The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 20, 1997 - 3A
Former 'U' prof.
to join Aviation
Hall of Fame
'lhe Michigan Aviation Hall of Fame
i cted four new members last
Saturday. Among the inductees was
Felix Pawlowski, a former University
The induction honored the four men
for their dedication and contributions
to aviation technology.
The other inductees were Howard
Ebersole of New Mexico, Neal Loving
f'Ohio and Maj. Gen. Ralph Royce,
who had passed away.
-awlawski, now deceased, founded
the Department of Aeronautical
Engineering at the University in
1914, and organized aeronautical
tornpetitions in Michigan. His pro-
gram was the first of its kind in the
for grad school
University juniors and seniors plan-
ningto attend graduate school can start
preparing to apply at a program titled,
"Getting Started: Strategies for a
The event is part of Career Planning
and Placement's month long program
-"Destination Grad School," and will be
presented by Paula Wishart, a CP&P
" e free event will take place today
$ e U-Club in the Michigan Union
from 6:30-7:30 p.m., and is co-spon-
sored by the Michigan Union Program
lecture to debate
s part of the celebration of the 50th
a versary of the Center for Japanese
Studies and the center's noon lecture
series, the center will sponsor a presen-
tation about democracy.
Titled, "Dependent Democracy:
The Central Intelligence Agency,
Japanese War Criminals and the
;Liberal Democratic Party in the
1950's," the lecture will be given by
'Michael Schaller, a professor of
tory at the University of
The lecture is scheduled for
Thursday at noon in the Lane Hall
Seminar to bring
A four-day conference titled
-" claiming Jewish History," is
elpcted to draw scholars from around
4he world to Farmington Hills this
'The colloquium will address issues
?such as the real origin of The Bible,
bow ancient Israel came to exist, what
-the lives of past Jews were like as well
,as. what kinds of dangers Anti-
Semitism presents today.
fLectures and discussions will
include some of the world's leading
rts in the field.'
he conference is sponsored by the
Pivnick Center for Humanistic
Judaism and is scheduled to begin
J hursday evening at the Birmingham
more information, go to the web-
e at http://www.shj.org.
Woks at efficiency
The University has become a mem-
ber of the U.S. Environmental
protection Agency's "Energy Star"
. .The Energy-Star program is a vol-
untary five-step program aimed at
improving energy efficiency. The
program includes upgrading heating,
ventilating and air conditioning sys-
s and doing mechanical system
After each building's completion of
fte' "Energy Star" program, a certifi-
cate will be presented for its high level
.:The program is expected to take
place over the next six years.
- Compiled by Daily Staff Reporter
Top Air Force
general speaks to
Stanford Prof. Hazel Rose Markus speaks about the study and effects of cultural
M .LLORYS.E. FLOYD/Daily
psychology, at East Hall on Friday
Former UN Security Council
president attends Law reunion
By Ken Mazur Cardenas said, w
Daily Staff Reporter which will havet
The United Nations must change if it is to be successful in ations instead of
the future, said Emilio Cardenas, former president of the pie of UN policy
United Nations Security Council. To accomplish
Cardenas, a University Law School alumnus, spoke about be reformed soo
the future of the UN Security Council as part of a series of "Unless we fii
panels the Law School hosted over the weekend. His speech I am afraid that
was the keynote address at the Law School's International dominated worl
Alumni Reunion. years that were
He praised the existence of the Security Council through- American-domin
out the last half-century, noting its role in ending the Cold inated sphere int
War. The council, comprised of the five World War II victors Cardenas said
as permanent members and 10 other rotating temporary in a lack of reimb
members, played an integral part in that victory, Cardenas port the blue-help
said. funds, the Securi
"Without the Security Council, we would not have a stable crisis situations,I
world today," Cardenas said. Structurally, C
Cardenas, a 1966 graduate and the current ambas- reform. The fe
sador-at-large from Argentina, started out by noting how Security Council
happy he was to be back at the University. He added that two representativ
he had once been an audience member, listening to the members wouldi
very professors who turned out to listen to his address Latin America,b
Friday. developing worl
Law School Dean Jeffrey Lehman said he was happy to Before restrui
have Cardenas speak at the reunion. The last Law School members mustd
International Alumni Reunion occurred in 1991. their absolute v
Cardenas also said the UN has a mixed record, noting the terminate any pr
inefficient bureaucracy and patronage that contrasted with "I think it is at
more positive UN initiatives on apartheid, the environment give up this pow
and women's rights around the world. He noted thati
"Six years after the end of the Cold War, the optimism pre- their veto power
sent then has somehow faded away," he said. "I think of weakened as a de
Rwanda and of the failure of the international community to Cardenas seest
show interest, when very little was needed to stop that the near future.
tragedy," Cardenas said. "The debate h
Dealing with world apathy to human rights' violations, to do it has not y
Journal article looks at
use of sCreenin tests
gill be the new focus of the Security Council,
to engage more in peace-enforcement oper-
peace-keeping operations that were the sta-
'in the past.
h this transition, the Security Council has to
n, he said.
nd a way to restructure the Security Council,
we will go back to a sphere-of-influence
d," Cardenas said, adding that the Cold War
characterized by a struggle between the
hated sphere in the West and the Soviet dom-
the failure of states to pay their dues results
bursements for countries that financially sup-
meted UN troops. As a result of the dearth of
ty Council is hesitant to send UN troops into
Cardenas agrees with the U.S. position on
deral government advocates enlarging the
by five new permanent members, including
ves from Germany and Japan. The other new
most likely be from Africa, South Asia and
because they are the largest regions of the
cturing can be discussed, Security Council
debate whether each member should keep
eto rights, which allow any one member to
oposal before the council.
dream to think that any of these players will
erful right," Cardenas said.
if every member of an expanded council kept
rs, the Security Council would be severely
the UN as having many decisions to make in
as just started. We're not done, and the way
yet been defined," he said.
commemorates 50 years
of Air Force ROTC at 'U'
By Peter Romer-Friedman
Daily Staff Reporter
The Air Force cadets of- the
Reserved Officer Training Corps
were tense but excited when four-star
Gen. Lloyd Newton attended a
brunch in his honor Saturday morn-
"It's a major opportunity," said
Engineering senior and cadet Eric
Rucker. "Rarely do people get to meet
a four-star general in their entire
careers in the Air Force. Meeting him
was a great honor."
Only 12 four-star generals are cur-
rently serving in the Air Force,
including Newton, who has served for
Newton is the only African
American four-star general in the Air
Force. He is commander of Air
Education and Training Command
and is responsible for 68,000 men and
women, including the University's
ROTC Air Force cadets.
Newton arrived at 9 a.m. to find
two lines of eager cadets and officials
waiting to shake his hand and pay
tribute through informal conversa-
"This is an opportunity for me to
visit and see how the cadets are
doing," Newton said. "I'll be able to
share some thoughts on where the Air
Force is and where it's heading. I'll
also answer questions."
Newton introduced three principles
for all cadets that he believes will
make America a better nation.
"Integrity, service above one's self
and excellence in what we do. If our
folks commit to them, they'll be suc-
cessful in life," Newton said. "This is
how you build and develop outstand-
ing citizens for the nation."
Matt Horner, a first-year cadet
from the ROTC program at Eastern
Michigan University, said Newton's
words were inspirational.
"Some of us wait our whole
careers to meet a four-star general,"
Horner said. "For the freshman class
to talk informally with a four-star
General is almost unheard of. Seeing
the power he con evsv, the influcncc
he has over other people -- when l
walks into a room he commnds
respect. Gieneral 1lovd New toni is the
New ton said he has much in cll-
mon with the young cadets because
his route to power started in a ROTC
program at Tennessee Sta
"I think what I can bring is td
perspective on howi the beginning of
my career in the Air Force is not
that different from theirs" Newton
said. "However, it is a di\erent Air
"The Air Force. w hih I'll call thpir
Air Force, is extremely differ it,
maybe more exciting than the one I
came Into," he said. "It will be Shap:ed.
After meeting with ROTC caidcs,
Newton attended a tailgate party
before the M ichigan-lov1 a footbll
game as the special guest _f
University President Lee Bollingr.
Newton was also introduced befgrc
the crowd of more than 106,000,,at
Michigan Stadium, in honor cf
ROTC's 50 years at the University.
Newton often visits primary -tid
secondary schools to teach studetits
how to be "great citizens," On Friday
he spoke to students at Oak Park nd
Benjamin Davis high schools in 01e
The next morning he came to North
Hall "to tell the cadets that the glass
is half full."
"Too many times we tend to dwll
on negative things that impact.trs,
without stepping back and sayicg
what are the good things and how for-
tunate we are,' Newton said. " ve
been very fortunate. I've led a gaat
Newton said he believes Americais
still a land of great opportunity for all
"It is the beauty of being gin
America, that we can never tell
where the next leader of our natiln
or armed forces will come frorn,"
Newton said. "It's important for ~sl-
diers to look like America. Becese
of that we put forth a host- .of
resources. If you don't have all.gle
resources, we can help you. All }you
need is the desire."
By Heather Wiggin
Daily Staff Reporter
Screening tests are an important part of
medical procedures, but some University
researchers say they are overused.
"Ethical Considerations in the
Provision of Controversial Screening
Tests," written by three University physi-
cians, is featured in this month's issue of
the Archives of Family Medicine.
The article presents "ethical frame-
work on whether or not doctors should
do a test,' said family co-author Michael
Fetters. It will add information to the
family practice field and spark discus-
sion about screening, said co-author and
family practice Prof. Mack Ruffin.
Very few screening tests are shown
clinically effective in reducing risks of
disease, the article states. Screening is not
preventative medicine, because it alerts
doctors to current health problems instead
of thwarting the development of disease.
Although some screening tests such as
Pap smears and mammograms after the
age of 50 have been proven effective in
early diagnosis and tratment, other more
commonly used tests may not be worth
conducting. Screening for prostate can-
cer and mammograms in women under
the age of 50 have not been proven to be
beneficial, and may even be harmful,
said family practice Prof. David Doukas.
"There are too many studies on both
sides of the fence," Doukas said. "There's
too much uncertainty (in many tests)
right now to say, 'I found something."'
Tests are not foolproof, and a false
positive can put a patient at severe risk
of undergoing unnecessary medication
and treatment. "Screening tests can't
speak to us with that much certainty,"
Fetters said. "The risks and benefits are
not always clear."
Early detection of prostate cancer may
be more harmful than helpful, Doukas
said. There is an "increased morbidity in
people who had prostate cancer treated"
Ruffin said that therapy for prostate
cancer may cause "some surgical mortali-
ty, impotence, incontinence and decreased
quality of life. More people die (because)
of screening than of the cancer"
False positives also may lead to unex-
pected insurance costs.
Doctors need to find the most justi-
fied course of action when evaluating
their patients, Doukas said. When people
are looked at on a case-by-case basis and
the underlying reason for a patient's
interest in being screened is determined,
doctors can judge necessity and risks.
"Doctors need to figure out how
patients process information ... I try to
make sure that people are .., informed
about things they are asking about,"
"There has to be honesty about the
effectiveness of the test," Fetters said.
Doukas said doctors should work with
patients in areas they can improve,
instead of opting for screening.
But when patients ask for unnecessary
screening, "there needs to be a way to say
to a patient, 'Maybe this isn't the thing
you're asking for,"' Doukas said.
"It's important to determine if patients
have misunderstandings on effectiveness
of tests," Fetters said.
Physicians may decide not to do tests if
they feel the tests are not completely
"It may not be the clearest decision
that you're going to make," Doukas said.
The University of Michigana
Business School invites you to attend;
the 1997 lecture inY
The J. Ira H arris
Distinguished Lectureship Series4
"American Leadership in Trade and Security:
Myth or Reality?"
The Right H onourable Brian Mulroney
Tuesday, October 21, 1997e 4:30 pm
Clayton G. Hale Auditorium
7/} 1Tnnan n ro - C'nrnar of TNl nrd Tannan
WWhat's happening in Ann Arbor today
- ^ -l C4,ud4n4 Fnr IL ieFRI-99
990 Wall Street, 9 a.m-12 p.m.
U "Orlando," Movie screening, spon-
sored by The College of
Lobby, 8 .m.- 1:30 a.m.
0 Psychology Peer Advising Office, 647-
3711, East Hall, 11 a.m.- 4 p.m.