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December 05, 1996 - Image 9

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1996-12-05

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NATI ON/WORLD

The Michigan Daily - Thursday, December 5, 1996 - 9A

ormer
generals
urge nfue
sarming
WASHINGTON (AP) -Two retired
generals who once oversaw America's
nuclear arsenals are now urging disar-
mament. "We believe the time for
action is now, for the alternative of
inaction could well carry a high price,"
they said.
Joining them in an unprecedented
peal to U.S. and Russian leaders to
orge a global consensus to reduce
nuclear arsenals "to the lowest verifi-
able levels," are some 60 former gener-
als and admirals from around the
world. Among them is Russian
President Boris Yeltsin's ousted securi-
ty chief, Alexander Lebed, and retired
U.S. Air Force Gen. Charles Horner,
who commanded coalition air forces
during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
"A world free of the threat of nuclear
weapons is necessarily a world devoid
of nuclear weapons," declared retired
Gen. Lee Butler, who until 1994 head-
ed the U.S. Strategic Command, which
controls the nation's intercontinental
nuclear forces.
He was joined by retired Gen.
Andrew Goodpaster, a former supreme
allied commander in Europe, at an
address to the National Press Club on
he dangers of nuclear war.
"With the end of the Cold War, these
weapons are of sharply reduced utility,
and there is much to be gained now by
substantially reducing their numbers
and their alert status, meanwhile
exploring the possibility' of their ulti-
mate complete elimination," they said
in a statement.
Former Defense Secretary James
Schlesinger countered that the United
tates will always need nuclear
eapons to deter other states, or terror-
ist groups, that might threaten an
attack.
"That genie can never 'be stuffed
back in the bottle," he said on PBS'
"The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. "You
cannot expunge from the mind of man
the knowledge of producing nuclear
weapons." Schlesinger was defense
secretary under President Ford.
In their statement, the retired gener-
*s argued that after the disappearance
of the Soviet Union and a sharp fall in
international tensions, the need for
nuclear deterrence between the two
superpowers has vanished.

China's defense
minister to visit
U.S., talk policy

The Washington Post
BEIJING - As a young People's
Liberation Army officer in the 1950s,
Gen. Chi Haotian earned his battlefield
stripes fighting American soldiers on
the snowy Korean Peninsula. He
showed his political hard edge on the
streets of Beijing three decades later
when, as chief of the general staff, he
sent troops into Tiananmen Square to
crush the 1989 democracy demonstra-
tions, leaving hundreds dead.
Chi Haotian (pronounced Chee
How-TYEN) is now defense minister,
deputy chair of the powerful Central
Military Commission and, some ana-
lysts predict, likely to emerge as the
top-ranking official in the military's
hierarchy after next year's Communist
Party congress.
When he arrives today for a 10-day
visit to the United States, he will be
received in a way that would have
seemed inconceivable in the wake of
the Tiananmen massacre seven years
ago: full VIP treatment, including

meetings with top Washington officials
and tours of major U.S. military instal-
lations and training schools.
Chi's visit was twice delayed because
of disputes between the United States
and China over Taiwan, which Beijing
considers a renegade province of China,
and military analysts said the red carpet
treatment is in part to make up for the
embarrassment of the previous post-
ponements.
His trip marks the most tangible sign
yet that the Sino-U.S. relationship is
finally on the mend.
The downturn began abruptly after
the Tiananmen crackdown, during the
Bush administration, and then spiraled
further when President Clinton took
office with a policy of linking trade
with China to the Communist regime's
performance on human rights.
Relations reached a crisis when the
United States gave a visa to President
Lee Teng-hui of Taiwan to visit his alma
mater, Cornell University, in the spring
of 1995.

AP PHOTO
A demonstrator surrounded by tear gas tosses a noise bomb at police officers during a protest in the city of Cordoba,
Argentina, yesterday. The police tried to disperse civil servants protesting their recent lack of pay.

Former Japanese
officials arrested

Los Angeles Times
TOKYO - Japan's scandal-battered
bureaucrats got another black eye yes-
terday when a former top Health
Ministry official was arrested for
allegedly taking $530,000 in bribes
from a nursing home developer in
exchange for lucrative government sub-
sidies.
Police say Nobuharu Okamitsu, who
resigned last month as administrative
vice minister, also received a golf club
membership and the use of two cars and
had the nursing home developer pay to
remodel his condominium kitchen while
greasing the way for the developer to col-
lect about $3 million in subsidies.
Another former Health Ministry offi-
cial, Shigeru Chatani, also was arrested
for allegedly taking $27,000 in bribes,
and a third official was demoted this
week after admitting he had borrowed

money from the nursing home developer,
Hiroshi Koyama.
However, the widening scandal has
not bruised Prime Minister Ryutaro
Hashimoto. A new survey by the news-
paper Yomiuri Shimbun found a 56.5
percent approval rating for his new
Cabinet, up lII percentage points from
the last such survey, in September. And
the prime minister emerged unscathed
this week after being questioned in par-
liament about the current scandal.
Some analysts believe the adroit
Hashimoto may actually benefit from
the corruption case, which merely
underscores the need for the bureau-
cratic reforms he has pledged to enact.
"This will drive and encourage
Hashimoto's reforms," said Seiichi Ota,
second secretary of Hashimoto's
Liberal Democratic Party, upon hearing
of Okamitsu's arrest.

HOLIDAY
Continued from Page A
According to tradition, only one jug of oil was found
untouched. Although the oil should have only lasted a little
time, when the Jews burned it, it lasted eight days.
"That's why we celebrate for eight days," Rabbi Kirzner
said.
Campus Jewish organizations are planning a number of
events for all eight days.
"It's great that all eight days are dur-
ing school this year," said Marni The c
Holtzman, Hillel program associate.
"We have more opportunities for stu- i$htings
dents."
Hillel is running candle-lighting should be
services in residence halls every night
of Hanukkah, Holtzman said. A party s d bre
is planned at Hillel the first night, and_
another party is scheduled entirely for
graduate students and professionals. Co-leaderi
Also, the Hillel-organized Jewish
Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Collective,
Ahava, is throwing a "flaming Menorah" party.
Hillel isn't the only campus group providing services for
Hanukkah.
"We wanted to do a candle-lighting service every night at
a different Greek house," said Havi Wolfson, the co-leader of
the Greek Jewish Connection.
The GJC is a new group within the Panhellenic system that
aims to improve Jewish life within the Greek system.

LSA senior Alan
and=e-
ser vice
Sa good
oak.
- Havi Wolfson
of Greek Jewish
Connection
Even with all the

"The candle-lighting service should be a good study
break," Wolfson said. "It's a come-together, have-Hanukkah
kind of a thing."
Chabad House, located on Hill Street, tried to spread the
Hanukkah spirit by erecting a 15-foot-tall Menorah on their
lawn. Response from students was mixed.
"Chabad has a great Menorah, but size doesn't really mat-
ter," said LSA senior Debbi Bohnen.

Policky, the group leader of the Jewish a
cappella musical group Kol Hakavod,
said he looked forward to a musical
celebration. Kol Hakavod is having a
Hanukkah concert Saturday.
"We'll be inviting our audience to
join us in lighting candles and singing
songs," Policky said,
Even the University is in the
Hanukkah spirit lately.
"The best part of Hanukkah so far
is hearing the (Burton Memorial)
Tower play a medley of Hanukkah
songs," said LSA first-year student
Sharrone Moustakis.
events going on across campus during

Hanukkah, many students have priorities other than observa-
tion.
"I enjoy lighting the candles, unless there's a hockey
game," said LSA sophomore Eric Shafran. "Hanukkah
shmanukkah, I'll be at Yost. Anyway, people often misinter-
pret the holiday, anyway. There's no such thing as a Hanukkah
bush."

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