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February 12, 1997 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1997-02-12

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, February 12, 1997

NATION/WoRLD

I

Serb opposition
party gains seats

:*~~N'A L

Parliament's 'special
law' reinstates
election victorIes
The Washington Post
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia - The
.erbian parliament, carrying out a
pledge from President Slobodan
Milosevic, adopted a "special law" yes-
terday night reinstating opposition elec-
tion victories in Belgrade and 13 other
cities.
The vote, with Milosevic's dominant
Socialists providing all but a handful of
the 128 "yes" ballots, marked a victory
for the
Together" We ig
op position O Icaion
which has demgon Tram
organized
daily protest
m a r c h e s Serbian Re
since the nul-
lified munici-
pal elections were held Nov. 17.
But the three-party coalition boy-
cotted yesterday's parliamentary ses-
sion, vowing to keep up the demonstra-
tions until its victorious candidates in
the disputed municipalities are served
with official documents guaranteeing
that they can take office.
Ultranationalists from Vojislav
Seselj's Serbian Radical Party delayed
consideration of the proposal for more
than seven hours, then filibustered for
nearly four more hours before finally
abstaining from the vote. Only about
160 of parliament's 250 members were
present for the special session.
"Seselj's supporters denounced as
humiliating Milosevic's contention that
he restored the disputed municipalities
only to please critical foreign govern-

m
bIi

ments. In proposing the "special law"
just a week ago, Milosevic portrayed
his decision as a bow to international
pressure rather than a recognition that
the coalition has emerged as a force to
challenge his decade in power.
Justice Minister Aranjel Markicevic
insisted Serbia's 12-week crisis has
ended with the parliamentary vote.
But Together co-leader Zoran
Djindjic of the Democratic Party told
subdued protesters yesterday evening
that the coalition will hold another
meeting this evening. Vesna Pesic of the
Civic Alliance, another leader of the
opposition coalition, added: "Our job is
not finished,
and we must
stop the continue until
final victory."
f N"We might
stop the
- Vuk Draskovic demonstra-
iewal Movement tions," said
V u k
Draskovic, the
head of the Serbian Renewal
Movement and the third coalition
leader. But he added, "I feel that soon
we'll be on the streets again because I
do not believe" the Socialists will
allow "fair conditions" for Serbian
parliamentary and presidential elec-
tions in November.
"The only way to get rid of these peo-
ple," he said, "is to be on the streets."
Reflecting on the ground covered
since Milosevic nullified key results in
the Nov. 17 runoff elections, Together's
Pesic recently said to those gathered for
the daily protest rally: "When we began
our work did any of us know that we
would hold out (so long)? We grew
together through rain, wind and snow,
but we know this is only the first round."
On the same theme, Djindjic has told

Gov. wants flexible job training funds
WASHINGTON - Michigan Gov. John Engler told law-
makers yesterday that states need more flexibility to consoli-
date job training programs while raising accountability stan-
dards for better job placement.
"We have worked to eliminate the maze of confusing job
development programs - more than 163 at last count," the
Republican governor told the House subcommittee on postsec-
ondary education, training and lifelong learning.
Rep. Howard "Buck" McKeon, (R-Calif.), the subcommittee's
chair, said the hearing would help House members determine
how to restructure the country's major job training programs. En
Engler said a diagram of the multiple layers of federal job gier
training funding "looks like the design of a complicated computer chip. But believe
me," he said "it doesn't work that efficiently."
Engler said training people and moving them into the labor market is best done
at the local level and requires "a lot of flexibility."
In 1993, Engler created the Michigan Jobs Commission - consolidating
than $400 million in programs from seven agencies into one state department
including job training for the unemployed, those on welfare or in school.

. P PHu
A student blows a whistle and waves an opposition newspaper in front of the
Serbian parliament building in Belgrade yesterday.

Clinton officials
advocate jail for
Medicai offenders
WASHINGTON - Responding to
widespread fears among the elderly, the
Clinton administration yesterday called
for repeal of a "granny go to jail"
felony to hide financial assets to quali-
fy for Medicaid coverage in nursing
homes.
Several senators, citing the worries
of constituents, unexpectedly raised the
issue at a hearing yesterday on govern-
ment rules to carry out the 1996 health
insurance portability law.
Bruce Vladeck, the administration
official who runs Medicare and
Medicaid, agreed with the senators and
invited Congress to get rid of the sec-
tion of law at issue. Vladeck also said
the federal government will not take
any steps to encourage states to enforce
the provision.
"There has been a lot of fear and
anxiety created by this provision,"
Vladeck said. Section 217 of the 1996
health insurance law makes it a crime

punishable by a prison term of up to
five years and a fine of $25,000. to
commit fraud by hiding assets to quali-
fy for Medicaid, which pays for poor
people in nursing homes.
Discove crew
chases '' Hubble
If they don't catch it on the first try,
their mission to upgrade and serviceg a
$2-billion orbiting observatory in a
series of four spacewalks beginning
tomorrow, will fail.
"We have one shot at rendezvous,"
said flight director Jeff Bantle. If the
shuttle is moving as little as 100 fee r
second too slowly, "we wouldn't le
enough propellant to make that up.
Discovery was launched just before 4
a.m. yesterday. During the day, it rapidly
narrowed the gap between itself -and
Hubble. Rendezvous and capture were
expected early tomorrow.
In the first of four space walks, scled-
uled to start at 11:21 p.m. tomorrow,
astronauts will try to replace two of the
shuttle's original scientific instrume*

the demonstrators they can look for-
ward to a long and "hot spring and sum-
mer," with Milosevic fighting the coali-
tion on such key issues as greater access
to the government's quasi-monopoly
over television and electoral law reform
for the November elections.
Along with restoration of the disput-
ed election victories, those demands
were endorsed in recommendations
from a committee dispatched to Serbia

U U

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Announcing the
1996-1997

by the Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in
December that Milosevic mentioned
last week in explaining his concession.
In an apparent concession from the
opposition, however, Draskovic hinted
to reporters that Together may drop
demands that the government recognize
coalition claims to having won a plural-
ity in two Belgrade suburbs,
Mladenovac and New Belgrade.
S Aica
schools
re lacin
textbooks
Los Angeles Times
SOWETO, South Africa - Standing
at her blackboard, Irene Nkwanyana
has no textbooks for her fifth-grade
history class at the Nkholi Primary
School.
She is making history instead.
"In the past, I had to teach what the
government wanted or I would be
arrested," said Nkwanyana, who has
taught black children for 30 years. "I
had to teach that the black man was
inferior."
No longer. This year, for the first
time, she has discarded textbooks that
portray whites as civilized and blacks
as primitive. She has stopped teaching
Christian Nationalism, the dubious
myths and racist doctrine of the
Afrikaner minority that imposed racial
segregation and repression on South
Africa for so long.
Those texts still are widely used else-
where as new curricula and books are
written and debated. After numerous
delays, the first batch of post-apartheid
textbooks is to be delivered to schools
around Johannesburg this month and
phased in across the country over the
next six years.
But Nkwanyana isn't waiting. Using
newspapers, a handful of donated
books and her own experience as a vic-
tim of apartheid, the 56-year-old black
educator is proudly trying to change
the mind-set of the next generation.
"It is necessary that children should
learn what happened in South Africa'"
she explained as her 37 pupils pon-
dered her lesson on the meaning of
democracy. "I tell them: 'Find out!
Find out!"'
In ways big and small, South
Africans are trying to confront and cor-
rect the abuses of the past. But the
search for truth - or at least fairness
- has been as wrenching as it has been
revealing in a society where free
speech and free thought were pro-
scribed until the end of white rule in
1994.
The nation's Truth and
Reconciliation Commission has begun
to overcome decades of official denials
and cover-ups to document bombings,
murders, torture and other atrocities by
the former regime, including the 1977
beating death by police of celebrated
black nationalist Steven Biko.
Many Afrikaners, descendants of the

Israel be s freeing
women Prsoners
RAMALLAH, West Bank - After
more than a year of delays, Israel yes-
terday began freeing its Palestinian
women prisoners, fulfilling a commit-
ment made in the interim peace agree-
ment signed in 1995.
But there were hitches until the end,
with last-minute legal appeals and
emotion-charged pleas from Israelis
seeking to block the official pardons
and freedom for 31 women, several of
whom were involved in the killings of
Jews.
Late last night, the Israeli Supreme
Court denied a final petition to stop the
release, clearing the way for the women
to leave the prisons where they have
been held and to make their way to this
West Bank city for reunions with rela-
tives and a welcome from Palestinian
Authority President Yasser Arafat.
The release marked the second time,
along with the recent accord on Israel's
withdrawal of troops from the West
Bank city of Hebron, that Israeli Prime

Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has hon-
ored agreements made with the
Palestinians by his Labor Party prede-
cessors.
Pru rebelIs y e
ready to make deal
LIMA, Peru - A rebel leader
apparently left the besieged
Japanese ambassador's house yes-
terday for the first time in nearly
two months, traveling across the
street to begin organized talksn
Peru's hostage crisis.
Roli Rojas Fernandez, the Tupac
Amaru Revolutionary Movement's
second-in-command, was believed to
be a white car with Red Cross mark-
ings that made the short ride from the
compound to a two-story, ochre-col-
ored house. .
The car drove into a garage, andthe
door closed behind it. It was impossi-
ble to see inside the car's tinted win-
dows.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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Suppbment,

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