2- The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 13, 1996
U.S. cautiously eyes mission to Zaire
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON -The Pentagon dispatched a 40-
member team to Central Africa yesterday to assess
supply and security needs, as Clinton administration
officials said the United States is likely to participate
in an international military rescue mission to aid
Rwandan refugees in Zaire.
Senior officials said, however, that no U.S. forces
would be committed to such an effort until crucial
questions have been answered about how a force
would be organized, who would lead it and what its
objectives would be.
Under growing pressure from France, Canada and
the United Nations to make a commitment to a mis-
sion to aid an estimated 1.1 million Rwandans in need
of food and shelter, U.S. officials said they are not
going to be stampeded into an operation that could
blow up in their faces.
Nevertheless, U.S. officials stepped up planning for
possible U.S. participation in a relief effort. A team
from the U.S. Agency for International Development
is attempting to cross into Zaire from Rwanda, the
State Department said.
The Pentagon's announcement that an assessment
team will be flown to Central Africa from Italy today
said that "this deployment will enhance the military's
ability to respond but does not represent a commit-
ment by the U.S. to deploy other forces."
U.S. officials made little effort to disguise their
irritation with France, which made a plea for an
international force last week. In the American view,
Paris did so without providing a credible deployment
plan in a transparent effort to ingratiate itself with
Africa at U.S. expense.
Canada, which has offered to lead a humanitarian
mission and provide troops for it, sent a senior-level
delegation here yesterday to discuss the proposed
intervention with White House National Security
Adviser Anthony Lake and other senior U.S. officials.
The United States agrees that such a mission is
probably necessary, U.S. officials said, adding that if it
occurs, America should participate - out of humani-
tarian obligation and because the United States has the
kind of transport planes, generators, water-purifying
units and other necessary equipment.
One official who was briefed on the talks said
Washington is taking the position that "we are not pre-
pared to go to Congress and the American people with a
plan that is not fully thought out, without agreement on
rules of engagement or force capability. We will not hap-
hazardly throw U.S. troops into such a volatile situation."
U.S. officials continued to stress the complexity of
the situation in eastern Zaire. While hundreds of thou-
sands of people probably need help, U.S. officials said,
the circumstances on the ground make it difficult to
provide that aid without risking an armed conflict with
Thalidomide may soon be sold in U.S.
WASH INGTON - Thalidomide, which became the world's most infamous
drug after causing thousands of horrific birth defects more than 30 years ago, may
soon be sold in the United States -- perhaps as early as next year.
While the drug shows promise in fighting some AIDS-related disorders, leprosy
and other devastating diseases, the Food and Drug Administration already is tak-
ing steps to protect women who could bear children with no limbs or tiny flipp9
like arms and legs after taking just one pill in early pregnancy.
"We never thought there would be another generation of thalidomidcrs," said
Canadian Randy Warren, his voice choked with emotion, who was born with no
hips and malformed legs.
Thalidomide, once sold in 48 countries as a sleeping pill and morning sick-
ness cure, was banned worldwide in 1962 after some 12,000 babies were born
with missing or malformed limbs, serious facial deformities and defective
It was never sold in the United States, because FDA scientist Frances Kelsey
uncovered signs of toxicity that its manufacturer had denied.
Last week, Kelsey, now in her 80s and still at the FDA, heard doctors expla'
thalidomide's unique ability to inhibit a substance that can spur immune-rela
diseases like lupus, leprosy and certain AIDS ailments.
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Continued from Page 1.
came to a close as Bollinger and his
wife stepped up to the regents' table.
"I feel good that it's over, but the rea-
son I feel good is because we made a
great decision; said Regent Andrea
Fischer Newman (R-Ann Arbor). "This
community in the past week has been so
Lee Bollinger's qualities of integrity,
thoughtfulness and accessibility will
spread through all the University's con-
stituencies, said assistant Law School
Prof. Heidi Li Feldman, who uniquely
knows Bollinger as both a student and a
"The combination of qualities that
Lee has is going to be very effective in
doing good for the University," said
Feldman, who also was a Law School
student when Bollinger was dean..
"What I noticed is that as a student he
was accessible if you had something
important to talk about. He was the same
way with me as a faculty member"
Feldman said. "That sort of consistency
makes for a good University president.'
As president, Bollinger said he will
work to instill a sense of historical pride
in the University, be accessible to stu-
dents and restore vitality in the deans.
While Bollinger didn't outline any
specific initiatives, he said rebuilding
an executive officer team and focusing
on the University Hospitals will be two
During a news conference yesterday
afternoon, Bollinger said he will stay
connected to students even with his
hectic schedule. He plans to teach a
class o. the First Amendment and will
hold open office hours for anyone who
wants to talk to him,
"It's incredible the number of students
who take advantage of that," Bollinger
said, adding that he also would "try
never to turn down an invitation from a
student group to speak to them."
Bollinger said he also will work to
promote public recognition and aware-
ness of the University's history. "I think
public institutions lose too much of
their history," Bollinger said. "That's
something to work on."
During his public interview two
weeks ago, Bollinger noted that Robert
Frost was a poet-in-residence at the
University, but few people know that he
lived on Washtenaw Avenue or con-
ceived of some of his most well-known
poems while living in Ann Arbor.
Bollinger talked again yesterday about
placing a statue of Frost on campus, but
said the statue is just one way to instill
a sense of pride in University history.
Michigan Student Assembly
President Fiona Rose, who was part of
a social dinner for Bollinger during his
campus visit as a candidate, said the
dinner introduced her to the inspiration
that emanates from the University's
"I gained from that dinner a glimpse
into real academic excellence and also
an incredible ability to make people
dream," Rose said. "He saw the possibil-
ity in education and it was moving."
Rose also noted the importance of
Bollinger's wife, Jean, who accompa-
nied the future president throughout the
day. She is an artist and a founder of the
Ann Arbor Hands-on Museum.
"She is an equally important part of
this presidential package, Rose said,
adding that she hopes Jean Bollinger
serves as an advocate for the arts and
humanities on campus.
Chemistry Prof. Thomas Dunn, chair
of the faculty's governing body, praised
Bollinger's ability to "seize the
moment" and his courage to stand by
"The University has to try to take
risks. That's what it's all about," Dunn
said. "I think Lee Bollinger has shown
the capacity to do that."
Chatting with excitement, people at
yesterday's reception all had different
reasons - both professional and per-
sonal - for their anticipation about
Bollinger's return to Ann Arbor.
"Lee Bollinger is a mensch who
understands that problems are not
obstacles to be eliminated but opportu-
nities to better define the culture of the
institution," said Hillel Director
The line of people who waited to
either meet Bollinger yesterday or wel-
come him back showed what Newman
told Bollinger at the board meeting.
"Everyone is so excited that you're
coming," Newman said. "Coming back."
Texaco blast should
not affect gas prices
LOS ANGELES - As authorities
continued to probe the cause and result-
ing damage of a powerful explosion at a
Texaco refinery plant, a company offi-
cial and oil industry experts said yester-
day that the incident should not severe-
ly disrupt the refinery's production or
A day after the early morning blast
rocked homes and businesses within
several miles of the facility, officials
with Texaco and the Los Angeles City
Fire Department said they had not
determined what caused one of four
hydrotreating units at the refinery near
Los Angeles harbor to explode, sending
an ominous black cloud billowing thou-
sands of feet into the sky.
"Right now, it is still under investiga-
tion (and) there's no way to tell how
long that will take," Fire Department
spokesperson Bob Collis said. "This is
a complicated piece of machinery."
While fire investigators and Texaco's
own experts descended upon the facili-
ty, company spokesperson Barbara
Kornylo said no one was allowed unti
late yesterday to make a close in spec-
tion of the damaged hydrotreater.
NRA oes against
glob gun control
NEW YORK - The National Rifle
Association, on guard against global
gun control, is going global itself.
The potent Washington lobby, is
trying to win a seat this week as an
accredited advocacy group at the
United Nations, where it will cam-
paign against a possible U.N. push for
tighter regulation of the firearms
The U.S. gun owners' organization
was alarmed when the General
Assembly last December ordered' a
U.N. study to investigate ways "to pre-
vent and reduce the excessive and
destabilizing accumulation and transfer
of small arms and light weapons."
The study group, the U.N. Panel- of
Governmental Experts on Small Arms,
began its work in June.
road U.S. soldiers call Route Kansas on
the rolling plains of northwestern Biuia
60 miles northeast of Sarajevo, was a
model for how the peace could unravel
more than a year after guns fell silen"
a cease-fire declared in October 199
Mexico City faces
MEXICO CITY - Lately, the view
from the mountainside neighborhood of
El Zacaton has been breathtaking -lit-
erally. A photochemical soup has
descended upon the urban valley bel*
The translucent, toxic smog that contains
ozone levels more than double those
considered safe for humans looms over
the more than 20 million residents.
Mexico City officials have been
declaring a record number of smog-
emergency days - four in row recently.
Many here fear that the coming months
- Mexico City's smog season - will
rank among the city's worst ever.
Compiled from Daily wire repo*
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Bands of Muslims,
Serbs trade gunfire
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina -
Bands of Muslims and Serbs traded gun-
fire yesterday in Bosnia's worst clash
since the Dayton peace deal as hundreds
of Muslim refugees tried to return to
their old village in Serb-held territory.
A U.S. Army spokesperson said at
least one Muslim man was killed and
approximately 10 people were injured
during the clash, which lasted most of
the day. The spokesperson, Sgt.
Maryanne Mirabella, said she could not
confirm reports that Serb gunners fired
mortars on a crowd of Muslims seeking
to return to their village.
The fighting between the villages of
Celic, in Muslim territory, and Koraj,
occupied by the Serbs, underscored the
fragility of the peace agreement reached
at Dayton, Ohio, nearly a year ago. It
erupted just as NATO leaders and
Western powers are considering whether
and how to extend NATO's mandate in
Bosnia to keep a shaky peace.
NATO officers said the clash, on a
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