2 - The Michigan Daily -- Friday, January 24, 1997
Los Angeles Tunes
KRAGUJEVAC, Yugoslavia -
Violent clashes erupted here yesterday
as newly installed officials from the
opposition sought to take charge of this
city's television station but were
blocked from doing so by the regime of
Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic.
After angry crowds gathered to
demand that the station be turned over
in Kragujevac - the largest city that
Milosevic has allowed to pass to oppo-
sition hands - Milosevic's heavily
armed riot police beat dozens of
demonstrators and used bulldozers to
move cars that blocked city access
roads in protest.
The dispute over media goes to the
very heart of the 67-day-old protest
against Milosevic and his decision to
annul opposition electoral victories
in Serbia, which, with tiny
Montenegro, makes up the rump
For the opposition, control of City
Hall means access to electronic media
that is run and censored by Milosevic or
his allies. And that access is considered
crucial to the opposition's ability to run
in future elections, build a party base
and crack Milosevic's iron grip on
"By losing TV and radio, Milosevic
would lose part of his media dictator-
ship," said Vidosav Stevanovic, a
Serbian writer who has been designated
head of the television station by the new
opposition government. "The moment
he loses media, he loses power. His
regime is based only on media and
The struggle over control of media in
Kragujevac began Wednesday when
Stevanovic and the new mayor, Veroljub
Stevanovic, who is not related to
*Vidosav, attempted to enter the building
housing the television and radio sta-
_ They were confronted by police who
occupied the premises and men in civil-
,ian dress who claimed to represent the
* -::. -.-s.-
Los Angeles Tunes
MOSCOW - Elections that were
supposed to confirm peace in the sepa-
ratist region of Chechnya - after
almost two years of war with Russia's
army - are turning into a violent free-
for-all of mysterious kidnappings,
vicious political mudslinging, and
threats of further armed conflict.
Ruslan Aushev, president of a tiny
Muslim region neighboring Chechnya
on Russia's southern border, warned
yesterday that politicians hostile to a
recent peace deal for Chechnya were
trying to disrupt or discredit next
Monday's elections, repeating the mis-
takes that led to combat two years ago.
"There are those who do not want
these elections to take place," said
Aushev, who plays an informal mediat-
ing role between Chechnya and
For many Russians, the defeat of
their army by a tiny Chechen guerrilla
force last year was a painful humilia-
tion. The former superpower was
forced to agree to consider giving
Chechnya's 1 million people the free-
dom they claim, after five years, and
meanwhile to allow elections for a
peacetime president and Parliament.
All the leading presidential candidates
Russian officials are already casting
doubt on the validity of Monday's elec-
tions, saying they may not be fair
because 300,000 Chechen refugees who
have fled to distant parts of Russia will
not be able to vote. Putting a question
mark over the legitimacy of the voting
now leaves Moscow freedom to maneu-
ver if it later decides to reject the results.
Chechnya is still in ruins after a 20-
month onslaught by Russian planes and
tanks. A third of its people are homeless
and many of them have fled Chechnya
altogether in search of safety farther
afield. Men carrying guns walk every
street and violent crime is rampant _
including a spate of kidnappings.
.. - O ALREO
Panel won't advise early mamograms
WASHINGTON - An expert panel yesterday decided not to recommend rou-
tine mammograms for women in their forties, concluding that the latest scientific
evidence on whether the X-ray test prevents breast cancer deaths is not strong
enough to justify such advice.
While some doctors and consumer advocates praised the decision to let women
weigh the risks and benefits for themselves,the surprising conclusion to a th-
day government-sponsored conference sparked harsh criticism from many partici-
"You owe us and the public and American women to say something morec'
Swedish researcher Laszlo Tabar angrily told the panel, to loud applause from par-
ticipants attending the conference at the National Institutes of Health. Moments
afterward, he stormed out of the meeting, but returned later.
"I do fear that this document is tantamount to a death sentence for thousands of
women;' said Michael Linver, a radiologist from the University of New Mexico
School of Medicine, his voice shaking with emotion.
In an unusual response, Richard Klausner, director of the National Cancer
Institute, which initiated the conference, said at a news briefing that he disag d
with the panel's assessment and that he would ask the cancer institute's adviJK
board to consider the issue again in February.
A Serbian protester waves a Serbian Renewal Movement Flag yesterday during a
blockade in the road in the Serbian industrial town of Kragujevac.
SANTA MONICA, Calif. - One of
O.J. Simpson's attorneys yesterday dis-
puted the authenticity of more than 30
photographs that show the former foot-
ball star in the same kind of unusual,
expensive shoes that experts say left
bloody footprints where Simpson's ex-
wife and a friend were murdered.
Why would photographs be faked?
Why did they turn up after the criminal
trial? "There's money to be made in
those photographs, that's why," said
Simpson lawyer Daniel Leonard in
closing arguments in a civil trial
brought by relatives of Nicole Brown
Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
"Money makes the world go round:"
Leonard told jurors that with enough
money, time and the right equipment,
any image can be manipulated. During
his testimony in the civil trial, Simpson
said the photographs were of him. It
was his face, his tie, his jacket. But he
said again that he never owned or wore
a pair of the size 12 Bruno Magli shoes.
The photos of the shoes, which did
not play a large role in the criminal
trial, have been described in the civil
trial against Simpson as the most cru-
cial and potentially damaging evi-
Study: fewer AID
patients in hospitals
WASHINGTON - AIDS-related
hospitalizations have plummeted since
potent combinations of three drugs
have become the standard of care, offi-
cials with several clinics reported yes-
But concerns have surfaced thate
of the treatment is being stymied by
gaps in insurance coverage. The aver-
age annual cost of use of the drugs is
estimated at $15,000.
The studies on the effects of the drug
combinations were presented at the
fourth Conference on Retroviruses and
Opportunistic Infections, a major gath-
ering here this week devoted to com-
Milosevic-controlled state television
network. Vidosav Stevanovic and
Veroljub Stevanovic were ordered out,
crowds gathered, and a tense standoff
continued until yesterday morning.
Yesterday afternoon, the Belgrade
government dispatched a delegation to
"negotiate" the status of the television
station - a move widely seen as an
effort to stall.
Increasingly angry demonstrators
blocked streets into the city, and, as
they sat in roads, the protesters were
attacked by truncheon-wielding
At least 15 people were injured,
including a federal legislator reported
to have sustained a serious concus-
The Associated Press reported its
television news crew also was roughed
up and its film confiscated by police.
Under Socialist rule, the main televi-
sion and radio stations in Kragujevac,
as in many Serbian cities, belonged to
the city government.
Once it became clear, however, that
the opposition had won Nov. 17
municipal elections in this industrial
city 100 miles south of Belgrade, the
outgoing authorities attempted to
transfer the television and radio to the
Milosevic-controlled state broadcast-
Employees of the Kragujevac sta-
tion were then obliged to sign a peti-
tion saying they wanted to belong to
the state network, Vidosav Stevanovic
"There was no pressure - they just
told us, 'Sign or be fired,' " said one
employee who signed the petition.
attack kills 310
Brown University bans halogen lights from dorms
® Officials pay students
$10 to replace lights
By Selena Skelly-Dorn
The Brown Daily
PROVIDENCE, R.I. - Many stu-
dents have halogen lights in their dorm
rooms because they are brighter than
other lamps and relatively inexpensive.
But if the Brown Office of Residential
Life has its way, students will soon
have to accept a darker existence.
The torchiere style of halogen lamps
was banned from residential commu-
nities at Brown this past summer, and
Residential Life plans to enforce the
rule more actively this semester.
This academic year's Guide to
Residential Living at Brown reads,
"300-watt (or higher) torchiere halo-
gen lamps are prohibited in the resi-
dence halls. These lamps have been the
duse of a number of fires in the dorms
.ver the last two years. The biggest
safety concern has to do with the lack
of any protective covering above the
very hot halogen light bulb." A
torchiere lamp contains a light fixture
mounted on top of a pole about six feet
Director of Residential Life Arthur
Gallagher explained the reason behind
the decision to prohibit torchiere style
"We banned the torchiere style halo-
gen lamps that were 300 watts or more
from all residence halls because the
lamps had been causing problems,"
Gallagher said. "Brown had two small
fires caused by this torchiere style
lamp. During the summer, the U.S.
Consumer Product Safety Commission
(CPSC) issued a warning about
torchiere style lamps."
Residential Life altered its rule to
include all torchiere lamps - regard-
less of the numbers of watts - in
December when Gallagher discovered
that you could buy torchiere style
lamps with 150-watt bulbs.
"All torchiere style lamps are a safe-
ty threat, regardless of bulb size,"
Gallagher said. "We were also plan-
ning to do mass inspection of all the
rooms and did not want to get caught
up in the number of watts. So, in
December, we put up yellow notices
prohibiting all torchiere style halo-
gen lamps in University residence
halls. We gave students two choices.
They could take the lamps home or
they could bring them to the Office
of Residential Life, where we gave
time during which inspection will take
place, but no exact times or dates will
be given, Gallagher said. He added
that it will be a "plain sight" inspec-
tion, meaning the inspectors will
examine only what is in plain view.
"We will be looking for other safety
violations besides the halogen lamps,"
Gallagher said. "Illegal hot plates and
torchiere style halogen lamps will be
taken on the spot."
RUHENGERI, Rwanda - The
Rwandan army has struck back at Hutu
insurgents in a huge military operation
that has left up to 310 people dead in
northwestern Rwanda, aid workers and
local residents said yesterday.
Rwandan army Capt. Frank Ndore
said the operation was designed to flush
out Hutu rebels suspected of killing
more than 50 people including three
Spanish aid workers.
Ndore said the operation, which
began Sunday and ended yesterday, had
resulted in one death. He refused to
comment on the reports that hundreds
had been killed.
"We are dealing with rough people.
We carried out cordon and search oper-
ations, and one person was killed
Wednesday night," Ndore said.
Rwanda's Vice President and
Defense Minister Paul Kagame told the
British Broadcasting Corp. yesterday
that 80 Hutu insurgents had been killed
in the prefecture and an additional num-
ber of civilians were caught in the cross
fire. He did not elaborate.
Local residents, priests and aid work-
ers said operations were carried out in
nine districts of Ruhengeri prefecture.
They reported killings in each o e
nine and estimated at least 310 deal
kils 468 in Togo
LOME, Togo - A meningitis epi-
demic has killed 468 people in the north
of Togo, a newspaper reported yesterday.
The Kpakpa Desenchante, an inde-
pendent weekly newspaper, blamed c-
ernment health authorities for the rapid
spread of the disease that broke out early
this month. The epidemic has killed 468
out of 1,567 recorded cases, the newspa-
Last week, the Togolese health min-
istry issued a statement mentioning the
outbreak, which started in Dapaong, an
important trading town along the border
with Burkina Faso about 300 miles north
of the capital. The statement did not te
the number of cases or deaths.
-- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
them $10 as an
turn them in
and to defray
the cost of the
said 90 students
turned in their
gen lamps to
after the posting
have been the
cause of a number
of fires in the
- The Guide to Residential
Living at Brown
safety but insist
on their right to
" S i n c e
the safety of all
the dorms, I
LS&A Scholarship applications for Spring-Summer 1997
and Fall-Winter 1997-1998 are now available
In 1402 Mason Hall
To qualify for scholarship consideration, a student must be an
LS&A undergraduate and have completed one full term in
LS&A. Sophomores must have a U of M grade point of 3.7 or
better and Juniors and Seniors must have GPA of at least 3.6.
The awards are based on financial need and academic merit.
exchange their lamps for $10 through
the end of this month. Residential Life
disposes of all of the lamps, Gallagher
After the deadline for exchanging
the lamps expires, the university will
inspect rooms to ensure compliance
with the regulations.
"We do room inspection every year,
and we usually look at about half the
campus," Gallagher said. "This semes-
ter we are going to try and do the whole
campus, inspecting every room."
Notices will be posted in dormito-
ries informing students of the general
they have to do
but I don't like the idea of someone
being in my room when I'm not there,'
Lara Shihab-Eldin said.
Minority Peer Counselor Alegrei
I understand their perspective and,
the necessity of safety policy, but I
think the student's privacy needs to be
respected," Rodriquez said. "I think
the policy might be more acceptable if
students were present in their rooms
during the inspection."
Gallagher defended the right of the
university to inspect the dorms for fire
and safety violations.
Woax OTH AL
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