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October 01, 1996 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1996-10-01

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Thk Mirhidnm ni., -Thorj.-iavOi-thor1 1 QA -7

NATION/WORLD
*Bosnian presidential trio meets or the first time

.LitJ --

Los Angeles Times
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina
- After weeks of international wran-
gling to force them to sit together, the
three members of this nation's new
joint presidency met here yesterday
for the first time since their election
*earlier this month - and for the first
time since war made them bitter ene-
mies.
The presidency is one of the crucial,
over-arching institutions aimed at

loosely joining the war-torn country's
two halves, the Muslim-Croat
Federation and the Bosnian Serb
Republic.
But the difficulties in orchestrating
yesterday's meeting - where partici-
pants disagreed on everything from
venue to time zones - foreshadow the
complexity of making the future
Bosnian government work.
The parties - Alija Izetbegovic,
Muslim chairman of the presidency, his

Serb counterpart Momcilo Krajisnik,
and Kresimir Zubak, a Croat - met for
more than three hours alone in a hotel
here, international officials said.
"They have started the process of set-
ting up the common institutions," Carl
Bildt, the international official in
charge of executing the US. - bro-
kered Dayton peace agreement, told
reporters.
The three men shook hands and
shared cold cuts, Western officials said.

Reporters were barred from the meet-
ing.
In a statement yesterday night, the
presidency reaffirmed its commitment
to upholding the constitution of Bosnia-
Herzegovina. This was seen as an
achievement, however small, because
the political parties of the Serb and
Croat presidency members had waged
war to partition Bosnia and to form
their own ethnic states.
Bildt said the meeting occurring just

24 hours after certification of the elec-
tion results was significant. But it was.
in doubt until the last minute when.
under tight security, Krajisnik, who
drove nine miles from his mountain
stronghold of Pale, and Zubak arrived.
Izetbegovic, the presidency chairman
after narrowly defeating his Serb rival
in the Sept. 14 general elections, arrived
an hour after the meeting was scheduled
to begin. By then, Western diplomats
said Krajisnik and Zubak, frustrated

and peeved, were getting ready to leave
the heavily guarded hotel.
The Muslim president had been in
talks with international officials, who
had spent the last two weeks in frustrat-
ing efforts to get the three parties to
agree on an agenda and venue.
Izetbegovic was only persuaded to
attend the meeting after an hour of per-
sonal diplomacy by German
Ambassador Michael Steiner, Bildt's
deputy.

Israelis react with
grief, seek answers in
wake of violence

The Washington Post
EFRAT, West Bank - In an open-
air shelter of wood and reeds outside
his fine stone home, Hannoch Amior
spread out an arm load of pho-
tographs. But grief kept deflecting his
eyes yesterday.
There, on a baby album's first page,
his son Amikam struggled to raise his
head. Four years later, on another page,
the little boy drew with bold reds and
yellows and blues. Still another page
brought an older child at the zoo, laugh-
ing at a camel's ungainly stoop. And
finally came the soldier of 21, baby-
faced and smiling still, not long before
he died Thursday in the worst day of
violence between Israelis and
Palestinians since 1967.
The elder Amior, surrounded by
friends and family in the sukkah built
by observant Jews for this harvest holi-
day of Sukkot, labored to find meaning
in the burst of Palestinian rifle fire that
felled his son near Khan Younis in the
Gaza Strip. The meaning he found
like the rival versions offered by other
Israelis interviewed today - was a con-
firmation of long-held views on the
Israeli-Arab conflict and its future.
"The so-called Palestinian police,"
he said in this Jewish settlement a mile
or so from Bethlehem in the West Bank,
"still think they can push us off the land
and take control." Peace accords nego-
tiated thus far have granted "presents
and one-sided concessions" to Yasser
Arafat, each of which "became a
weapon of war in his hands." And
Amikam, his middle son, died because
"our Jewish struggle to achieve the con-
ditions of a normal nation is not yet re

ognized by our neighbors."
Another meaning entirely came from
the men and women who felt drawn
yesterday to make a pilgrimage to the
Mount Herzl grave of Yitzhak Rabin,
the slain prime minister who first shook
Arafat's hand.
Handwritten laments near Rabin's
black-and-white marble monument, on
a hilltop fragrant with rosemary and
pine, mourned the loss of a leader who
knew how to stand up for Jewish
strength but was willing to recognize
the nationhood of Palestinians, too.
"It's been a long time I've been
intending to come, and I had to come
especially now with all that has been
happening in the country," said Ilanit
Bin Nun, 26, a municipal worker in the
town of Macabbim, "It hurts that all
Rabin worked for is over. Peace is over.
The Palestinians are responsible no less
than we are, but the peace is over
because of our government's policy.
Until Rabin was assassinated and as
long as (former prime minister
Shimon) Peres was in power, they kept
their commitments to the Palestinians.
The minute (Prime Minister Benjamin)
Netanyahu came in, he hasn't kept to
one provision of the contract, and it
made the Arabs angry."
Left and right,' secular and religious,
the old rifts among Israeli Jews were
only deepened by the explosion of vio-
lence that left 56 Palestinians and 15
Israeli soldiers dead last week. If minds
were changed, the evidence was not
available yet.
"The people who have clear positions
harden them," said independent pollster
Hannoch Smith.

AP PHOTO
Israeli soldiers detain a group of Palestinians who violated a curfew at the occupied West Bank town of Hebron yesterday.

MIDEAST
Continued from Page 1
often elaborately choreographed, the
Washington summit appears to be
argely unscripted.
U.S. negotiators have some general
ideas about the kind of compromise
they would like to promote, including a
redeployment of Israeli troops around
Hebron and a return to the status quo in
Jerusalem, but no firm commitments
from either Netanyahu or Arafat.

With the U.S. presidential election
only five weeks away, Clinton is
under political pressure not to take
any action that risks alienating pro-
Israeli voters.
Foreign policy advisers to
Republican presidential candidate Bob
Dole served notice yesterday that they
will vigorously oppose any attempt by
Clinton to extract concessions from
Israel.
"There should be no pressure on
Israel to close the tunnel or take any

other action as a concession to end the
violence." said Richard Perle, former
assistant secretary of defense under
President Reagan, at a meeting with
reporters at Dole campaign headquar-
ters,
Aware of the domestic political risk
in holding a summit with such murky
prospects for success, Clinton's aides
sought to turn the predicament to his
advantage, arguing that Clinton
deserved credit for bravery in calling
the meeting.

"The president's interest is to do
whatever he can to try to put the peace
process back on track," said White
House chief of staff Leon E. Panetta.
"Does it involve political risk? You bet
it involves political risks. But he
believes that political risks ought to be
taken in this situation"
White House officials said that
Clinton would play a prominent part in
the summit, and has cleared his calen-
dar to make himself available for much
of today and tomorrow.

.Telephone clubs creating call girls in Japan

Los Angeles Times
TOKYO - Like many Japanese
schoolgirls, Megumi, 16, covets Louis
Vuitton bags, Chanel perfume and other
"de rigueur" designer goods. And she's
found a fast way to acquire them:
through sex with men three times her
age.
The illicit trysts leave her open to
lackmail, crank calls and sexually
transmitted disease. Yet she says they
also bring a titillating break from boring
schoolwork - and, at up to $1,000 per
liaison, enable her to buy whatever
goods she needs to assure her peer status.
"Girls in my school tend to be split
up into the girls who have such things
and girls who don't," Megumi explains
matter-of-factly. "If you have the brand-
name things, you're important."
0The growing practice of older men
meeting teen-age girls for "enjo kosai"
"compensated dates" - has trig-
gered a public outcry here. Alarmed
parents and authorities say the ren-
dezvous are leading to more teen-age
prostitution, although men also com-
pensate girls for dining with them at
restaurants, for instance, or sitting with
them on a park bench holding hands.
The main target of the public wrath is
boom in the business of "telephone
clubs," in which girls can call men and
decide after a conversation whether to
meet them. The swift increase in such
clubs has multiplied chances for men to
find girls willing to accept "papas"-
sugar daddies -- experts say.
In the last few years, the number of
clubs has rocketed to more than 2,200
across the country, and a recent nation-
al survey indicated that as many as 25
percent of high school girls surveyed
had called them at least once.
These discoveries have shocked
Japan and led to anguished soul-search-
ing over whether the nation's "bubble"
era of the late 1980s and early 1990s,
when land and stock prices soared and

torted centuries-old cultural values.
"Before the bubble, more traditional
Japanese virtues - how one is looked
at in the community, for example -
held more weight," says Yukiko
Hayami, a journalist who writes exten-
sively about teen-age culture. "But dur-
ing the bubble ... the media spread the
idea that earning money was a good
thing, no matter how you did it. As a
result, these girls have absolutely no
feeling that what they're doing is bad."
Japan is agonizing about why increas-
ing numbers of educated, middle-class
girls are responding to the men - even
taking the initiative by calling the clubs.
The girls
who use the
clubs are a dis- If you
tinct minority
of Japanese brand nan
teens, and those
who have sex you/'re im
with the men
they meet are
an even smaller Japanese
group. Most
say that, like
Megumi, they make the calls out of
sheer boredom with school or a desire
for easy spending money, says Shinji
Miyadai, a Tokyo sociologist who has
interviewed dozens of the girls.
Not all girls who make calls actually
meet men. Kunise, 22, a college student
from the southern area of Fukuoka, says
she called the clubs a few times as a
"joke" but would never go further.
Keiko, a Tokyo high school student,
says she tried to talk one of her best
friends out of using the clubs, to no
avail. "I've seen programs on TV about
the telephone clubs, so I know they're
dangerous," she says.
In recent months, police and other
officials have moved against the clubs.
The Ministry of Health and Welfare
recently asked 165 juvenile welfare
organizations for help in curbing the

ing the need for tougher laws against
the clubs, newspapers are editorializing
for stricter moral education, and church
groups are appealing to teens with
comic books that urge them to "just say
no" to premarital sex.
In Tokyo, the metropolitan govern-
ment is debating whether to make it
illegal for adult men to have sex with
girls under 18. Unlike the rest of the
country, consensual sex with a minor is
not a crime in Tokyo or in the nearby
city of Nagano. Some oppose making
such sex illegal here because of concern
about privacy rights and worries that
new laws would only highlight - and
worsen - the
problem. But oth-
aYe the ers disagree.
"We must
e th g s , change the laws
to prevent this
}gfta t, problem," says
Akie Hatagawa
- M egunn i of the group Stop
schoolgirl, 16 Child Prostitution

ni
F1

c

"Teen-age prostitution is becoming a
big problem," says Yusuke Sasaki, an
official in the child and families bureau
of the Health and Welfare Ministry.
"And the telephone clubs have definite-
ly had a huge influence on it."
Many Japanese adults are desperate-
ly trying to understand the deeper caus-
es of the phenomenon.
"The fact that we have reached the
current situation is the fault of adults,
not today's young people," Tamotsu
Sengoku, director of the Japan Youth
Research Institute, recently commented
in the Mainichi Shimbun newspaper.
Some experts say that today's parents
are to blame. They remember their own
strict upbringing and are reluctant to re-
create that for their children because
they don't want to alienate them.
"Parents go out of their way to be
friends with their children," says
Mariko Kuno Fujiwara, research direc-
tor of the Hakuhodo Institute of Life &
Living Inc. "They give up being a par-
ent."
Experts say looser parental disci-
pline also has led teens to more drug
abuse: The use of stimulants, marijua-
na and propane or butane for inhaling
is on the rise, according to police sta-
tistics.
Fujiwara says teen-age girls may also
be influenced by the growing tolerance
of sexual imagery in Japan during the
last decade:
Many parents, such as Chiyoko
Ogawa, a 45-year-old homemaker in
the Tokyo suburb of Chiba, have taken
pains to talk to their daughters about the
dangers of the clubs. Thanks to her
mother's talk, Nao Ogawa, 16, says she
thinks "the clubs are dangerous and the
men are gross" and she would never
call one.
"I think the girls who call the clubs
are stupid," Nao's mother says, referring
to those who prostitute themselves.
"They are not only jeopardizing their

MILITARY
Continued from Page 1
sufficient leader in the area of veterans'
affairs, especially for Gulf War veterans.
"Bill Clinton has not been forthcom-
ing about the evidence that U.S. soldiers
were gassed," Kirk said. "The question
for young veterans should be, 'Which
(candidate) will make the government
own up to the effects (of the gassing)?"'
Broderick disagreed. "Clinton hasn't
done a bad job."
When Clinton entered office in
1993, only four
diseases were 4
covered by VA B
d o I I a r s ,
Newberry said voted ti
"Bill Clinton
has increased time ag
that threefold,"
he said. "But veterans
(Re pub l i c a n
presidential
nominee) Bob Veteransf
Dole has voted
time and time
again against veterans."
Kirk said he does not think the Gulf
War illnesses will hurt Bob Dole's pop-
ularity among veterans, although the
decision to enter the war was made dur-
ing Republican President George
Bush's administration.
"The gas attacks were not a George
Bush decision,"Kirk said. "It was a bat-
tlefield.
"It is important to have a veteran in
the White House, a veteran like Bob
Dole, who served in World War II, Kirk
said. "I'd rather have a veteran in office
who understands veteran needs than a
draft dodger," he said.
But Broderick said military service
is not a necessity in a president.

f
fo

"There's plenty of people in the
Clinton administration who've been
there and done that," he said. "His ear
is being filled by people who know
what's going on."
Issues of foreign policy are critical
to all servicemen and women.
Broderick said.
He said current policies on sending
troops to overseas crises must be rede-
fined. He said he supported the
American efforts in the Persian}Gulf,
but not the actions in Bosnia, where
the United States "did not have a vest-
ed interest."
"Right n w
®le has we're the
world's 911
androdericksaid.
fa against"We don't nec-
essarily have
the resources to
live up to that."
Jerry Newberry Sen. Carl
)r Clinton/Gore Levin (D-
Mich.) and his
opponent,
Republican Ronna Romney, discussed
foreign policy in a debate in Detroit yes-
terday.
Romney said government must
"look at whether (military interven-
tion in foreign affairs) concerns our
values, whether it concerns our
national interests, whether it concerns
our allies."
She said she thinks the nation should
stay out of Bosnian conflicts.
Levin said American efforts in
Bosnia were necessary.
"It was important we lead a NATO
coalition. Going into Bosnia was in our
vital interest, he said,
- Daily Staff Reporter Laurie Mayk
contributed to this report.

e

vv s .v v..u. .

- - - - - - I

Action.
Nationwide in
1992, about 500 men were arrested for
having sex with teen-age girls they had
met through telephone clubs. By 1995,
that number had tripled.
Overall, 5,481 girls aged 18 and
younger were questioned for involve-
ment in prostitution - which is illegal
in Japan - and other sex-related
offenses in 1995, a 16 percent increase
from the previous year, according to the
National Police Agency.
And recent headlines suggest that the
problem of men engaging in sex with
teen-age girls may be more widespread
than statistics show.
In June, the principal of a major col-
lege preparatory school near Tokyo was
arrested for running a prostitution ring
involving 280 girls aged 14 to 17. In
April, a Tokyo man was arrested for
running an introduction service using

DEBATE
Continued from Page 1
education, to support education,"
Romney said. The 15-percent tax break
and reduction in the capital gains tax
will benefit all families without return-
ing the country to the '80s' "deficit
ditch," she said.

politician in Washington, but it should
be discussed by physicians and the
woman," Levin said.
Romney, however, graphically
described the procedure she called
"infanticide" and said Congress should
have the power to prevent this "murder."
Marianne Dolye, an LSA senior, said
that although she did not agree with

6

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