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September 05, 1997 - Image 8

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The Michigan Daily, 1997-09-05

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8 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 5, 1997

MIDEAST BOMBING

MIDEAST
Continued from Page 1
rounded by overturned cafe chairs and
umbrellas. In a scene that has become all too
familiar in Israel, ultra-Orthodox burial squad
volunteers searched for pieces of flesh in the
debris.
After the blasts, Israel stepped up pressure on
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat for an immedi-
ate crackdown on Islamic militants, and sealed
its borders with the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
A previous closure had been eased only two days
earlier, ahead of the planned visit of U.S.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright next
week.

That closure was imposed after a double sui-
cide bombing in a Jerusalem market on July 30,
which killed 17 people.
In Washington, President Clinton denounced
the latest bombings and said Albright would go
ahead with her trip. He urged Arafat's
Palestinian Authority to "do all it can to create
an environment that leaves no doubt that terror
will not be tolerated."
Clinton called Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu yesterday to express his
outrage and condolences, Netanyahu's office
said.
Israel Radio said Netanyahu canceled plans
for his security chiefs to meet with Palestinian

Yesterday's bomb is the second terrorist act
nthe past month.

Arafat's office said Israel was refusing Arafat
permission to travel by helicopter from Gaza to
the West Bank city of Ramallah.
The three nail-studded bombs exploded short-
ly after 3 p.m., when hundreds of shoppers and
tourists crowded the pedestrian mall, which is
lined with cafes, tourist shops, and American
fast food restaurants such as Burger King and
Sbarro.
In the tumult, a toddler was rushed into the
back of an ambulance. Paramedics splashed
water in the face of one weeping man. Blood

spattered the facade of the Israel Discount
Bank.
Hamas, which has carried out 13 bombings in
four years of Israeli-Palestinian peacemaking,
claimed responsibility and threatened more
bombings unless Hamas prisoners held by Israel
were released by Sept. 14.
Arafat condemned the attack, and a senior
Palestinian official pledged full cooperation
with Israel on security matters.
But Netanyahu said the already deeply trou-
bled peace process could not go on unless Arafat

crushed Hamas once and for all.
"No peace process can exist when to
Palestinian Authority enables the leaders of the
terrorists to walk around free with their arms,
demonstrations and flags in cities that have
become refuges for terrorists," he said.
Palestinian authorities detained two Hamas,
political leaders in the West Bank last night,
arrested eight activists and shut down a Hamas
newspaper in Gaza, Palestinian security sources
said. But the moves fell far short of the mass.
arrests Israel is demanding.
Hamas leader Abdel Aziz Rantisi said he di
not think Arafat would crack down on Hamas as
he did following a spate of suicide bombings in
early 1995.

and U.S. security officials,

and a source in

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Albright pledges to visit Mideast

Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State Madeleine Albright vowed yester-
day to go through with a visit to the
Middle East next week - her first
since taking office - despite a terrorist
bombing in Jerusalem that underlined
the importance of her trip and made her
task far more difficult.
"We cannot give in to terror, and it is
with this in mind that I plan to travel to
the Middle East as scheduled," Abright
said in Prague, interrupting a vacation
in her native Czech Republic.
At his vacation spot on Martha's
Vineyard, Mass., President Clinton said
he hoped the latest bombs would give
"new urgency" to U.S. peacemaking
efforts.
But the attack and its aftermath,
which included a reimposition of the
West Bank and Gaza Strip closure that
Israel had begun to ease earlier this
week, limit the maneuvering room for
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority
President Yasser Arafat and make it far
less likely that Albright can achieve any
sort of progress in the stalled peace
process, Middle East experts said.
Unlike her predecessor, Warren
Christopher, who traveled to the Middle
East on average about every seven
weeks, Albright said she would go to
the region only when there is a realistic
chance for success. A month ago, she
lowered that standard a bit but said she
still will insist on improvements in
security cooperation between Israel and
the Palestinians.
The latest bombing seemed totunder-
cut all the conditions she had carefully
established. But administration officials
said it would have been awkwardito pull
back yesterday because that is what the
terrorists wanted. And when Netanyahu
and Arafat urged her to continue with
her plans, it became impossible to can-
cel them.

AP PHOTO
A bomb went off yesterday in downtown Jerusalem killing four people and wounding almost 200 others. The blast also killed
the three suicide bombers.

But some Middle East experts said
Albright undermined her own credibili-
ty by setting impossible conditions for
her first official visit.
"Even before this bombing, she had
made a tough situation even tougher by
delaying the trip," said Richard Haass,
the chief Middle East expert of the
National Security Council during the
Bush administration. "That only built
up expectations. Also we saw a deterio-
ration of the situation on the ground.
The Middle East in September is in
considerably worse shape than the
Middle East was in February."
Nevertheless, the bombing will not

spell the end of the peace process or the
U.S. participation in it, policy analysts
said: U.S. interests in the Middle East are
just too important to allow the adminis-
tration to turn its back on the region.
"Terrorism has made the job of the
diplomats harder, but it is not impossi-
ble," said Haass, now director of foreign
policy studies at the Brookings
Institution in Washington. "Things are
so bad that it doesn't take a whole lot to
begin to reverse the momentum. It will
take a lot of effort, not only by
Secretary Albright but by her boss. This
administration has been missing in
action on the Middle East."

As a consequence of the bombii
Albright is expected to focus on t'
security situation in Israel, urging
Arafat and his Palestinian police tb-
increase their counterterrorism cooper-
ation with Israel. Progress in security
cooperation is a prerequisite for every-'
thing else, U.S. officials said, even'
though they conceded that Arafat can-
not stop all terrorism, no matter what he
might do.
On Capitol Hill, a bipartisan group'of
House members called on the secreta
of state to "reduce the size of the age
da to one item only: the eradication of
terror."
Mideast
bomb casts
shadow on"
conference

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PRAGUE, Czech Republic The
deadly bombings yesterday in
Jerusalem came as a bitter dose of real-
ity here in the Czech capital, where a
gathering of acclaimed thinkers *
seeking ways out of the world's miseryf
in the next millennium.
News of the terrorist attacks was
announced to the Forum 2000 confer-
ence by author and Nobel Peace Prize
laureate Elie Wiesel, who is hosting the
unusual meeting with Czech President
Vaclav Havel.
"It moves us very often to a sense of
helplessness," Wiesel said. "Here w
are - Jews, Buddhists, Christians an
Muslimsg- and we try to speak, we
try to fight prejudice, promote under-
standing, and do something together.
... But there are people who use death
as an instrument, as a means of per-
suasion."
The bombings cast a shadow over
the opening of the three-day confer-
ence, which had already gotten off to a
start more somber than uplifting.
About 60 prominent personalities fro
around the world - including 10
Nobel Prize recipients and eight cur
rent or former heads of state - were
invited by Wiesel and Havel to Prague
Castle to propose alternatives for the
future that "diminish the plight and
pain of people."
Although the gathering is meant
to inspire hope at the dawn of the
new millennium, Havel set a large]
gloomy tone in his opening address
The playwright-turned-president
spoke of the world's "bleak situa-
tion."
"I see a large, yet typical, paradox'
for our era in the fact that though con-
temporary humanity has been aware-of
these dangers, it does almost nothing to

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