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January 28, 1997 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1997-01-28

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 28, 1997

Simpson
case goes
to jury
Los Angeles Times
SANTA MONICA, Calif. - In his
last closing arguments, O.J. Simpson's
lawyer asked jurors yesterday to con-
clude that crooked police planted a
bloody glove at Simpson's mansion and
dribbled damning blood evidence from
Simpson and two murder victims on the
defendant's socks and his car, and at the
murder scene.
This, said attorney Robert Baker, was
part of an elaborate conspiracy to frame
the only suspect police ever had in the
brutal slayings of Nicole Brown
Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
"You can render a verdict, like was
done before, and give him his life back,
and give Justin and Sydney their dad
back" Baker said as the Simpson team
concluded its defense.
Ten minutes later, attorneys for the
plaintiffs made their final rebuttal argu-
ments in the civil lawsuit, heaping
scorn on the Simpson defense lawyers
and describing their theories of police
corruption as "sheer fantasy."
John Kelly mocked, often bitterly, the
Simpson defense's assertion that more
than 30 photographs, showing Simpson
wearing the same kind of shoes that
experts say left bloody prints at the
murder scene, were forgeries.
In closing arguments last week,
Simpson lawyer Daniel Leonard asked
jurors whether the new photographs of
the shoes appeared "too late" in the trial
and "cost too much.'
Kelly retorted yesterday: The pho-
tographs "came in the nick of time and

NATION)

IaNORLD

AP PHOTO
O.J. Simpson reads as he arrives at Los Angeles County Superior Court, where
final arguments are taking place In the wrongful-death civil case against him.

their value is priceless."
Simpson was acquitted of the mur-
ders in October 1995; the families of
the victims are seeking unspecified
damages in the civil case. If the jurors
find Simpson responsible for the
deaths, they will return to the court-
room to hear evidence about damages,
which could run into millions of dol-
lars.
The defense yesterday seemed to lay
the groundwork for an argument about
damages. Baker ridiculed the plaintiffs'
contention that Goldman, a waiter,

would now be running his own restau-
rant. "Ron Goldman wouldn't have a
restaurant now," Baker said. "He would
be lucky to have a credit card." Goldman
had filed once for bankruptcy.
As for another plaintiff in the case,
Goldman's mother, Sharon Rufo, Baker
said: "She hasn't seen her son in 12 or
14 years"
Baker acknowledged that the death
was hard on Goldman's father, Fred.
"You can't give him his son back, but
you can give back Mr. Simpson his
life," he said.

Nebraska
fraternity
sets cross
aflame
Ritual event also
included Confederate
flags, uniforms
By Matthew Waite
The Daily Nebraskan
LINCOLN, Neb. - A ritual
designed to show unity has placed
University of Nebraska's Sigma Chi
fraternity house at the center of con-
troversy after Lancaster County
Sheriff's deputies found fraternity
members about to burn a cross.
Lancaster County Sheriff's
Department Sgt. Norman Monroe
said Sunday that deputies were dis-
patched Thursday night to investigate
a suspicious party half a mile south
of Hwy 33 and SW 58th Street.
When the deputies arrived, they
found 30 male members of the
Sigma Chi Fraternity holding a pri-
vate ritual. Officers saw several Civil
War-era items, including
Confederate flags, uniforms, sabers
and rifles.
Officers also saw a 6-foot tall
wooden cross that was to be burned
later in the ceremony.
One member was ticketed for
drinking alcohol in a wildlife area.
Since no other laws were being bro-
ken, the officers left the scene.
Lancaster County Sheriff Terry
Wagner said the ceremony seemed to
have racial undertones.
"The explanation I've gotten from
members of the fraternity is that this
is a historical ceremony that has been
going on for years," Wagner said.
"But the connotation this brings up is
one of racial bigotry."
Curt Denker, the Sigma Chi house
corporation president who talked to
media Friday, refused comment to
the Daily Nebraskan on Sunday.
There was no answer at Sigma Chi
house President Craig Vasek's room.
Calls attempting to reach Chapter
Adviser Rich Rice were unsuccess-
ful.
Denker told reporters Friday that
the ritual was a skit that symbolized
the unity of the fraternity since the
Civil War. He said that after crosses
were carved into soap bars, they
were put in a large metal cross and
the cross was heated to melt the soap
into -one.
Denker said he knew nothing
about a wooden cross being burned.
The burning of a wooden cross is
most commonly known as a Ku Klux
Klan ritual, symbolizing purifica-
tion.
Phyllis Larsen, a spokesperson
for the University of Nebraska-
Lincoln, said Sunday that adminis-
trators had looked into Friday's inci-
dent and found there were no viola-
tions of the university's student code
of conduct.
Larsen said, however, that greek
affairs administrators were still look-
ing into the matter.
- Distributed by the University
Wire.

U.S. may aid Cuba after Castro leaves
MIAMI - Cuba can expect to receive substantial amounts of aid from the inter-
national community, including the United States, to promote its transition to
democracy once President Fidel Castro is no longer in power, according to a
Clinton administration report scheduled to be made public today.
The administration was required to prepate the report, titled "Support for a
Democratic Transition in Cuba," by last year's Helms-Burton Act, which impo*
U.S. sanctions against foreign companies operating in Cuba with assets of U.S. cit-
izens that were appropriated by the communist government.
The report, which was drafted by the Agency for International Development
with input from other agencies, says the administration will suspend long-
standing trade sanctions and begin normalizing relations with Cuba after it
becomes apparent that a transition government is in place and is committed to
democracy.
The report estimates that the first six years of post-Castro transition would cost
between $4 billion and $8 billion, with the "predominant" share coming from the
United States, and the rest from international financial institutions, multilateral
organizations and other governments.
Castro, who will be 70 in August, has been in power since 1959. Cuba's coo
munist regime is the only remaining non-elected government in the hemisphere.

Teen-agers at risk
for heart disease
WASHINGTON - Teen-agers may
increase their risk of heart disease later in
life by smoking or eating fatty foods,
according to a study of autopsy results
that found artery blockage in young peo-
ple who died accidentally.
The study found dramatic differ-
ences in the severity of fatty deposits
on the arteries of teen-agers and other
young people, depending on whether
they smoked or ate diets rich in fat.
Fatty deposits and lesions were
found in the major arteries of young
people with high levels of cholesterol
in their blood, according to the autop-
sies performed on 1,079 men and 364
women between the ages of 15 and 34.
The amount of fatty deposits
increased with age, and the difference
between subjects with high and low
cholesterol showed up as early as age
15, according to the study published in
the January issue of Arteriosclerosis,
Thrombosis and Vascular Biology.
Although studies based on autopsies

of American soldiers killed during wars
found similar results, this is the first
large sample of data from young
women, said Dr. Basil Rifkind, of the
National Heart, Lung and Blood
Institute, which sponsored the research.
Seniors may pay m
GOP Medicare plan
WASHINGTON - Senate Majority
Leader Trent Lott (R-Miss.) said yester-
day that senior citizens should pay more
for their Medicare benefits to keep the
program solvent into the 21st century.
"You cannot continue to provide
more and better services and say,',
and by the way, you don't have to
for it," he said. "The truth of the mat-
ter is. the people who are getting the
benefits ... are going to have to bear
more of the costs."
Lott's comments came as the govern-
ment announced health care spending
rose 5.5 percent in 1995. But government
spending for programs such as Medicare
jumped 8.7 percent, as private health
costs increased 2.9 percent from 1994

N A 1,

..............................................................................................................................................................,.

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Training manuals reveal C IAs
methods of '80s torture, abuse

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.................................................................................................................................................................... .

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The Baltimore Sun
WASHINGTON -A newly declas-
sified CIA training manual details
torture methods used against suspect-
ed subversives in Central America
during the 1980s, refuting claims by
the agency that no such methods
were taught there.
"Human Resource Exploitation
Training Manual - 1983" was released
Friday in response to a Freedom of
Information Act request filed by The
Baltimore Sun on May 26, 1994.
The CIA also declassified a
Vietnam-era training manual called
"KUBARK Counterintelligence
Interrogation - July 1963," which
also taught torture and is believed by
intelligence sources to have been a
basis for the 1983 manual.
Torture methods taught in the 1983
manual include stripping suspects naked
and keeping them blindfolded.
Interrogation rooms should be window-
less, dark and soundproof, with no toilet.
"The 'questioning' room is the battle-
field upon which the 'questioner' and the
subject meet," the 1983 manual states.
"However, the 'questioner' has the
advantage in that he has total control

over the subject and his environment"
The 1983 manual was altered between
1984 and early 1985 to discourage tor-
ture after a furor was raised in Congress
and the media about CIA training tech-
niques being used in Central America.
Those alterations and new instructions
appear in the documents obtained by The
Baltimore Sun, support the conclusion
that methods taught in the earlier version
were illegal.
A cover sheet placed in the manual in
March 1985 cautions: "The use of force,
mental torture, threats, insults or expo-
sure to inhumane treatment of any kind
as an aid to interrogation is prohibited by
law, both international and domestic; it is
neither authorized nor condoned."
The Sun's 1994 request for the
manuals was made in connection
with the newspaper's investigation of
kidnapping, torture and murder com-
mitted by a CIA-trained Honduran
military unit during the 1980s. The
CIA turned over the documents -
with passages deleted - only after
The Sun threatened to sue the agency
to obtain the documents.
Human rights abuses by the
Honduran unit known as Battalion 316

were most intense in the early 1980s at
the height of the Reagan administra-
tion's war against communism in
Central America. They were document-
ed by The Sun in a four-part series pub-
lished from June 1I to 18, 1995.
The methods taught in the 1983 man-
ual and those used by Battalion 316 in
the early 1980s show unmistakable sim-
ilarities.
The manual advises an interrogator
to "manipulate the subject's environ-
ment, to create unpleasant or intolerable
situations.'
In The Sun's series, Florencio
Caballero, a former member of
Battalion 316, said CIA instructors
taught him to discover what his prison-
ers loved and what they hated.
"If a person did not like cockroaches,
then that person might be more cooper-
ative if there were cockroaches running
around the room," Caballero said.
In 1983, Caballero attended a CIA
"human resources exploitation or inter-
rogation course," according to declassi-
fied testimony by Richard Stolz, then-
deputy director for operations, before
the Senate Select Committee on
Intelligence in June 1988.

Chechens head to
polls for freedom
GROZNY, Russia - Sensing free-
dom after two centuries of rule by
Moscow, Chechens flocked to the polls
yesterday to vote in elections they hope
will confirm the end of the war that
Russia waged against their separatist
leaders for almost two years and that
would bring independence one step
closer.
Donning their best but threadbare
clothes, the people of this tiny Muslim
region turned their day of decision-
making into a party. Enthusiasm for the
presidential and parliamentary vote
was so intense that polling stations
stayed open for an extra two hours in
the evening to cope with the long lines
of eager citizens waiting to cast their
ballots.
They ignored a fierce frost and clus-
tered excitedly for hours at polling sta-
tions in Chechnya's half-ruined villages
and devastated capital, Grozny, talking
about the first hope they have had for
years of a better future.
The elections are the first stage in

a peace deal reached with Russia last
August, after Chechen separatists
humiliated Moscow on the battle-
field. Moscow also has been forced
to promise to reconsider Chechn
claims to independence once a gov-
ernment is at work in the devastated
region and after a five-year breathing
space.
5 South Africans
seek amnesty
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa -
In a dramatic breakthrough, officials
yesterday that five former policemen are
expected to seek amnesty in the 1977
beating death of black leader Steven
Biko, a notorious death in police custody
of the apartheid era.
Biko headed the Black Consciousness
Movement and at the time was arguably
South Africa's best-known dissident. His
death in detention prompted worldwide
outrage and was instrumental in the
imposition of arms- and oil-sanctS
against Pretoria's white minority regi.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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RECORDS

real music,

PERU
Continued from Page 1
fired shots to warn police to keep their
distance.
Hostages inside the compound
include Japanese Ambassador Morihisa
Aoki, Japanese executives, Peru's for-
eign and agriculture ministers, police
officials and President Alberto
Fujimori's younger brother, Pedro.
Under international law, Japan

must give permission for any military
action to free the hostages, since the
compound is considered Japanese
property.
Japan's vice foreign minister,
Sadayuki Hayashi, said yesterday that
Peru had reaffirmed its commitment to
the hostages' safety.
About 20 Tupac Amaru guerrillas
seized more than 500 hostages when
they stormed a diplomatic reception
inside the compound.

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scheduled or

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release dates subject to change without notice. sorry

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