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September 18, 1997 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1997-09-18

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2A -The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 18, 1997

NATION/WoRLD

5 Americans killed in Bosnian helicopter crash

PROKOSKO, Bosnia-Herzegovina
(AP) - A U.N. helicopter slammed into
a fog-shrouded mountain in central
Bosnia and burst into flames yesterday,
killig a top international envoy, five
Americans and six others in the worst
accident to hit the peacekeeping effort in
Bosnia.
. Those killed included German envoy
Gerd Wagner, a deputy to top peace
mediator Carlos Westendorp, and
British diplomat Charles Morpeth. The
others who died were not named pend-
ing notification of next of kin.
Four Ukrainian crew members of the
U.N. helicopter - an Mi-8 leased from
Ukraine -- survived the crash, two of
them with light injuries, German
Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel said.

The crew managed to escape through
the shattered glass nose of the craft but
was hindered from helping passengers
because of fire and thick smoke.
Wagner and his delegation, which
included members from Westendorp's
office as well as U.N. employees
believed to be police monitors, left
Sarajevo for Bugojno yesterday morn-
ing, said Alexander Ivanko, a U.N.
spokesperson in Sarajevo.
According to one Ukranian crew
member, the weather was fine when
they left Sarajevo, but they encountered
"dense fog" west of Fojnica, 20 miles
east of Bugono, said U.N. spokesper-
son Liam McDowall. When the pilot
attempted to gain altitude, the heli-
copter crashed into the mountain and

burst into flames, McDowall said.
Foul play is not suspected in the crash
but an investigation was underway.
The crash appeared similar to one in
April 1996, when a plane carrying U.S.
Commerce Secretary Ron Brown
plowed into a mountain in a heavy
storm while traveling to Dubrovnik,
Croatia. Brown and 34 others aboard
were killed.
Witness Halid Huskic said residents
of Prokosko, a mountain village
perched above a lake, saw yesterday's
chopper crash. Hearing shouts, they
clambered down and saw four uni-
formed men pulling a fifth man from
the wreck, he said. Then several explo-
sions - caused either by fuel or ammu-
nition - prevented any one from

approaching the helicopter, he added.
Villagers managed to summon help
about 90 minutes after the crash. Dr.
Damir Jaganjac of the nearby town of
Fojnica said he found l1 burned bodies
- one of them so charred that only a
skull and ribs remained.
One survivor's clothes were burning
as doctors carried him away on a stretch-
er, Jaganjac said. Having no water, they
ripped open plastic bags of emergency
glucose drips to douse the flames.
"This is the worst day I have experi-
enced in rhy life," said Kai Eide, special
representative to the U.N. secretary-
general. "The work these officials were
carrying out was essential to ensure that
the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina
can live in peace."

A R U D TH E -N A---------
Senator wants cigarette prices raised $1.50
WASHINGTON - Cigarette makers may be headed for an expensive congres-
sional fight next year, as President Clinton called yesterday for changes to the pro-
posed tobacco deal that could double the billions of dollars they would pay.
Acting on the same theme, a Democratic senator says he is writing legislation that
would add a $1.50 per pack tax to cigarettes immediately - as an alternative to the
controversial tobacco settlement.
Clinton's announcement, yesterday in the Oval Office, formally ends any chart
a tobacco deal could pass Congress this year. Republicans have made clear they
would not take up the complex legislation without a specific list of demands from
Clinton, which he said he would not provide yesterday. Clinton will not endorse the
$368 billion tobacco settlement that state attorneys general and the tobacco industry
proposed in June as a way to settle dozens of anti-tobacco civil suits.
Instead, he was expected to provide only one specific demand yesterday: Any deal
must force the industry to make annual settlement payments high enough - and
industry fines for teen-age smoking high enough -- that the two combined would
raise cigarette prices by $1.50 a pack over 10 years.
Under the proposed tobacco deal, cigarette makers would have raised prices only
about 62 cents a pack, money that would have gone toward the industry's annual $
billion settlement payment.

Clinton rejects Oslo
land mine ban
WASHINGTON - Stirring world-
wide criticism, President Clinton
rejected a ban on land mines that was
endorsed yesterday by 89 countries. He
said the accord would jeopardize "the
safety and security of our men in uni-
form."
Bristling at suggestions that the
United States was blocking a global
ban, the president said he was willing
to bless a limited prohibition, but
added, "there is a line that I simply can-
not cross."
"No one should expect our people to
expose our armed forces to unaccept-
able risks," he said.
Clinton announced his decision
shortly after representatives of the 89
nations rejected U.S. demands for
changes and accepted the text of a
land mine treaty. Representatives of an
additional 20 countries were in Oslo,
Norway, for the talks as observers, but
without voting rights.
The text calls for a total ban on

production, export and use of anti-
personnel mines.
The countries are expected to for-
mally accept the draft text today, and
supporters hope the actual treaty
will be signed in Ottawa in
December.
Land mines kill or maim more th*
25,000 people every year.
Senate rejects
assault on NEA
WASHINGTON - The National
Endowment for the Arts survived an
assault yesterday by Senate critics
who want to dismantle it.
But the federal arts agency st
faced other debilitating amendment.
The Senate, in a 77-23 vote,
defeated an amendment that would
have eliminated the NEA's proposed:
$100 million budget for fiscal year
1998.
Still on the agenda, however, were
proposals to privatize the NEA, or
transfer its entire budget to the states
in the form of block grants.

ARoUND THE WORL

Israeli settlers refuse
Netanyahu's request
JERUSALEM - Scrambling to
avert a new and possibly violent con-
frontation between Israel and the
Palestinians, Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu tried yesterday to persuade
a group of militant Israeli settlers to
vacate a home they occupied earlier
this week in an Arab Muslim neighbor-
hood of East Jerusalem.
The Jewish settlers and their wealthy
American patron, Irving Moskowitz of
Miami, refused to leave. Instead, they
announced that they will seek a court
injunction to bar police from removing
them by force.
The deadlock over the settlement at
Ras Amoud has posed a serious chal-
lenge to Netanyahu, who postponed a
trip to Europe to deal with it.
Netanyahu is eager to avoid a new
confrontation between Israel and the
Palestinian Authority, which called the
settlement a betrayal of the Oslo peace
accords and a likely incitement to vio-
lence. Some members of Netanyahu's
right-wing government, however, have

supported the Jewish presence in Ras
Amoud and have threatened to leave
the ruling coalition if the settlers are
forcibly removed.
In an effort to defuse the crib
Netanyahu's aides yesterday floate
compromise proposal under which the
settlers would move out to make way
forl0 Jewish religious students.
Car sought in Diana
crash investigation
PARIS -French police are searching
for a small blue Fiat that may he
played a role in causing the automobire
crash that killed Princess Diana and two
others, police sources said yesterday
Investigators searching the tunnel in
which the Mercedes-Benz S-280 crashed
at high speed early Aug.31, found shards
of taillight covers from another car more
than a dozen yards before the spot where
the Mercedes violently slammed into a
pillar. Also killed were Diana's friend,
Dodi Fayed, and Henri Paul, the Ritz
Hotel employee who was driving. *9
- Compiledfrom Daily wire reparts.

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