The former chair of the Board of
Regents at Texas A&M University was
convicted this month on a felony
charge of official misconduct, The
Chronicle of Higher Education report-
A county jury sentenced Ross
Margraves Jr. to four years probation
nd a $3,000 fine after he used a
4 ate-owned airplane for personal
The case stemmed from a round-trip
flight Margraves and his wife took in
1993 that coincided with their son's
graduation from Louisiana State
The couple used a plane that is lent
to Texas A&M for official business and
later billed the university for the $1,435
f argraves' lawyer called the convic-
tion "dirty and wrong."
alcohol in public
A professor at Pima Community
College in Tuscon, Ariz., was fired
after being convicted of drinking in
ublic when it was discovered he had a
Beer in his office, The Chronicle of
Higher Education reported.
Lee Thorn said he had not known
about the college's policy prohibiting
alcohol on the campus when he drank a
bottle of Budweiser in April before
teaching an evening class.
He was arrested while teaching a
philosophy class and fired by the col-
lege's president two days later. Thorn
as sentenced to six months of unsu-
pervised probation in a municipal court
trial last month.
The Beta Theta Pi fraternity chapter
'at Syracuse University hosted a bi-par-
san forum following last Wednesday
4ening's presidential debate.
Faculty, local political representa-
tives and about 50 students came to
watch and discuss the debate between
President Clinton and Republican pres-
idential nominee Bob Dole.
Clinton/Gore representatives were
scheduled to attend but were unableto
tudents fast for
'wo days in
support of Burma
Students at 67 colleges in the U.S.
nd abroad participated in a two-day
fast last week sponsored by the Free
Burma coalition, The Chronicle of
Higher Education reported.
The event was held to call attention
t6 human-rights violations by the
muntry's military regime, said the
coalition's founder, who goes by the
ndine Zarni. About 25 students joined
the protest at the University of
Wisconscin, where Zarni is a graduate
The military leaders, who
renamed the country Myanmar in
1988, last month arrested more than
800 supporters of the democracy
ovement, which has been led by
Sobel Peace Laureate Daw Aung
San Suu Kyi.
College students in Canada, India,
Japan, Norway, South Africa and
Thailand also joined in.the fast, show-
ing their opposition to the Burma inva-
- Compiled by Daily Staff Reporter
Janet Adamy from wire services.
The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 23, 1996 - 3
Kilbourne decries tobacco, alcohol ads
By Megan Exley
Daily Staff Reporter
Most Americans say they aren't affected by the
roughly 3,000 advertisements they see every day
in newspapers and magazines, as well as televi-
sion ads that they usually mute anyway.
Jean Kilbourne, an internationally recognized
activist, lecturer and filmmaker, aims to counter
this public assumption that advertising images
have no effect.
Kilbourne, who spoke yesterday as part of the
Town Hall Celebrity Lecture Series, focused on
the persuasive effect media images have on the
American public, specifically in the areas of
tobacco and alcohol advertising.
"Ads create quick, cumulative and uncon-
scious effects on people," she said. "Most peo-
ple don't even realize that they buy into an ad's
Kilbourne, known for her award-winning film,
"Killing Us Softly: Advertising's Image of
Women," divided her speech between the prob-
lems in alcohol and tobacco ads that target
younger age groups and advertising's distortion
of female images.
"Few Americans realize that alcohol and tobac-
co products contribute to more deaths every year
than cocaine, heroin, car crashes, fires, homi-
cides and AIDS combined," Kilbourne said.
"Until recently, the 'War on Drugs' did not
include alcohol and cigarettes."
Kilbourne said a rise in alcohol and tobacco
advertising has caused consumer consumption to
"Last year, the increased Absolut Vodka adver-
tising campaign dramatically increased consumer
buying, nearly by more than 75 percent,"
Kilbourne said. "You see their ads in most all
She said that tobacco companies have also con-
centrated their advertising focus on younger sec-
tors of the population.
"Advertisers want to reach kids, for they
know little consumers are a viable business here
in the U.S.," Kilbourne said. "When the
Marlboro Company changed their ad campaign
seven years ago, incorporating the cartoon
image of Old Joe Camel, they attracted more
younger smokers than old. This cartoon camel
image is one that is identifiable with kids as
young as three."
Kilbourne said Camel, Newport and Marlboro,
the tobacco industry's most heavily advertised
brands, are also the top three brands smoked by
Several students from local high schools
attended the presentation.
"It is clearly evident that cigarette compahtes
target young people,"said Micah Jefferson, a stu-
dent at Manchester High School in Chelsea. "Ads
never feature people older than their 20s."
Jill Pfaus, also a Manchester High student,
stressed that the image of women presented in
ads can be damaging, a topic that Kilbourne
"Many female smokers believe that cigarettes
and nicotine are effective tools for weight con-
trol. This message is promoted by the ads them-
selves" Kilbourne said. "Messages like this sim-
ply bolster society's obsession with thinness and
weight-control. They add to the emphasis
advertsing places on 'ideal female beauty."'
LANSING (AP) - The number of
Michigan women having more than
one abortion has risen steadily over the
years to nearly half of those seeking the
procedure in 1995, state records show.
That's in contrast to the number of
abortions being performed overall,
which has decreased 32 percent in
Michigan since 1980.
In all, 29,751 Michigan residents
obtained abortions in the state last year,
according to Michigan Department of
Community Health data cited yester-
day by Booth News Service.
Of those, almost half had undergone
the procedure at least once before,
while more than one-fifth had had two
or more abortions.
In 1980, just 33 percent of women
having abortions had done so previous-
More accurate reporting may be one
reason for the rise in repeat abortions,
said Brian Willats of the Michigan
Family Forum, a conservative nonprof-
it policy group.
But Michigan's chief health statis-
tician attributed the trend to a grow-
ing number of women for whom
abortions have been a legal alterna-
tive for most or all most of their
"All of those women have the chance
to become pregnant again," said
MDCH's George Van Amburg.
State records in part bear that out.
They show an increasing number of
older women deciding to terminate
Women 30 and older accounted for
more than 23 percent of the women
who had abortions in Michigan in
1995. In 1980, older women repre-
sented just 13 percent of all abortions.
More and more older women are get-
ting pregnant, and since fetuses of
pregnant women over 35 have a higher
rate of abnormal chromosomes,
women in that group who have abor-
tions likely do so for medical reasons,
said Dr. Hassan Amirikia, a fertility
specialist and assistant professor at
Wayne State University.
In addition, several physicians said
that the use of ultrasounds and other tests
allow women to know more than ever
before about the health of their fetus.
"We have found that, overall, when
we do find an abnormality that about
50 percent choose to terminate," said
Dr. Mark Evans of Hutzel Hospital in
the Detroit Medical Center.
Nationally, there were about 1.4 mil-
lion abortions in 1992, according to the
most recent report from the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention.
Of those, 741,628 women had abor-
tions in states that kept track of whether
the women had had previous abortions;
and about 46 percent had had at least
one abortion. About 17 percent had had
two or more abortions.
By Jeffrey Kosseff
Daily Staff Reporter
On the 71st anniversary of t
of Sacco and Vanzetti - tw
immigrants who some say wer
ly executed for murder - U
students and local residents
from the Diag to the roof of ci
a national day of protest again
More than 20 protesters
down State Street yesterday
"Hey-hey, ho-ho, police brutalit
go" and holding signs such a
Brutality: Just Say No."
"There is constant harassme
dents and youth of color by the
said Paul Lefrac, member of
Arbor Free Mumia Coalition
Trotskyist League. "It's only
The rally was sponsored by
mately 15 local groups, it
Alianza, Ann Arbor Free
Coalition, the Black Student U
Queer Unity Project.
The demands of the s
include disarming campus
releasing Philadelphia de
inmate Mumia Abu-Jamal a
tecting the rights of work
Students also marched in the
"Police brutality is nationwi
LSA sophomore May Clarke."
so many incidences of it everyv
When the group reached the
of city hall, members of sp
groups and political candidat
against police brutality and the political
philosophies they say condone such
he arrest violence.
'o Italian "We're here to protest capitalist
e wrong- oppression," said Kevin Carey, a ca -
rniversity date for Congress under the Workers
marched World party. "We have to oppose the ca-
ty hall in italist system by all means necessary."
Ist police Gaia Kile, the Green Party candidate
for Washtenaw County Sheriff, stressed
marched the importance of citizens monitoring
chanting police actions.
y's got to "I'm calling for the need of aciti-
s "Police zen's police review board," Kile said.
Representatives of political organiza-
nt of stu- tions also voiced their opinions about
e police," police authority.
the Ann "It is the job of the police to defend
and the the oppressor from the oppressed,"
getting said Barbara Pliskow of the Industrial
Workers of the World party. "They will
approxi- act to mace us, to gas us, to spy on'our
ncluding homes and occasionally to murder us"
Mumia Protesters also called on the city to
nion and drop charges against the Ann Arbor
Eight, a group arrested for protesting
ponsors a Ku Klux Klan rally last summer.
police, "The Ann Arbor Eight is one of the
eath-row most egregious examples of the poi-
and pro- cies. of the Ann Arbor Police
ers and Department," said National Womni s
Rights Organizing Coalition memir
e rally. Lisa Resch.
de," said Protesters alleged the police were
There are biased in favor of the Ku Klux Klsn
c rooftop "They wanted to keep anti-racists out
onsoring and protect the Ku Klux Klan;' said
es spoke Lefrac.
Light up my life
Ben Lauf works yesterday above Yost ice Arena. He is setting up the
lights that are above the press box.
Clinton gives foreign policy speech as
Dole's bus tours Michigan countryside
DETROIT (AP) - Bob Dole and
Bill Clinton swapped political images
yesterday, as Dole rode a bus across the
Michigan countryside and Clinton gave
a major speech on foreign policy - a
With only two
weeks before the
el action, the
didates were try-
ing to make the
most of their
second days in
sides are fierce-
ly contesting the Clinton
state's 18 elec-
Dole started first, rolling into
Frankenmuth yesterday morning on a
bus dubbed "Asphalt I" before heading
for rallies in Grand Blanc and Troy. As
his bus parked between the
Frankenmuth Bavarian Inn and
Zehnder's restaurant, Dole sounded
"I want to welcome you to Bill
Clinton's retirement party right here in
Frankenmuth," he said.
At an early afternoon rally of about
1,000 people in Troy's Firefighters Park,
Dole received the endorsements of the
Police Officers Association of Michigan
and the Deputy Sheriffs Association of
Michigan, both of which praised his
leadership and trustworthiness.
But the GOP presidential candidate
got his largest crowd of the two-day
tour yesterday morning at the Grand
Blanc Community High School foot-
ball field, where about 6,000 people
cheered his remarks.
As he did at every stop, Dole pitched
his 15 percent tax cut and derided
Clinton for not cutting taxes on the mid-
dle class as promised.
"I think it's time for the government
to start pinching pennies instead of
expecting you to pinch pennies," he told
Dole also criticized Clinton for tak-
ing campaign donations from foreign
interests, then tackled a new Clinton ad
that says Dole and the GOP accepted
donations from "foreign oil, foreign
tobacco, foreign drug companies."
"Let me say up front: All of us in pol-
itics have been guilty in one way or
another in campaign finance," Dole
said, adding that he was not alluding to
breaking the law. He said a bipartisan
commission should be appointed to
draft a package
sought to reas-
"We're not going
to take away
going to save
Medicare, just as
we did with Dole
in 1983," he said.
Matilda Belanger came to the
Frankenmuth rally with a sign that said,
"Government needs to reassure senior
She's leaning toward voting for Dole.
But she had some concerns. "I'm wor-
ried that Dole was with (House Speaker
Newt) Gingrich when Gingrich said he
was going to let Medicare wither on the
vine," said Belanger, 62, of Birch Run.
"I think Dole is a good man. But I think
Gingrich is a very dangerous man."
After spending the night in Detroit,
Clinton spoke at the Fisher Theater later
yesterday morning to 2,400 invited
guests, ranging from community-lead;
ers to several busloads of students.
In his speech, Clinton said former
Eastern Bloc nations should become
part of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization by 1999. The date coin-
cides with NATO's 50th anniversary.
"America will be stronger and safer if
the democratic family grows," Clinton
said in a speech meant to reach out to
Midwestern voters with ties 6cvEastern
Europe. He got an enthusiastic
response, with the packed theater
reflecting the support he has consistent-
ly received in Michigan since the cam-
Clinton said he has led the way for
NATO enlargement,'raising the idea at a
NATO summit in 1994.
"A gray zone of insecurity must not
re-emerge in Europe,' Clinton said.
The West must not "allow the Iron
Curtain to be replaced by a veil of
hat's happening ii Ann Auor today
GROUP MEETINGS Relation to Self," sponsored by 3:30 p.m.
Michigan initiative for Women's U "Press and the Pres
i Bread For the World, meeting, 487- Health, Rackham, 4th Floor, 4-5:30 Debate About t
9058, Memorial Christian Church p.m. sponsored by D
corner of Hill and Tappan, 7:30 "Discussion on issues Concerning Communication S
pom. Second Generation Indian Hall, Auditorium C
U East Quad Social Group For Americans," sponsored by Hindu 0 "Women Abroad,"
Uncertain/Gay/Lesbian /Bisexu Students Council, Michigan Union, International Cente
n er 2 as t Isdx 9 " Pond Room, 8 p.m Center, Room 9, 4-5
* i,73-7 ,Est ud J "Employer Gril/Ford Motor
a Lutheran Campus Ministry, evening Company," sponsored by COd SERVICES
prayer and choir, 668-7622, Lord Placement Office, Dow Building, SERIC s
of Lih LteaChr,80 "Room 1017, 12-1 p.m.
of LIh uhrnCuc,81~"nformation Meeting Abou~t Studv J Campus Informatii
, 4-6 p.r
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