The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 6, 1996 - 5
The Washington Post
QALAT CHAWLAN, Iraq - Iraqi-
backed Kurdish guerrillas launched a
new attack against their Kurdish rivals
in northern Iraq yesterday and, farther
to the north, Turkish warplanes roared
across the border to bomb a third
Kurdish faction in mountain redoubts.
The renewed fighting between
assoud Barzani's Kurdish Democratic
arty and Jalal Talabani's Patriotic
Union of Kurdistan, combined with
Turkey's air raid along the border, left
the Kurdish-inhabited region of north-
ern Iraq mired in conflict with no end in
sight despite what President Clinton has
described as a successful U.S. interven-
tion and the reported pullback of Iraqi
army armor and artillery.
Barzani's fighters said they attacked
*e Talabani-led forces at first light yes-
terday morning to expand and consoli-
date control of the roads around Irbil,
the Kurds' intended capital that Barzani
seized last Saturday with help from Iraqi
tanks, artillery and troops dispatched by
President Saddam Hussein. The Iraqi
assault, including an estimated 30,000
troops, prompted Clinton to order two
days of missile attacks in southern Iraq.
In another retaliatory move to tighten
aressure on the Iraqi leader, Clinton
kpanded northward - from the 32nd
parallel to the 33rd - the "no-fly" zone
that has been enforced in southern Iraq
since shortly after the 1991 Persian
Gulf War. But France, which helps
patrol the zone from a base in Saudi
Arabia, rebuffed an attempt by
Secretary of State Warren Christopher
in Paris yesterday to persuade the
French to participate in enforcement of
e enlarged portion of the zone.
The French reluctance reflected
opposition in principle to Clinton's
attacks on Iraq and irritation at being
asked to join in carrying out a decision
made only in Washington.
But at the same time, President
Jacques Chirac's government pledged to
continue its role in keeping Iraqi planes
out of the rest of the zone, south of the
32nd parallel, and U.S. officials said
American and British warplanes could
*atrol the new territory by themselves.
The Turkish Foreign Ministry in
Ankara described Turkey's air attacks in
northern Iraq as "limited" and gave no
France refuses to
extend patrol zone
A Kurdistan Democratic Party fighter fires his machine gun yesterday at forces held by the rival Patriotic Union of Kurdistan in
the Delaga area, about 25 km southeast of the city of Irbil, captured by KDP and Iraqi forces last Saturday.
The Washington Post
PARIS - Secretary of State Warren
Christopher ran head-on yesterday into
France's determination to play an inde-
pendent role in the Middle East as he
failed to win French participation in an
expanded air-patrol zone over Iraq.
No sooner had Christopher finished
a meeting with President Jacques
Chirac than the French issued a state-
ment saying they would resume partici-
pation in "no-fly" enforcement as of
Monday, but only within the previous
Christopher and his aides did not see
the French statement before it was
issued, and U.S. officials disputed some
of its interpretation of Christopher's
The terse French communique said
France agreed to resume enforcement
of rules barring Iraqi overlights as far
north as the 32nd parallel in southern
Iraq, but not to the 33rd parallel, just
south of Baghdad, where the United
States moved the line Tuesday in
response to Iraq's military incursion
into the protected Kurdish zone in the
The French said they consented to
participate in enforcement after
Christopher "confirmed the end of
(cruise missile) 'Desert Strike' opera-
tions in Iraq.
State Department spokesman
Nicholas Burns, however, said
Christopher told Chirac and Foreign
Minister Herve de Charette in separate
meetings that the United States retains
the option to strike again at Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein's forces if
Citing President Clinton's statement
Wednesday that "our mission has been
achieved" by Tuesday's cruise-missle
strikes, Burns said future "American
policy and American action will be
based very much on what Saddam
Hussein does. The United States does
retain every option to counter the
actions of Saddam Hussein...."
"There was no quid pro quo," Burns
said. "The secretary of state did not
make a pledge" to refrain from further
By announcing they would wait until
Monday to resume participation in
enforcing the "no-fly" rules - which
are aimed at protecting the Kurds of
Iraq's north and the Shiites of Iraq's far
south from oppression by Saddam -
the French implied they had halted par-
ticipation when the U.S. missile strikes
began, contrary to what U.S. officials
have been saying.
French Foreign Ministry officials
confirmed that as of now the French are
flying only in a narrow band along the
Saudi border, and not at all in the north-
While Christopher and de Charette
said Paris and Washington are in accord
on many aspects of Middle East peace
policy, including the need to resume
substantive negotiations between Israel
and the Palestinians, there was clearly a
sharp difference in policy toward Iraq.
U.S. officials struggled to put the
best face on the outcome of yesterday's
One senior aide in Christopher's
party said there was no direct request to
the French to take part in the expanded
flights, and therefore no direct refusal.
"We each have our own positions
on these things and always have,"
another U.S. official said. "France
and the United States have a very
similar approach to what should hap-
pen in the Middle East. That doesn't
mean were are going to merge our
estimate of damage or casualties.
Officials said they were designed to
prevent guerrillas of the separatist
Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK, from
launching raids into Turkey from a
dozen havens set up in the northern
Iraqi border mountains inhabited by
sympathetic Iraqi Kurds.
Turkish officials said they also intend
to establish a "security zone" on Iraq's
side of the troubled border, in effect
asserting the right for the Turkish army to
Talabani, at his headquarters in Qalat
Chawlan, near the Iranian border 20
miles east of Sulaymaniyah, declared
that 30 Iraqi tanks and 30 armored per-
sonnel carriers, along with heavy
artillery, took part in Barzani's assault on
his forces near Irbil. He called on the
United States to intervene in the fighting
again and warned that, if Washington sits
idly by, he will seek help elsewhere, even
from "the devil himself."
"And that means
operate in Iraqi
it decides to strike
against PKK guer-
rillas there. This
was the first time
announced such a
Turkish troops fre-
crossed the border
since the Gulf War
in pursuit of the
fighting to set up
Turkey, Iran, Syria,
it w an . . I AN
being it 14
the ti e he said, chewing
on a cigar as he
oks like spoke with cor-
qi "We have some
cards to play"
as stood Iran's inter-
- JohnDeutch Talabani's
CIA director forces, in
of fighting, was
a key factor in an appeal from Barzam
to Saddam that led to the Iraqi army's
move on Irbil. By threatening to go to
Iran for help again, Talabani seemed
clearly to be seeking a way to pressure
the Clinton administration to get
involved militarily in Kurdish factional
battles - something Washington has
pledged to avoid.
Kurdish officials from both factions
said most of the fighting took place
about 12 miles southeast of Irbil, cen-
tered on a road that passes just east of
Irbil on a route between Qoshteppe and
Degala. Barzani's forces, in control of
Irbil since Saturday, attacked in an effort
to link up with Koisanjak, their nearest
other stronghold 20 miles east, they said.
Clinton administration officials said
that, despite Talabani's claims, U.S.
intelligence found no Iraqi army partici-
pation in the fighting around Irbil.
Reporters in the region said they saw
Iraqi tanks standing by near the clashes,
but not taking part. But the U.S. officials
supported reports from the region that
Barzani's KDP guerrillas had launched
a significant assault on Talabani's PUK
forces in several areas of northern Iraq.
"We have credible information that the
PUK and the KDP are really going at each
other," an administration official said.
The U.S. director of central intelli-
gence, John Deutch, told the Senate
Select Committee on Intelligence that
the armored and mechanized Iraqi units
that participated in the capture of Irbil
have been pulling back "fairly systemat-
ically" to their garrisons outside the
Kurdish region that has been protected
by U.S. and allied planes since the Gulf
Deutch also told the committee that
Iraqi warplanes and air-defense batter-
ies have been complying with the "no-
fly" zone, mounting no resistance to
U.S. aircraft patrolling the newly
expanded area. "So, for the time being,
it looks like ... the Iraqi military has
stood down," he added.
an independent Kurdish state in Turkey.
The United States, allied to Turkey in
NATO, expressed no objections to the
Turkish plans, which officials in Ankara
said have been explained in a letter to
Christopher from Foreign Minister
Tansu Ciller. The U.S. stand toward
Turkey contrasted sharply with
Washington's attitude toward Iraq,
whose attack on Irbil also was directed
at Kurdish separatists.
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Peacekeeper warns of fatal
tonsequences after attack
Los Angeles Times
Responding to a second violent
encounter between NATO and Bosnian
Serbs in less than a week, the American
head of peacekeeping troops in Bosnia
warned yesterday of "fatal conse-
*uences" if similar defiance is repeated.
In an unusually severe reprimand,
U.S. Navy Adm. Joseph Lopez said an
attack yesterday on British troops by
Bosnian Serb police and an accompa-
nying mob in the Serb-held city of
Banja Luka was "dangerous and irre-
sponsible behavior" that would not be
The confrontation was defused only
when a British sergeant fired a warning
.hot into the air, NATO officials said.
"But our soldiers are not required to
fire warning shots," Lopez said in a
statement. "They don't have to fire over
anyone's head or into the ground. They
are trained and are authorized to shoot
to kill in order to defend themselves
and others. ... Yesterday, the soldiers
chose to fire a warning shot. The next
time, the consequences could be fatal."
With Bosnia's nationwide elections
,ust eight days away, tensions are on the
Continued from Page 1
ing 55 mph.
Even 15 miles in from the coast, tree
limbs and flooded highways made
moving around hazardous, and many
people took refuge in hundreds of shel-
rs in the Carolinas.
Lynn High, owner of Calabash
Marina and Storage, pulled boats out of
the water, put plywood over windows,
then took off - with memories of
Hurricane Hugo on her mind.
That huge storm caused almost $8
billion in dmaee. mostly in South
rise, and international monitors fear an
upsurge in violence. Relief workers
report new ethnic-based evictions, and
groups of Muslims attempting to return
to their Serb-captured homes have been
attacked or firebombed.
The Banja Luka incident began when
British soldiers discovered Bosnian Serb
police hauling an anti-aircraft gun sys-
tem, a rocket launcher, several cannon
and other unauthorized military
weapons. When the troops tried to con-
fiscate the weapons, they were sur-
rounded by about 200 angry Bosnian
Serbs who attempted to overturn NATO
A British sergeant dispersed the crowd
with a shot into the air, but the troops
were a short time later boxed in again by
another crowd and Bosnian Serb police,
NATO spokespeople said. The dispute
dragged on for several hours, ending
finally when the Bosnian Serb chief of
police for Banja Luka arrived on the
scene and calmed the crowd.
The weapons, and an additional
armored personnel carrier, were later
confiscated and moved to a NATO
base, spokespeople said.
The incident was the second in a week
involving Bosnian Serb police. On Aug.
29, U.S. troops detained and disarmed
65 Bosnian Serb Interior Ministry police
- a paramilitary force loyal to former
Bosnian Serb President Radovan
Karadzic. The police had tear-gassed
and beaten up Muslims returning to war-
damaged homes in the town of Mahala.
The U.S. troops later released the
men after an angry Serb mob surround-
ed and blockaded U.N. police monitors
in the nearby city of Zvornik.
NATO and U.N. officials have repeat-
edly protested such actions to Bosnian
Serb authorities, some of whom are run-
ning for office in the Sept. 14 vote. But
the incidents have continued.
Lopez said he would demand an
investigation of Wednesday's Banja
Luka violence from Bosnian Serb acting
President Biljana Plavsic, who yesterday
led a rally of the ruling Serbian
Democratic Party in Dobrinje.
"Others can live with us;' Plavsic
told her crowd, "but only those who
accept Republika Srpska as their
fatherland, and if they want this state as
their fatherland, they have to be ready
to sacrifice their lives for it."
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