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October 28, 1996 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1996-10-28

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 28, 1996

NATION/WORLD

Zaire torn by renewed ethnic massacres

NIA iona REPORT a
americans donatn more to charity

Los Angeles Times
KIGALI, Rwanda - Advancing
Tutsi rebel forces captured new territo-
ry yesterday in eastern Zaire as heavy
fighting sent Zairian troops and pan-
icked civilians in chaotic retreat and
increased tensions in an area suffering
the worst fighting in months in strife-
torn Central Africa.
Mortars and fierce gunfire roared on
the outskirts of Bukavu, capital of
South Kivu province, and witnesses
said fleeing Zairian troops and civilian
mobs hijacked scores of vehicles, broke

into homes and looted abandoned
offices and warehouses of international
aid agencies.
Many of the ill-disciplined Zairian
soldiers used the stolen vehicles to
drive themselves, their families and
plunder away from the fighting.
Food, fuel, water and other basic
goods were reported in short supply in
Bukavu, located on the southern end of
Lake Kivu. The government radio sta-
tion fed panic in the besieged city by
repeatedly broadcasting warnings from
the regional governor, who said the

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Tutsis were "murderers who want to kill
us and exterminate the (Hutu)
refugees."
The rebels began battled Zairian
troops after local Zairian officials earli-
er this month ordered the estimated
300,000 Banyamulenge Tutsis to leave
the country. The conflict has become an
extension of the brutal ethnic warfare
that has plagued the Great Lakes region
of Central Africa in recent years.
U.N. officials said the
Banyamulenge-dominated rebel forces
now control a 50-mile stretch of rugged
territory from south of the Zairian city
of Uvira to Bukavu. The territory,
which follows Zaire's border with
Rwanda and Burundi, includes Uvira
itself and the lakeside port of
Kamanyola. The rebels also apparently
control parts of the Haut Plateau further
west.
The guerrillas' surprising gains stem
in part from the apparent collapse of
Zairian army units. Relief workers said
several refugee camps emptied in panic
after residents heard shooting or saw
Zairian soldiers run away.
The Tutsi insurgents' ultimate objec-
tive is unclear. They initially organized
to defend the Banyamulenge people,
who have lived in Zaire for two cen-
turies, from ethnic persecution by the
local Zairian officials who had ordered
the Tutsi group to leave the country or

WASHINGTON - Americans gave $23.5 billion to the nation's 400 biggest
charities last year, giving most generously to the Salvation Army, the American
Red Cross and Catholic Charities USA.
Giving was up 5 percent from a year earlier, The Chronicle of Philanthropy's- '
annual survey of the 400 nonprofit organizations receiving the most private money
showed. The 1994 increase was 6.3 percent.
Charities on the newspaper's "Philanthropy 400" list received about $1 out of0
every $6 donated to nonprofits.
Although donations to the Salvation Army dropped 11.3 percent, that organization
topped the list for the fourth consecutive year with collections of $644.3 million.
The American Red Cross, number two for three years, raised $456.6 million,
which represented a 7.9-percent drop from 1994.
A 25-percent increase in giving to Catholic Charities USA boosted that organi-
zation from No. 7 to No. 3 on the list, as it raised $419.4 million last year.
The survey also found:
Community foundations, which raise and distribute money in a single geo-
graphic area, saw the biggest gain in donations - 93 percent.
® Giving rose 25.4 percent to museums and libraries, 17.5 percent to educatior
groups, 17.4 percent to public broadcasting and 16.5 percent to arts organizations.

0

* Lecture Notes
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Grade A Notes at Ulrich's Bookstore
Second Floor = 549 E. University " 741-9669
A mayor who willingly helps
provide a bridge between
town and gown.

STA Travel NOW
OFFERS student
discounts
on domestic
travel.
PSST! Going somewhere else? STA Travel has great
student airfares to destinations around the world.

Mayor Ingrid Sheldon welcomes U-M graduate
students to Ann Arbor during a September, 1996
program at Rackham Auditorium.
Paid for by the Ingrid Sheldon for Mayor Committee
Doug F. Ziesemer, Treasurer, 122 S. Main, Ann Arbor 48104

AP PHOTO
A column of Rwandan Hutu refugees
arrive at the Mugunga refugee camp.
be "hunted" by the army.
The fighting has spread more than
100 miles to the north since it began.
Hutus, an ethnic group at odds with the
Tutsis, claim that the Tutsi rebels are
doing their own ethnic cleansing in an
attempt to create a so-called "Tutsiland"
along the borders of Rwanda and
Burundi.
Both countries are led by Tutsi mili-
tary regimes and maintain that Zaire
openly harbors and supports armed
Hutu militias that have killed hundreds
of people in cross-border raids.
The broader question is whether the
Zairian Tutsi guerrillas, who also claim
support from ethnic-based secessionist
groups in Shaba and Kasai provinces,
are capable of toppling the 31-year dic-
tatorial regime of Zairian President
Mobutu Sese Seko.
Mobutu has been under treatment for
cancer in Switzerland since August, and
his absence has added to the power vac-
uum. Despite, or because of, Mobutu's
brutal reign, Zaire has no real function-
ing government, infrastructure or for-
eign reserves, and the vast country
increasingly appears in danger of disin-
tegration.
But it was impossible to obtain reli-
able information about the scale or
progress of the current fighting. No
outsiders are known to have seen the
rebels in action, and the size, composi-
tion and tactics of their forces have been
difficult to discern.
Zaire has closed its land borders
and barred most journalists from
entering the affected area. Several
reporters and television crews who
have managed to enter Bukavu and
the city of Goma, about 60 miles
north, have been detained, deported,
assaulted or robbed at gunpoint.
Three journalists standing beside the
border in Cyangugu, Rwanda, were
fired yesterday by.Zairian troops, but
escaped injury.
Kitale, the northernmost camp in
Zaire holding refugees who originally
fled a genocidal war in Rwanda in
1994, also came under fire early yes-
terday, but the attackers apparently
were repulsed by camp guards. Paul
Stromberg, spokesperson for the U.N.
Office of the High Commissioner for
Refugees, described the situation at
the 150,000-person camp as "stable"
after the shooting, which left one
Zairian guard dead and three wound-
ed.
About 3,000 displaced Zairians and
1,000 Rwandan Hutus from Kibumba,
a huge camp near Goma that was aban-
doned early Saturday after it was
repeatedly shelled by mortars, fled the
growing turmoil yesterday by crossing
the nearby border into Rwanda. The
forlorn group and their ragged bundles
were then ferried by 20 U.N. trucks to a
transit center near Gisenyi, Rwanda.
The refugees arrival, and indica-
tions that thousands of others may be
en route, raised hopes among interna-
tional aid groups that the widening
ethnic conflict may help finally con-
vince a significant number of the 1.1
million refugees in Zaire since the
1994 Rwandan conflict to return
home.
"We're preparing for a big influx,'
said John Keys, director of the
International Rescue Committee here.
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GOP steps up attack
on drug dealer's
White House visit
WASHINGTON - Republicans and
Ross Perot stepped up their attacks on
the Clinton administration yesterday for
allowing Miami drug dealer Jorge
Cabrera- a convicted felon and major
Democratic party donor - to attend al
White House function last year.
The Secret Service said a criminal
record does not preclude entrance to a
White House event.
"The Clinton-Gore campaign cer-
tainly invited to the White House a per-
son who had a criminal record both of
assault with a lead pipe, of importing
commercial quantities of marijuana -
that he had a criminal record," House
Speaker Newt Gingrich said on "Fox
News Sunday."
Scott Reed, Republican presidential
nominee Bob Dole's campaign manag-
er, said on NBC's "Meet the Press" that
Cabrera "went in the White House and
got his picture taken with the president.
at a Christmas party because he gave

S aringsteen backs
tve action

LOS ANGELES - Rocker Bruce
Springsteen, whose songs often chroni-
cle people's struggles to achieve their
dreams, used music and invoked Martin
Luther King Jr. yesterday to urge a rally
of about 1,400 people to battle against a
state ballot initiative opposing govern-
ment affirmative action programs.
"I don't think any of us can look in
our hearts and say we live in a color-
blind society," Springsteen said, read-
ing from scrawled-out notes and
clearly a bit ill at ease with his role as
a speechmaker at the gathering out-
side the Federal Building in
Westwood.

him $20,000."
Cabrera, a Cuban-born American,
pleaded guilty in 1983 to conspiracy to
bribe a grand jury witness and served
42 months in prison. In 1988, Cabrera
was charged with overseeing a nar-,
cotics ring but pleaded guilty to income
tax evasion and served a year in prison.@

A R 01UN THE ORI

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Pope resumes activity
after appendectomy
VATICAN CITY - Nearly three
weeks after an appendectomy, Pope
John Paul II resumed his pastoral duties
yesterday by presiding over a service at
St. Peter's Basilica to mark Christian
unity.
The pope walked with a labored gait
during the opening procession of the
service, leaning on his staff and bless-
ing worshipers with his right hand.
After the liturgy honoring the joining'
of an Orthodox church to Rome 350
years ago, John Paul gave his regular
noon blessing from his window over St.
Peter's Square.
He took note of the "profound com-
munion of faith" tying Roman
Catholicism to the Eastern churches.
"During my recent stay in the hospi-
tal, the expressions of solidarity by var-
ious brothers of these churches was a
great comfort to me," he said.
The 76-year-old pontiff had an
appendectomy Oct. 8 and left the hos-
pital a week later. He has since

appeared briefly at his window to greet
pilgrims several times.
Copter crash leaves
2 missing members
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates -
Ships and aircraft scanned the Persian
Gulf on Saturday without turning up any
sign of two American crewmembers
missing after their helicopter crashed.
One crewmember was killed when the
helicopter from the aircraft carrier d
Enterprise crashed with 12 people on,
board Friday in the northern part of the
Gulf near Kuwait.
"We will continue the search until it
becomes clear that there is no possibil-
ity of finding them," said U.S. Navy
spokesperson Cmdr. T. McCreary.
One of the nine rescued crew mem-
bers suffered a fracture in the crash and
was transported to shore for medical
attention, McCreary said. The remain-
ing eight remained on the Enterprise.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

.

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EDITORIAL STAF Ronnie Glassberg Editor In Chief
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EDITORS: Tim O'Connell, Megan Schimpf, Michelle Lee Thompson, Josh White.
STAFF: Janet Adamy, Brian Campbell, Prachish Chakravorty, Anita Chik, Jodi S. Cohen, Jeff Eldridge, Bram Elias, Megan Exley;,Nick Farr,
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GRAPHICS Melanie Sherman, Editor

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