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February 26, 1998 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1998-02-26

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LOCAL/STATE

The Michigan Daily - Thursday, February 26, 1998 - 3A

ESEARCH0
Airbags not so
harmful for
shorter drivers
A recent University study may dispel
he myth that airbags cause more seri-
ous injuries to shorter drivers than to
taller drivers.
Donald Huelke, a researcher at the
University Transportation Research
Institute, conducted a study of 636
automobile crashes involving drivers of
various heights in which an airbag was
deployed.
Huelke found that 74 percent of dri-
vers more than 5'5" taller received min-
imal injuries and 70 percent of shorter
1drivers escaped with minor injuries, such
as sprains and loss of consciousness.
Twenty percent of shorter drivers and
15 percent of taller drivers experienced
moderate injuries in the crashes, most-
ly limited to forearm injuries and tem-
porary loss of consciousness. Only half
of these moderate injuries were caused
by the impact of the airbag.
Serious injuries caused by the crashes
affected 7 percent of the shorter drivers
and 9 percent of the taller drivers. Airbags
were responsible for 1 percent of the
injuries among shorter drivers, and 3 per-
cent of the injuries among taller drivers.
The study concluded that smaller
drivers suffered moderate injuries more
frequently than taller drivers, but at
about the same rate for minor and seri-
ous injuries. In all cases, factors other
than airbags caused the majority of
injuries that resulted from crashes.
Gene therapy
may help to fight
against cancer
Cancer researchers at the University
and around the country are working on
a new method to fight cancer -- gene
therapy.
Until recently, gene therapy has been
experimental, but at a recent American
Medical Association media briefing in
New York City, the latest techniques
were revealed, sparking further interest.
in the subject.
Gene therapy use employs DNA to
fight cancer in a number of ways that
do not involve drugs.
One method of gene therapy
involves altering human immune cells
to produce cancer-fighting genes.
*These cells would be far better
equipped to battle cancer than regular
human immune cells.
Another method involves removing
cancer cells from the body, altering their
DNA to produce a strong immune
response against cancer and placing them
,back in the body to work as a vaccine.
The University was chosen by the
National Institutes of Health as a loca-
tion of one of three National Gene
ector Laboratories in 1995, and is
continuing its gene therapy research.
New drugs to aid
in treating cancer
A new class of drugs has the poten-
tial to make future cancer treatments
more effective and less toxic.
The drugs - classified as angiogen-
esis inhibitors - affect the functioning
of the blood vessels required by a
umor to grow and spread, effectively
halting its development.
In the past, researchers worried that
drugs that act as angiogenesis

inhibitors would have dangerous side
effects, conflicting with the normal
blood vessel development involved in
-the healing of wounds.
But recent research has produced
drugs that specifically target tumors -
0eaving other body functions alone.
The advantage of these drugs over
standard chemotherapy and radiation
treatments is that they kill only dis-
eased tissues instead of the destruction
of both healthy and diseased cells that
can lead to harmful side effects.
Several different drugs contained in
this class target specific tumors and
cancerous tissues, including brain
tumors, breast tumors and many others.
FDA approval for this class of drugs is
*)still years away, as extensive clinical tri-
als must be performed before the drugs
are accessible to the general public.
- Compiled by Daily Staff Reporter
Samuel Stavis.

Senator Stallings resigns, avoids expulsion

LANSING (AP) - State Sen. Henry Stallings
reluctantly resigned yesterday rather than face
expulsion after admitting he used public money to
employ a state worker in his Detroit art gallery.
The move spared senators from having to expel
a senator for the first time in history and relieved
the Senate of a major embarrassment.
Stallings' resignation will take effect March 31.
The Detroit Democrat agreed not to attend session
or vote between now and then.
But he didn't go willingly.
"This whole process has been a travesty'" he
said. "Had we known at the time the Senate would
use the plea as a reason for expulsion, we would
have gone to trial."
Stallings told the Senate he was resigning with
deep regret, then vowed to return. Later he said it
remains to be seen whether he will run again.
At a news conference held in the Senate office
he soon will have to leave, Stallings insisted that
he had done nothing wrong, despite pleading

guilty to taking money under false pretenses. At
one point, he said his own statements in court
admitting to the fraud had not been true.
He told reporters weeks ago that a Senate aide
worked 12 weeks in his Detroit business and was
paid nearly $5,000, although he later said the exact
amount was unclear.
"My regret is I didn't hire people I could trust and
who were loyal to me," Stallings said. He condemned
the "scurrilous allegations" against him and labeled
his problems as "purely political" and a "setup"
"I didn't want to be the first senator to be
expelled for something I didn't do. Rather than be
expelled, it's better to resign," he said.
Asked about the guilty plea, Kenneth Hylton,
Stallings' attorney, said only: "If you check the
records, you will note statements were made that
were given freely and voluntarily and upon
advice of counsel."
Stallings' resignation came a day after a spe-
cial bipartisan Senate committee unanimously

recommended he be expelled. Senate leaders
predicted an expulsion vote by the full Senate
would be bipartisan and nearly unanimous.
Stallings avoided the vote by resigning.
"We think it was an honorable approach to
maintaining the integrity of this institution," said
Senate Majority Leader Dick Posthumus (R-Alto).
Resignation of the first-year lawmaker gives
Republicans a 22-15 margin in the chamber. It will
be up to Gov. John Engler whether or when to call
a special election to fill the vacancy. The district is
heavily Democratic.
Stallings met behind closed doors with Senate
attorneys before the Senate session. Officials said
he had notified them by late Tuesday of his intent
to resign.
The controversy, which had been growing for
weeks, dissolved quickly when Stallings' resigna-
tion was announced. The Senate proceeded with
routine business once the announcement was
made.

On Tuesday, Hylton had told the special com-
mittee that he was not satisfied that the Senate
had the constitutional authority to expel
Stallings. That issue became moot when
Stallings resigned.
Hylton said the resignation means there's no
reason for the senator to try to withdraw his guilty
plea and go to trial. Under Stallings' agreement
with prosecutors, Wayne County Circuit Judge
Sean Cox is holding his guilty plea under advise-
ment for one year.
If Stallings has no further legal problems, Cox is to
reduce the crime from a felony to a misdemeanor of
taking money less than $100 under false pretenses.
Stallings faces 90 days in jail under the lesser
charge. If the more serious charge stands, lie faces
up to 10 years in prison.
The only lawmaker ever expelled is Rep. Monte
Geralds (D-Madison Heights). He was expelled in
1978 after being convicted of embezzling money
from a law client before joining the Legislature.

Mu sic profs symphony to
be performed in D.C.

I Pre-concert reception
to be hosted in capital
by President Bollinger
By Jennifer Yachnin
Daily Staff Reporter
The National Symphony Orchestra
University will perform University
Music Prof. Bill Bolcom's 6th sympho-
ny tonight at the Kennedy Center for
the Performing Arts in Washington,
D.C.
"He's a major figure in international
music composition," said University
President Lee Bollinger, who is sched-
uled to speak before the concert at a
reception of about 40 friends and alum-
ni of the University.
"A lot of our alumni activities are
organized around sports," Bollinger
said."I'm trying to expand that to cul-
tural activities."
Bolcom, a Ross Lee Finney
Distinguished Professor of Music, has

won numerous awards, including the
Pulitzer Prize in Music for his Songs of
Innocence. His works have been per-
formed by every major orchestra in the
United States, said School of Music
Dean Paul Boylan.
"I'm amazed and delighted and hon-
ored that so many people are coming
down," said Bolcom, whose symphony
is comprised of four movements,
including a jazz waltz.
The symphony will be directed by
National Symphony Orchestra conduc-
tor Leonard Slackton, with whom
Bolcom has worked since 1964.
"I'm delighted because I'm working
with certain people I've worked with
before," Bolcom said.
Bolcom said the scheduled
University reception is a pleasant idea.
"It isn't every day that the president
of your University comes down and
makes a whole affair of it," Bolcom
said. "It's nice to have the whole
University supporting (faculty) in the

way he is doing. It is showing a very
interesting direction in the future of out
University."
University Chief of Staff Chacona
Johnson said the reception is an effort
to promote interaction between
University affiliates and faculty.
"We wanted to invite some friends
and alumni in the area," Johnson said:
"We have always had activities around
the country with deans and executive
officers. We are trying to take advan-
tage of ... faculty interaction with
alumni."
The reception will bring together leg-
islators and Washington, D.C. area
alumni who will have dinner and listen
to Bollinger, Boylan and Bolcom speak;
Johnson said.
"It's bringing the best of Michigan
to them," Johnson said. "It is an
honor for professor Bolcom, and we
are pleased, president Bollinger is
pleased, to celebrate this honor with
him."

DANA LINNANE/Daily
University students celebrated a Christian tradition by attending Ash
Wednesday mass yesterday at Saint Mary Student Parish.
Ashes marksar
o f Lenlbteu"n season

By Nika Schulte
Daily Staff'Reporter
Despite the pressure of midterms
and the anticipation of spring break,
many University students attended
church services yesterday in honor of
Ash Wednesday, a Christian obser-
vance marking the beginning of Lent.
"This is one of the strongest days
of attendance we have," said Father
Thomas Firestone, a priest at St.
Mary Student Parish. "The church
holds 600 people and we are expect-
ing more than that."
He credits the high attendance to
Ash Wednesday marking the start of
Lent - a season for people to
improve themselves and repent for
sins.
"We all have guilt," Firestone said.
"The Church says this is a season to
work put that guilt and be at peace
with God"
The placing of ashes upon the fore-
head helps people gain a sense of
peace because "it reminds people of
penitence and Iimitations," Firestone
said.
Edward Krauss, pastor at the
University Lutheran Chapel, said
that at his service, students have the
opportunity to write down a failure,
an addiction or a bad habit they want
to change and then burn the paper
with a candle. The ritual is to help
people understand the process of
forgiveness, he said.
"It offers people a visual acknowl-
edgment of forgiveness of sins,"
Krauss said.

Most University students said
they attended services because they
had always gone as children.
LSA senior Jennifer Naimolski
said it is a tradition she and her fam-
ily have participated in every year
for as long as she can remember.
Part of that tradition for Naimolski
and many others includes making
sacrifices for Lent. Some of the most
common include eating only one
large meal on Ash Wednesday and
Good Friday, as well as not eating
meat on Fridays during the 40-day
Lent season.
In addition to those, many people
make personal sacrifices.
"You are supposed to give up some-
thing you indulge in," Naimolski said.
"Jesus made the ultimate sacrifice and
this is a way to show you are grateful
and appreciative."
In the past. Naimolski has given
up chocolate and junk food.
"This year I am going to try to
give up smoking," Naimloski said.
Krauss said he hopes students will
take this opportunity not just to give
something up but to add something
positive to their lives.
"I encourage students to take on
something as well, Krauss said.
"Recognize where flaws are and try
to make them positive."
For LSA first-year student Ha
Nguyen, this Lenten season will be a
chance to attend church more often.
"I haven't gone to church all
year," Nguyen said. "This is a good
time to have a fresh start."

Achievement Award Program
Each year The Summit Group, a rapidly growing systems and computer
consulting firm, grants several $1000.00 scholarships to junior college
students across the country. Our scholarships reward students for their
achievements in school thus far and helps to expose them to the field of
systems integration and business systems consulting.
Requirements
* Graduate in December, 1998 or in spring or summer, 1999
* GPA 3.2 or above
* Working towards a bachelor's degree in computer science, manage-
ment information system, computer information systems, systems
analysis, decision science/ systems or engineering discipline.
* Strong communication skills. Problem solving ability. A positive
attitude. Well rounded interests. A drive to excel. A desire to work in
the systems integration/ consulting field.
Achievement Award Process
Each applicant is required to submit a personal resume, most recent
transcript, and an essay of interest, "Why I am interested in a career in
systems integration."
THE
SUMMIT GROUP
INC

What's happening in Ann Arbor today

GROUP MEETINGS
Q Circle K, 763-1755, Michigan Union,
Anderson Room, 7 p.m.
U Graduate and Professional Mishneh

J "Jean White-Ginder to speak on
HI V/AIDS," Sponsored by
Speaker Initiative, Rackham
Building, Auditorium, 7 p.m.
j "Lecture on 'Color and
Opportunity'," Sponsored -by

www.umich.edu/info on the
World Wide Web'
Q "HIV/AIDS Testing," Community
Family Health Center, 1230 N.
Maple Rd., 6-9 p.m.
J Northwalk, 763-WALK, Bursley

I I

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