The Michigan Daily--Monday, April 7, 1997 - 3A
Rep. Ehlers links researchers to Congress'
opens today at
An exhibit celebrating the 25th
anniversary of radio station WCBN
FM will be mounted today through
May 30, in the Harlan Hatcher
"Radio Free Ann Arbor: A History of
Student-Run Community Radio at the
University of Michigan" chronicles the
history of campus broadcasting at the
*niversity, highlighting student initia-
tives to create a voice for students in
The exhibit, located in the North
Lobby of the library, will include clip-
pings, photographs, program guides
Excerpts from former news director
David Salzman's biography of Gilda
Radner, who was the WCBN
"Weather Girl" between 1965 and
*66, will be part of the exhibit.
Equipment such as an old radio,
turntable, reel tapes and vinyl, plus
the home-made FM operating board
that served the station from 1972-95,
will be some of the features on dis-
A2 walkers get
set for MS walk
The 1997 Multiple Sclerosis Walk
is scheduled to take place next
Ann Arbor walkers plan to join more
than 300,000 walkers nationwide to
The walk includes routes ranging
from 10 to 20 kilometers in length, free
lunch, rest stops, support vehicles,
medical support, prizes and entertain-
Proceeds go to help fund research,
support groups and educational pro-
grams for people with multiple sclero-
sis and their families. For details on
pledging or volunteering, call 1-800-
Book sale to take
place at UGLI
0 More than 2,500 withdrawn and
duplicate volumes from the
University libraries will be available
for purchase at the Public Book Sale
The sale is scheduled to take place
Friday, April 18, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
in the atrium of the Shapiro
The selection represents a wide
nge of subjects, including a large
election of works in literature and his-
Survey says many
A recent survey of college appli-
cants found that the rush for scholar-
'*hip applications comes at the start
of the school semesters, in
September and January. Yet, many
scholarships have rotating or multi-
pie award dates, awarding scholar-
ships to applicants two, three or more
times per year.
According to the National
Commission on Student Financial Aid,
there are billions of dollars of scholar-
hips available to students each year,
et many students are not aware of
More than 80 percent of the 375,000
available scholarships do not depend
on family need or exceptional grades,
but instead are awarded based on fac-
tors such as the student's interests, hob-
bies, academic focus, age, heritage,
parent's occupation or military service.
Through the resources of the
National Academic Funding
*dministration, a publication is avail-
able that provides information to help
all students seeking financial assis-
- Compiled by Daily Staff Reporter
By Jeffrey Kosseff
Daily Staff Reporter
U.S. Rep. Vernon Ehlers was trying
to get University researchers to relate to
life as a member of Congress on Friday,
and he found a few similarities.
"Being in Congress is like being in one
perpetual faculty senate meeting," said
Ehlers (R-Grand Rapids). His speech
was part of the Distinguished Lecture
Series on National Research Policy,
sponsored by the Office of the Vice
President for Research.
Ehlers, a former physics professor
and the current vice-chair of the House
Science Committee, said federal fund-
ing is important to research and noted
the commonalities'between the human-
ities and the sciences. He said research
is important for the well-being of future
"We are hampered by the public's
request for quick answers," Ehlers said.
"But we must worry about the long-
term future. We need more individuals
who worry about the future."
Another concern of Ehlers is the
basic education of the public.
"If you conduct a survey of U.S. adults
today, you will find that 50 percent of
adults do not know how long it takes the
Earth to orbit the sun," Ehlers said.
The general public, Ehlers commented,
has a low regard for scientific thought.
"It has become fashionable to be
ignorant of science," Ehlers said. "The
public has begun to regard science as a
cult, with scientists as the high priests
of the cult.'
But Ehlers said Congress is "above
average with their understanding of sci-
Ehlers recalled times when he taught
at Calvin College and he would educate
many of the humanities professors
"What's very important is to integrate
the sciences and the humanities" Ehlers
University Associate Vice President
for Research Julie Ellison, an English
professor, agreed there must be more
communication between fields.
Like many lobbyists for the sciences,
Ellison said people in the humanities
also plan to ask Congress for funds at the
"Humanities Day on the Hill" this year.
"Our message will be that we are try-
ing to create a national paradigm,"
Similar to many political issues,
Ehlers said research breaks down parti-
san boundaries in the House.
"The Republicans tend to favor basic
research, and the Democrats favor applied
research" Ehlers said. "But science does-
n't break down that conveniently."
House Speaker Newt Gingrich asked
Ehlers to write a House science policy,
and Ehlers said he is eager to complete
"The new policy must recognize the
unique nature of science and the djis-
covery process," Ehlers said.
The lecture series has brought many
politicians and researchers to the
University to speak about research
funding. Previous speakers include f'or-
mer Ohio Gov. Richard Celeste °id
Harold Varmus, the director of the
National Institutes of Health.
"These lectures have been absolutely
important and enlightening," said Acting
Vice President for Research Frederick
House Democrats return, hope
to put stamp on FY98 budget:
LANSING (AP) - As House law-
makers return from spring break this
week, Democrats' attention will turn
toward putting their party's stamp on
the state's 1997-1998 budget.
With much of the House
Democrats' 90-day agenda complet-
ed, Appropriations subcommittees
now go into action to ready spending
plans for votes on the floor by the
end of April.
"The next 60 or 90 days, a lot of
time is going to be spent on the bud-
get;' said Dan Loepp, chief of staff to
House Speaker Curtis Hertel (D-
Continued from Page 1A
visible role model (on campus);'
Thorson said. "Students should know
that you can be a grown up and be out."
As the discussion drew to a close,
Sanders said the University is a place
where she feels comfortable expressing
"I feel free to be out" Sanders said.
"So here I am where I feel safe to be a
After the discussion, audience mem-
bers were encouraged to attend
LGBPO's reception and evening soiree.
The House and Senate aim to get final
approval on all budget bills for the fiscal
year beginning Oct. 1 by June, before
lawmakers break again for summer.
Meanwhile, the Senate still has
another week left in its two-week
recess, which was staggered to begin
one week later than the House's. The
Senate resumes work on April 15.
The Senate already has approved all 10
of the budget bills that originated in that
chamber. The House has yet to move
even one of its bills out of the
Appropriations Committee, and has not
begun considering the ones sent to its
committees by the Senate.
But Loepp said criticism from
Republicans that Democrats are way
behind on getting budget bills passed is
Since GOP Gov. John Engler's pro-
posal provided the starting point for all
budget work, it will take Democrats
longer to bring the fiscal blueprint in
line with their priorities than its took
the Republican-controlled Senate to
basically agree with Engler's proposals
and make only minor changes, toepp
"When Republicans had total control
of the Legislature, you could run sort of
a Mussolini train schedule;' he said.
Sociology Prof. Max Heirich speaks at a health care forum on Friday, where
experts discussed the future of the nation's health care system.
Panel debates futue
ofhealth care system
By Brian Campbell
Daily Staff Reporter
As Medicare and Medicaid costs
continue to climb, a panel of world-
renowned health policy experts
assembled at the University Medical
Center on Friday to debate the future
of the nation's financially ailing
health care system.
In the conference, titled "Managed
Care: The Challenge of Regulation,"
panel members discussed the feasi-
bility of continuing coverage under
Health Maintenance Organizations
(HMOs) versus reforming the entire
health care system.
Dr. Clifton Cleaveland, past presi-
dent of the American College of
Physicians, described the neglect 6f
health care reform as "the inability to
read the handwriting on the wall
when one's back is up against it."
Cleaveland said he couldn't under-
stand how the wealthiest nation in
the world could allow 36 million of
its citizens to be uninsured.
"This population has to throw
themselves on the staffs of poorly
equipped clinics or show up in hospi-
tal emergency rooms and hope some-
one will take care of them" he said.
Nearly 70 percent of Americans
are covered under some form of
managed care system, in which a few
large corporations, such as HMOs,
provide insurance coverage.
Cleaveland, who attributed runaway
costs to administrative waste and
increased use of high-tech clinical
tests, said managed care suffers from
poor organization and depersonalized
"We must have uniform benefits
and public accountability. The
Canadians have done it and so can
we," Cleveland said.
Chair of the Board of the American
Associated of Health Plans, Michael
Herbert, maintained that managed
care offers patients comprehensive
services with affordable premiums.
Herbert said managed care, which
began its boom during the Nixon
administration, has helped to slow
rising costs and receives too much
criticism from reformers.
"We have revolutionized the
health care delivery in America and
broken the back of medical infla-
tion," Herbert said. "We've gone
from being a success story to being
the whipping boy in our business."'
Cathy Hurwit, member of Citizen
Action in Washington, D.C., said
patients save money in HMOs
because they receive less quality care.
Hurwit said that under managed
care, physicians are frequently unable
to refer patients and are forbidden to
perform certain clinical tests.
"One of the concerns that con-
sumers have is that costs will be saved
in the system but shifted to the con-
sumers," she said. "The way they save
money is through the rationing of
Cleaveland said he worries that
HMOs are unable to regulate them-
selves to prevent abuses. "HMOs
demonstrate only limited abilities to
police themselves," Cleaveland said.
"When there is an abuse, I can't find
anyone to help me fight it, either at
the state or federal level."
But Herbert maintained that man-
aged care can regulate its own poli-
cies."We need time to show the world
that self-policing can work," Herbert
said. "Patient satisfaction is high but
much more needs to be done."
While HMOs began primarily as
non-profit corporations, a majority of
HMOs today are for-profit. Hurwit
said because HMOs are more con-
cerned about cutting costs than caring
for patients, they replace skilled nurs-
es with unskilled technicians.
But Business Prof. Keith Crocker
said managed care is a rational way
to cut costs.
"Managed care is not a universal
panacea. There's no mystery on how to
cut health care costs - you ration the
care," Crocker said. "Managed health
care, if it's managed correctly, is a good
buy and probably not a bad idea?'
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