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September 23, 1997 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1997-09-23

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 23, 1997 -.7


Prof. lectures on
repressed abuse

y William Nash
For the duy
Many of the University's valuable
resources are literally turning to dust
after many years of wear and tear.
But enter the Minter Welder, a
$0,SOO solution to Michigan's book
deterioration problem.
'ate Senior Librarian Shannon
charysaid workers at the facility have
been trying to get the welder for more
than 10 years, but a generous alumni
donation finally brought it to campus.
"I was elated, and relieved that we
wouldn't have to beg anymore (for the
machine)," Zachary said.
The ,welder encases book pages,
maps or any other documents in sheets
polyester film. The technique was
loped when it was discovered that
chemicals used in lamination harm
University alumnus Dr. George
Wantz donated the money after hear-
ing of the need for the machine. Wantz
had previously donated a rare collec-
tion of medical books valued at
$350,000 to the University libraries.
Since its arrival in June, the welder
has been used at the University's
keon and Book Repair facility.
'WJ'e machine uses ultrasonic waves
:instead of the older heating method to
seal the document into an almost air-
less pouch, Zachary said.
The two heat sealing machines that

Thomas Hogarth, a conservator assistant at the University's conservation and Book Repair Facility, works on the newly
obtained Minter Welder machine that preserves old documents and artifacts.

By Stephanie Hepburn
Daily Staff Reporter
A University of Wisconsin psycholo-
gy professor presented controversial
research findings yesterday that suggest
child abuse victims repress and forget
traumatic memories for years.
Psychology Prof. Jennifer Freyd spoke
about her theories in East Hall yesterday to
a crowded audience of graduate students.
"We keep secrets from ourselves
which eases the pain of mental
anguish," Freyd said.
The author of "Betrayal Trauma: The
Logic of Forgetting Childhood Abuse"
Freyd used cognitive psychology to rein-
force her theory. She said if an individual
knew his or her abuser, the memories of
the abuse would be more repressed.
Freyd's theory has sparked many
heated debates and scientific research.
Leigh Ann Vaughn, a social psychol-
ogy graduate student instructor, said
Freyd's data supported the Betrayal
Trauma Theory.
"Repressed memories is relatively
rare, so it has to be looked at like a case
study,"Vaughn said. "What was interest-
ing is that all 10 individuals, picked by
random selection, that were incestuously
abused in childhood said that at some
point they had amnesia about the abuse.'
Vaughn said she is skeptical of both
sides in the debate.
"This talk is clearly a highly contest-
ed issue, Vaughn said. "It is an exam-
ple of how scientific results can lead to
quite different conclusions depending
on how closely they are evaluated and
the goals of those who are evaluating."
Freyd said amnesia of childhood
memories occurs to protect the victim
from pain and terror.

"Amnesia of childhood memories
occurs when a betrayal is a fundamental
component in the trauma," Freyd said.
"Sadistic abuse by a caregiver or a trauma
like the Holocaust are betrayals that lead
to amnesia, not traumas like hurricanes
and auto accidents that have good social
support and are low in social betrayal.'
Freyd said pain can be blocked in
order to ensure survival.
"Forgetting can be necessary for our
survival," Freyd said. "Physical and psy-
chic pain can be suppressed if you're a
child and your survival depends on the
caregiver who is abusing you."
LSA Senior Sam Summers, who is a,
psychology concentrator, said that cer-
tain situations cause individuals to
repress their memories as a blocking;-.
device to survive abuse.
"I think these cases are valid if they
can be proved,"Summers said. "Memory
is not enough, but if it is supported by:
other evidence then it's valid."
Freyd's lecture was a part of the'
University's theme semester for the
Interdisciplinary Program in Feminist;
Practice, "Genders, Bodies, Borders." t
Freyd said society needs to look at
how to combat neurosis. Amnesia of-
soldiers from their trauma in war is not
controversial, while women in domestics
abuse seeking justice has moved from.
science to politics, she said.
Vaughn said that point of view like
Freyd's offers a different perspective'
that is important to get people to think;
critically on the topic.
"Points of view like Freyd's is useful in z
getting multiple perspectives, which"
helps people critically evaluate any given ".
position regarding this issue," Vaughn

the welder replaced were outdated and
less efficient, Conservator Assistant
Thomas Hogarth said.
In the early 1970s, William Minter,
who lives in Pennsylvania, took the
existing technology and helped create
the machine.
"'Necessity is the mother of invention.'
In part, it was developed because of the
limitations of lamination;' Minter said.
Poor paper quality from 1860-1960
made the machine a necessity. During
this time, publishers used wood fiber
that became brittle more quickly than
today's alkaline process, Zachary said.
The welder has been used for many
years at the Library of Congress, Cornell
University and other major institutions.

Since its introduction at the
University, the welder has encapsulat-
ed everything from sheet music by
Brahms to a 1901 blueprint map of
Ann Arbor. Further plans include pre-
serving personal publications by archi-
tect Frank Lloyd Wright.
Only documents with some value
such as artifacts will be treated,
Zachary said. Documents that aren't as
historically important can be copied or
put on micro-film. Time and money
availability may also affect which arti-
cles are preserved, Zachary said.
"The cost of operation and materials
can be anywhere from $5-20 an hour"'
Zachary said.
The cost depends on the document

size, but for the average book page, the
machine takes about two minutes.
"The machine is simple enough to
be used by a student assistant if super-
vised," Zarchary said.
Once encapsulated, the document is
protected from air, oil from hands, and
other factors which that lead to its
The polyester offers 95 percent clari-
ty, so items encased in the polyester can
be copied without major distortion.
If the document ever needs to be
removed from its shell, the polyester
can be easily cut away without harm-
ing the contents.
"We feel confident it will protect for
1,000 years," Minter said.

Two left dead after Plymouth shooting


;walked into an office building yesterday with a gun and
began firing, prompting hundreds of workers to be evac-
wated. The gunman and a woman were found dead
iiside, authorities said.
Ingrid Marshall had taken a personal protection
order out against Ernest Hall Jr. said Lt. Robert Smith,
the Plymouth Township police acting chief. Both were
from Detroit.
"16 does seem to be a domestic dispute," Smith said.
It entered the building, the headquarters for
the automotive systems division of Johnson

Controls Inc., about 1:28 p.m., went to the pur-
chasing department where Marshall worked and
fired two shots, sending workers fleeing for cover,
Smith said.
When police arrived they secured the perimeter and
evacuated the building. A special weapons and tactics
team was called in. Smith said officers entered the
main entrance of the building about 3:10 p.m. and
found Hall and Marshall dead.
Hall died from a self-inflicted wound, Wayne
County Sheriff Robert Ficano said.
Smith said police did not enter the building imme-

diately because they were busy gathering equipment
and getting information about the area where Hall was
located. He said police never made phone contact with
Police entered the building after learning that some
workers were still in the area, hiding in closets and
under desks, Smith said.
mith said more than two shots were fired, but said
he did not know how many.
Charles Harvey, director of human resources at
the plant, said there was security where Hall
entered the plant.

Continued from Page 2.
information. It's really collegial."
The most important fact is not the
discoveries nor the ideas - but the
historic significance of the dome,
the telescopes, and all their adjuncts,
Whitesell said.
"This is the first (full) historic
restoration on campus. We want to
make it as pristine as possible and
accessible to campus," Whitesell said.
"If we don't, people won't be able to
learn all the history that is contained
within those four walls."

LSA Prof. Emeritus Richard Teske
believes a newly re-opened observatory
will pass on its wealth of knowledge.
"(The observatory) will be demon-
strable to freshman classes;" said Teske,
who is also a member of the Detroit
Observatory Telescope Advisory,
Committee. "It will show them both-
complicate mechanical as well as simple
optical things."
Students share Teske% enthusiasm.
"The project seems extremely excit-
ing," said LSA sophomore Josh Mintz,
"If the astronomy department utilized th .
building as a hands-on experience, !
would undoubtedly be more inclined to
take a class.'


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chase Eurail passes issued. Regency Travel
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join a LEAP* workshop


Stickets & travel

"how to get published"
This workshop is designed for individuals
who want to see their work published.
Topics include current markets for poetry,
fiction, and non-fiction; which editors are
looking; how to put together professional
looking manuscripts and book proposals;
strategies on marketing your work as well
as marketing mistakes frequently made
by new and unpublished writers. just
bring your notepad and pen.
Instructor: Virginia Parker
Oct. 15 & 22 Wednesday
6-8 pm, Conference Room 4 Fee $12
water color monotype
Learn monotype, the simplest of print-
making procedures, which is the transfer
of a painted image from one surface to
another. Participants will make one-of-a-
kind prints (e.g. greeting cards and frame-
able compositions) using things from
nature and lots of imagination. You will be
suprised with what you can create! Please
bring your watercolor and brush.
Printmaking paper will be supplied at cost
($1.25/large sheet) by the Instructor.
Instructor: Jane Farrell
Oct. 29 & Nov. 5 Thursday
6-8 pm, Conference room 4 Fee $12
beginning knitting
This is a concise beginner's knitting
course to learn the basics (knitting and
purling). Learn what is needed to com-
plete a basic hat (pattern provided).
Make something special for loved ones
and friends by joining this workshop. Or
learn the skills to join the U of M knitwits,
who make hats for those in need. Cost of
materials is $10 and can be purchased
from the Instructor.

beginning crochet
Learn to make a basic crochet square
which can be made into a variety of items,
including afghans, sweaters, scarves, and
center pieces. This is fun and easy thing
to do. Materials include instruction pam-
phlet, crochet hook and yarns ($10 total
cost) and will be supplied by the
Instructor: Rebecca Konieczny
Oct. 16 & 23 Thursday
6-8 pm, Conference Room 4 Fee $12
temari balls making
Temari is a decorative embroidered ball
from ancient Japan which is simple to
make yet very impressive. Perfect for
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Materials include three balls, metallic
thread, perle cotton threads and needles
($10-14 depending upon material selec-
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Instructor: Rebecca Konieczny
Oct. 30 & Nov. 6 Thursday
6-8 pm, Conference Room 4 Fee $12
Want to draw cartoons and have some
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Study action, style, gestures and facial
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Instructor: Lynn Barford
Oct. 2 & 9 Thursday
6-8 pm, Conference Room 4 Fee $12
tarot card reading
Learn how to read Tarot cards and the
meaning attached to the symbols. It is a
fun activity for seeing "what's happen-

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2 NOTRE DAME Vs. Michigan tix. Section
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:; :t

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