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September 10, 1996 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1996-09-10

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 10, 1996 - 5

I

NATION/WORLD

cDougal
reports to
ai, vows
.ilence
LITTLE ROCK (AP) - A defiant
;Susan McDougal reported to jail yes-
terday morning vowing to keep her
silence in the face of prosecutors' ques-
tions about the actions of Bill and
;Hillary Clinton in the Whitewater
ffair.
McDougal, a convicted felon who is
being held in contempt of court for
fusing to testify before a grand jury,
.resented herself to reporters on the
courthouse steps yesterday as a martyr
who will not lie in exchange for lenien-
,cy from independent counsel Kenneth
Starr. She spent the day in a holding
'cell before U.S. marshals packed her
off to the Pulaski County Jail.
How long McDougal's silence will
last was the question of the day.
McDougal and her lawyers have
*gaged in a shifting legal and public
relations strategy over the past week that
has taken as many twists as the Ozarks
mountain road up to Whitewater.
"I won't answer their questions,"
McDougal said yesterday. "I don't trust
"them." Starr and his lawyers "have
always wanted something on the
Clintons," said McDougal. She fears
she'll be charged with perjury if she
doesn't tell the grand jury what they
ant to hear, she said.
This stance was something of a
edeparture from last week, when
McDougal was saying publicly that she
found cooperation overtures from pros-
ecutors "tempting." She said then that
while she didn't know of anything ille-
gal done by the Clintons, they had not
been "open and honest" in discussing
'Whitewater matters.
In the past few days, McDougal has
4 dopted the harder line against cooper-
ion advocated by her lawyers. She
appeared on Larry King Live Friday
night, and McDougal and lawyer
'Bobby McDaniel asserted that Starr
was offering her a no-jail-time deal in
exchange for incriminating informa-
tion about the Clintons. That drew a
sharp response from Starr, who issued
a statement saying they were "brazenly
trying to deceive the public" about dis-
cussions with his office and about her
*gal rights before the grand jury as a
convicted felon.
Susan McDougal is set to begin serv-
ing a two-year sentence Sept. 30 for
obtaining a fraudulent $300,000 feder-
ally backed loan in the mid-1980s.
President Clinton, who was Arkansas
governor at that time, has been accused
of helping arrange that loan, a charge
he has flatly denied.
She's the second former close Little
*kock friend of the Clintons to go to jail
rather than provide information about
them sought by Starr's office. Former
associate attorney general Webster
Hubbell, first lady Hillary Clinton's
long-time Rose Law Firm partner, is
serving a two-year prison sentence for
defrauding his clients. Prosecutors said
they were not satisfied that he had been
forthcoming about the Clintons and
their ties to the failed Madison
Auaranty Savings & Loan.
McDougal has said publicly she
knows of nothing illegal done by
either of the Clintons, who were

partners in the Whitewater land ven-
ture with her and ex-husband James
McDougal, onetime owner of
Madison and now a convicted felon
who is cooperating with Starr's
inquiry. But her refusal to answer
specific questions about them - to
9e point of going to jail - has only
managed to intensify interest in what
she might know.
Making the rounds of national televi-
sion interview shows over the past
week, McDougal said at worst she was
guilty of being a "frivolous" woman
who blithely signed papers her husband
put before her. Starr's office yesterday
was deluged with callers won over by
her seeming sincerity and engaging,
ide-eyed manner.
Some of Susan McDougal's
$300,000 loan money ended up with
the Whitewater Development Corp.,
the real estate venture she owned joint-
ly with the Clintons and her ex-hus-
;band.

I

Survey sees rise
in drug tolerance

AP PHOTO
Looking for clues%
Palestinian policemen search for wiretapping equipment under the road they had dug up in front of police headquarters
in Gaza City on Monday. Palestinian security officials accused Israel of planting wiretapping devices in their offices.
Gore task fore comi1 es
new arlne safety regulations

0 Number expecting to
use illegal drugs dou-
bled in last year
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - The number of
teen-agers expecting to use illegal
drugs in the future has doubled since
last year, according to a new national
survey that also suggests young people
and their parents are highly tolerant of
drug use.
Even though parents and their teen-
ager said drugs are the most important
problem facing teens today, 22 percent
of teen-agers said it is likely they will
use an illegal drug in the future -
twice the 11 percent found in a similar
poll last year.
The findings are likely to provide
fresh material for Republican presiden-
tial nominee Bob Dole's charges that
drug use and tolerance of drug use
among the young have soared during
Bill Clinton's presidency. Dole has
sought to link increased drug use to
what he calls a general breakdown in
societal values that can be traced to a
White House staffed by "a core of the
elite who never grew up, never did any-
thing real, never sacrificed, never suf-
fered, never learned."
The survey and its conclusions,
released yesterday, were commissioned
by the nonprofit National Center on
Addiction and Substance Abuse at
Columbia University. The president and
chairman of the center, Joseph A.
Califano Jr., said the survey demon-
strates that in America the term drug-
free school is "an oxymoron."
"What is infuriating about the atti-
tudes revealed in this survey is the res-
ignation of so many parents and teens
to the present mess," said Califano, who

served as secretary of Health,
Education and Welfare under President
Carter.
"It's time for parents of American
teens to say, 'We're mad as hell, and
we're not going to take it any more,"'
Califano said. "The more parents take
responsibility, the less at risk of using
drugs their children are."
The survey, of 1,200 youths ages 12
to 17 and 1,166 parents, all with chil-
dren in the same age group, was con-
ducted in July and August by Luntz
Research Companies, headed by Frank
Luntz, a Republican political consul-
tant. The margin of error for the poll of
teen-agers is plus or minus 2.8 percent;
for the parents, plus or minus 2.9 per-
cent.
The survey found a high level of tol-
erance by many teen-agers, as well as
their parents, toward the prevalence of
drug dealing and usage.
By age 17, more than two-thirds of
teen-agers say they can buy marijuana
within a few hours or within a day.
Sixty-eight percent of teen-agers say
they can buy marijuana within a day,
and less than a third of 17-year-olds say
they would report a drug dealer in their
school.
Almost 60 percent know someone
who users heroin, cocaine or LSD.
Among parents, nearly half of the par-
ents said they expect their own children
are going to use an illegal drug. In fact,
the "drug culture" includes many baby-
boom parents who have directly experi-
enced illegal drugs in their daily lives.
Forty-six percent of the parents said
they know someone who uses illegal
drugs; 32 percent have friends who use
marijuana; 19 percent have witnessed
drugs being sold in their communities.
Forty-nine percent of the parents said
they used marijuana in their youth, 21
percent of them used it regularly.

Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - President
Clinton yesterday proposed $1.1 billion
in new spending to tighten airline secu-
rity and fight global terrorism.
The request to Congress ties together
a number of long-standing anti-terror
initiatives and a list of recommenda-
tions from a new commission, formed
in the aftermath of the July 17 explo-
sion of TWA Flight 800, to find ways to
make air travel safer.
Among the items in the package are
sophisticated new screening devices for
airline passengers and cargo and the hir-
ing or transfer of as many as 500 Federal
Bureau of Investigation agents to deter
and investigate domestic terrorism.
"We know we can't make the world
risk-free, but we can reduce the risk we
face, and we have to take the fight to the
terrorists," Clinton said at an Oval
Office ceremony at which he accepted
the recommendations of the aviation
safety panel. "If we have the will, we
can find the means."
The $1.1 billion package has two pri-

mary components - $429 million in
spending for aviation security urged by
the commission headed by Vice
President Al Gore, and $667 million in
anti-terrorism spending at a variety of
federal agencies, from the Central
Intelligence Agency to the Immigration
and Naturalization Service.
Among the recommended items in
the package:
Purchase of 54 computed tomogra-
phy systems for screening airline bag-
gage and 25 high-technology machines
for detecting explosives ($91.1 million).
Acquire 410 "trace detectors" for
scanning carry-on baggage. These
machines can detect minute amounts of
explosives on the surfaces of laptop
computers, cellular phones and other
items ($37.8 million).
Hire 140 additional U.S. Customs
Service inspectors to screen outgoing
passengers and cargo ($26.6 million).
Increase FBI staffing devoted to
investigations of potential terrorism and
protection of critical U.S. facilities
($91.7 million).

* Fund 114 bomb-sniffing dog teams
for use at U.S. airports ($8.9 million).
"We find that in improving aviation
security, there is no silver bullet or sin-
gle magic answer," Gore said during the
ceremony. "There is no single technolo-
gy process or change in procedure,
which by itself will address the security
challenges that we face. So we're pre-
senting a combination of approaches;
some high-tech, some low-tech, even
some no-tech."
The Gore panel also recommended
the immediate imposition of security
checks for all airline employees with
access to aircraft, baggage and airport
security systems. Earlier efforts to
require such background checks met
resistance from civil liberties groups
and failed to win congressional
approval.
The anti-terrorism components of the
$1.1 billion package are a grab-bag of
requests, including $260 million to pay
for the relocation of U.S. troops in Saudi
Arabia to more secure facilities and to
protect U.S. military installations.

TWA recovery on track after delay

Divers find more parts
of Flight 800 after hur-
ricanes halted search
SHINNECOCK, N.Y. (AP) -
Divers and a giant underwater robot
retrieved pieces of fallen TWA Flight
800 on Sunday, the first full day of sal-
vage work after a weeklong delay
caused by back-to-back hurricanes.
Rough seas whipped up first by
Hurricane Edouard, then just days later
by Hurricane Fran, calmed earlier than
officials had expected.
"We've got a good day today," said
Lt. Nicholas Balice, a Navy
spokesperson. "We're back in full
operation. They're bringing up wreck-
age."
Scuba divers wearing oxygen tanks
and Navy divers who receive oxygen
from the surface were able to work in a

400-yard area of wreckage where most
of the Boeing 747 landed after explod-
ing in the sky on July 17.
The massive underwater salvage
robot also was working.
All 230 aboard people aboard died
after when the Paris-bound jet blew
apart over the Atlantic off the southern
coast of Long Island. The cause has not
been determined. Possibilities under
investigation include a bomb, a missile
or an unprecedented mechanical mal-
function.
Narrowing the cause is dependent on
retrieving the remaining 30 percent of
the plane still unrecovered.
Visibility at 110 below the surface
was about 5 feet, up from the previous
week, when visibility fell to just inch-
es.
"Visibility still isn't the best, but it's
a lot better than we've had," Balice
said.

It was the first full day of salvage
work since Edouard headed north
toward Long Island. It veered off
without making major landfall, but
kicked up heavy seas. Next came
Fran, which came ashore in North
Carolina but hit much of the East
Coast with large surf.
The Navy predicted last Thursday it
couldn't return to full operation until
Tuesday or Wednesday, so Sunday's
resumption was welcome news for
investigators.
The arrival of new wreckage was
eagerly awaited at an aircraft hangar
where the plane is being reassembled
by engineers hunting for patterns of
damage that might help explain the
crash.

THE
PRINCETON
REVIEW

i

University of Wisconsin - Platteville
"If you have built castles in the air,
your work need not be lost.
That is where they should be.
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-Henry David Thoreau
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for a summer, for a semester or for a full academic year
" Courses in liberal arts and international business
" Fluency in a foreign language notrequired
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