20- The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, December 10, 1997
Baseball All-Stars sucked it up and quit chewing tobacco for night,
CLEVELAND (AP) - It's amazing what
ballplayers will put in their mouths when they're
not supposed to use tobacco.
Bubble gum. Sunflower seeds. Even fake
It was tough, but the All-Stars appeared to be
doing their best to keep spit tobacco out of this
"I think it's kind of hard to tell these guys
what to do," said Chipper Jones, who had a can
of dip in his pocket during batting practice but
never put the stuff in his mouth. "They went
about it the right way."
The players' union asked their members to
refrain from chewing, dipping and spitting dur-
ing the game. Union head Donald Fehr agreed to
go along with the suggestion by Sen. Frank
C autenberg, D-N.J.
"There is no rule," Fehr said. "It's up to each
player. They're adults."
Though it wasn't mandatory, most dippers
said they would compl:
"I think they went about it the right way,"
Jones said. "You really shouldn't be doing it in
front of the fans."
Ah, there's the catch.
"I'm not going to dip on the field," said
Milwaukee's Jeff Cirillo as he sat in the AL
clubhouse. "I'm going to dip now."
Others loaded their lips with non-tobacco sub-
stitutes. And while players like Jones and Craig
Biggio of Houston weren't seen using tobacco
on the field, they still couldn't do without the
secure feeling of a dip can nestled in their back
Jones acknowledged that he had a can in his
pocket during batting practice - but stressed
that he's moved down to a milder brand.
"It's really no different than chewing a Life
Saver," Jones said.
Such thinking sends former major leaguer and
broadcaster Joe Garagiola into a frenzy.
"I know it!!! It's addictive!!!" said the enthu-
siastic Garagiola, who leads a campaign to get
spit tobacco out of baseball. "I'm going to go
talk to him right now."
Garagiola visits major league clubhouses and
tells players that spit tobacco is addictive and
responsible for mouth cancer. He says big lea-
guers who use it are just inviting kids to join
Garagiola favors banning tobacco in the sport
and grand-fathering in the rule, the way batting
helmets were made mandatory in 1952. He said
asking players not to chew for one game isn't
"It's progress, but it's like a band-aid on brain
surgery," Garagiola said. "If the senator really
wants to help us, then Senator, join in. Join us in
Lautenberg said he was in agreement with
Garagiola that the ban was "simply the first step
in ridding the sport of all tobacco in all games,"
and he looked forward to working with him.
"My next steps will be calling for a tobacco-
free playoffs and World Series," he said. "My
call has never been about one game."
It might take more than rules to help big lea-
guers quit. Many report finding it difficult to get
off the stuff. Mets pitcher Pete Harnisch went on
the disabled list this season with mysterious
symptoms - insomnia, nausea, headaches -
after quitting tobacco.
"Chipper Jones, Todd Hundley, Mike
Hargrove - they all want to quit," Garagiola
said. "To quit completely is very hard."
Hargrove, the Cleveland Indians manager and
AL All-Star coach, recently quit dipping, a habit
he had clung to since his playing days. He said
he stopped in February and now uses a tobacco
substitute called Mint Snuff to help him stay ofY
the real stuff
"I was going through two cans of
Copenhagen every couple of days," said
Hargrove, a coach on the AL team. "Now]1 g
through one of these every four days or so.
used those nicotine patches for about three
weeks, and after three weeks, I quit. It's very dif-
ficult to do."
Jones describes himself as kind of a closet
"I'm trying to cut back a little bit," he said.
"I'm not one of these guys who puts a dip in
first thing in the morning. I use it during leisure
time - golfing, playing, fishing."
Cigarette maker Liggett begins listing ingredients
The Washington Post
For the first time, an American
tobacco company has begun listing
long-secret ingredients contained in
its cigarettes directly on the label.
Tuesday, Liggett Group Inc. intro-
duced cartons that the company
plans to begin using that list the
ingredients in its L&M cigarettes,
including molasses, phenylacetic
acid and the oil of the East Indian
mint called patchouli.
The move comes as the state of
Massachusetts is trying to compel
disclosure of all ingredients by all
cigarette makers, an effort that other
major tobacco companies are fight-
Liggett, which broke with the
industry by signing the first settle-
ments ever with states and private
attorneys suing it, supports the
Massachusetts effort as well.
"Liggett believes that its adult con-
sumers have a right to full disclo-
sure," Liggett head Bennett S.
LeBow said in a statement.
Along with blended tobacco and
water, the 26-item L&M list includes
high fructose corn syrup, sugar, nat-
ural and artificial licorice flavor,
menthol, artificial milk chocolate
and natural chocolate flavor, valerian
root extract, molasses and vanilla
extracts, and cedarwood oil.
Less familiar additives include
glycerol, propylene glycol, isovaleric
acid, hexanoic acid and 3-methylpen-
Some 600 ingredients are used in
American cigarettes, but a Liggett
spokesman said the L&M state-
. . . I
ment was a "quite exhaustive list"'
of every ingredient used in that
Ingredients in tobacco products
have never been proved harmful -
especially when compared with the
many toxins found in tobacco smok
But activists have long pushed for
disclosure of the ingredients, in part
because consumers tend to be more
wary of risks imposed upon them by
others than of the risks they know-
only part of
WASHINGTON (AP) - Increasing
the cost of cigarettes by $1.50 a pack
would reduce teen smoking only if
combined with other anti-smoking
measures, two of three specialists told a
House subcommittee yesterday.
"There is no single magic bullet,"
DePaul University psychology Prof'
Leonard Jason told the House
Commerce subcommittee on healti
and environment. "The best approac
is a combination of tools, including
restricting access and advertising,
school-based programs and price
Economic studies show that just a 10
percent price increase reduces overall
smoking among adults by about 4 per-
cent and teen smoking by 7 percent,
said Michael Eriksen, director of the
Centers for Disease Control an
Prevention's Office on Smoking an
A third witness - Howard Beals, a
George Washington University profes-
sor who's worked as a consultant for
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. - dis-
agreed. He said the most effective
approach would be educating teen-
agers about the consequences of smok,
ing and imposing penalties for tobacco
Several members of Congress have
introduced bills that would raise prices
by $1.50 a pack, and anti-smoking
groups have taken up the call in hopes
that Congress will act next year on the
tobacco settlement reached betweenr
tobacco companies and state attorneys
general in June.
Under the deal, tobacco companies
would pay $368 billion over 25 years,
curb their advertising and pay fines of
up to $2 billion if teen smoking, whic*
has increased through the 1990s, does-
n't drop 30 percent in five years.
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