2- The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 25, 1997
Las Angeles Tnes
BEIJING - Launching the highest-
level official U.S. visit to China since
the bloody Tiananmen Square crack-
down of 1989, Vice President Al Gore
arrived here yesterday and a grateful
China prepared to thank the United
States by signing two major deals with
Gore and Chinese Premier Li Peng
Mlanned to witness today the signing of
a $685 million order for five Boeing
Co. 777-200 passenger jets and an
Agreement with General Motors to cre-
ate a $1.3 billion joint venture to pro-
duzce 100,000 Buicks a year in China.
"these transactions ... are proof posi-
tiVe that there is greater economic coop-
eration between China and the United
States," said Gore spokesperson Ginny
Terzano. "This is an important land-
mark in China-U.S. relations.'
The deals with GM and Boeing were
long in the making, and the Chinese
government, which still controls the
vast majority of the economy, was fol-
lowing a well-worn tradition of sealing
major business transactions on the eve
of a visit by an important foreign offi-
cial. "You can assume that the fact that
the vice president is here visiting pro-
vides good timing" for the agreements,
a senior administration official said
here, requesting anonymity.
Gore's four-day visit is somewhat
clouded by the political controversy at
home over allegations that China ille-
gally attempted to influence U.S. elec-
POP- AROUND THE NArdm.
Court endorses scrambling of channels
WASHINGTON - The Supreme Court yesterday allowed the government to
begin enforcing a law that requires cable operators to completely scramble the
visual and audio signals of certain sexually explicit programs so that children do
not inadvertently see indecent programs.
Cable television customers typically receive sex-oriented networks such as
Playboy Television or Spice Entertainment only if they have paid for the progra*
ming. Customers who do not subscribe get a scrambled signal. But in many cases,
according to court filings, cable operators lack the equipment to fully scramble the
video portion of the signal or to scramble the audio signal at all.
The new law, part of a massive telecommunications overhaul approved by
Congress and signed by President Clinton in February 1996, was intended to
ensure that children in non-subscribing homes do not see shows intended for adult
viewers. It requires an operator to completely scramble or block the signal or, if
that is not feasible, to transmit sexually explict adult programming only between
10 p.m. and 6 a.m.
Playboy Entertainment Group and Spice Entertainment Companies had sought an
injunction barring enforcement of the law while they challenged it on F
Amendment grounds. The high court, without issuing an opinion or a recorded voT
Monday, summarily affirmed a special three-judge panel's denial of the injuction.
Chinese Premier U Peng, center, and U.S. Vice President Al Gore, right, greet guests yesterday at Beijing's Great Hall of the
People. Gore and U later watched as an agreement between China and Boeing was signed for the purchase of five jets..
tions. The charges, being investigated
by the Justice Department, are among
an array of campaign-finance troubles
plaguing the Clinton White House.
The vice president has said he will
raise the issue of influence-peddling in
his talks with Chinese President Jiang
Zemin or Prime Minister Li Peng, but
he stressed that the focus of his trip is
promoting stronger bilateral relations.
Issues on his list for talks with Li and
President Jiang Zemin included trade,
human rights, environment and nuclear
"I have traveled here to reaffirm the
vital importance of relations between
our nations," Gore said in a statement
issued upon his arrival in Beijing on last
evening. "The landscape of U.S.-China
relations is filled with many rivers,
some flowing together, others flowing
Such variety befits the interaction
of two great nations and civiliza-
By going forward with his trip
despite the potentially adverse politi-
cal appearances, Gore sent a strong
signal to China that the Clinton
administration will not let the cam-
paign-finance controversy interrupt
high-level contacts between the two
governments or inhibit efforts to
improve trade ties.
"The visit has enormous significance
to the Chinese," said Mike
Jendrzejczyk, a China policy analyst
and Washington Director of Asia Watch,
a human-rights organization. "It
demonstrates that the United States
wants to remove the Tiananmen stigma
for once and for all."
The visit is particularly timely for
President Jiang Zemin, who took power
when longtime leader Deng Xiaoping
died last month and is striving to con-
solidate his power. Jiang hopes to make
a state visit to Washington in November
and host Clinton on a reciprocal visit
next year. Gore's visit is seen as a step-
pingstone to those trips.
interest rates to rise
WASHINGTON - Even though
inflation shows no signs of worsening,
the Federal Reserve apparently is
preparing to raise interest rates for the
first time in two years.
Fed Chair Alan Greenspan seems bent
on pre-emptive action - the economic
equivalent of firing before the enemy
actually gets to the battlefield.
The nation's inflation rate is actually
lower so far this year: 2.3 percent for
January and February compared with
3.3 percent for all of last year.
But based on Greenspan's public
statements, economists believe a quar-
ter-point increase in short-term rates is
the nearly certain result of today's
meeting of the Federal Open Market
Committee, the central bank's mone-
tary policy arm.
In congressional testimony last
week, Greenspan stressed the "impor-
tance of acting promptly - ideally pre-
emptively - to keep inflation low."
"If this is not the handwriting on the
wall, I don't know what is' said econ-
omist Sung Won Sohn of Norwest
Corp. in Minneapolis.
If all goes as anticipated, the Fed will
drain reserves from the banking sys-
tem, pushing the rate charged among
banks on overnight loans from 5
percent to 5.5 percent. It will be e
first increase since Feb. 1, 1995.
WASHINGTON - The number of
tuberculosis cases in Washington
increased by 36 percent last year,
according to federal figures rele
yesterday, which showed that the .e
rence of the disease in the nation as a
whole dropped for a fourth consecutive
Overall, the number of active tuber-
culosis cases in the United States
declined by 7 percent between 1995
and 1996, with most states reporting
decreases, according to the federal
Centers for Disease Control and
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Continued from Page 1
and no more than 25 percent from all
corporations without prior approval.
Oesterling's colleagues yesterday
remained confused over the suspension.
"I always thought he was an excellent
researcher and provided excellent patient
care;' said Mack Ruffin, associate pro-
fessor in the School of Medicine.
Ruffin said he worked with Oesterling
on several projects, manuscripts and pub-
lications, but has no experience in any of
his financial arrangements.
Ruffin added that he did not know
enough to substantiate the allegations.
Thomas Dunn, chair of the Senate
Advisory Committee on University
Affairs, said he expects the results of
the investigation to be announced in a
week or two.
Dunn said Oesterling remains a fac-
ulty member of the School of
Medicine, where he teaches surgery.
Oesterling said the investigation was
"no big deal" and was upbeat about
returning to work.
"I want to get my tail back in the
office, to help people and solve this
problem with prostate cancer" he said.
"That's my commitment?'
One patient who had been scheduled
for an operation with Oesterling said he
went to the University specifically
because of Oesterling's reputation.
. . . . . . . . . . .
ARoUND THE WORL
Look for the
Coopers and Lybrand
ad in today's paper!
HEBRON, West Bank - In one
West Bank riot yesterday, Palestinian
police formed a human chain and
pushed Palestinian stone-throwers
away from Israeli troops.
In another, Yasser Arafat's troops
stood by and watched for hours, with
one officer finally telling protesters to
go home and "save your energy for
Israel says Arafat's security forces
are sending mixed signals about the
Palestinian Authority's attitude toward
violence. But Palestinian leaders insist
they are simply having a difficult time
controlling anger over Israel's hard-line
The different approaches yesterday
in Hebron and Bethlehem may also
reflect disagreement among
Palestinians over how to respond to
Israel's decision to build a large Jewish
neighborhood in east Jerusalem, which
Palestinians claim as a capital.
"We are telling Arafat stop the dou-
ble game, get serious and address us
with one voice,' said Dore Gold, for-
eign policy adviser to Prime Minister
Israeli officials say that even aft
suicide bomber linked to the Hamas
group killed three women in a Tel Aviv
cafe Friday, Arafat has not moved to
rein in militant groups.
KINSHASA, Zaire - Zaire's pim
minister resigned yesterday, bowin;
pressure from lawmakers who blamed
him for mishandling an insurgency by
rebels who have captured a third of the
Leon Kengo wa Dondo's departure
came a day after his mentor,
President Mobutu Sese Seko,
-emerged from seclusion. Mobutu
promised leaders to make clear
"within 48 hours" his impending
plans to reunite the country.
- Compiledfrom Daily wire reports.
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