The Michigan Daily - Thursday.November 6,1997 -9A
WASHINGTON (AP) - The House over-
whelmingly approved a bill yesterday to make
the broadest changes at the IRS in 45 years, with
both Republicans and Democrats demanding
reform after fall hearings that alleged misman-
agement and abuse of taxpayers.
j The measure, approved in a 426-4 vote, would
*reate a new outside management board at the
Internal Revenue Service and give taxpayers
more than two dozen new rights.
"We're starting to get the IRS off the backs of
the American people by passing legislation that
Sreformsthe IRS," said House Ways and Means
to change IRS, create outside management
Chair Bill Archer (R-Texas).
The House's top Democrat, Dick Gephardt of
Missouri, described the bill as "an important step
towards increasing the accountability of the IRS
and to shift the balance of power back toward the
Despite this huge vote of approval, Senate
action is unlikely this year, though House lead-
ers, Senate Democrats and the Clinton adminis-
tration have been pressing for passage before
adjournment this year.
The vote comes as an internal Treasury
inspector general's report described a range of
abuses and mismanagement that the new legisla-
tion is supposed to prevent.
The 1993 report, obtained by The Associated
Press, described problems in the IRS Buffalo,
N.Y., district that were strikingly similar to those
aired at Senate Finance Committee oversight
hearings in September:
® "Numerous complaints" that IRS Buffalo
district managers attempted to manipulate statis-
tics in order to meet goals so executives would
qualify for merit pay.
N Collection quotas. The report cited "intense
analysis and pressure to achieve statistical goals"
in tax collections.
0 Telephones in the Buffalo district taxpayer
service division were "fixed" so callers would
receive a busy signal while a computer counted
them as "answered." These statistics were in turn
used to determine managers' performance and
their merit pay.
"The thing that concerned me is that here you
find a report, five years old, that spells out many
of the same problems that we see facing the
agency today," Finance Chair William V. Roth
Jr., (R-Del.), said in a statement.
Acting IRS Commissioner Michael Dolan pre-
pared a detailed response o1 the report. In ntr
view, Dolan turned away suggestions the IRS did-
n't respond to problems in the 1993 report. The
agency conducted internal dudits on how it mca-
snures tax collect ions and found the problems
described in the BufIldo report were isolated to
Nevertheless, many members of Congress
described longstading complaints from con-
stitents about treatment at the hands of the
IRS. R epublicans made it clear the IRS over-
lztaul is a step in a broader campaign for fun-
dament;al tx re formi.
Nichols had anti-government
writings, FBI agents testify
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DENVER (AP) - FBI agents testi- around Nichols toc
fied yesterday that their search of Terry Defense attorney
Nichols' Kansas home turned up anti- to show jurors tha
government writings similar to those critical of the Wac
found in Timothy McVeigh's car short- 1993, in which ab
ly after the Oklahoma City bombing. the sect died. Aut
One piece of paper found in Nichols' Oklahoma bombing
home referred to the government raid the two-year anniv
on the Branch Davidian compound near get back at the gov
Waco, Texas, and contained the Thomas A t another point,
Jefferson quote: "The tree of liberty seized document wa
must be refreshed from time to time 15, 1993, letter pu
with the blood of patriots and tyrants." Street Journal thatr
The same quote was on a T-shirt "equates federal ag
McVeigh was wearing when he was agents exterminati
arrested. War II."
When that document was shown to "Do you think
jurors, Nichols tapped his index finger Journal is a subv
firmly on the defense table. His lead Tigar asked FBI ag
attorney, Michael Tigar, put his arm "Of course not,"'
Continued from Page 1A
"lines" before being snorted from a smooth surface, such as
a mirror. The drug takes longer to reach the bloodstream than
crack cocaine - a solid form of powder cocaine with added
chemicals - which produces an "almost instantaneous" feel-
ing of euphoria.
Cocaine has a variety of effects on people, depending on
the individual. Once in the bloodstream, the substance may
cause the user to feel energetic and at peace. Its effects can be
deadly, as cocaine can cause people to have heart attacks and
abnormal heart rhythms.
Crack cocaine is often smoked through pipes or cigarettes,
according to Sgt. Ralph Marroquin, an Ann Arbor police offi-
cer assigned to the Livingston And Washtenaw Narcotics
Enforcement Team, or LAWN ET.
If cocaine is present on campus, most students seem too
intimidated by the white powder to go near it.
Most students grew wide-eyed when asked if they have
come into contact with the drug while at the University.
"I have heard gossip, people talking about it," said LSA
sophomore Sarabjeet Bedi. "I don't believe that it's actually
going on around campus ... (but) that's what I hear."
Engineering senior Akunna Olumba said her knowledge of
ys immediately tried
t many people were
co raid on April 19,
out 80 members of
horities believe the
g was carried out on
ersary of the raid to
;Tigar noted that one
as a copy of a March
blished in The Wall
referred to Waco and
gents with Nazi SS
ing Jews in World
The Wall Street
gent William West.
Plrosecutors spent most of yesterday
trying to show Nichols hated the gv-
ernment and shared his beliefs with
McVeigh, who was convicted and sen-
tenced to die for the bombing of the
Alfred P Murrah Federal Building that
killed 1t people and injured hundreds
Later, a man who employed Nichols
to work on his ranch said Nichols once
suggested citizens should overthrow the
federal government because it had
become too big and abused its power by
killing innocent people at Waco.
"He felt that the government needed
to be overthrown and that Thomas
Jefferson had written it was our duty to
overthrow the government when it did
get too powerful," rancher Timothy
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cocaine use at the University was limited to hearing about
"some little kid in South Quad (that) got caught last year,
with cocaine. "He was basing out and his roommate called
in," she said.
One student said cocaine is dangerous because it can affect
anyone. "There's no racial barriers or class barriers with who
uses it," said LSA sophomore Janice LaGreen.
Weiss said that people turn to cocaine for a variety of rea-
sons. "I think it tends to be sort of independent of the level of
stress (in a person's life)," he said. "There are a lot of people
that use it as more of a party drug."
Marroquin said crack is more common than powder
cocaine on the streets right now.
Marroquin said he has seen crack and cocaine affect both
young people and adults.
"I think it's equally shared," he said. "We have juveniles
that are trafficking and do bring (the drugs) into the schools.
The majority of our arrests are going to be adult arrests."
In the last six months, Marroquin's office has made 55
arrests related to cocaine and crack. His office handles
narcotics cases in Washtenaw, Jackson, and Livingston
Weiss said those addicted to the drug are attracted by the
incredible high that is obtained. "Well, it's a drug that makes
people euphoric," he said. "It's got a great deal of appeal and
it works quickly."
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