2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, September 16, 1996
Germs to kill fewer people by 2020
WASHINGTON (AP) - Heart dis-
ease, depression and car crashes will
overtake infectious diseases to become
the world's leading causes of death and
disability by 2020, the World Health
Organization said. It will mark the first
time non-infectious diseases kill more
people than germs, a sudden rise pro-
pelled in part by tobacco. The U.N.
agency said in a new study that tobac-
co-caused disease will be killing 8.4
million people annually within 25
"Noncommunicable diseases will be
the coming epidemic," said Dr.
Christopher Murray of Harvard
University, a co-author of the study.
Already, 30 countries notified of the
findings by WHO are considering how
to revise public health programs, now
focused almost solely on infections, in
hopes of having "some way out of this
mess;' Murray said.
Infectious diseases like pneumonia
and diarrhea are the world's leading
causes of death and disability today and
will remain potent threats in 2020.
AIDS alone could kill 1 million to 1.7
million people a year by then, Murray
But just as heart disease became the
top killer of rich nations decades ago, it
is rapidly stalking developing countries.
By 2020, Murray concluded, it will
have become the world's No. 1 health
Depression's rise from the No. 4
world health threat in
1990 to second in 2020 Health 1
will be due mostly to an While AIDS is
aging population, kill 1 to 1.7 n
Murray said: The pro- a year by the
portion of the popula- the World He
tion over 45 will rise Organizations
200 percent. dicted that ht
And the number of depression at
deaths due to car crash- es will be the
es will increase as poor causes of dea
nations speed road
development and the
percentage within the population of
young adults, the age group most often
killed on the highways, grows larger, he
In all, non-infectious disease will
account for seven of every 10 deaths in
poor countries by 2020, up from fewer
than half today. Only in sub-Saharan
Africa will germs still kill more people
than non-infectious disease.
WHO commissioned the study as a
road map for governments better to
spend scarce health resources, said co-
author Dean Jamison, a health econo-
mist at the University of California,
Los Angeles. He came
Heats up with lists of "best
redcted to buys" for science in
lion people low- and middle-
ear 2020l income countries that
h ' house four-fifths of the
so has pre- world's population but
rt diseases, simply can't afford the
car crash- technology that richer
op three countries already use
h. against non-infectious
For example, money
now being spent to find a leprosy vac-
cine might be better directed to a malar-
ia vaccine, since leprosy is rare while
malaria causes almost 10 percent of
death and disease in sub-Saharan
Switzerland will host a world meet-
ing next year see how well countries
are prioritizing medical research
The report has good news: Life
expectancy for girls born in every
region of the world will rise by 2020
- up eight years to age 88 in rich
In fact, the only group who won't live
longer are men in Eastern Europe,
whose 1990 life expectancy of 65
already has plummeted 10 years and is
expected to creep back up very slowly,
One health threat the WHO report
uncovered - injuries from accidents,
murder or suicide that kill 5 million
people a year - has no easy medical
Take Colombia, where a third of the
health burden is from injuries, most
caused by violence. In China, injuries
constitute 17 percent of the health bur-
den, including a staggering 180,000
women a year who kill themselves in
what scientists call Asia's "suicide
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Gingrich: Ethics report will go public
WASHINGTON - House Speaker Newt Gingrich, responding to Democratic
charges he is trying to hide results of an ethics investigation, said yesterday he will
vote for the report to be made public, but only after it is completed.
"The country has a right to know," said the Georgia Republican.
He said he will be exonerated by the outside counsel's examination of wheth r
he obeyed tax laws in raising money for an unconventionally financed colle
Democrats charge the Republican-led House ethics committee is covering up
the speaker in refusing to release before November's elections a secret summary of
the outside counsel's findings.
They point to Gingrich's 1989 demand for the release of an outside counsel's
report that led to the retirement of a Gingrich predecessor as speaker, Jim Wright
"I'm not trying to delay anything," Gingrich told NBC's "Meet the Press,"
He said, "Some Democratic staffer leaked a false report. There is no final docu-
ment. The study is not yet done, so we're being attacked because they claim we
don't want to release a document which doesn't exist yet."
The report the Democrats want published is only a progress report, and outside
counsel James Cole is conducting interviews for the investigation, Gingrich said.
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Tara Dawn Holland
jumps into new role
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. - She final-
ly won the crown she chased for six
years. And new Miss America Tara
Dawn Holland quickly showed she's
determined to do more with it than pose
Less than 12 hours after winning
Saturday night, Holland held forth on
politics, publishing and her own perse-
verance in a news conference kicking
off her yearlong reign as Miss America
She's for Bob Dole, against public
school voucher programs and has writ-
ten and published her own book on job-
hunting. She is something of an author-
ity on the latter, having pursued her new
job through three defeats and two
Holland, 23, of Overland Park, Kan.,
is a graduate student in music education
at the University of Missouri-Kansas
City. The 5-foot-10 inch brunette, a
magna cum laude graduate of Florida
State University, vowed to fight illitera-
cy during her reign.
WASHINGTON - The nation's
largest police organization will endorse
President Clinton, giving the Democrat
a fresh crime fighting trophy just as
rival Bob Dole launches a new offen-
sive on the crime and drugs issue, offi-
cials said yesterday.
The 270,000-member National
Fraternal Order of Police will announce
its support today in Cincinnati, uni
and administration officials said. The
event will add some battleground-state
symbolism to the political plum: it was
in that Ohio city four years ago that the
police union gave its support to George
Bush over Clinton.
"Rank-and-file police officers have
never had a better friend in the White
House than Bill Clinton," national FOP
president Gil Gallegos said in a state-
ment released to The Associated Pre
in advance of the announcement.
She won Saturday night in the
nationally televised pageant, which for
the first time allowed viewers to partic-
ipate in the selection.
Clinton nets police
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U.S. autos struggling
in Japanese mnarket
TOKYO- Chrysler Corp.'s Neon
car won over so many Toyota and
Honda customers in the United States
that this country's news media once
dubbed it a "Japan killer."
That was before the automaker tried
to sell it in Japan. Last month, the car's
performance was in line with its sub-
compact size: Only 97 sold across Japan.
Similar disappointments have beset
other U.S. automakers that embarked
on drives to sell cars in Japan. None of
their vehicles has emerged a mega-hit.
That will be part of what U.S. and
Japanese negotiators will discuss in San
Francisco on Wednesday and Thursday
to review a bilateral auto accord signed
a year ago to boost U.S. auto and auto-
parts sales in Japan.
The talks could be tense. Last week,
the U.S. Senate unanimously passed a
resolution urging Japan to comply fully
with the agreement. The interpretation
of the agreement is a source of dispute
because Tokyo has not agreed to targets
set by the U.S. side.
Under the agreement, U.S. automak-
ers expect to sell 300,000 vehicles a
year in Japan by the end of the decade.
In the first seven months of this ye
General Motors Corp., Ford Motor C
and Chrysler sold 74,671 vehicles in
Japan, up 36.5 percent from the same
period last year.
Pope to have surgery
on inflamed appendix
VATICAN CITY - To combat
"news, supposition and rumors" aboa
the pope's health, the Vatica
announced Saturday that John Paul II
was suffering from an inflamed appen-
dix and would have surgery later this
The 76-year-old pope's condition "is
not urgent," said Vatican spokesperson
Joaquin Navarro-Valls. John Paul will
go ahead next week with a hectic; four-
day trip to France.
No date was set for the appendecto-
my, but Navarro-Valls indicated4
would take place sometime after Oct. 6
- Compiled .from Daily wire reports.
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EDITORIALI I I
NEWS Amy Klein, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Tim O'Connell, Megan Schimpf, Michelle Lee Thompson, Josh White.
STAFF: Janet Adamy, Brian Campbell, Anita Chik, Jodi S. Cohen, Jeff Cox, Jeff Eldridge, Jennifer Harvey, Stephanie Jo Klein, Laurie Mayk,
Heather Miller, Anupama Reddy, Alice Robinson, Matthew Smart, Ann Stewart, Christopher Wan, Katie Wang, Will Weissert.
EDITORIAL Adrienne Janney, Zachary M. Raimi, EdIto4
ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Erin Marsh.
STAFF: Niraj R. Ganatra, Samuel Goodstein, Katie Hutchins, Yuki Kuniyuki, Jim Lesse, James Miller, Partha Mukhopadhyay, Steven Musto,
Paul Serilla, Ron Steiger, Jason Stoffer, Mpatanishi Tayari, Matt Wimsatt.
SPORTS Nicholas J. Cotsonika, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Alan Godenbach, John Leroi, Danielle Rumore, Barry Sollenberger,
STAFF: Donald Adamek, Nancy Berger, John Friedberg, Jiten Ghelani, James Goldstein, Jeremy Horelick, Jennifer Houdilik, Kevin Kasiborski,
Andy Knudsen, Marc Lightdale, Will McCahill, Sharat Raju, Pranay Reddy, Jim Rose, Richard Shin, Mark Snyder, Dan Stillman.
ARTS Brian A. Onatt, Joshua Rich, Editors
WEEKEND, ETC. EDITORS: Greg Parker, Elan A. Stavros.
SUB-EDITORS: Dean Bakopoulos (Fine Arts), Lise Harwin (Music). Tyler Patterson (Theater), Jen Petlinski (Film),
STAFF: Colin Bartos. Eugene Bowen, Neal C. Carruth, Melanie Cohen, Kati Jones, Emily Lambert, Bryan Lark, Kristin Long, Eizabeth Lucas,
James Miller, Heather Phares. Aaron Rennie, Ryan Posly, Have Snyder. Prashant Tamaskar, Ted Watts, Kelly Xintans, Michael Zilberman.
PHOTO Mark Friedman, Editor
ASSISTANT EDITOR: Sara Stillman.
STAFF: Josh Biggs, Jennifer Bradley-Swift, Bohdan Damian Cap, Nopporn Kichanantha, Jonathan Lurie, Margaret Myers, Kristen Schaefer,
Joe Westrate, Warren Zinn.
COPY DESK Elizabeth Lucas, Editor
STAFF: Matthew Benz, Amy Carey. Jodi Cohen, Lili Kalish, Jill Litwin, Heather Miller, Matt Spewak.
ONLINE Scott W"icox, Editor
STAFF: Jeffrey Greenstein, Charles Harrison, Travis Patrick, Joe Westrate, Anthony Zak,
GRAPHICS Melanie Sherman, Editor