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September 23, 1996 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1996-09-23

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LOCAL/STATE

The Michigan Daily - Monday, September 23, 1996 - 7A

Report:Violence needs
zero-tolerance approach

JONATHAN SUMNER/Daily
Pre-fast meal
First-year students Steve Gill (right) and Adam Kaupersztoch eat a hearty dinner last night at Hillel. Following the meal,
both students said they will fast for Yom Kippur, a Jewish holiday that began last night at sundown and ends tonight.
oberson presents atet Cs
finance repo o re n s

By Brian Campbell
Daily Staff Reporter
More than two-thirds of high school
social workers say at least one life-
threatening incident occurred at their
school last year, but only one in five
report violence among students as a big
problem at their school, says a recent
study led by University Social Work
and Education assistant Prof. Ron
Astor.
In a study of more than 600 members
of the National Association of Social
Workers, Astor found that 43 percent of
the social workers report violence is lit-
tle or no problem, 37 percent say vio-
lence is a moderate problem and 20 per-
cent say violence is a big problem.
Astor acknowledged the ambiguity
in using "big" to define disciplinary
problems, but insisted that a zero-toler-
ance attitude toward all violent crimes
- where a single potentially lethal act
is enough to define a serious violence
problem - should be the policy of
more high schools.
"It's a qualitative issue - there are
certain types of violence that affect the
entire school," he said. "At a high
school there might be 2,000 kids, and
let's say there is a shooting, rape or rob-
bery and the perpetrator isn't caught:
That impacts all the students.
"The crime affects the entire social
system and that's why tolerance has to
be as low as possible," he said.
Astor said that while drive-by shoot-
ings and other extremely violent acts
occur more frequently in today's soci-
JACOK SON
Continued from Page 1A
tion-and-answer session with Jackson,
asking about welfare reform and the
status of black men in today's society.
After speaking, Jackson asked all stu-
dents not registered to vote to stand.
"I'm going to register you right
now," Jackson told them. "This will
take care of business."
LSA senior Tiffany Coty registered
at the event. She said she wasn't sure
she could vote in Ann Arbor, since she
is from Illinois.
Coty said she appreciated Jackson's
speech and his efforts to register young
voters. "I'm happy I got to register to
vote,"she said.

ety, recent perceptions of high school
violence have been sensationalized and
the majority of disciplinary problems
are more mundane.
"When you break it down, there is an
entire range of problems in the schools,
including assaults and rape, but a major-
ity of the problems are pushing and
shoving in predictable places like park-
ing lots, cafeterias or the hallways
between classes," he said. "Most of the

fights are
between
friends over
hurt feelings,
betrayal or
breakdown of
communica-
tion in their
relation -
ships."
Kimberly
Fravil, an
Education
graduate stu-
dent who
assisted Astor
in the study,
said schools
should enforce

"The crime affects
the entire social
system and that's
why tolerance has to
be as low as
possible"
- Ron Astor
Assistant professor of Social
Work and Education

level?" he
asked. "In my
college cours-
es, we verbally
re-enact a typi-
cal schoolyatd
fight with :a.
surrounding
crowd and the
grad students
usually laugh
because it's so
ridiculous_-A I
mean, can you
imagine simi-
lar fights in

know where and when violence acts are
likely to occur, they tend to avoid them
- making it seem like school violence
isn't a big problem for them.
"The kids generally say, 'No, vio-
lence isn't a big problem,' but they tell.
us all these stories and that there are
certain places they just don't go."
Astor noted that certain types of vio-
lence are particular to high school.
"Why is any fighting allowed at the
high school

a zero-tolerance policy

U Athletic Department Roberson s
__ by 13.GM increase an
supported by $13.6M going to do
in football ticket sales do need to d
Ten perce
By Jeff Eldridge enue comes
Daily Staff Reporter contracts, a
For the first time ever, the director of the licensing roy
Athletic Department presented a public Roberson
accounting of the department's finances pooled in th
:co the University Board of Regents. the I scho
Athletic Director Joe Roberson Regent D
addressed the regents at Friday's meet- said televisi
g and provided them with a detailed itable for th
escription of how sports are funded. "It's a m
- At the heart of the presentation were revenue is a
tihe issues of ticket prices and television University o
revenue. Roberson
M s Thirty-nine percent of the depart- enue base is
<ment's revenue comes from the sale of association
.football tickets. Last year, football tick- percent of it
etsales brought in just under $13.6 mil- a Big Ten g
lion. The department's overall revenue uted among
stood at $32.6 million. Roberson
* "We're committed not to raising University o
iices again until the year 2000," University
ITD
Continued from Page IA
operating system in the three sites. Although this Trojan
}jorse program has not been discovered on Macintosh
gomputers on campus, Macintoshes are also vulnerable
to this type of program, ITD officials said.
Engineering Prof. Atul Prakash said the Windows
1 operating system is "fundamentally flawed from a
security point of view."
.. Prakash said other systems, such as Windows NT,
-would be harder to fool with a Trojan Horse program.
"You would have to do a lot more work to change
the standard login screen," Prakash said.
Restarting the machines can safeguard against secu-
rity breaches. Burns said students are encouraged to
restart all machines, except Unix machines, after use.
Anastasia said ITD officials believe the suspect or.
.suspects loaded the program, which appears to have
pen created in July, onto computer hard drives from
floppy disk. More relaxed computer regulation at the
sites during the summer may have made it easier to go
undetected, he said.
Anastasia said he sent a list of 100 potentially
affected students' names to the accounts office last
week. Those students were notified that their pass-
words had been captured and were assigned new pass-
words. The unignames and passwords of other stu-

aid. "We are anxious to
nual funds - we're not
it with ticket funds, but we
o it."
nt of the department's rev-
from television and radio
nd 14 percent comes from
yalties.
said television contracts are
e Big Ten and divided among
ols of the conference.
)eane Baker (R-Ann Arbor)
on deals are not highly prof-
e University.
isperception that television
great income-builder for the
of Michigan;' Baker said.
said the department's rev-
s hurt in some ways by its
with the Big Ten. Thirty-five
s ticket sales are pooled into
eneral fund, and then distrib-
the 1I schools.
said three schools - the
of Michigan, the Ohio State
and Pennsylvania State

University - provide a financial crutch
to the other Big Ten schools.
Salaries and wages account for 33
percent of expenditures, grants to stu-
dent athletes account for 21 percent and
sports programs receive 19 percent.
Regent Andrea Fischer Newman (R-
Ann Arbor) requested a public account-
ing of the department's budget at July's
regents meeting. She called Roberson's
presentation "excellent."
"I'm still on this soapbox trying to
explain to people that the Athletic
Department is self-sustaining,
Newman said.
Regent Philip Power (D-Ann Arbor)
warned Roberson that the University
needs to guard its handling of athletics.
"Nationally there is increased tension
between sports programs as an appro-
priate activity ... and sports programs
taking on an independent existence as
fodder for the entertainment industry,"
Power said. "Over time, this tension
will become greater, not lesser, around
the country."

not only for lethal acts but for more com-
mon lower-level fighting as well.
"Zero tolerance means anything -
including the less-violent fighting. It's
similar to domestic violence where
pushing and shoving, if done all the
time, is a crime. This view has yet to be
accepted," she said.
Astor said that since students usually

halls of this
University on a daily basis?"
Astor cited federal data indicating that
while crime in general is going down,
violent crime among youth is still rising.
He said security guards, metal detectors
and video cameras are not the most
effective ways to prevent violence, and
instead, emphasized increased involve-
ment of adults who know the children
especially teachers.

dents, staff and faculty may have been captured and
previously removed from the hard drives, he said.
Department of Public Safety spokesperson
Elizabeth Hall said she could not comment on the case
until today because she was not aware of its details.
Yesterday, Hall said she had not received any informa-
tion about the case. However, Anastasia said DPS and
ITD are both investigating the situation.
"It's illegal and against University policy," said
University Assistant General Counsel Dan Sharphorn.
Although individuals whose passwords were
obtained by the program may take legal action against
the University, Sharphorn said he doubts the
University would be found liable in such a case.
LSA sophomore Prasad Ambekar said he does not
blame the University for the mishap.
"There's only so much the school can do," Ambekar
said. "No matter how hard they try, there's always
going to be someone who can hack the system a little
better."
University Resolution Coordinator Mary Lou
Antieau, who administers the Code of Student
Conduct, said the suspect, if a student, could be
charged under the Code.
"It could be a violation of two different violations of
the Code" Antieau said.
Anastasia said the passwords and uniqnames
obtained could potentially be traded to individuals
outside the University for software and other informa-

tion.
Since the

student information obtained from the

Trojan Horse program could be used in a black mar-
ket, the jurisdiction of the case could fall to the FBI,
especially if the stolen passwords are transferred
across state lines.
FBI Special Agent George Grotz, who works in the
FBI's San Francisco headquarters, said he could not
comment on the case until today. The San Francisco
headquarters is one of three FBI computer squads that
investigate security issues involving computers.
FBI Special Agent Dawn Moritz, who works out of
the FBI's Detroit headquarters, said Friday that all
inquiries about computer crimes should be directed to
the national computer squads.
Don MacPherson, a computer-crime unit paralegal'
at the Department of Justice, said he would not com-
ment on the case until today because he needed to find
more information.
Burns said this is not the first time password secu-
rity has been compromised at the University.
Two years ago, a student's password was illegally
obtained and racist e-mail was sent from the student's
account. Burns said the student received threatening
messages and phone calls as a result of the incident.
"His life was affected (by the situation)," Burns
said. "He was really very much disrupted by that."
- Daily Staff Reporter Jennifer Harvey contributed
to this report.

W

WILL TRADE MSU football tickets for
Penn State tickets. Call 449-5625. F

WORLDWIDE LOW air fares. Reserve
your Christmas space early. Regency Travel
209 S. State St. 665-6122.
N.s A
I announcements
FREE FINANCIAL AID! Over $6 Billion
in public and private sector grants & scholar-
ips is now available. All students are
Iigible regardless of grades, income, or
paent's income. Let us help. Call Student
Financial Services: 1-800-263-6495 ext.
F55981.
POWER YOGA workshop Sept. 27-29.
SEnergize your body, quiet your mind. Ongo-
ing classes Inward Bound 995-9174.

V

food & entertain.
~~fell

TIOS SELLS MICHIGANS FINEST
Mexican style food and the world's hottest
sauces. Stop by 333 E. Huron, or call 761-
6650. We deliver?

THE FISH DOCTORS
quarium sale!
10 gallon tank $7.99
29 gallon tank $25.99
50 gallon tank $39.99
Next to Putt-Putt Golfc
1030.

back to school a-

MUSEUM
Continued from Page IA
were free talks about the galleries and
behind-the-scenes tours of the museum
for students and adults.
For children, there were balloon ani-
mals, art activities and story-tellers.
The event culminated with a ceremoni-
al cake-cutting by Ann Arbor Mayor
Ingrid Sheldon, University interim
President Homer Neal and museum
Director William Hennessey.
Among the University students in
attendance were first-year student Scott
Allison and junior Marc Schauber. "We
were drawn here by the free cake,"
Allison and Schauber said. "But we
were pleasantly surprised by the
Venetian exhibit, the music and the col-
oring books."
The party was designed to bring in
"a broad community audience," and to
promote city-University relations,
Hennessey said.
"When you can have these events to
celebrate the commonalities between
these two institutions, it demonstrates
the greatness of this community,"
Sheldon said.

on Washtenaw 434-

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