8 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 26, 1997
For the Daily
Speaking to a full audience in the
Pendleton Room of the Michigan
Union, feminist speaker Cynthia Enloe
and a male audience member removed
their sneakers in the name of equality.
Enloe was trying to draw a compari-
son between a Nike sneaker and a
Converse low top. The difference,
Enloe pointed out, was between the
amount of stitching involved, and
therefore the amount of labor needed to
produce a shoe.
Enloe, a professor of government at
Clark University, has written or co-
edited more than 15 books and 60arti-
cles about feminism and international
politics. The speech made last night at
the Michigan Union was part of the
University's "Genders, Bodies and
Borders" theme semester.
The speech focused on "feminists
and the global politics of sneakers."
Enloe targeted Nike and the prob-
lems of the female workforce that
makes most of its shoes. Enloe said
Nike folded all of its U.S. shoe facto-
ries in the 1970s, and hired subcontrac-
tors in foreign countries to produce
shoes in order to access a cheaper and
less demanding work force.
"Nike was assuming that women
were controllable, especially if they
were young, from rural areas and not
organized. This is why they first looked
to South Korea," Enloe said.
Enloe went on to explain how diffi-
cult it was for these women to organize
labor rights groups, since they were
frowned upon by their government.
Nike was forced to move its compa-
nies from South Korea to Indonesia
Drunk driving decreases, "
but state officials want more
DETROIT (AP) - Alcohol was a factor in 36 percent
of the fatal traffic accidents in Michigan in 1996, com-
pared with 57 percent in 1980. But to those trying to
further reduce drunken driving, the glass is still half
Much of the focus is on repeat offenders, already the
target of longstanding publicity and educational cam-
"Obviously, we're not getting to these people," said
Michigan Secretary of State Candice Miller. "They just get
into their cars and go"
A bill pending in the Legislature would lower Michigan's
legal blood-alcohol content to 0.08 percent from the current
0.10 percent. Michigan is in danger of losing $1 million a
year in federal alcohol prevention funding because the state's,
drinking laws fall short of proposed new federal standards,
The Detroit News reported yesterday.
While the percentage of fatal crashes involving alcohol has
fallen steadily since 1980, other statistics bother experts:
The average motorist arrested for driving while intoxi-
cated in 1996 had a blood-alcohol level of 0.16, far above the
current legal limit.
Of the more than 490,000 licensed Michigan drivers
convicted of driving while intoxicated, nearly 5,000 have at
least six offenses on their record.
"We are talking about people with serious alcohol problems
who are intractable to change," Russ Fontaine, a senior analyst
with Alcohol Research Consulting in California, told the
Critics of a stricter definition of drunken driving say such
a law would miss its target.
"The problem is the repeat offenders who aren't going to
be swayed" by lower blood-alcohol levels, said Michael
Lashbrook, president of the Michigan Beer and Wine
Wholesalers. "It's a symbolic fix that ... puts the fear of God
"Obviously we're not
geting to these people
- Candice Miller
Michigan secretary of state
into people who will be afraid to have that first or second
glass of wine. These people are not the problem."
Tougher laws and high-impact counseling programs -
including those in which Mothers Against Drunk Driving
members tell offenders how families have been ravaged by
drunken drivers - are only part of the solution, experts sa
"No one countermeasure can be prescribed," Fontaine sa
"Each person's behavior and experience is unique. You have
to match the clients to treatments. If you don't, your chance
of success is slim or none."
One of the more successful Michigan programs aimed at
curbing drunken driving is run by New Paths, a residential
treatment center in Flint. A 1995 study found that 95 percent
of clients had not been arrested for drunken driving after
leaving the program, the News said.
Russell, 55, of Flint, spent 90 days at New Paths this sum-
mer after being arrested for drunken driving.
"I was scared when I went for my sentence," said Russe,
who did not want his last name used. "I didn't realize drink-
ing could get me in prison."
The New Paths program includes personal counseling and
education courses, mandatory Alcoholics Anonymous meet-
ings and talks by MADD members.
"The MADD class is devastating. This finally hit
home," said Russell, who acknowledged that the New
Paths program seemed to have little effect on other par-
Theresa Enloe spoke last night in the Michigan Union's Pendleton Room. Enloe
comes in honor of this semester's "Gender, Bodies, Borders" theme.
when the women did organize protests,
Enloe said. The South Korean protests
helped achieve minor pay raises.
Audience questions ranged from the
moral standards of the Converse com-
pany to the movie "G.I. Jane."
Rackham student Gisela Fasado said
Enloe changed her perspectives on
some of her buying habits.
"I feel really inspired to change the
way that I am a consumer," Fasado
Enloe pointed out the irony of Nike
ads promoting the self esteem of U.S.
girls, arguing that the company dis-
courages any acts of empowerment for
women in its factories.
Enloe also pointed out that college
sports players are forced to wear the
"swoosh" symbol if Nike is their
"If a student athlete didn't want to
be a walking advertisement, it would-
n't matter, because the contract with
Nike says that you can't defile or
cover up the symbol in any way,
Enloe also said that being a student at
the University and opposing Nike is
Continued from Page 1
Rebecca Philips gave a personal
testimony of her relationship with
Williams. A close friend of Williams,
Philips read poems from PRISM, a
University publication, relating to
Williams' domestic situation.
"We need to unite together,"
Philips said. "Do not be silent and sit
by because silence is a form of com-
University President Lee Bollinger
attended the vigil for Williams, and
although he didn't address the crowd,
said he felt it was important to show his
"It's important to learn from tragic
events, but I'm not sure we're ready to
deal with it," Bollinger said. "It's
important to show public expression,
remembrance and public support for
"In every sense, this is something the
community needs to be aware of. Let's
mourn together," he said.
When the focus turned to recent hate
crimes on campus, Nagrant beseeched
the University community to "think of
two steps of action you can take to pre-
vent violence and hatred in our commu-
Nagrant spoke of the recent vandal-
ism at Mary Markley residence hall and
of Queer Unity Project and Hillel Diag
boards, as well as alleged racial com-
ments made by an employee of the
"We are all affected, because a com-
munity that excludes, a community that
does not appreciate its differences, a
community that does not allow its
members to enjoy freedom, is a com-
munity that will perish."
Danielle Baker, president of the
University's National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People
chapter and an LSA senior, said she felt
it was important to stress community
"The central thing that I want is
unity, but not only that," Baker sa
"We must learn to listen to the cries
others in silence.
"Although we are of different races,
have different objectives in life, we're
still here for one purpose, and that is to
love one another," Baker said.
Nagrant said that despite the inci-
dents he discussed, the crowded Diag
last night showed a true unity and
awareness on campus.
"I think (the vigil) demonstrates to
our community is not apathetic to these
kinds of issues," Nagrant sad. "There's
a strong, strong community on this
Mawasa Keita-Jahi, a Rackham
fourth-year student, was one of hun-
dreds of students attending the vigil on
'I came today to show my sup-
port," Keita-Jahi said. "If you are
just oblivious to things just becai
they don't happen directly to y,
that is not right. You should not
ignore it." 0
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