2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, February 20, 1997
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - Police c
a IIthe passengers, as well as th
ti t out of the car during
stems-even when they have no r
stW t danger or wrongdoi
:Samne Court ruled yesterday
a 7-2 vote, the justices
netto protect an officer's saf
-wdgs the privacy rights of
"Regrettably, traffic stops'
dangerous encounters," sai
Justice William Rehnquist.
along, I 1 officers were killed ai
assaulted or injured during traf
or pursuits, he said.
'yesterday's ruling does not
police must or should order pa
out of cars, only that the decisi
so lies entirely with them.
The Supreme Court ruled
ago that police can routinely o
vers out of the car during traffi
But until yesterday, many cou
assumed that an officer needs
some specific reason or st
before ordering a passenger to
and possibly be frisked.
Dissenting justices said th
takes away the privacy protec
. ..,W ANEW
tens of millions of innocent passengers.
an order The Fourth Amendment bans "unrea-
ie driver, sonable searches and seizures" by the
a traffic government, and in years past, the
eason to court regularly said officers needed a
ing, the "particularized suspicion" before
y. invading a person's privacy.
said the But more recently, the Supreme
fety out- Court under Rehnquist has upheld
innocent broad and routine searches by police
even in instances where officers have
may be no reason to suspect an individual did
d Chief anything wrong.
In 1994 In 1989, the Supreme Court upheld
rd 5,762 sobriety roadblocks on the highways,
fic stops and yesterday's decision brought to
three the number of pro-police rulings
say all in traffic cases in less than a year.
ssengers In June, the Supreme Court said
on to do police can use trivial traffic violations
as a reason to stop a car and search the
20 years motorist. That decision, in Whren vs.
rder dri- U.S., upheld a common technique in
ic stops. the war on drugs. Police in Washington,
rts have D.C. were stopping cars that eased
> at least through stop signs in a neighborhood
uspicion where drug use was rampant.
get out Though the court agreed the traffic
stop was a pretext to search for drugs,
e ruling it unanimously upheld the stop any-
tions of way.
Trade deficit worst in eight years
WASHINGTON -America's foreign trade deficit climbed to $114.2 billion in
1996, the worst showing in eight years, as a flood of toy and shoe imports helped
push the deficit with China to an all-time high.
The Clinton administration insisted today that 1997 would be better, but private
economists said that they saw no quick relief for the nation's biggest economic
The trade news wasn't all bad. The deficit with Japan narrowed to $47.7 billion,
the smallest imbalance since 1991. But the deficits with all other major trading
partners worsened significantly.
Commerce Secretary William Daley pointed to record U.S. exports in 1996 as
proof that the administration's market-opening trade policies were working. He
predicted that the overall deficit, which he blamed on sluggish economic growth
overseas, would finally start to narrow in 1997 after widening for five years.
But many private economists forecast further deterioration in America's trade
performance in 1997. Critics of administration policies have blamed the rising
deficits for the loss of millions of American jobs.
"The trade deficit is going to be a lot worse in 1997 because everything is p-
ing in the wrong direction, said Lawrence Chimerine, chief economist atf
Economic Strategy Institute.
The Rev. Robert Schenck, general secretary of the National Clergy Council, meets
reporters yesterday on the steps of the Supreme Court in Washington, D.C.
Continued from Page 1A
abortion clinic in Falls Church, Va.
Overall, yesterday's opinion endors-
ing a 15-foot buffer around clinic
entrances and its strong sentiment
against violent disruptions strengthens
the hand of abortion rights groups that
seek court orders keeping protesters
free from taunts.
The decision reinforces a 1994 ruling
first allowing so-called "fixed buffer
zones" around clinic doors and shows
that in the context of clamorous abor-
tion protests a majority believes govern-
ment's interests in public safety and a
woman's access to medical care out-
weigh protesters' free speech rights.
In his remarks from the bench and
opinion for the court, Chief Justice
William Rehnquist, who himself oppos-
es abortion, vividly described the scene
at clinics near Buffalo and Rochester
New York, where the case originated:
"(V)olunteers who attempted to escort
patients past protesters ... were some-
times elbowed, grabbed, or spit on....
(P)eaceful efforts at persuasion often
devolved into 'in your face' yelling ...
Men who accompanied women ...
sometimes had to be restrained (not
always successfully) from fighting with
R~c t .dso1s _ Continued from Page IA
ship" of capitalism but believed China
could modernize only by adopting new
- technologies from the West. To that
end, he opened diplomatic relations
with the United States, concluded a
peace treaty with Japan and oversaw an
rGIORGIO ARMANI agreement with Britain for Hong
Kong's return to Chinese control this
'A year. He also sent Chinese to study
e Ae abroad, including tens of thousands to
OLO RALPHLAUREN Calvin Klein the United States.
Still, despite his flexibility in eco-
320 S. State St. nomic matters, Deng was a hard-liner
(lower level of Decker Drugs) about politics throughout his life. Thus,
662-1945 when he rose to power in December
1978 - winning a power struggle that
m t°' followed Mao's death in 1976 - Deng
began to liberalize the economy while at
the same time preserving China's
Soviet-style political framework. He
strongly defended the Chinese
Communist Party's monopoly on power.
Nevertheless, an unintended conse-
quence of Deng's opening to the rest of
the world was that along with foreign
capital came an infiltration of Western
political and social ideas. This ulti-
mately led to the most precarious peri-
od for the government under his rule -
the massive demonstrations for democ-
racy and the army crackdown on pro-
testers in the spring of 1989.
These demonstrations found their
focal point at Beijing's vast Tiananmen
Square, where many tens of thousands
of people gathered in an anti-govern-
ment rally that grew over several days.
Continued from Page 1A
Lieberthal said Deng's death will
likely affect China in two ways.
"Deng was a steady hand in Chinese
politics," Lieberthal said. "(Deng's
death) raises the possibility of future
frictions in Chinese-American relations
becoming out of hand. Also, it raises the
possibility of an increased contingent in
Chinese politics in the next year."
The possible change in the politics of
China will be played out at the 15th
Party Congress in September,
Lieberthal said. Jiang Zemin has
served as the country's active leader
since 1990, but the death of Xiaoping
will bring about the possibility of more
candidates challenging Jiang.
"In the long run, it is much more
likely that the succession will be chal-
lenged," political science graduate stu-
dent Pierre Landry said. "There will be
a party congress in the year, which may
begin to indicate changes in the leader-
Lieberthal said an attack on Jiang now
will not be seen as an attack on Deng.
"Jiang was put into power by Deng,"
Lieberthal said. "With him not still
alive, it will be easier for the addition
of challengers to weaken (Jiang's)
power without feeling that they are
attacking Deng on his deathbed"
Lieberthal said it is important for
Jiang to control the leadership during
next fall's congress.
"The key task is to manage the lead-
ership line-up of the 15th Party
Congress this fall," Lieberthal said. "If
he manages that, he will stay on top."
Political science associate Prof.
Yasheng Huang said Chinese politics
should stay status quo.
"This will be symbolically the end of
an era. You have to remember (Deng)
has not been involved in day-to-day
politics for the last five years," he said.
SPACE CENTER, Houston - With
Discovery's astronauts looking on like
proud parents, a stronger, smarter
Hubble Telescope drifted off into the
blackness of space yesterday to resume
its exploration of the heavens.
The $2-billion observatory, anchored
for nearly a week in the shuttle's open
cargo bay, was set free to rousing music
after being modernized and repaired in
five wearying spacewalks, conducted
one night after another.
"It's been sitting in the mother's nest
in the shuttle quite comfortable, and
now our little baby's out on its own,"
said NASA's chief Hubble scientist, Ed
The orbiting Hubble will undergo an
eight- to 10-week checkout by ground
controllers before it can start gazing
deeper into the universe with its new
infrared eyes and two-dimensional
imaging sensors. The first images are
to be released in May.
"Thanks to you ... the window on
liely' to expFand
LONDON --- On the first five stops
of her round-the-world trip, U.S.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
has made one thing clearer than ever
before: Regardless of whether the
Russians like it, NATO's eastward
expansion will happen and it will hap-
In Rome; Bonn, Germany; Paris;
Brussels, Belgium; and London, she
has steadied - at least for now -
any wobbling on that issue by the
United States' major European allies
and provided a morale-boosting pep
talk to alliance foreign ministers who
met with her in Brussels on Tuesday.
Now comes the hard part - a visit to
Moscow, a stop likely to show how
much real substance is behind her
diplomatically stylish maneuvers.
In talks scheduled for today and
tomorrow in Moscow with Russian
President Boris Yeltsin, Prime Minister
Viktor Chernomyrdin and her counter-
part, Foreign Minister Yevgeny
the universe is about to be open just, a
little bit more," NASA Administrator
Daniel Goldin told the crew.
Discovery's astronauts couldn't wait
to get back home tomorrow to cele-
"I'll buy for the whole crew, and
they're going to take me up on t"
chief spacewalker Mark Lee said a is
six crewmates cheered.
NEW YORK - Victims of severe
brain injuries can recover faster and
perhaps more fully if their bodies are
chilled to 87 or 88 degrees for a day, a
The cooling treatment is "something
every hospital could do," said Dr.
Donald Marion, director of the brain
trauma research center at the
University of Pittsburgh Medical
Center. "It's not high-tech."
Marion and his colleagues report-
ed their findings in today's issue of
the New England Journal of
Primakov, Albright's task gets compli-
First, she must try to establish a
personal rapport with Primakov, who
is not just dead set against her pr*-t
but is someone who got his job in
part by trashing his predecessor,
Andrei Kozyrev, for being too soft on
MEXICO CITY - Bribery charges
lodged against an army general ser*
as Mexico's drug czar illustrate how
corruption has penetrated the military
and casts doubt on the wisdom of
expanding its role in the drug war,
experts said yesterday.
The general, Jesus Gutierrez
Rebollo, was chosen to lead
Mexico's campaign against drugs in
December in large measure because
of his reputation for honesty and
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
Vr much your
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