2 A - T h M i crh- >g a n D a . - T h us d J a n u a 2 9 , 1 98.-
2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, January 29, 1998
Continued from Page1A
The survey of about 730 students at University of
Michigan, University of Florida, Washington State
University and Portland State University found that
many respondents' answers to race-related questions
were socially acceptable responses, instead of hon-
To obtain more detailed analyses of students'
views on affirmative action, interracial relations
and the significance of contemporary discrimina-
tion against minorities, a subsample of the stu-
dents was interviewed.
"There was a significant discrepancy between the sur-
veys and interview data," Bonilla-Silva said.
The result of the interviews was what Bonilla-Silva
called an "arsenal of semantic maneuvers to conceal
"In the past, the Archie Bunkers were the enemies,"
Bonilla-Silva said, referring to those who singled out
In today's society, the phrase, "I am not a racist, but
..,is often used by whites to avoid beiig called a racist,
A negative statement about the general character of
minorities usually follows the phrase.
"These semantic moves are used to cover their
behinds after they express racial views," Bonilla-Silva
When questioned in the survey about affirmative
action programs, a lJniversity of Florida student
identified as "Bob," said, "I oppose them, mainly
because, I am not a racist but because I think that you
should have the best person for the job."
Bonilla-Silva and Forman both said color-blind
racism is the new enemv for minorities.
"Whites think that discrimination no longer has an
impact on minorities because you don't see 'Whites
Only' or 'No Colored People' signs anymore.' Forman
Claiming that they think all races are equal "allows
whites to look good." Bonilla-Silva said.
"In this post-civil rights time, most whites claim that
Lewinsky turns down immunity terms
\\ASH I NGTON - Federal investigators last w eek offered lormer White H ouse
aide Monica Lewinsky immunity from prosecution for perjury and other crimes if
she would confirm allegations she made against Prcsident Clinton and help gather
evidence against him, but Lewinsky's lawyer turned the offer down.
The offer was described Friday by sources close to independent counsel Kenneth
Starr after her lawyer. William Ginsburg, accused investigator of tr\ in
"squeeze" Lewinsky into cooperating during a It(-hour session at a Pentagon City,
Va., hotel on Jan, 16.
But sources close to Starr described a far-different episode that dragged on
mainly because Lewinsky insisted her mother be present. Although in estigators
did question her, sources said, Lewinsky spent most of her time waiting for her
mother to arrive on the train from New York, watching movies in a hotel room and
shopping at Crate & Barrel.
In return for full immunity, investigators wanted Lewinsky to allow them to
record her conversations with either Clinton or his close friend Vernon Jordan, Jr.
discussing whether she should deny having a sexual relationship with the president
to lawyers in the Paula Jones sexual harassment case. In a conversation alread
monitored by the FBI, Lewinsky told a friend that Clinton and Jordan had wantY
her to lie under oath.
605 E. William St. * Ann Arbor
669-6973 * 669-NYPD
U.S. searches for
diplomacy in Iraq
Tie Washington Post
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PARIS - France and Russia yester-
day joined in warning the Clinton
administration against taking armed
action against Iraq, urging a diplomatic
solution to the standoff over U.N.
inspections of Baghdad's weapons pro-
gram. The call came on the eve of a tour
of European and Arab capitals by
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
that is aimed at building allied support
for a possible military strike.
In comments after meetings in Paris,
French Foreign Minister Hubert
Vedrine and Russian Foreign Minister
Yevgeny Primakov said they oppose
use of military power to force Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein to cooperate
with U.N. weapons inspectors. "Use of1
force in the situation we are in is not
desirable and in our opinion would not+
resolve the problem," Vedrine said.
Primakov added: "The use of force is
not a solution."
"Our positions are close," said
Primakov, who also met with French
President Jacques Chirac. "France and
Russia (agree) on the necessity of doing
everything to ensure the situation is sta-
ble ... and that Iraq respects the
demands of the pertinent (U.N.) resolu-;
tions in order to find a solution that will
not upset stability."
A spokesperson for Chirac said that
although France continues to insist that
Iraq give U.N. inspectors full access to
suspected weapons sites, the French
president had reiterated that "the diplo-
matic route is the one favored by
The French and Russian comments
came as Albright prepared to leave on
her diplomatic mission. U.S. officials
said she intends to tell the allies that the
United States sees no alternative to mil-
itary force if Iraq does not comply with
U.N. efforts to end its nuclear, chemical
and biological weapons programs.
Albright is scheduled to meet with
Vedrine here today; with Chirac in Paris
and Primakov in Madrid tomorrow; and
with British Foreign Secretary Robin ;
Cook in London on Saturday. She then
will travel to the Persian Gulf region.
Britain has strongly supported U.S.
policy toward Iraq. Echoing language
used by President Clinton in his State of
the Union address Tuesday night, Prime
Minister Tony Blair told the House of
Commons yesterday that if Saddam
Hussein "isn't stopped - and stopped
soon - the effects will be worse for the
whole of the world in the long term."
Britain has deployed the aircraft carrier
HMS Invincible in the Persian Gulf,
joining two U.S. aircraft carrier battle
But the differences over U.S. policy
expressed by France and Russia are sig-
nificant, since the two countnes -
both permanent members of the U.N.
Security Council - were key members
of the allied coalition during the Gulf
War in 1991.
In Baghdad yesterday, Deputy
Russian Foreign Minster Viktor
Posuvaluk delivered a letter from
President Boris Yeltsin to Saddam
Hussein that the official Iraqi News
Agency said focused on Russia's efforts
to achieve a diplomatic solution. In
Moscow, the Foreign Ministry
announced that Posuvaluk, who has 25
years of diplomatic experience in the
Middle East, would prolong his stay in
the Iraqi capital to "define more pre-
cisely" approaches to defusing the cri-
sis. Foreign Minstry spokesperson
Valery Nesterushkin said the envoy
would remain in Baghdad as "long as it
Russian officials gave no hint of
what the Russians miuht offer as a car-
rot to Baghdad. During a similar crisis
last fall. Moscow promised to lobby for
an end to U.N. sanctions against Iraq so
long as the Baghdad government abid-
ed by Security Council resolutions.
Lately, the Russians have been looking
for ways to increase their involvement
in the U.N. weapons inspections pro-
gram, including an offer to use their
surveillance aircraft over Iraq to replace
a U.S. U-2 aircraft.
focus to campaign
WASHINGTON - On its first full
day of an election-year session,
Congress turned to the United States'
agenda yesterday in a show of determi-
nation to tackle issues large and small
despite the capital's preoccupation with
President Clinton's private life.
From access to golf for the disabled to
tax cuts, from how to spend any budget
surplus to health care and education
reform, Republicans and Democrats
jockeyed for partisan advantage as they
sought to create a record on which to
campaign this fall.
But in a whirlwind day marked by
sharp rhetoric, members also took time
out for a memorial service for the late
Rep. Sonny Bono, (R-Calif. Members
of both parties, and from both chambers,
filled the Capitol's Statuary Hall for the
morning service for Bono, who died
earlier this month in a skiing accident.
Also present were Mary Bono, who is
running for her late husband's seat; Jack
Valenti, Hollywood's ambassador to
Washington; atd Jack Kemp, the GOP s
1996 vice presidential nominee.
Although few mentioned the sexual
misconduct allegations against Clinton,
concern lurked that the controversy
could hamper the ability of the White
House and Congress to do the publi'
New Mexico may
ban drive-up liquor
BERNALILLO, N.M. - With the
nation's highest rate of alcohol-related
traffic deaths, New Mexico is slowing
down to take another look at the state's
235 drive-up liquor stores.
A bipartisan group of lawmakers
has introduced a proposal in tl
Legislature to let New Mexico com-
munities vote individually on whether
to ban drive-up alcohol sales, some-
thing that has been around for
As cars and trucks pull up, Jaramillo is
ready with 40-ounce bottles of
Budweiser and bottles of tequila. His
regular customers like the convenience,
especially those who might be turne
* ..~xiuxm::*:;:;n*X-:$r::*X~v:: C
Arab nations may
not support U.S.
AMMAN, Jordan - If'the United
States launches airstrikes against Iraq in
the coming weeks, it should not count on
help from its Arab friends, even those
that joined the U.S.-led coalition to oust
Iraqi forces from Kuwait in the 1991
Persian Gulf War, according to Western
diplomats and Arab analysts and offi-
At the same time, there are signs that
several of Washington's key partners in
the region - including Jordan, Kuwait
and Saudi Arabia - are running out of
patience with Iraqi President Saddam
Hussein and may ultimately accept the
need for military action even if their
leaders are unwilling to say so in pub-
In contrast to last fall, when Arab lead-
ers and government-controlled media
spoke out forcefully against threats of
U.S. airstrikes in response to Iraqi defi-
ance of U.N. weapons inspections,- the
buildup of American and British military
forces in the Persian Gulf in the last sev-
eral weeks has elicited little official com-
meant outside Baghdad.
Pro-Western Arab governments doubt
the effectiveness of such sorties and are
also angry about what they consider
Washington's Lfilure to exert seri4
pressure on Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu, whom they accuse
of wrecking the Middle East peace
Countries feel Hutu
KIGALI, Rwanda - Thirtee.
months after more than a milliW
Rwandan Hutu refugees walked home
from camps in nearby countries, thou-
sands of Hutu extremists who refused
to return are terrorizing Rwanda and its
central African neighbors.
In the past six months, militant mem-
bers of the Hutu tribe, which orchestrat-
ed the slaughter of more than 500,000 of
Rwanda's Tutsi ethnic minority in 1994,
have infiltrated their homeland and mas-
sacred an estimated 5,000 people in w
have become near-daily attacks.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
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