The Michigan Daily - Thursday, January 16, 1997 - 5A
national survey on
'U, profs. release
study on universe
By Jenni Yachnin
Daily Staff Reporter
College campuses may not be as safe
as a recent government survey sug-
gests, according to a student safety lob-
A survey by the Department of
Justice called college campuses one of
the safest places in the country, but the
ad of one of the nation's largest lob-
ying groups for campus safety
opposed the findings.
"We felt it was appropriate to
respond and make sure the general pub-
lie doesn't believe that college campus-
esare the safe haven of the world," said
Benjamin Clery, vice president of
Security on Campus, a non-profit
group founded by Clery's parents after
his sister was raped and murdered in
*r dorm room at Lehigh University in
°The Bureau of Justice Statistics sur-
vey - Campus Law Enforcement
Agencies, 1995 - polled American
public and pri-
with a student
enrollment of I don't
at least 2,500. t'
as not intend-
d to be a com-
p r e h e n 51 v e
report of crime
campuses," said a. Justice Department
He added the survey was not a crime
report, but an analysis of the activities
of college security forces.
"Historically campuses have been
Lfer," said Elizabeth Hall, Department
1f Public Safety spokesperson. "One of
the main reasons is that we provide a
variety of services from Safewalk and
Northwalk, (to) Niteowl, a taxi ser-
The survey was the largest and first
of its kind, addressing topics such as
hiring practices, employee characteris-
tics, types of equipment used, salaries,
policies, special programs, agency
functions, and computers and informa-
"It's nice to be safe but that's
because we have low homeless and
poverty rates," said Harold Hotelling,
an LSA sophomore. "Everyone is
employed in some sense, in that they
go to school."
The report states that there were 64
violent crimes and 2,141 property
crimes reported per 100,000 students
enrolled at the surveyed schools in
1994. According to FBI statistics, there
were 716 violent crimes and 4,656
property crimes reported per 100,000
U.S. residents in 1994.
"Consumer protection laws are sup-
posed to help students and parents make
informed decisions," Clery said. "if they
could see the statistics (on rape or vio-
lence) they could think twice about send-
ing their daughter (to a university)."
SOC is lobbying the government to
pass a federal law, The Open Campus
Police Logs bill, which would require
make public daily
think logs of all valid
By Marc Lightdale
Daily Staff Reporter
Two University astrophysicists are
humming "Twinkle, twinkle little star,
how I wonder where you are."
University astrophysicists Fred
Adams and Greg Laughlin recently
completed a one-year study concluding
that the universe will evolve into a sea
of darkness as
bright stars fade L ' -
to black. The u,
were presented Will evol
yesterday at the
A m e r i c a n new ...
in Toronto. Universit
Much of the
on mathematical calculations intended
to give insight into the future of the uni-
"We build mathematic models to fig-
ure out what will happen in the future,"
said Adams, physics associate professor.
The study presents a model compar-
ing the universe in the distant future to
an evaporating bucket of water. Certain
objects made of protons and neutrons,
such as stars, will gradually disperse
into free energy like evaporating water.
"The universe will evolve into a new
and interesting place," Adams said. "It
does not have an impact on the day-to-
day lives of human beings."
If human beings still exist when this
process occurs, they would suddenly be
subjected to the same sort of proton-
decay that other objects would undergo,
said Laughlin, a post-doctoral fellow in
The study took an in-depth look at
the evolution of stars, planets and
galaxies in the infinite future. Adams
suggested that interesting events till
continue to occur as long as the uini-
Adams and Laughlin created a new
unit of time,
known as the
(e into a facilitate dis-
cussion of the
fce. " universe. Etch
- Fred A dams decade repre-
astrophysicist sents a tentbld
increase in the
number - of
years that have elapsed since the begin-
ning of time.
The University researchers divided
the evolution of the universe into sever-
al distinct periods. Currently, human
beings live in the middle of the
Stelliferous, or star-filled, Era.
Much of the scientists' research con-
cerned the future status of red and white
dwarfs, two types of stars. Laughlin
predicts that red dwarfs will be around
for years because of their ability to burn
hydrogen and hoard energy.
In the next cosmological decade,
known as the Degenerate Era, the only
remaining objects will consist of stellar
remnants such as white and brown
dwarfs. During this era, proton decay is
expected to convert a large fraction of
ordinary mass into radiation.
e r " reportedacnmes
Gouri Sashital and arrests. Such
LSA 'unior laws already exist
Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia and
"I've never heard of anyone being
murdered (here)," said LSA junior
Gouri Sashital. "I don't think it's unsafe
here. I wouldn't walk alone at night, but
I wouldn't do that anywhere else
The survey found that all campus
agencies reported patrol services and
96 percent provide 24-hour patrol
coverage. Two-thirds of campuses
reported 911 systems, and two-fifths
of those could pinpoint the caller.
Hall said that to improve campus
safety DPS routinely looks at lighting
and landscape issues.
NTSB workers talk inside the temporary morgue in a hangar at Custer Airport in
Crash still1 a mystery
Continued from Page 1A
haven't seen any impropriety on the
part of the company."
University Health Service no longer
offers Seldane to patients. Dr. Caesar
Briefer, UHS director and assistant pro-
fessor of occupational medicine,
knowledged Seldane's extreme popu-
rity and said the center has been
aware of the drug's side effects for the
past few years.
"We've known about this interaction
for some time and have always coun-
seled people on Seldane not to use these
antibiotics and antifungal drugs, he
LSA sophomore Erika Hoffs said
she sees no reason to use Seldane if
similar drugs without side effects are
"I would use alternative drugs if
they're proven to work and have no side
effects," Hoffs said.
RC sophomore Sarah Alvarez has
taken one of the antibiotics that
reacts with Seldane and said she is
glad the FDA planned to ban the
"I think they should take it off the
parket," Alvarez said. "The antibi-
ics that it reacts with are really
Seldane reached the market in the
mid-1980s and soon became the
leading antihistamine. It was the
first prescription drug to relieve
Continued from Page 1A
nLandefeld wrote a letter to the inter-
chair of the pharmacology depart-,
rment in late September 1993, express-
ing his concern about the appointment
of Prof. William Pratt as the depart-
ment's minority affairs representative,
s uggesting that Pratt had made racist
"Really there has to be some changes
in the attitude of the faculty and profes-
sors," Landefeld said yesterday.
*In March 1995, Landefeld spoke
before the state House Appropriations
Sub-committee on Higher Education
about racial discrimination and harass-
ment at the University. He asked the
committee to investigate the
University's actions and as a result
allergy symptoms without causing
"Seldane was the first drug of its
kind that didn't cause drowsiness
because it did not get into the central
nervous system, but now there is
Allegra and other alternatives that
apparently have less side effects,"
Agency officials said the last time
the FDA banned a drug was in 1977.
Usually, drug manufacturers with-
draw products that don't obtain FDA
approval. Gnegy said several drugs
similar to Seldane are currently on
the market and that the FDA action
will not hurt consumer selection.
"Because there are other drugs that
accomplish exactly the same thing, I
don't think it's an inappropriate action,"
Holz lauded the FDA's action and
said that while the federal agency usu-
ally receives strong criticism for its
strict standards and prolonged delays,
the proposed ban is a pragmatic and
responsible decision that will benefit
"We're fortunate to have an FDA that
looks out for the population and is vig-
orous," Holz said.
Manufacturers will be allowed to
contest the FDA action during the next
According to The New York Times,
the drug's largest manufacturer, Hoechst
Marion Roussel of Kansas City, Mo.,
said it will fight the proposed ban.
DETROIT (AP) - Investigators
know that after a smooth flight, Comair
Flight 3272 banked too far to the left,
rolled almost upside-down and back
again and plunged into the ground.
What they don't know is just why that
happened. But the possibilities of icing,
engine trouble, pilot error- or a combi-
nation of problems-- look like the pri-
mary suspects based on what is known so
far about the crash that killed all 29
aboard, aviation experts said this week.
"More than likely it's going to be an
accumulation of things," said Tim Forte,
director of safety at Embry-Riddle
Aeronautical University in Daytona
Beach, Fla., and a former director of the
office of aviation safety for the NTSB.
Icing - and how the pilots of the
Embraer 120 aircraft handled it - is
one of the most likely contributors, sev-
eral experts said.
"There's several things that could have
gone wrong - they all seem to have
something to do with ice," said C.
William Kauffman, professor of aero-
space engineering at the University.
An airplane goes into a stall when its
wings lose their lift, which can happen
even with the engines running. When
ice forms on wings, it makes them less
able to keep the plane aloft - increas-
ing the chance of a stall.
The NTSB has said the plane was
going 164 knots but had slowed to 145
knots when it started to dive. Even
though that is above the normal stall
speed, Kauffman said it may have been
too slow for the conditions.
A source close to the investigation
told The Detroit News for a story yes-
terday that the crew may have inadver-
tently been flying too slowly and
caused the stall.
Crew mistakes are one of the factors
the NTSB will look at. Forte said, 80
percent of accidents are human-related.
"We go in with an open mind and
look into everything," NTSB spokes-
woman Shelly Hazle said Tuesday.
"Pilot error is definitely something we
It's possible that the pilots didn't
know if they were going too slowly. Ice
could cause the plane's air speed indi-
cator to give an incorrect reading, said
Richard Jensen, associate professor of
aviation at Ohio State University.
In June 1996, a pilot scratched a
takeoff in the same plane when the co-
pilot's air speed indicator failed, accord-
ing to FAA maintenance reports.
The Embraer 120 is equipped with
deicing boots - rubber balloons that
run along the edges of the plane and
inflate to break off ice. But sometimes
ice can build up behind the area the
boot covers, or build up too thick for
the boots to break.
Ice may not have been the only prob-
lem faced by Flight 3272's pilots. Based
on what the NTSB has said, it appears
pilots tried to shut off the plane's right
engine for reasons as yet unclear.
NTSB member John Hammerschmidt
has said controls to shut off that engine
and turn on its fire extinguishers were
found in the "on" position.
Michigan's Premier Multi-Tap presents:
Thu rsdy even ns, 7 - 9 y
Tonight: Jake Reichbart Quartet
"Acting, on the
A Day of Service in Memory of
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The event takes place on
Monday, January 20, from 1-7 p.m.
Meet at Angell Hall Auditorium A
To register, simply fill out the bottom of this
form, and bring it to the Project Serve Office,,
2205 Michigan Union, No Later than 5 p.m.
Friday, January 17.
For more information, cal 936-2437.
The recruiting seminar for the
will take place on
January 21, 1997
from 6-8 p.m.
in the Parker Room
of the Michigan Union.
Refreshments will be served * Dress is casual
We are looking for all interested juniors and seniors to
attend. All majors are considered. Applicants should