One /undred seven years of edztortalfreedoz
February 12, 1998
CVR M 7wt6Ar r V SeihiganDaily
By Sam Stavis
Daily Staff Reporter
The Detroit gas-guzzlers of yester-
year may soon be replaced by a new
generation of highly efficient cars,
thanks in part to an agreement between
the General Motors Corp. and the
College of Engineering.
The agreement, which is the first
its kind between an American
automaker and a national
University, states that GM will fund
a $5 million research lab at the
Engineering Dean Stephen
Director said the University will
benefit a great deal from the agree-
ment with GM.
The lab will allow University faculty
and graduate students to directly apply
ir research directly to cutting-edge
hnology emerging in the automotive
industry, Director said.
"It provides an opportunity for our
faculty and students to work on state-
of-the-art, meaningful research pro-
jects along with top researchers from
GM," Director said.
This helps ensure that research
done by University faculty and grad-
uate students will have real-world
"When we do basic research, we see
how it might be used in the private sec-
tor," said Panos, Papalambros,
University Chair of Mechanical
Engineering and Applied Mechanics.
GM also has much to gain from the
project, Director said.
"They have serious problems that
have to be addressed, and we have
experts that can help them," he said. "It
vides them an opportunity to work
h our faculty and staff on problems,
as well as provide opportunities down
the road for hiring."
The lab's research will focus on three
main areas of automotive engineering.
The research topics include direct-
injection engines that burn less fuel
than conventional engines, lightweight
aluminum body design and hybrid gas-
The challenge the lab faces is to
Imbine these 'processes to produce
fuel-efficient, environmentally friendly
cars without sacrificing the perfor-
mance, safety and affordability car
"The ultimate goal is to be able to
meet the mass market needs of effi-
ciency, performance, safety and afford-
ability," said Hazem Ezzat, department
head for manufacturing and design sys-
tems at the GM Global Research and
*velopment Operations in Warren,
See GM, Page 5A
in a week
WASHINGTON (AP) - As the
Clinton administration pressed
Congress to support a possible attack
on Iraq, the U.S. commander in the
rsian Gulf said yesterday he'll be
ady for an airstrike "within a week or
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
should be "nervous," Marine Corps
Gen. Anthony Zinni, the overall com-
mander of U.S. forces in the oil-rich
Gulf region, told reporters there.
In Washington, lawmakers were
also nervous -about whether the
planned U.S. airstrikes, if launched,
11 succeed in pushing Iraq to com-
y with international arms inspec-
President Clinton sent his senior for-
eign policy team to Capitol Hill yester-
day to seek a congressional show of
support in a nonbinding resolution
SARA STILLMAN/Ly )
LSA sophomore Shomari Terrelonge-Stone sits beside Michigan football safety Marcu Ray as he and LSA first-year student
Sean O'Neill, the hosts of WOLV's Shomari Sean O'Neill Show, conduct an interview yesterday at Oasis Hot Tub Gardens.
Show COmbats stereotes
0 Economic boom ^ssoci
may lead to a healthy Wilbanks
budget proposal that thea
By Mike Spahn "We've
1)aily Staff Reporter months th
With the economy in good shape, than in tl
members of the University community said.
are hoping the University will receive Harriso
healthy appropriations when Gov. John in a tough
Engler proposes the state's budget in match infl
Lansing today. "If the
Although the governor has would be
already cut taxes 24 times during his sions in th
tenure, Engler will be able to contin- McNul
ue tax-cuts due to the booming details ab
economy, said Maureen McNulty, priations.
spokesperson for the Department of "The h
Management and will build
Budget, the state have rec
department that McNultyt
develops Engler's Iarris
proposed budget very thou
"The econonmy The buc
has been g'oing1 programs
along really well," State of
McNulty said. McNulty
"Overall growth is increases
just at inflation, yet Engle' subsidies
we're still cutting need and,
Last year's budget proposal But H
included more than $300 million for anyone c
the University, a 2.5-percent ulate as t
increase from the previous year. will pro
That amount increased by the time Today's,
the budget was passed by the legis- beginning
lature. process, h
But Secretary and Vice President "This
for University Relations Walter funding p
Harrison said the University does not it very cl
expect to receive an increase as high After
as last years. will be
"In this business, you learn not to Appropr
believe everything you're told, but sideratio
we're hearing there will be about a 1.5- its firstI
percent increase (proposed)," Harrison 20 at I
ate Vice President for
ent Relations Cynthia
said she also has heard
appropriation will be small-
been hearing for a couple of
hat the increase will be less
ie past few years." Wilbanks
on said the University could be
h position if funding does not
appropriation is small, we
facing some difficult deci-
he future -Harrison said.
ty would not reveal specific
bout higher education appro-
igher education appropriation
d on the high increases they
eived the past two years,"
on said "the governor has been
ghtful in his higher education
fdget will include many of the
sthe governor outlined in his
the State address last month,
said. This will include
in day care funding, adoption
, critical care for people in
agricultural spending increas-
arrison warned that all that
ould do at this point was spec-
to how much funding Engler
opose for these programs.
announcement is only the
g of the lengthy appropriations
is only the first step in the
process, and we'll be following
osely," Harrison said.
the budget is released, it
e sent to the Senate
iations committee for con-
n. The committee will ,hold
hearing on the budget Feb:
10 a.m. in the Michigan
By Susan T. Port
Daily Staff Reporter
Few television shows have managed to break the stereotypes
of different minority groups on campus and grab the attention
of the University student body. But a show on WOLV, the stu-
dent television station on campus, is trying to do just that.
LSA sophomore Shomari Terrelonge-Stone and LSAfirst-
year student Sean O'Neill began The Shomari Seadi O'Neill
Show in mid-October. The show has featured guests ranging
from Heisman trophy-winner Charles Woodson to Harvard
Prof. Cornel West. The show also has music segments featur-
ing jazz, poetry and rap.
Terrelonge-Stone said he wants to focus on capturing a
"Our show focuses on hip-hop culture, politics and current
happenings," Terrelonge-Stone said. "We are pioneers. I didn't
see many shows of its kind."
O'Neill said the show's concept is unique and new. O'Neill
added that it has been well-received by students on campus.
"We wanted to jump on it and get it down," O'Neill said.
"There has been a lot of positive feedback."
Terrelonge-Stone said the show's purpose it to educate stu-
dents about people from all walks of life and to break the
stereotypes of students of color.
"Rap music is emanating from black people who have
something to say," Terrelonge-Stone said. "In many ways
what they have to say is important. Even if you don't agree
with what is being said, it is important to listen and under-
stand what is being said."
Michigan football safety Marcus Ray, who will appear on
the show tonight, said he has a lot of respect for the Shomari
Sean O'Neill show.
"My roommate, Charles Woodson, said very good things
about the show," Ray said. "They are trying to do something
positive on campus."
Jeff Larson, the head editor of the show, said the issues dis-
cussed on the air are thought-provoking.
"It is one of the most quality shows WOLV has ever seen,"
said Larson, an LSA junior.
Larson said the show presents issues that effect students.
"They get On (a
variety of the) topics important to
See TV, Page SA
'U' lawsuits debated
by religion experts
By Rachel Edelman
Daily Staff Reporter
A panel discussion on religion and
affirmative action began last night with
a moment of silence and a story about
the impact of diversity on a woman's
As a girl growing up in Virginia,
Julia Henshaw's family employed a
black servant who could not read. As
a young woman, Henshaw faced
hardships in college
because of her gen-
der. She later left-
church after mar-
rying a Jewish
The panel, titled
"Religious Perspectives on
Affirmative Action and
Diversity," focused on the per-
spectives of Buddhists, Jews,
Christians and Muslims on the
issue of affirmative action.
"If we are going to achieve a per-
fect union, there is no way we are
going to be able to do this unless we
have the authentic voices of those
who have lived through (different)
experiences," said English Prof.
Ralph Williams, who delivered the
closing remarks at the event.
Henshaw, a member of the
Advisory Council at the Zen
Buddhist Temple in Ann Arbor, joined
panelists Diane Christopherson, a
minister at the United Church of
Christ and a director of Guild House;
Rabbi Rich Kirschen, associate direc-
tor of Hillel; and Sherman Jackson,
associate professor of near-eastern
manent. Buddhism recognizes that as
the world changes, problems arise, and
there are solutions to those problems,"
said Henshaw, who is the director of
publications at the Detroit Institute of
She added that the Buddhist per-
spective acknowledges "the idea that
affirmative action .is something we
need now to create a more diverse
Kirschen spoke about two funda-
mental principles of Judaism that
contradict each other
when applied to
action issue -
strict justice and
believe that affirmative
action will benefit (under-
you have to throw a measure
of compassion in," Kirschen
said. "I believe that affirmative
action should work, but I don't think
that it is crystal clear to all. Bringing
that measure of compassion is a just
thing to do."
The panel was organized by Guild
House as part of the ongoing discus-
sion of affirmative action resulting
from the two lawsuits filed against
the College or Literature, Science and
the Arts and the Law School chal-
lenging the use of race as a factor in
both of the schools' admissions prac-
"I think that religious voices can give
different perspectives to matters (con-
cerning affirmative action) in conjunc-
altered future o
By Jason Stoffer
Daily Staff Reporter
Real estate agents wouldn't sell minorities property in
"white" neighborhoods. Gay couples often faced the threat
of harassment or physical violence when they walked out
of their homes. The NAACP filed dozens of complaints
against the Ann Arbor Police Department claiming they
were treated unfairly on account of their race.
Despite its liberal reputation, Ann Arbor could not hide
the fact that in the late 1960s, it was a city divided by racial
and sexual preference discrimination.
Spearheaded by two members of the Ann Arbor City
Council from the leftist Human Rights Party, the Council
took a drastic step in July of 1970 to confront discrimina-
tion in the city. By a 6-5 vote, the Council passed
Michigan's first municipal human rights ordinance.
The Human Rights ordinance banned discrimination on
the basis of race, religion, national origin, sex and age.
After further deliberation by the Council, sexual orienta-
tion and affirmative action requirements for city contrac-
tors were added to the ordinance in 1972. The penalties for
violating the law included criminal charges and civil fines.
Raymond Chauncey, director of Ann Arbor's Human
Rights Department, said the ordinance has opened doors
"City contractors formed affirmative action programs to
retain city contracts," Chauncey said. The ordinance "has
also been a deterrent to discrimination in employment and
"Most important, it serves as a social statement that no dis-
crimination will be tolerated in Ann Arbor," Chauncey said.
But laws can't change attitudes, and discrimination has not
disappeared. Patrick Pieh, associate director of the Office of
Academic and Multicultural Affairs at the University, said
that although discrimination is now less overt than it was in
Alex Johnson leads a chant at Mary Markley Residence
Hall in October of 1996, protesting a Housing investiga-
tion of two black students who Housing alleged drew
swastikas on a student's door.
A time of turmoil
As protests popped up on campuses nationwide during
the late 1960s, college students became more vocal about
advocating civil rights.
But old prejudices didn't die overnight even in Ann
Arbor, where gays and black citizens bore the brunt of
State Sen. Alma Wheeler Smith (D-Salem Twp.) said
that during this time, minorities in Ann Arbor faced dis-
crimination in the city's housing market. Children from
predominantly minority neighborhoods had to attend
largely segregated, and inferior, public schools, Smith said.
"Ann Arbor had a discriminatory pattern of housing,"
Smith said. "There was an unwritten agreement among
Realtors that they'd only show blacks housing in certain
"The banks were especially restrictive in giving out
ln-arnc to' iaitlc tnvinp into, white neighorhoods." she