2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 14, 1997
Bombs found at Arab paper
The Washington Post
LONDON - A new wave of letter
bombs struck the Arabic-language news-
paper Al Hayat yesterday, and one of
them exploded at the paper's headquar-
ters here, injuring two security guards.
Two other mail bombs were found at
the United Nations in New York City
addressed to Al Hayat's news bureau
there. Authorities said the bombs in
both London and New York appeared to
be similar to those mailed to the
Washington office of Al Hayat and the
federal penitentiary at Leavenworth,
Kan., two weeks ago.
In the apparent continuation of
attacks that law enforcement officials
have been unable to explain, a total of
four bombs were discovered yesterday
morning in the London mail room of Al
Hayat, a prominent Saudi-owned news-
paper that circulates throughout the
Middle East. One security guard was
seriously injured when he retrieved one
of the bombs from a security scanner,
and a second suffered lesser injuries.
Police then destroyed three similar
In New York, guards at U.N. head-
quarters evacuated three floors of the
building for about two hours after find-
ing the first of the two letter bombs
Police and senior editors of Al Hayat
said they have no evidence indicating
who is behind the bombing campaign,
although the characteristics of the U.S.
and London parcels were similar.
"I don't know how we can protect
ourselves," said Jihad Khazen, editor of
the London-based paper, reflecting the
fear that swept through the staff here
In New York, U.N. Secretary General
Kofi Annan condemned the incident as
a "cowardly act ... an assault on the
United Nations itself."
A U.N. spokesperson said the two let-
ter bombs there were contained in
addressed to Al Hayat's U.N. bureau.
The first arrived in the central mail
room, apparently late Friday, and was
sent to a second-floor messengers sta-
tion for delivery yesterday to the Al
Hayat office on the third floor. It was
detected about 15 to 20 minutes before
delivery and disposed of by the New
York Bomb Squad. The second was dis-
covered in the mail room later yester-
U.N. spokesperson Fred Eckhard said
police had already implemented special
mail-checking precautions after hearing
about the London bomb yesterday
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Continued from Page 1
Orr mentioned recent published pho-
tos of Madonna and Demi Moore
smoking cigars, and speculated that
part of the trend may be associated with
glamour and sexual connotations.
"It's phallic ... it's sexy," he said.
Rackham student Shane Davies said
he prefers cigarettes and generally dis-
likes cigars, choosing to smoke them
only on rare and festive occasions.
"I don't like the fact that I can't
inhale," he said. "Cigarettes seem to be
a more efficient nicotine delivery sys-
Davies recently bought his father a
cigar for Christmas.
"I would smoke them on celebrating
occasions. They're bigger (than ciga-
rettes) ... that seems to make them
more festive" he said.
LSA junior Rebecca Marco said she
doesn't smoke at all, but said she con-
siders cigars to be just as hazardous as
Orr said he thought cigars were less
harmful than cigarettes if certain condi-
tions were met.
"I think they're less harmful provid-
ed that there isn't inhalation, and pro-
vided that it isn't routine," he said.
But while cigars generally contain
less nicotine, tar and additives than cig-
arettes, they still contain chemicals that
form carcinogens upon reacting with
enzymes in the body, which may lead
to cancer and other diseases.
Dr. Dean Brenner, professor of inter-
nal medicine and associate professor of
pharmacology, said that despite some
cigar smokers' claims of relative safety,
cigar smokers still inhale some fumes,
breathe lingering second-hand smoke,
and even if they don't inhale deeply,
expose their oral cavity, pharynx and
nasal cavity to cancer-causing agents.
"The fact is a smoke is a smoke is a
smoke," he said. "Smoke is exposed to
the mouth, the back of the mouth, the
nose, the breathing tube and on into the
The recent wave of cigar smoking is
concurrent with national polls that indi-
cate rises in cigarette smoking among
young people. The Universitys annual
drug survey, "Monitoring the Future,"
sponsored by the National Institute on
Drug Abuse, reported that last year, 21
percent of eighth graders, 30 percent of
10th graders and 34 percent of high
school seniors classified themselves as
smokers. Twenty-five percent of all
adults are classified as current smok-
ers, according to the National Institute
"Because young people tend to carry
the smoking habits in adolescence into
adulthood, the substantial and continu-
ing increases in teen smoking bode ill
for the eventual longevity and health of
this generation of American young
people," said Dr. Lloyd Johnston,
research scientist at the University
Institute for Social Research.
Johnston said he thinks the increase
is likely to be culturally based, as anti-
smoking messages have waned since
their prominence in the 1980s when
then-Surgeon General C. Everett Coop
pioneered the anti-smoking campaign
by banning TV advertising for ciga-
rettes and placing mandatory warning
labels on all cigarette and cigar pack-
"The breadth of the increase sug-
gests the broad cultural influences at
work here - influences that reach vir-
tually every sector of society. Two that
come immediately to mind are the mas-
sive advertising and promotional
efforts of the tobacco industry, and the
extensive portrayal of smoking by role
models in the media, particularly the
movies," Johnston said.
Wium FOR UH
Simpson testifies for
2nd day in trial
SANTA MONICA, Calif. - A
choked-up O.J. Simpson told jurors
yesterday he was ashamed to say he
contemplated suicide after his ex-wife's
slaying. He also acknowledged cheat-
ing on his wife during their tumultuous
marriage but denied that makes him a
"You have lied repeatedly, haven't
you?" asked plaintiffs' attorney Daniel
"No," Simpson said.
It was Simpson's second day on the
stand as a defense witness at his
wrongful-death trial, with his lawyer
trying to undo the damage done when
he was questioned by the plaintiffs'
side in November. Nearly 100 people
lined up for courtroom passes, some
arriving as early as 4:15 a.m. in the
In other testimony, Simpson said that
before the slaying of ex-wife Nicole
Brown Simpson, his relationship with
girlfriend Paula Barbieri had been
A"1N <N N ;PORT
NATO: World wants to limit mine use
WASHINGTON - NATO's top military commander said yesterday that the
world "must come to grips with the issue of land mines" and that he believes the
international "consensus is growing" to limit their use.
"We've got to do something," said Gen. George Joulwan, who is both the
supreme allied commander of NATO forces and commander of U.S. forces "
Europe. "What we see happening in Central Africa and Asia, as well as in Bosr,
we've just got to come to grips with:'
Joulwan, speaking to reporters at a breakfast meeting, said the de-mining effort
in Bosnia "has not moved as quickly as we would have liked." Because of the heavy
rains and bad weather "we now find them washing out on the roads," he said. He
said he favors at least banning the production and use of so-called "dumb mines"
that do not self-destruct.
President Clinton is on the verge of deciding how best to pursue an internation-
al ban on land mines. Clinton and his policy team must decide whether to actively
support a Canadian-led effort to draft an international treaty expected to be signed
in December but lacking support of Russia and China, or to back a much slower
process in the United Nations' Conference on Disarmament. That latter co
could take years to reach even the narrowest of agreements, albeit with backing of
China and Russia.
In fact, he said, at a charity event for
an Israeli hospital, held at a lavish home
one day before the slayings, he and
Miss Barbieri even talked about "filling
a house like that up with babies."
Miss Barbieri has testified that a few
hours after that date, however, she le*
telephone message breaking up with
juice may cause
CHICAGO - Drinking more than a
cup and a half of fruit juice a day may,
make preschoolers fat or stunt their
growth, a study suggests.
No single juice was implicated in.
study of 168 healthy youngsters, but the
ones who drank more than 12 ounces a
day tended to be shorter or fatter than
The findings, published yesterday
in the January issue of the journal
Pediatrics, suggested that preschool-,
ers who fill up on juice may be get-
ting too much sugar or missing out
on more nutritious foods.
Russia urges Belarus
to move toward
MOSCOW - In an apparent reac-
tion to NATO's expansion plans, Russia
said yesterday it is urging Belarus to
take new steps toward a union of the
two former Soviet republics.
The two Slavic neighbors signed a
union treaty last April at the initiative of
Russian President Boris Yeltsin, but the
goal of political and economic integra-
tion was shelved in Moscow after
Yeltsin's re-election in July.
Now the Russian leader has revived
the idea in a letter urging his
Belarussian counterpart, Alexander
Lukashenko, to set up binational agen-
cies to "coordinate" his government's
policies with Moscow's.
The letter also suggests the idea of a
voter referendum in both countries on
unification, Yeltsin spokesperson
Sergei Yastrzhembsky said.
Lukashenko quickly agreed, saying,
"If Boris Nikolayevich is ready (for
unification), you know my position; I
have long been ready."
t: : ,:'
::: :: .
Russian Deputy Prime Minister
Sergei Shakhrai said the new effort is,
driven by NATO's plans to accept three:
former Soviet bloc nations - Pola
Hungary and the Czech Republic -.
members of the Western defense
alliance later this year.
continue in Bulgana
SOFIA, Bulgaria - Pressured by
mounting street protests and threats.of
strikes, Bulgaria's ruling for
Communists tentatively agreed yes-
day to early elections that could force
them from power. Their foes demanded
still more concessions.
Opponents staged their seventh day
of protests, inspired by the eight weeks
of daily anti-government demonstra-
tions in neighboring Serbia.
But unlike Serbia, where workers
mostly have stayed on the sidelines,
union leaders said hundreds of thou-'
sands of workers were ready to strike
oust the former Communists.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports¢
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