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October 28, 1996 - Image 7

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1996-10-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


NATION IORLD

jNSto
announce
results of
Crackdown
I Record number of
deportations marks
34-percent increase
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - The
Intnigration and Naturalization
Service is expected to announce this
week that it deported a record 67,000
i gal immigrants during the past year,
-percent increase over 1995, as part
of a continuing government campaign
to crack down on illegals.
In California, deportations of illegal
immigrants jumped about 50 percent to
30,000 during the fiscal year that ended
Sept. 30.
The INS is expected to release its full
year-end deportation report tomorrow.
Initial estimates of its principal findings
Ie provided to the Los Angeles Times
erday by a Clinton administration
official who asked not to be identified.
The administration is calling attention
to the deportation crackdown figures at
a time when GOP presidential contender
Bob Dole is aggressively criticizing
President Clinton for doing too little to
crack down on illegal immigration.
The year-end figures confirm the
trend of rising deportations that the
agency has been reporting on a month-
asis throughout the year. The dra-
tic increase reflects a series of
nroves by the administration and
Congress to increase funding for INS
operations and to expedite the deporta-
tion process.
The immigration issue has come front
and center in the presidential campaign,
particularly as Dole has poured a signif-
icant amount of his final reources into
eectoral vote-rich California.
?fhis week, Dole is airing a tough
anti-illegal-immigration ad throughout
California, emphasizing the social and
economic costs of the immigrant influx.
He and other Republicans also have
been hammering Clinton over reports
that the INS has naturalized immigrants
with criminal records because of inade-
quate background checks.
Asked to comment on Clinton's
record of increasing deportations, the
le campaign released a statement
estioning the depth of Clinton's com-
rhitment. "Bill Clinton has talked tough
when it comes to illegal immigration,
buthis administration has opposed just
about every major attempt to curtail it,"
it said.
One example cited: Clinton's opposi-
tion to California's Proposition 187,
Which would deny most public benefits
tp illegal immigrants, and his insistence
stripping similar provisions from a
"Congress passed this year to crack
down on illegal immigration.

---

The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 28, 1996 - 7A
Food supply may
f -o-
be i jeopardy
for 21st century

4

AP PHOTO
Two Jewish settler children play at the Palestinian market in the Israeli section of Hebron, a West Bank town, as a soldier
patrols nearby yesterday.
Israel, Pale stiniasrc.%l k
to r each Hebro'n agrero

Warnings by militant
groups continue to
threaten process
JERUSALEM (AP) - U.S. envoy
Dennis Ross shuttled between
Jerusalem and the Palestinians' Gaza
Strip headquarters yesterday, trying to
finesse a deal to start an overdue Israeli
withdrawal from Hebron.
With warnings of violence multiply-
ing from Jewish settlers in the West
Bank town and from Islamic militants,
both sides were anxious to reach agree-
ment soon.
Ross and the Israelis reported
progress; the Palestinians said substan-
tive differences remain.
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat met
with Ross last night, and both
Palestinian sources and Shai Bazak, a
spokesperson for Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu, said after the
meeting that agreement did not appear
imminent.
Ross made no comment after the
meeting. But he suggested earlier that a
new deal on the months-overdue pull-
back agreed to by Israel's previous gov-
ernment could be delayed if Arafat goes
ahead with plans to leave today on a
weeklong trip to Europe.
Netanyahu has promised to honor the
earlier agreement, but wants more secu-
rity for the 450 Jewish settlers in
Hebron. The Palestinians have said his

demands would require unacceptable for us to explode the agreement," he

WASHINGTON (AP)- It's shaping
into the great debate for the 21st centu-
ry: Can the world produce enough to
feed another few billion people?
Agronomists and other scientists say
yes, and they want more money to
research everything from milk cows
that also pull plow to hybrid potatoes.
Population activists and some social
scientists say no, and they believe the
only solution is to limit the mouths to
feed.
Both sides agree that the earth's land
and waters give up about as much
human nourishment as they can with
current technology. The bottom line:
Without big scientific advances, sharp
reductions in population growth or
both, millions more people could starve
in the early 2000s.
The main disagreement is over how
much food the planet can yield.
The environmental research group
Worldwatch said in a pessimistic report
last month that "food scarcity is emerg-
ing as the defin-
ing issue of a
new era" where fIt' t(
future supplies
will depend untrue t
more on family M
planners than have rea
fishermen and . ,,
farmers. limit.'
But that's not -
the way theS
world's agricul-
tural and fish-
eries industries or international agricul-
ture researchers see it.
"It's totally untrue that we have
reached the limit," said Ismael
Serageldin, World Bank vice president
and chair of the world's largest interna-
tional research consortium, known as
CGIAR.
The Consultative Group on
International Agricultural Research,
with research labs around the world,
issued its own optimistic report on the
future of world food production yester-
day.
"Despite some gloom and doom pre-
dictions, the world has the resources
needed to feed the 8 billion-plus people
who will be on Earth in 2025," the
report says. But it adds that this will
require strong support for agricultural
research.
The report says CGIAR scientists in
Africa, Latin America, Asia and else-
where are developing "super rice"
wheat and cassava strains that can
"break through the yield ceiling" and
new fish varieties that can double the

Now, Brown said,
itally
hat we
ched the
smael Serageldin
CGIAR chair

returns of small aquaculture farmers.
CGIAR scientists are meeting this
week in Washington with farmers, pri
vate business leaders, nongovernment
organizations, government officials and
multinational organizations to map out
a strategy for feeding the world into the
next century. It's a precursor to a world
food summit next month in Rome.
Lester Brown of Worldwatch said
talk of big breakthroughs in food pro
duction is "at best unprofessional and
at worst irresponsible," because there
is no reason to believe science can
match the doubling and tripling of
food yields that occurred since the
1950s.
"It sounds as though another green
revolution is in the making, and I think
there's very little basis for that;' Brown
said. The green revolution of the 1960s
and 1970s brought new grain varieties:
that dramatically increased worldwide
production and fed millions.

the world fish
catch has
reached its
limit, and the
spreading cry
for protein is
straining limited
agricultural
land and drain-
ing tight fresh
water supplies
around the
world.
The CGIAR

changes to the agreement.
Netanyahu also met yesterday with
Jewish settlers from Hebron in an effort
to blunt their anger over the emerging
deal, which would replace most Israeli
troops in the city with armed
Palestinian police. Hebron, the last
West Bank city under Israeli control, is
home to 94,000 Palestinians.

said.
Unrelated threats by leaders of the
militant group Islamic Jihad have only
added to the volatile atmosphere. The
group has warned it will carry out
attacks to avenge the assassination a year
ago of their leader, Fathi Shikaki. Israel
is widely believed to have killed Shikaki.
"Our attacks may be delayed because

Two settlers
in the tense city
who said they
thought they
were being
attacked with
rocks and bot-
tles fired a
burst of pistol
shots into a
Palestinian
building yes-
terday. Bullets
shattered the
window of a

be delayed because
f ltechnical reasons,
bu te dwill ever
bstopped."
- Ramadan Abdullah Shallah

of technical rea-
sons, but they
will never be
stopped,"
R a m a d a n
A b d u llah
Shallah, leader
of the Islamic
Jihad, told
A ss o ci at e d
Press Television
in Beirut.
Ross's meet-
ings yesterday
with Netanyahu

report, claiming scientists' work helped
feed a billion more people since 1971,
says there are a number of break-
throughs on the horizon, and some will
help the world's poorest farmers.
The report says a "super cassava," a
root crop similar to a potato, recently
has been developed that increases
yields more than tenfold. Cassavas are
eaten. by 300 million poor people in
Africa alone.
Worldwatch is unimpressed.
Cassavas, it says, provide insufficient
protein for a viable diet.
CGIAR and Worldwatch also have
radically different views of the future
of world grain production. CGIAR
cites advances in wheat, rice and corn
research. Worldwatch points out that
grain stocks are at all-time lows and
sees a future of scarcity and high
prices.
The sides disagree on the potential
for scientific achievements, but they
agree that even small increases help.
And without research, there won't be
any increase at all.

Leader of

the Islamic Jihad

dentist's office - one whizzed past the
dentist's head and lodged in the wall.
Israeli police arrested the settlers.
Baruch Marzel, a settler leader in
Hebron, said that when the redeploy-
ment takes place: "There will be no way
to prevent bloodshed."
"It is just a matter of time" he said.
"We are preparing for our defense."
Marzel also suggested what many
fear - that settlers might try to sabo-
tage the pullout. "There are 1,000 ways

and Arafat capped a three-week effort
by the American mediator to advance
the Hebron talks.
"It is clear that we have further nar-
rowed the differences that exist, but we
have not overcome those differences,"
Ross said. "I believe the differences can
be overcome."
But Jibril Rajoub, chief of the
Palestinian security forces in the West
Bank, told the AP that four substantive
issues remained unresolved.

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FAULKNER
Continued from Page 1A
on day-to-day activities, but on what the
university is becoming," Faulkner said.
In a speech he made as dean in
1992, Faulkner said, "The job of a
major university is to help its students
and its society to adapt to the world to
come."
In the same speech, Faulkner noted
the ongoing debate in finding a balance
between teaching and conducting
research at a large university. "It is now
fashionable to criticize research in uni-
versities as being a distraction from the
teaching mission and of little lasting
value," he said. "To ask teachers at the
university level not to do research is to
ask them not to study."
As provost, Faulkner currently is
working to restructure Illinois' budget.
When discussions on budget reform
began there a few years ago, Faulkner
visited the University to research the
process here, which is about a year
ahead of Illinois' efforts.
Illinois chemistry Prof. Paul Bohn
said Faulkner has developed task forces
on many issues in order to include a
variety of people in his decision-mak-
ing process.
"He is a wonderful people person who
is able to make students, faculty and staff

feel like they have a stake in decisions,"
Bohn said. "People here have a lot of
faith in his ability to make the right judg-
ment call on tough decisions."
Conry said that Faulkner deals with
a variety of policy decisions on "every-
thing from sexual harassment to terms
of employment."
"On a provost's plate, there's all kinds
of issues you have to deal with," Conry
said. "He's been doing a pretty effective
job."
Bohn said he wishes there were an
opening for the Illinois presidency.
"He is a person I have the highest
respect for," Bohn said. "He would
make a wonderful president here if we
had the opening."
Conry agreed. "It's bad news for our
institution," he said about the possibili-
ty of Faulkner leading the maize and
blue. "It's good news for him if he gets
it."
The three other finalists for the
University presidency visited campus
last week.
Provost and vice chancellor at the
University of California at Berkeley
Carol Christ was interviewed last.
Monday, University of Pennsylvania
Provost Stanley Chodorow was here
Tuesday and Dartmouth College
Provost Lee Bollinger was interviewed
Thursday.

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COSTUMES
Continued from Page 1A
Although most students don't go
trick-or-treating, they can still have lots
of fun, Kabnick said.
"I think Halloween kind of dies out
in high school, but now in college, peo-
ple have a lot ofufunwith it;' Kabnick
said. "(Dressing up is) fun. It makes it a
fun holiday."1
Local store owners say Halloween is
here to stay.
"Ann Arbor is a great town for
Halloween. Students really get into cos-
tumes and parties" Shevel said.
Russ Van Ness, a clerk at Halloween

USA at Arborland Mall, agreed. "It's
amazing. (We sell) just huge amounts
of costumes," Van Ness said.
"It's far from dead," Shevel said.
Kennedy also doesn't think
Halloween is losing its popularity.
"No - we've gotten tons of busi-
ness. I don't think (Halloween is in-
decline), not withkthe business we're
getting," Kennedy said.
According to Van Ness, the holiday's
popularity depends on people's percep-
tions.
"A lot of times, people just think of
Halloween as a time for kids to dress
up," Van Ness said. "It's totally false -
it ain't just for kids anymore."

p

I'

_ _

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