2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 12, 1996
Weapons treaty faces rejection in Senate
s . 4
Er ,r t 4
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - The Clinton
administration is running into unex-
pected trouble in its bid to win Senate
ratification of a chemical weapons con-
vention treaty, which calls for the
destruction of chemical weapon stock-
piles and factories around -the world
within 10 years.
After 11th-hour lobbying by conserv-
atives, some 25 senators are said to
oppose the treaty, with enough others
leaning against it to leave the White
House short of the 67 votes needed for
ratification. The Senate was scheduled
to take up the measure today, although
it may not vote until early next week.
Senate approval once was regarded
as a near certainty and rejection of the
treaty would be a setback for President
The United States has been the lead-
ing force behind the pact, signed by 160
countries including Russia and China.
Negotiations were completed by
President Bush in 1992, before Clinton
White House officials said Clinton
and Vice President Al Gore have begun
telephoning senators to try to to rescue
Secretary of State Warren
Christopher issued a statement yester-
day urging prompt Senate ratification.
He said the pact is "of critical impor-
tance" to U.S. security.
Ratification would oblige the United
States and other signatories to elimi-
nate their chemical weapons within 10
years and shut facilities that could be
used to develop or manufacture them.
The prohibition would be enforced by
a new U.N. agency empowered to
inspect suspect sites and factories at
will - even companies that are only
peripherally involved in chemicals
production - and impose penalties on
Probe involving first lady intensifies
WASHINGTON - Whitewater prosecutors, intensifying a grand jury investi
gation involving first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, have questioned witnesses to
determine if she knew about a backdated real estate document written at her law
firm, according to sources familiar with the proceedings.
Prosecutors have gathered material suggesting that a document dated Sept.,
1985, may have been created in the spring of 1986. W
The document allowed the father-in-law of Webb Hubbell, a friend and law part-
ner of Mrs. Clinton, to receive hundreds of thousands of dollars from the failing
Arkansas savings and loan owned by the Clintons' Whitewater partners.
Prosecutors are trying to ascertain whether Mrs. Clinton or Hubbell had any-
thing to do with the document and whether it was used in a scheme to defraud the
S&L, according to five individuals familiar with the probe.
The sources, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Hubbell was among the
witnesses who testified to the grand jury in Washington - the same panel to which
Mrs. Clinton testified last January.
At the time the document was created, Mrs. Clinton was a partner in the Rose
Law Firm. The firm's clients included the S&L owned by the Clintons' Whitew@
business partners, James and Susan McDougal.
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Continued from Page 1A
dorms coed wouldn't be a bad idea."
Goldsmith said the advantages of
adding a living-learning community
would outweigh the ill feelings of some
"If they could create a new program,
then by all means use Barbour-
Newberry," she said.
Besides considering coed halls, the
task force also has talked about making
one building all-female and the other
hall all-male. Currently, there are no
Levy said there has never been pres-
sure to create an all-male living experi-
ence, but added that some already exist.
"They're called fraternities," he said.
Levy said the number of students'
who request single-sex residence halls
has remained constant during the last
10 years. He also said the return rate in
single-sex housing is higher than in
"The returnrate of Barbour, Newberry,
Stockwell is notably higher than
Markley' Levy said. "For some women
who did not initially prefer it, they find
the quality of life can be appealing.'
LSA sophomore Jabeh Peabody is
living in Barbour for the second year.
She said she hopes the residence hall
stays the same.
"There aren't that many all-girls'
dorms already, Peabody said. "It's
closer. It's quieter. You can study all day,
Marc Kaplan, coordinator for resi-
dence education in Barbour-Newberry,
said there are basically three reasons
students choose to live in the two small
dorms on State Street: location, size
and the single-sex atmosphere.
"Stockwell and Martha Cook will
still be there, so the opportunity for
women will still be there" Kaplan said.
Butler says that while single-sex
housing would still be available,
Stockwell is larger and farther from
"Stockwell is huge. It doesn't have
the same hominess," Butler said. "And
you can only fit so many people in
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SACRAMENTO, Calif. - Long
before Theodore Kaczynski's family
came to suspect he was the Unabomber,
they considered having the Montana her-
mit committed to a mental institution.
David Kaczynski and his wife, Linda
Patrik, showed some of his brother's let-
ters to a psychiatrist in 1991 because
they were concerned about his declining
mental state, they said in an interview to
be broadcast Sunday on "60 Minutes."
"The psychiatrist advised us that Ted
was mentally disturbed, seriously dis-
turbed," Patrik said. "That not only he
was disturbed but that there was the
possibility of violence. That stuck in
my mind, and it's stuck in my mind all
But when family members talked of
committing him, they were advised that
it would be difficult to do so.
"We were told he had to be a danger
- a demonstrable danger to himself or
to others' David Kaczynski said.
At that point, the Unabomber had
struck 12 times, killing one person and
injuring 21. The Unabomber cause
two more deaths since 1991.
David Kaczynski ended up askin
one of his brother's doctors in Montan
to refer the former Berkeley math pro
fessor to a therapist, but he said nothin
came of that effort.
Sim pson t take
stand in civil trial
SANTA MONICA, Calif. -
Although he never testified in his crim
inal trial, O.J. Simpson is slated t
spend two weeks on the stand in hi
civil wrongful death trial, according t
witness lists filed yesterday.
Simpson is listed as a key witnes
both the plaintiff and defense prese
tions, with time estimates keeping him o
the stand for at least nine court days. Als<
he could be called a third time if a puni
tive damage phase of the trial is required
Simpson was acquitted a year ago i
the 1994 slayings of his ex-wife, Nicol
Brown Simpson, and her friend,,Rot
Goldman. But families of the two slay
ing victims insist Simpson is liable~fc
the killings and should pay damaged
Continued from Page IA
the microbes are bacteria that filtered
down cracks in the shale during the last
The composition of the gas and water
at the site led Martini to conclude
microbes were at work.
"There was a huge amount of evidence
but the dominant indicator was the isotopic
composition of the gas and water from the
individual wells - the isotopic signature
acts as a fingerprint," Martini said.
Bodai said typical natural gas
deposits are formed over millions of
years by extreme temperatures and
pressures located 12,000 to 14,000 feet
below the Earth's surface. But the
Antrim Shale is only between 300 and
1,800 feet deep, and carbon-14 dating
revealed the deposits to be no. more
than 22,000 years old.
Bodai said the shallow depth and
young age of the deposit create an ideal
condition for the microbes to flourish.
"These microbes can live anywhere
but they do very well in this particular
deposit because the water isn't too salty
or too fresh" she said. "There's moder-
ately salty water and low oxygen condi-
tions down there, and this is the best
environment for the microbes to gener-
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ate the gases."
Martini emphasized the importance
of finding the microbes. "The oil and
gas industry had already found signifi-
cant gas deposits' she said, "The main
discovery was that it was microbially
While microbially produced natural
gas deposits have been found through-
out the world, industry firms usually
ignore them because they're considered
too small to be economically viable.
But Martini and Bodai said industry
firms are paying greater attention to
microbially produced deposits because
of cheaper costs in drilling the relative-
ly shallow depths.
When asked if the discovery is likely
to spur interest in researching other
sights, Martini said, "I think so. We've
already seen some work done in other
basins in North America, particularly in
New Albany, Ill, where they're mining
the shallow edges to try to recreate
what was up at Antrim."
Martini, now in the fifth year of her
doctoral ,studies, said she was very
excited by the find. "This research
became the first article I got published
and will make a significant chapter of
my dissertation," she said.
Martini's findings were published in
the Sept. 12 issue of Nature.
The University research group col-
laborated with industry scientists for
the Antrim Shale project. It was fund-
ed by the Gas Research Institute, the
American Chemical Society, Shell Oil
Company, Chevron Petroleum and
Technology Company and Amoco
Continued from Page 1A
For the most part Lurich enjoys
working the college campuses. "I like
it because I get to see everybody who
lives in this town, and I feel that I'm
educated about the town from seeing
the people," Lurich said.
The coupon distributors are
employed by national and local corpo-
rations, such as Sports Guides Inc. and
College Coupons. Both of these corpo-
rations employ distributors to hand out
the books for the first 10 days of each
Most of the distributors are part-time
workers who work anywhere from four
to eight hours each day for $6 an hour.
Sport Guides Inc. is based in Ann
Arbor and distributes coupon books to
the University and Eastern Michigan
University. Dave DeVarti started Sports
Guides while he was a student at the
University of Michichan.
"The coupon books is not such a
profitable business, but the coupons are
helpful to students in that they offer a
wide array of savings, and they are also
good for (local) stores because they
benefit from student business,"DeVarti
In 1981, the year DeVarti andhis
partners graduated from the University,
they were urged to go into the coupon
business when a smaller coupon ser-
vice left town.
Lurich is a full-time member on
Sports Guides' staff. He helps keep the
books for Sports Guides for most of the
year, but at the beginning of each
r,. . ti.
Rabin assassin found
guilty of conspiracy
TEL AVIV, Israel - Two accom-
plices helped plot the assassination of
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, an
Israeli court ruled yesterday, convicting
the avowed assassin's brother and friend
Yigal Amir is already serving a life
sentence for the Nov. 4 murder at a Tel
Aviv peace rally. He was convicted of
conspiracy yesterday in Tel Aviv
District Court, along with his brother,
Hagai and their friend, Dror Adani.
The three will be sentenced Oct. 3.
They face a maximum of 29 years in
Yigal Amir smiled as Judge Amnon
Strasnov read the three-judge panel's
verdict finding "all three guilty of all
the charges against them."
Defense lawyers said. they would
appeal the convictions to Israel's
All three defendants pleaded inno-
cent to the conspiracy charges when the
trial opened April 17. Yigal Amir
claimed he acted alone and Hagai Amir
told the court that while he knew of his
brother's plan to kill the prime ministe
he didn't think he would go throug
But Strasnov said "Hagai's claim a
he didn't take Yigal's threats serio
did not convince me."
Adani's defense claimed he had onl
vague knowledge of the plan and didn
actually take part.
water found unsafe
MOSCOW -- Seventy percent
Russia's drinking water is so poll,
that it fails to meet even minimal safet
standards, an official said yesterday.
It doesn't meet "our own lenien
standards, least of all fairly tough worl
requirements," Nikolai Mikheyev, hea
of the government water agency, saida
a news conference.
According to the Interfax new
agency, Mikheyev proposed looking-fo
new underground springs to supply 3
percent of the water for Moscow, a
of about 10 million people.
- Compiled from Daily wire report
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