2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 10, 1996
U.N. expected to support test-ban treaty
The Washington Post
UNITED NATIONS - The
General Assembly began a special
meeting yesterday that is expected to
end with an overwhelming majority
of the U.N.'s 185 member states vot-
ing to support a worldwide ban on
nuclear test blasts.
Despite the shadow cast over the
proceedings by opposition from
India and Pakistan, both undeclared
nuclear powers, delegates pushed
ahead on what many describe as a
giant step toward universal nuclear
The Indian and Pakistani positions
mean the treaty will have only limited
applicability for at least the immediate
future. But the test-ban accord has the
support of the world's principal nuclear
powers, and they are expected to respect
it once it is approved, according to del-
egates and legal experts.
In addition, supporters of the
treaty believe that a heavy vote for
the treaty will put pressure on India
to tacitly abide by the ban and even-
tually to approve it. Diplomats here
believe that at least 120 of the more
than 160 participating countries will
vote in favor, possibly today or
India, which has had a clandestine
nuclear program since exploding a
nuclear device in 1974, said yesterday it
will block the proposed test-ban treaty
from coming into force by refusing to
sign it. India sought to kill the treaty last
month by vetoing it in a Geneva disar-
mament conference, and it has been kept
alive only because its backers resorted to
the never-before-used tactic of bringing
it before the General Assembly without
the approval of the Geneva Conference.
In an unexpected further jolt,
Pakistan, which had indicated earlier
it would support the treaty, reversed
course yesterday and said it, too,
would not sign as long as its
unfriendly neighbor, India, withheld
its signature. Pakistan also is a coun-
try whose approval is necessary to
bring the treaty into force.
But the five principal nuclear powers
- the United States, Russia, Britain,
France and China - support the treaty.
Israel, an undeclared nuclear power like
India and Pakistan, also has said it will
approve the pact.
Acceptance by these states and
others with the capability to someday
develop nuclear devices would, in
the view of many legal experts,
obligate them under international
law to eschew future testing. That
would give those countries that have
suffered nuclear fallout from past
tests much greater guarantees of
relief than when individual nuclear
powers would unilaterally adopt and
abandon testing moratoriums.
The proposed pact, formally known
as the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban
Treaty, calls for outlawing all nuclear
explosions for the first time since the
United States tested its first atomic
bomb in 1945. If the treaty is approved,
President Clinton is expected to give its
further international acceptance a boost
by signing it on behalf of the United
States when he visits the United
Nations on Sept. 24.
Since the first bomb test in the New
Mexico desert on July 16, 1945 set the
stage for the U.S. atomic bomb attacks
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, there
have been 2,045 known nuclear tests.
Of them, the United States was respon-
sible for 1,030, the former Soviet
Union for 715 and France, Britain and
China for the others.
The proposed treaty was hammered
out during almost three years of negoti-
ation by the 61-nation, Geneva-based
Conference on Disarmament, which
operates under a General Assembly
mandate. Under that conference's rules,
all decisions, including the forwarding
of recommendations to the assembly,
must be by consensus.
India refused to give its assent
because the draft treaty does not
meet its demands, which include a
timetable for the established nuclear
powers to eliminate their arsenals
before it surrenders its development
and testing options. When India
exercised its veto last month, the ini-
tial assumption was that the treaty
effectively had been derailed.
Dole listens at forums in South
ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. - Bob Dole was out "listening to
America" again yesterday, fielding friendly questions from
supporters and providing answers that seemed designed more
to respond to criticism of him by President Clinton and other
Democrats than to take the offensive against the front-running
The "Listening to America" forums, carefully staged mini-
town meetings, have become the central vehicle of the Dole
campaign. The Republican presidential nominee held two
more yesterday, one here and an earlier session in Fayetteville,
Ga., a distant suburb about 30 miles south of Atlanta. Dole
Throughout, Dole appeared intent on dispelling voter skep-
ticism, reflected in public opinion polls, that he can cut taxes and balance the bud-
get at the same time, and rebutting Democratic charges that to do so would require
deep cuts in retirement benefits, Medicare, environmental protections and other
politically popular government programs.
"I know they're all going to say we can't do it, that it is going to blow a hole in
the deficit,' Dole said in response to a question about his plan for a $500 per cl
tax credit and a 15 percent across-the-board income tax cut.
FDA warns against
WASHINGTON -- Americans
should not eat a type of imported cream
cheese that has been linked to one death
and at least three cases of botulism in
Italy, the Food and Drug Administration
Imported mascarpone cream cheese
sold under the Giglio, Parmalat and Sol
di Valle brand names may be contami-
nated with the bacteria that causes bot-
ulism - even if the cheese doesn't look
or smell spoiled, the FDA said.
The products are commonly found in
tiramisu, an Italian dessert, and other
gourmet foods made with very soft
cream cheese. It is sold alone or listed
as an ingredient in prepared foods,
although the food label may mention
only mascarpone and not the Italian
Botulism symptoms include dizzi-
ness, trouble breathing, speaking or
swallowing and difficulty breathing.
The bacteria can kill, so people experi-
encing such symptoms should immedi-
ately seek medical help, the FDA said.
The Italian Ministry of Health noti-
fied the FDA that these brands of Mas-
carpone have been recalled in Italy after
being linked to botulism there.
The FDA has stopped imports into
this country and is working with to
track down the products that w
Libray of Congress
to display 'treasures'
WASHINGTON - From the con-
tents of Lincoln's pockets the night he
was shot to a report from Columbusto
Queen Isabella in 1493, the Library ,of
Congress will display its treasures in
celebration of the 100th anniversary*
its main building next year.
Though the library collects mostly
manuscripts, books, photos and record-
ings - more than any library in the
world, it says - it has also come into
possession of other materials.
From the pockets of the assassinated
Lincoln, for example, the slain presi-
dent's family donated, among other
items, two pairs of glasses.
. '! +.
front lines to vote
SIDON, Lebanon - With sporadic
mortar fire ringing out in the distance,
residents of south Lebanon crossed the
front lines separating Israeli and guer-
rilla forces Sunday to choose 23 mem-
bers of Parliament.
A last-minute agreement between the
two main rival Shiite Muslim factions
in the south and the presence of about
12,000 Lebanese army troops and
police ensured relatively peaceful vot-
ing in the volatile province along the
Under Syrian pressure, the militant
Hezbollah and more moderate Amal
movements set aside weeks of bitter
insults and ran on a joint ticket in the
predominantly Shiite south Lebanon.
Sunday's vote was the fourth stage of
the five-phase balloting for a 128-mem-
ber legislature. The last round, in east-
ern Lebanon, is Sept. 15.
While candidates differ on many
issues, the new half-Christian, half-
Muslim parliament is expected to be
pro-Syrian - just like the current one.
Syria, which maintains 40,000 troops in
Lebanon, dictates the policy of its
smaller Arab neighbor.
Hundreds of voters streamed out of
the southern Lebanese enclave, which
is controlled by Israel, to go to ba
stations in Beirut. Israeli warpan ,
which routinely patrol the area, were
noticeably absent from the skies.
held in slaying
BRUSSELS, Belgium - Police
arrested a former Cabinet minister
Sunday in connection with the unsol
1991 slaying of Socialist Party lear
Andre Cools, Belgian news media
RTBF radio said Alain Van der Biesi
was jailed in the eastern city of Liege,
where Cools, a former deputy prime
minister, was gunned down in a killing
believed to have been politically moti-
A close aide to Van der Biest tolk
police that Van der Biest ordered the
killing of his party's leader. r
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
.' : ,
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