2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 11, 1996
Kurds flee Iraqi-held territory
Los Angeles Tunes
ISTANBUL, Turkey - Although
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein and his
allies offered them the olive branch of
an amnesty, thousands of Kurds yester-
day began fleeing areas that have col-
--apsed into the control of a Baghdad-
lacked Kurdish faction.
Estimates varied greatly about the
numbers of refugees streaming from the
eastern cities of Sulaymaniyah and
Dukan, captured Monday by the Iraqi-
supported Democratic Party of
Kurdistan (KDP) run by leader Masoud
Neighboring Iran appealed yesterday
for international assistance in handling
as many as 200,000 people.
Most U.N. sources, though, spoke of
50,00p Kurds and others pouring out of
Sulaymaniyah, which once had been a
guerrilla stronghold of the rival
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) and
its leader, Jalal Talabani.
Only about 10,000 people actually
had reached the Iraqi-Iranian border,
where they were camping in minefields
without proper food or sanitation,
observers said yesterday.
"And they noted that, when it became
clear that frontier was closed and that
Iraqi troops were taking no direct part
in the KDP advance on Sulaymaniyah,
many of the refugees began to return to
In Sulaymaniyah, there were
reports that a carnival atmosphere
prevailed as Barzani and his forces
exulted in their apparent victory,
which gave them seemingly undisput-
ed mastery over the 3.5 million Iraqi
Kurds living under guerrilla rule in
Barzani's forces were reported to
have conducted an impromptu parade,
with fighters carrying AK-47 rifles
riding through the city streets in pick-
By nightfall, Sulaymaniyah's popula-
tion of 750,000 seemed to be swelling
with returning Kurds, who were travel-
ing home by truck, taxi and on foot.
Shops had reopened and residents had
swapped flying their green PUK flags
for the yellow color of the victorious
PDK. Merchants were plastering their
businesses with photocopied pictures of
Outside the city, about 20 miles
northeast at the PUK headquarters,
KDP fighters 'looted everything they
More than half of teens risk diseases
CHICAGO - More than half the adoles.cents in a national survey had two
or more risk factors that can lead to chronic disease, such as eating fatty foods
and not getting enough exercise, government researchers say.
The survey by researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention was published today in the Journal of the American Med4
The study was based on a 1992-93 survey of 6,321 adolescents ages 12
through 17. There are more than 20 million Americans in that age group.
The study listed five risk factors for chronic diseases such as heart disease
and cancer: smoking; a sedentary lifestyle; eating too few fruits and vegeta-
bles; eating too many high-fat foods; and heavy drinking, defined as five o
more drinks in a row at least once during the preceding 30 days.
More than six of 10 adolescents reported two or more of the risk factors; one
in 13 reported at least four of the risk factors.
The highest number of risk factors were found among youngsters who had
poor, less-educated parents.
The researchers called on family doctors to counsel adolescents and t
families about healthy habits and disease prevention.
Fighters of the Kurdistan Democratic Party celebrate yesterday as they drive
through Sulaymanlyah, Iraq. The victory gave Saddam Hussein control over
Northem Iraq for the first time since the 1991 Gulf War.
Watch the first Presidential Debate on September 25, then
Join the 38th President of the United States
Gerald R. Ford
"The Trouble with Washington..."
Thursday, September 26 - 9:00 A.M. to 3:00 P.M.
An unconventional conference enabling officeholders of both parties,
political pundits, citizen activists, and others to probe the cause
of the alienation which seems so pervasive in today's political
climate, and - hopefully - propose solutions to the problem.
Keynote Address by Daniel Boorstin, former Librarian of Congress
Former House Speaker, Thomas P. Foley; Ken Duberstein, former
White House Chief of Staff; Hugh Sidey, Time Magazine; Hal Bruno,
ABC News; former Senator George McGovern; Ann McBride,
President of Common Cause; Mary Louise Smith, former RNC
Chairman; Lyn Nofziger, Reagan Presidential spokesman; Andrea
Mitchell, NBC News; former House Minority Leader Robert H.
Michel; and others.
Yes, I would like to reserve seat(s) at $35.00 (Students $15.00)
each (includes lunch) for "The Trouble with Washington." I have
enclosed my check payable to the Gerald R. Ford Foundation for a total
of $ . [Please send your check by September 20, to the
Gerald R. Ford Library 1000 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.1
City, State, Zip
At Talabani's nearby two-story villa,
looters filled trucks with furniture not
completely destroyed in a fire. KDP
soldiers claimed Talabani ordered the
blaze set when it was certain that the
town would be overrun.
In Sairan Ban, one of at least four
border crossings where U.N. officials
had expected up to 75,000 Kurds to
gather after the KDP takeover of north-
ern Iraq, there were expressions among
the thousands there of fear about the
Such mistrust, analysts said, seemed
warranted among those Kurds who
recalled that Hussein just eight years
earlier had poison-gassed Kurdish vil-
Those who trudged to the crossing
at Sairan Ban found it shut already,
leaving thousands backed up, hanging
from cars that jammed a hot; dusty
road from Penjwin, 18 miles away.
Tractors pulled wagons piled with
Apparently to avert this sort of an
exodus, the Iraqi government and its
PDK allies spoke in extremes of
amnesty for their Kurdish opposition.
Baghdad broadcast a promise to
end the five-year-old Iraqi govern-
ment embargo on Kurdish areas and
talked of re-integrating Iraq by
reviving 1970s negotiations on
autonomy for an area known as Iraqi
As for Barzani, while relishing his
faction's triumphs, he announced his
own amnesty for all members of
Irbil, the Iraqi Kurdish capital, fell to
Barzani's forces Aug. 31 with the sup-
port of Iraqi army artillery and armored
Postal service aims
for 3 years of profits
WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Postal1
Service, which soon will report its sec-
ond annual profit of more than $1 bil-
lion, yesterday set its sights on a record
three years in the black.
This year's profit, estimated at $1.2
billion, was a major accomplishment
for Postmaster General Marvin
Runyon, who last year ordered a strict
cost-cutting program to hold off any
increase in stamp prices. The agency
reported a record $1.7 billion profit in
The agency's newly approved 1997
budget, which calls for a modest $55
million profit, again will test
Runyon's management skills - and,
no doubt, the cooperation of the
agency's big labor unions. Runyon
already has cut costs by trimming
overtime and eliminating programs
he found unproductive. To save more,
he has said he wants the agency to
contract out some operations to pri-
vate industry, a proposal that has
infuriated postal unions.
Since the Postal Service became an
independent agency 25 years ago, it has
never shown a profit three years ina
row. Instead it typically has run a th
year cycle: showing a profit the firs
year of a rate increase, breaking
the second year and losing mon'ey
third. Stamp prices were last raised o
Jan. 1, 1995.
Children to receive
Parents preparing to take their chil
dren to the doctor for routine vaccina
tions have more options, includin
recently approved whooping-co
vaccine for babies and new recofamen
dations from experts on which young
sters should be immunized againstbvar
The new vaccine against whoopin
cough, the bacterial infection that i
also known as pertussis, was approve
by the Food and Drug Administration i
July for use in infants less than a yea
Continued from Page 1
bill, eight Republicans, including three
who are not seeking re-election this year,
voted for it while five Democrats, all but
one from the South, voted against it.
A Clinton administration statement
said the president, who courted the
gay vote four years ago, will sign the
same-sex marriage bill because he
"has long opposed same-sex mar-
The statement stressed Clinton's
opposition to "discrimination against
any group of Americans, including
gay. and lesbian individuals." Clinton
endorsed barring job discrimination
on the basis of sexual orientation in
the 1992 campaign and Vice
President Al Gore was ready to return
to Washington from campaign stops
in Pennsylvania to break a tie. ,
That was not necessaryas Sen. David
Pryor (D-Ark.) missed yesterday's
votes because his 33-year-old son had
12-hour cancer surgery in Little Rock
Monday, his spokesperson said. Pryor
was committed to vote for the bill,
according to supporters.
Even if the Senate had approved the
measure, House leaders were unlikely
to schedule a vote on it before quitting
for the year in the next few weeks.
The same-sex marriage measure,
which supporters call the "Defense of
Marriage Act," says no state would have
to recognize a same-sex marriage
granted by another state.
The bill also for the first time defines
marriage in federal law as the "legal
union between one man and one
woman" and defines "spouse" as "a
person of the opposite sex who is a hus-
band or a wife."
As a result, even if a state were to
recognize gay marriages, those partners
would not be eligible for benefits as
spouses under such federal programs as
Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid or
Conservative activists said yester-
day's votes - eight weeks to the day
before Election Day - would boost the
chances of GOP nominee Bob Dole.
"This is a huge string of victories for
the pro-family movement," said Ralph
Reed, executive director of the Christian
"These are the bricks in the wall that
allow you to build the turnout of reli-
tonight at 7
Seed of Abraham
#-A O NDT HE W OR L D
Colombian VP Still, exp
resign rose a
resigns in dislgrace Calle, who
BOGOTA, Colombia - Colombian returned from
Vice President Humberto de la Calle down. But af
resigned in exasperation yesterday - a dent's resigna
virtual admission that growing eco- suggested tha
nomic turmoil and anarchy will not
force Colombian President Ernesto Formei
Samper out of office. .ailed f
In an emotional presentation at aJ
downtown hotel, de la Calle read his
letter of resignation in which he made a BERLIN
desperate plea for Samper to step down German gen
for the good of the nation. But with the sentences)
president determined to serve out his guards at th
remaining two years and now blaming and West G
de la Calle for the nation's crisis, there trying to
seemed little hope that Samper would Communist
accede to his former running mate's call A Berlin
for "an act of generosity." main defend
Samper has withstood similar deputy defe
demands from this nation's most impor- Baumgarten
tant economic groups, the Catholic for manslau
Church and the Conservative Party, longest prise
Colombia's major opposition party. He any trial of
has stated repeatedly that Colombia official.
would only deteriorate further if he left
office. - Compile
ectations that he woul
gain last week when de 1
was simultaneously' vic
nd ambassador to Spain
n Europe ready for a s
ter he demanded the presi
ation, Samper and his alli
at the vice president quit.
r E. Germans
- Six former -Eas
erals received substan+ia
yesterday for orde
e old border between Eas
3ermany to shoot peopl
escape the defunc
state court sentenced th
[ant, former East Germa
rse minister Klaus-Diete
, to 6 1/2 years in priso
ghter. It was one of th
on terms given to date i
f a former East Ge
edfrom Daily wire report
A Messiank Jewishi
Believing that Yeshua is
The Promised Messiah
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