linked partly to the growth
of the black middle class.
In the report, researchers cite no con-
clusive cause of the rising suicide rate
but say that since many more black
youths are being reared in upwardly
mobile families, more of them also may
be experiencing the stresses such an
environment can create. "These youths
may adopt the coping behaviors of the
larger society in which suicide is more
commonly used in response to depres-:

AROUND TH E NATION
Survey reports serious school crimes
WASHINGTON - Twenty percent of American middle schools and high
schools reported at least one serious crime such as rape or robbery last year,
according to a national survey.
Student crime is mostly in larger urban schools, yesterday's report by the
Department of Education concluded. It said 43 percent of public schools surveyed
reported zero crimes - serious or minor - in the 1996-97 school year.04
crimes reported to police were tabulated.
President Clinton seized on the statistics to push his education agenda. He urged
Congress to pass a 1999 budget that includes additional spending to hire 100,00(
teachers, modernize older school buildings and keep schools open for youth activ-
ities after hours on the schooldays.
"We do not need to - and we must not ever have to - make a choice betweer
safety and high standards, between crime-free schools and modern classrooms,'
Clinton told a White House ceremony attended by educators, law enforcement offi-
cials and members of Congress.
Clinton said he was troubled that the Education Department survey estimated
based on data from a 1,200-school sample, that public schools nationwide expc
enced more than 11,000 fights in which weapons were used, 4,000 rapes and ot
sexual assaults and 7,000 robberies.

sion and hopelessness,' the report states
Although the number of youn
blacks who commit suicide is still sinal
- less than five of every 100,000 blac
teenagers take their own lives - the rat
is much more comparable now to th
suicide rate of white teenagers natio
ly, which is also rising.
U.S. approves spray
to stop salmonella
WASHINGTON - Calling th
development a food-safety mile
stone, U.S. Agriculture Secretar
Dan Glickman said yesterday that th
government has approved a ne
spray that significantly reduces
amount of salmonella in chickens.
Salmonella is a leading cause of foo
poisoning in the nation, responsibl
each year for about 40,000 cases o
stomach pain and diarrhea, some o
them fatal, according to the Centers fo
Disease Control and Prevention. Th
treatment, a combination of 29 bacte
ria, operates under the principle o
"competitive exclusion."

FOR

THE

Mexican inigrants
get ciange in status
MEXICO CITY - A Mexican law
takes effect today allowing millions of
Mexican-born Americans and their
children to hold Mexican nationality as
well as U.S. citizenship.
Analysts say the law could have far-
reaching practical effects - even
potentially reshaping the flows of peo-
ple and money between the United
States and Mexico - and might set off
cross-border political repercussions as
well,
The Nationality Act revokes the
previous rule that took away Mexican
nationality from those who became
citizens of another country.
Furthermore, the new act broadens
eligibility for nationality to include
children of Mexican-born people. And
the law is retroactive: Those who
would have met the revised terms in
the past may now claim back their
Mexican nationality. Those eligible
have five years to apply.
The law permits Mexican dual
nationality but not dual citizenship, a

distinction that will prevent dua
nationals from voting in Mexica
elections or holding high office here
Some Mexican Americans arc nom
pushing for full voting rights
Mexican elections.
Premier vows stron
economic growth
BEIJING - China's new premie
Zhu Rongji, pledged yesterday to fen
off the Asian financial virus and kee
economic growth at 8 percent, whil
asserting his support for the hand
of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protest
But while Zhu did not stray from th
usual government positions durini hi
first press conference as premier, h
projected a relaxed, personal style, ban
tering with foreign and domestic jour
nalists on a live television broadca
and fielding questions on everythin
from economic reform and slothf
civil servants, to the Tiananmen Squar
massacre and his personal con e
about the future.

* .*

ENVIRONMEWF
TODAY AT NOON
IN THE PENDLETON ROOM OF THE UNION
ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION BOOTHS:
12-4PM IN THE PENDLETON ROOM
OF THE UNION
WINrER 1998
THEME SEMESTER

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RETHIMING
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